The Reading / Listening - Baldness - Level 6

Help may soon be at hand for those who are losing or have lost their hair. A team of Japanese scientists has discovered stem cells that are vital in the hair regeneration process. This is promising news for the millions of people worldwide who suffer from baldness. A cure has eluded scientists for decades, despite extensive research and significant investment in research. The scientists are now embarking on clinical research and laboratory trials. They hope to adapt the stem cells to finally create a therapy for hair loss. Baldness predominantly affects men. By the age of 35, around two-thirds of men will experience some degree of hair loss. By the age of 50, up to 85 per cent will experience significantly thinning hair.



The scientists took fur cells from mice and cultured them in the lab. They observed that hair growth was a cyclical process within the follicle. They analysed the stem cells and used 220 combinations of chemicals to make the hair regrow naturally. Lead scientist Takashi Tsuji said: "Our culture system establishes a method for cyclical regeneration of hair follicles from hair follicle stem cells and will help make hair follicle regeneration therapy a reality in the near future." He added: "Losing hair is not life-threatening, but it adversely affects the quality of life." Sam Baker, a 52-year-old bank worker, hopes the therapy works. He said: "Having a full head of hair again will make me look ten years younger".

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Baldness - Level 4  or  Baldness - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2021/02/14/national/hair-loss-researchers/
  • https://bgr.com/2021/02/13/baldness-cure-stem-cell-hair-growth-riken-study/
  • https://interestingengineering.com/a-cure-for-baldness-may-lie-in-engineering-stem-cells-that-regenerate


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. BALDNESS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about baldness. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       help / losing hair / scientists / stem cells / research / laboratory / baldness / men /
       fur / cyclical / follicle / combinations / therapy / life-threatening / quality of life
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. UNNECESSARY: Students A strongly believe hair is unnecessary; Students B strongly believe it is necessary. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. LOSS: How bad is it to lose these things? What can we do about it? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How Bad?

What We Can Do

Hair loss

 

 

Teeth loss

 

 

Memory loss

 

 

Loss of bladder control

 

 

Loss of appetite

 

 

Hearing loss

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. SUFFER: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "suffer". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. HAIR PRODUCTS: Rank these with your partner. Put the most important at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • hair dryer
  • hair grip
  • hair band
  • shampoo
  • hair spray
  • hair dye
  • hair
  • hair net

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. at hand a. Absolutely necessary or important; essential.
      2. vital b. Showing signs of future success.
      3. regeneration c. Mainly; for the most part.
      4. promising d. The action or process of making something grow again.
      5. cure e. Failed to be attained by someone.
      6. eluded f. Here; available now.
      7. predominantly g. A substance or treatment that makes a disease or condition go away.

    Paragraph 2

      8. fur h. Of tissue cells, bacteria, etc. grown or propagated in an artificial way.
      9. cultured i. Happening again and again.
      10. cyclical j. In a way that prevents success or development; harmfully or unfavorably.
      11. combination k. The base of a hair under the skin in which the hair grows.
      12. follicle l. A mixture of different things.
      13. life-threatening m. The short, fine, soft hair of certain animals.
      14. adversely n. A great danger to the existence of someone.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article says hair on people's hands could be put on heads.     T / F
  2. The article says scientists have promised millions of bald people.     T / F
  3. The article says scientists have not found a cure for centuries.     T / F
  4. Up to 85% of men will have thinned hair before they are 50.     T / F
  5. Scientists experimented on the fur of mice.     T / F
  6. A scientist wants to make a hair loss therapy in the far future.     T / F
  7. A scientist said hair loss is not life-threatening.     T / F
  8. A banker wants hair so he can look 10 years younger.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. at hand
  2. vital
  3. eluded
  4. embarking on
  5. degree
  6. observed
  7. combinations
  8. therapy
  9. reality
  10. adversely
  1. mixes
  2. starting
  3. level
  4. essential
  5. actuality
  6. about to happen
  7. treatment
  8. negatively
  9. evaded
  10. noticed

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Help may soon
  2. discovered stem cells that
  3. embarking
  4. Baldness predominantly
  5. significantly thinning
  6. The scientists took fur
  7. hair growth was a cyclical
  8. a reality in the near
  9. Losing hair is not life-
  10. Having a full
  1. affects men
  2. on clinical research
  3. hair
  4. head of hair
  5. process
  6. be at hand
  7. threatening
  8. cells from mice
  9. are vital
  10. future

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
vital
embarking
thinning
hand
degree
eluded
therapy
suffer

Help may soon be at (1) _____________________ for those who are losing or have lost their hair. A team of Japanese scientists has discovered stem cells that are (2) _____________________ in the hair regeneration process. This is promising news for the millions of people worldwide who (3) _____________________ from baldness. A cure has (4) _____________________ scientists for decades, despite extensive research and significant investment in research. The scientists are now (5) _____________________ on clinical research and laboratory trials. They hope to adapt the stem cells to finally create a (6) _____________________ for hair loss. Baldness predominantly affects men. By the age of 35, around two-thirds of men will experience some (7) _____________________ of hair loss. By the age of 50, up to 85 per cent will experience significantly (8) _____________________ hair.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
adversely
combinations
follicles
fur
reality
cyclical
full
naturally

The scientists took (9) _____________________ cells from mice and cultured them in the lab. They observed that hair growth was a (10) _____________________ process within the follicle. They analysed the stem cells and used 220 (11) _____________________ of chemicals to make the hair regrow (12) _____________________. Lead scientist Takashi Tsuji said: "Our culture system establishes a method for cyclical regeneration of hair (13) _____________________ from hair follicle stem cells and will help make hair follicle regeneration therapy a (14) _____________________ in the near future." He added: "Losing hair is not life-threatening, but it (15) _____________________ affects the quality of life." Sam Baker, a 52-year-old bank worker, hopes the therapy works. He said: "Having a (16) _____________________ head of hair again will make me look ten years younger".

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Help may soon be at hand for those who are losing or have ______
     a.  lose their hairy
     b.  lost their hairy
     c.  lost their hair
     d.  lose their hair
2)  A team of Japanese scientists has discovered stem cells ______
     a.  that are pivotal
     b.  that are viral
     c.  that are vital
     d.  that are veto
3)  people worldwide who suffer from baldness. A cure ______
     a.  has eluded scientists
     b.  has elude did scientists
     c.  has elude scientists
     d.  has eludes scientists
4)  The scientists are now embarking on clinical research ______
     a.  and laboratory trials
     b.  and laboratory trails
     c.  and laboratory tries
     d.  and laboratory thrills
5)  By the age of 50, up to 85 per cent will experience significantly ______
     a.  thin in hair
     b.  thinning hair
     c.  thin non hair
     d.  thin on hair

6)  They observed that hair growth was a cyclical process ______
     a.  within the folly call
     b.  within the foal I call
     c.  within the follower
     d.  within the follicle
7)  They analysed the stem cells and used 220 ______
     a.  combination of chemicals
     b.  combinations of chemicals
     c.  combinations of chemical
     d.  combination of chemical
8)  Tsuji said: "Our culture system establishes a method ______
     a.  for cycle call regeneration
     b.  for sick lick all regeneration
     c.  for sickly call regeneration
     d.  for cyclical regeneration
9)  He added: "Losing hair is not life-threatening, but it adversely ______
     a.  affects the qualify
     b.  affects the quantify
     c.  affects the caller tea
     d.  affects the quality
10)  bank worker, hopes the therapy works. He said: "Having a full ______...
     a.  head off hair
     b.  head oft hair
     c.  head over hair
     d.  head of hair

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Help may soon (1) ____________________ for those who are losing or have lost their hair. A team of Japanese scientists has discovered stem cells that (2) ____________________ the hair regeneration process. This is promising news for the millions of people worldwide who suffer from baldness. A cure has eluded scientists (3) ____________________ extensive research and significant investment in research. The scientists are now embarking on clinical research (4) ____________________. They hope to adapt the stem cells to finally create a therapy for hair loss. Baldness predominantly affects men. By the age of 35, around two-thirds of men will experience (5) ____________________ hair loss. By the age of 50, up to 85 per cent will experience (6) ____________________.

The scientists took (7) ____________________ mice and cultured them in the lab. They observed that hair growth was (8) ____________________ within the follicle. They analysed the stem cells and used 220 combinations of chemicals to make the (9) ____________________. Lead scientist Takashi Tsuji said: "Our culture system establishes a method for cyclical regeneration of hair follicles from hair follicle stem cells and will help make hair follicle regeneration (10) ____________________ in the near future." He added: "Losing hair is not life-threatening, but (11) ____________________ the quality of life." Sam Baker, a 52-year-old bank worker, hopes the therapy works. He said: "Having a (12) ____________________ hair again will make me look ten years younger".

Comprehension questions

  1. What nationality are the scientists who conducted this research?
  2. What did scientists find that is vital for the hair regeneration process?
  3. For how long does the article say a cure has evaded scientists?
  4. What do scientists hope to find a therapy for?
  5. What percentage of men experience hair thinning by the age of 50?
  6. What animal's fur did scientists test?
  7. How many combinations of chemicals did scientists use to regrow hair?
  8. What did a scientist say hair loss is not?
  9. What did a scientist say hair loss adversely affects?
  10. How much younger did a banker say he wants to look?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What nationality are the scientists who conducted this research?
a) Peruvian
b) American
c) Egyptian
d) Japanese
2) What did scientists find that is vital for the hair regeneration process?
a) hair wax
b) stem cells
c) a hair brush
d) proteins
3) For how long does the article say a cure has evaded scientists?
a) years
b) centuries
c) decades
d) eons
4) What do scientists hope to find a therapy for?
a) hair loss
b) greasy skin
c) depression
d) bad hair days

5) What percentage of men experience hair thinning by the age of 50?
a) 25%
b) 65%
c) 85%
d) 30%

6) What animal's fur did scientists test?
a) bears
b) mice
c) orangutans
d) sheep
7) How many combinations of chemicals did scientists use to regrow hair?
a) 200
b) 230
c) 210
d) 220
8) What did a scientist say hair loss is not?
a) life-threatening
b) worrying
c) a bad thing
d) a sign of ageing
9) What did a scientist say hair loss adversely affects?
a) self-confidence
b) the scalp
c) the quality of life
d) the shampoo industry

10) How much younger did a banker say he wants to look?
a) 15 years
b) 10 years
c) 20 years
d) 25 years

Role play

Role  A – Hair Dryer
You think a hair dyer is the most important hair product. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): shampoo, hair dye or hair spray.

Role  B – Shampoo
You think shampoo is the most important hair product. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): a hair dyer, hair dye or hair spray.

Role  C – Hair Dye
You think hair dye is the most important hair product. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): shampoo, a hair dyer or hair spray.

Role  D – Hair Spray
You think hair spray is the most important hair product. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): shampoo, hair dye or a hair dyer.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'baldness'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'cure'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • hand
    • vital
    • news
    • despite
    • now
    • age
    • fur
    • 220
    • method
    • reality
    • quality
    • ten




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Baldness

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'baldness'?
    3. What do you think of baldness?
    4. Why do we need hair?
    5. What are the advantages of being bald?
    6. What do you think of your hair?
    7. How would you feel about being bald?
    8. What do you think of bald people?
    9. How important is a cure for baldness?
    10. What advice do you have for people who are going bald?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'cure'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you do to look after your hair?
    5. What can people do if they are going bald?
    6. What do you know about the process of hair growth?
    7. How might going bald affect people's mental health?
    8. What do you think of bald women?
    9. How attractive is it to be bald?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the scientists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Help may soon be at (1) ____ for those who are losing or have lost their hair. A team of Japanese scientists has discovered stem cells that are (2) ____ in the hair regeneration process. This is (3) ____ news for the millions of people worldwide who suffer from baldness. A cure has eluded scientists for decades, despite extensive research and significant investment in research. The scientists are now embarking (4) ____ clinical research and laboratory trials. They hope to (5) ____ the stem cells to finally create a therapy for hair loss. Baldness predominantly affects men. By the age of 35, around two-thirds of men will experience some degree of hair loss. By the age of 50, up to 85 per cent will experience significantly (6) ____ hair.

    The scientists took (7) ____ cells from mice and cultured them in the lab. They observed that hair growth was a (8) ____ process within the follicle. They analysed the stem cells and used 220 combinations of chemicals to make the hair regrow naturally. Lead scientist Takashi Tsuji said: "Our (9) ____ system establishes a method for cyclical regeneration of hair follicles from hair follicle stem cells and will help make hair follicle regeneration therapy a (10) ____ in the near future." He added: "Losing hair is not life-threatening, but it (11) ____ affects the quality of life." Sam Baker, a 52-year-old bank worker, hopes the therapy works. He said: "Having a full (12) ____ of hair again will make me look ten years younger".

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     head     (b)     hand     (c)     heart     (d)     hamstring    
    2. (a)     viral     (b)     vital     (c)     fetal     (d)     vocal    
    3. (a)     vowing     (b)     avowing     (c)     pledging     (d)     promising    
    4. (a)     at     (b)     on     (c)     of     (d)     as    
    5. (a)     adept     (b)     adopt     (c)     adroit     (d)     depot    
    6. (a)     wiping     (b)     slimming     (c)     thinning     (d)     dieting    
    7. (a)     for     (b)     fir     (c)     fur     (d)     far    
    8. (a)     cycling     (b)     cycled     (c)     cyclical     (d)     cylindrical    
    9. (a)     tradition     (b)     heritage     (c)     customs     (d)     culture    
    10. (a)     reality     (b)     fantasy     (c)     here and now     (d)     possible    
    11. (a)     adversely     (b)     conversely     (c)     verses     (d)     versing    
    12. (a)     hippocampus     (b)     skull     (c)     head     (d)     brain

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. stem cells that are vaitl
    2. A cure has delude scientists
    3. despite xetnivese research
    4. mkbaengir on clinical research
    5. Baldness mditrplnonaye affects men
    6. tsinnyciiafgl thinning hair

    Paragraph 2

    1. ultecurd them in the lab
    2. hair growth was a acyclcil process
    3. hair oillfecl
    4. irteaoeegrnn therapy
    5. Losing hair is not life-rteagnenthi
    6. it salevdrey affects the quality of life

    Put the text back together

    (...)  follicles from hair follicle stem cells and will help make hair follicle regeneration therapy a
    (...)  research and laboratory trials. They hope to adapt the stem cells to finally create a therapy for hair
    1  ) Help may soon be at hand for those who are losing or have lost their hair. A team of Japanese scientists has discovered stem
    (...)  affects the quality of life." Sam Baker, a 52-year-old bank worker, hopes the therapy
    (...)  The scientists took fur cells from mice and cultured them in the lab. They observed that hair growth was a cyclical
    (...)  cells that are vital in the hair regeneration process. This is promising news for the millions of people
    (...)  works. He said: "Having a full head of hair again will make me look ten years younger".
    (...)  naturally. Lead scientist Takashi Tsuji said: "Our culture system establishes a method for cyclical regeneration of hair
    (...)  process within the follicle. They analysed the stem cells and used 220 combinations of chemicals to make the hair regrow
    (...)  loss. Baldness predominantly affects men. By the age of 35, around two-thirds of men will experience some
    (...)  degree of hair loss. By the age of 50, up to 85 per cent will experience significantly thinning hair.
    (...)  worldwide who suffer from baldness. A cure has eluded scientists for decades, despite extensive
    (...)  research and significant investment in research. The scientists are now embarking on clinical
    (...)  reality in the near future." He added: "Losing hair is not life-threatening, but it adversely

    Put the words in the right order

    1. who   lost   losing   or   have   Those   are   hair   .
    2. of   news   millions   This   promising   people   .   for   is
    3. clinical   are   The   now   on   research   .   embarking   scientists
    4. stem   cells   finally   to   the   therapies   .   create   Adapt
    5. hair   experience   Men   some   of   degree   loss   .   will
    6. scientists   took   from   mice   .   cells   The   fur
    7. the   chemicals   regrow   .   to   of   hair   Combinations   make
    8. follicles   .   for   A   regeneration   of   cyclical   hair   method
    9. of   loss   quality   Hair   the   life   .   adversely   affects
    10. look   make   hair   me   will   years   More   younger   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Help may soon be at heart / hand for those who are losing or have lost their hair. A team of Japanese scientists has discovered stem cells that are rival / vital in the hair regeneration process. This is promising news for the millions of people worldwide who suffer of / from baldness. A cure has exuded / eluded scientists for decades, despite / spite extensive research and significant investment in / on research. The scientists are now barking / embarking on clinical research and laboratory trials. They hope to adapt the stem cells to finally create a therapeutic / therapy for hair loss. Baldness predominantly affects men. By the age of 35, around two-thirds of men will experience some degree / temperature of hair loss. By the age of 50, up to 85 per cent will experience significantly growing / thinning hair.

    The scientists took fur / furry cells from mice and cultured them in the lab. They observed that hair growth was a cyclical progress / process within the follicle. They analysed the stem cells and used 220 combinations of chemicals to make the hair regrow naturally / natural. Lead scientist Takashi Tsuji said: "Our culture / tradition system establishes a method / methodological for cyclical regeneration of hair follicles from hair follicle stem cells and will help make hair follicle regeneration therapy a realism / reality in the near / nearly future." He added: "Losing hair is not life-threatening, but it conversely / adversely affects the quality of life." Sam Baker, a 52-year-old bank worker, hoping / hopes the therapy works. He said: "Having a full head of hair again will make me look ten years younger / youth".

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    H_lp  m_y  s__n  b_  _t  h_nd  f_r  th_s_  wh_  _r_  l_s_ng  _r  h_v_  l_st  th__r  h__r.  _  t__m  _f  J_p_n_s_  sc__nt_sts  h_s  d_sc_v_r_d  st_m  c_lls  th_t  _r_  v_t_l  _n  th_  h__r  r_g_n_r_t__n  pr_c_ss.  Th_s  _s  pr_m_s_ng  n_ws  f_r  th_  m_ll__ns  _f  p__pl_  w_rldw_d_  wh_  s_ff_r  fr_m  b_ldn_ss.  _  c_r_  h_s  _l_d_d  sc__nt_sts  f_r  d_c_d_s,  d_sp_t_  _xt_ns_v_  r_s__rch  _nd  s_gn_f_c_nt  _nv_stm_nt  _n  r_s__rch.  Th_  sc__nt_sts  _r_  n_w  _mb_rk_ng  _n  cl_n_c_l  r_s__rch  _nd  l_b_r_t_ry  tr__ls.  Th_y  h_p_  t_  _d_pt  th_  st_m  c_lls  t_  f_n_lly  cr__t_  _  th_r_py  f_r  h__r  l_ss.  B_ldn_ss  pr_d_m_n_ntly  _ff_cts  m_n.  By  th_  _g_  _f  35,  _r__nd  tw_-th_rds  _f  m_n  w_ll  _xp_r__nc_  s_m_  d_gr__  _f  h__r  l_ss.  By  th_  _g_  _f  50,  _p  t_  85  p_r  c_nt  w_ll  _xp_r__nc_  s_gn_f_c_ntly  th_nn_ng  h__r.

    Th_  sc__nt_sts  t__k  f_r  c_lls  fr_m  m_c_  _nd  c_lt_r_d  th_m  _n  th_  l_b.  Th_y  _bs_rv_d  th_t  h__r  gr_wth  w_s  _  cycl_c_l  pr_c_ss  w_th_n  th_  f_ll_cl_.  Th_y  _n_lys_d  th_  st_m  c_lls  _nd  _s_d  220  c_mb_n_t__ns  _f  ch_m_c_ls  t_  m_k_  th_  h__r  r_gr_w  n_t_r_lly.  L__d  sc__nt_st  T_k_sh_  Ts_j_  s__d:  "__r  c_lt_r_  syst_m  _st_bl_sh_s  _  m_th_d  f_r  cycl_c_l  r_g_n_r_t__n  _f  h__r  f_ll_cl_s  fr_m  h__r  f_ll_cl_  st_m  c_lls  _nd  w_ll  h_lp  m_k_  h__r  f_ll_cl_  r_g_n_r_t__n  th_r_py  _  r__l_ty  _n  th_  n__r  f_t_r_."  H_  _dd_d:  "L_s_ng  h__r  _s  n_t  l_f_-thr__t_n_ng,  b_t  _t  _dv_rs_ly  _ff_cts  th_  q__l_ty  _f  l_f_."  S_m  B_k_r,  _  52-y__r-_ld  b_nk  w_rk_r,  h_p_s  th_  th_r_py  w_rks.  H_  s__d:  "H_v_ng  _  f_ll  h__d  _f  h__r  _g__n  w_ll  m_k_  m_  l__k  t_n  y__rs  y__ng_r".

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    help may soon be at hand for those who are losing or have lost their hair a team of japanese scientists has discovered stem cells that are vital in the hair regeneration process this is promising news for the millions of people worldwide who suffer from baldness a cure has eluded scientists for decades despite extensive research and significant investment in research the scientists are now embarking on clinical research and laboratory trials they hope to adapt the stem cells to finally create a therapy for hair loss baldness predominantly affects men by the age of 35 around twothirds of men will experience some degree of hair loss by the age of 50 up to 85 per cent will experience significantly thinning hair

    the scientists took fur cells from mice and cultured them in the lab they observed that hair growth was a cyclical process within the follicle they analysed the stem cells and used 220 combinations of chemicals to make the hair regrow naturally lead scientist takashi tsuji said our culture system establishes a method for cyclical regeneration of hair follicles from hair follicle stem cells and will help make hair follicle regeneration therapy a reality in the near future he added losing hair is not lifethreatening but it adversely affects the quality of life sam baker a 52yearold bank worker hopes the therapy works he said having a full head of hair again will make me look ten years younger

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Helpmaysoonbeathandforthosewhoarelosingorhavelosttheirhair.At
    eamofJapanesescientistshasdiscoveredstemcellsthatarevitalintheh
    airregenerationprocess.Thisispromisingnewsforthemillionsofpeople
    worldwidewhosufferfrombaldness.Acurehaseludedscientistsfordec
    ades,despiteextensiveresearchandsignificantinvestmentinresearch
    .Thescientistsarenowembarkingonclinicalresearchandlaboratorytri
    als.Theyhopetoadaptthestemcellstofinallycreateatherapyforhairlos
    s.Baldnesspredominantlyaffectsmen.Bytheageof35,aroundtwo-
    thirdsofmenwillexperiencesomedegreeofhairloss.Bytheageof50,upt
    o85percentwillexperiencesignificantlythinninghair.Thescientiststoo
    kfurcellsfrommiceandculturedtheminthelab.Theyobservedthathair
    growthwasacyclicalprocesswithinthefollicle.Theyanalysedthestemc
    ellsandused220combinationsofchemicalstomakethehairregrownatu
    rally.LeadscientistTakashiTsujisaid:"Ourculturesystemestablishesa
    methodforcyclicalregenerationofhairfolliclesfromhairfolliclestemcell
    sandwillhelpmakehairfollicleregenerationtherapyarealityinthenearf
    uture."Headded:"Losinghairisnotlife-threatening,butitadverselyaff
    ectsthequalityoflife."SamBaker,a52-year-oldbankworker,hopesth
    etherapyworks.Hesaid:"Havingafullheadofhairagainwillmakemeloo
    ktenyearsyounger".

    Free writing

    Write about baldness for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    It would be better if we were all bald. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. BALDNESS: Make a poster about baldness. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. NO HAIR: Write a magazine article about life being more convenient if none of us had hair. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on baldness. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on it. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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