The Reading / Listening - Chimera - Level 5

Today we are seeing more examples of science fiction rapidly becoming science fact. A team of scientists has created the world's first part-human, part-monkey embryo. The result of this fusion of genetic tissue is called a chimera. It could pave the way for lifesaving medical advances. Bio-scientist Henry Greely explained the importance of this breakthrough for organ transplants. He said: "The long-term goal of this research...is to grow human organs in pigs - kidneys, livers, hearts, etc." He added: "Tens of thousands of people on a transplant list die every year waiting for a transplant."



The groundbreaking research involved injecting human cells into the embryos of macaque monkeys. Scientists studied the development of the embryos for 19 days. Many people are worried about this and believe it is the stuff of horror movies. Professor Greely understood that there are ethical concerns around the creation of chimera. He said: "Every time a person gets an organ transplant, the result is an intra-species chimera - an organism made up of cells from two members of the same species....When a human gets a pig heart valve, she becomes an inter-species chimera."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Chimera - Level 4 or  Chimera - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.salon.com/2021/04/16/the-bioethics-of-the-first-human-monkey-hybrid-embryo/
  • https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/news/20210416/scientists-create-monkey-human-embryos
  • https://www.yahoo.com/news/scientists-created-hybrid-human-monkey-133712492.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. this fusion of genetic tissue is
  2. It could pave the
  3. lifesaving medical
  4. the importance
  5. The long-
  6. grow human
  7. people on a transplant list
  8. waiting for a
  1. transplant
  2. advances
  3. organs in pigs
  4. way
  5. die every year
  6. called a chimera
  7. term goal
  8. of this breakthrough

Paragraph 2

  1. groundbreaking
  2. the development of
  3. the stuff of horror
  4. there are ethical
  5. a person gets an organ
  6. the result is an intra-
  7. cells from two members of
  8. When a human gets a pig heart
  1. concerns
  2. valve
  3. transplant
  4. the embryos
  5. the same species
  6. research
  7. species chimera
  8. movies

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Today we are (1) ___________________ of science fiction rapidly becoming science fact. A team of scientists has created the world's first part-human, (2) ___________________. The result of this fusion of genetic tissue is called a chimera. It could pave the way for (3) ___________________. Bio-scientist Henry Greely explained the importance of this breakthrough for organ transplants. He said: "The (4) ___________________ of this research...is to grow human organs in pigs - (5) ___________________, etc." He added: "Tens of thousands of people on a transplant (6) ___________________ year waiting for a transplant."

The groundbreaking research involved injecting human cells (7) ___________________ of macaque monkeys. Scientists studied the development of the embryos for 19 days. Many people are worried about (8) ___________________ it is the stuff of horror movies. Professor Greely understood that there are ethical concerns around (9) ___________________ chimera. He said: "Every time a person gets (10) ___________________, the result is an intra-species chimera - an organism made up of cells from two members of (11) ___________________....When a human gets a pig heart valve, she becomes (12) ___________________ chimera."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Todayweareseeingmoreexamplesofsciencefictionrapidlybecomings
ciencefact.Ateamofscientistshascreatedtheworld'sfirstpart-huma
n,part-monkeyembryo.Theresultofthisfusionofgenetictissueiscal
ledachimera.Itcouldpavethewayforlifesavingmedicaladvances.Bio-
scientistHenryGreelyexplainedtheimportanceofthisbreakthroughfor
organtransplants.Hesaid:"Thelong-termgoalofthisresearch...istog
rowhumanorgansinpigs-kidneys,livers,hearts,etc."Headded:"Te
nsofthousandsofpeopleonatransplantlistdieeveryyearwaitingforatr
ansplant."Thegroundbreakingresearchinvolvedinjectinghumancells
intotheembryosofmacaquemonkeys.Scientistsstudiedthedevelopm
entoftheembryosfor19days.Manypeopleareworriedaboutthisandbel
ieveitisthestuffofhorrormovies.ProfessorGreelyunderstoodthatther
eareethicalconcernsaroundthecreationofchimera.Hesaid:"Everytim
eapersongetsanorgantransplant,theresultisanintra-specieschime
ra-anorganismmadeupofcellsfromtwomembersofthesamespecie
s....Whenahumangetsapigheartvalve,shebecomesaninter-spec
ieschimera."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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