The Reading / Listening - Chimera - Level 6

In this rapidly changing world, we are seeing more examples of science fiction becoming science fact. A team of American and Chinese scientists has created the world's first part-human, part-monkey embryo. This fusion of genetic tissue is called a chimera. The scientists say it potentially paves the way for lifesaving medical advances. Bio-scientist Henry Greely explained the importance of this scientific breakthrough. He said: "The long-term goal of this research team is to grow human organs in pigs - kidneys, livers, hearts, etc." He added: "They want to do that to make more human organs for transplants. Tens of thousands of people on a transplant list die every year waiting for a transplant."



The groundbreaking research involved injecting 25 human cells into the embryos of long-tailed macaque monkeys. The human cells developed inside 132 of the embryos. The scientists studied the development of the embryos for 19 days. Many people are disturbed by the research and believe it belongs to the realm of horror movies. Professor Greely said he appreciated that there are many ethical concerns around the creation and use of chimera. He said: "Every time a person gets an organ transplant, the result is an intra-species chimera - an organism made up of cells from two members of the same species....When a human gets a pig heart valve, she becomes an inter-species chimera."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Chimera - Level 4  or  Chimera - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.salon.com/2021/04/16/the-bioethics-of-the-first-human-monkey-hybrid-embryo/
  • https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/news/20210416/scientists-create-monkey-human-embryos
  • https://www.yahoo.com/news/scientists-created-hybrid-human-monkey-133712492.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. HUMANS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about humans. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       rapidly changing world / science fiction / part-human / monkey / chimera / liver / list /
       groundbreaking / embryo / cells / development / ethical / organ / transplant / species
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. CHIMERA: Students A strongly believe it's OK for scientists to create a chimera; Students B strongly believe the opposite. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ORGANS: What do you know about these body organs? How could doctors help if they failed? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I Know

What Doctors Could Do

The heart

 

 

The kidneys

 

 

The liver

 

 

The lungs

 

 

The brain

 

 

The skin

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. SCIENCE FICTION: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "science fiction". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. TRANSPLANT: Rank these with your partner. Put the most beneficial transplants at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Heart
  • Hair
  • Face
  • Skin
  • Kidney
  • Eye
  • Liver
  • Brain

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. embryo a. Any of the materials of which animals or plants are made.
      2. fusion b. Create the circumstances to enable something to happen or be done.
      3. genetic c. An unborn offspring in the process of development inside the mother's body.
      4. tissue d. Remove living tissue or an organ and implant it in another part of the body or in another body.
      5. pave the way e. The process or result of joining two or more things together to form a single entity.
      6. breakthrough f. Relating to DNA.
      7. transplant g. A sudden, dramatic, and important discovery or development.

    Paragraph 2

      8. injecting h. A device for controlling the flow of liquid or air through a tube or pipe.
      9. disturbed i. Putting or forcing (a liquid, especially a drug or vaccine) into a person or animal's body with a syringe or similar device.
      10. realm j. Caused to feel anxious.
      11. appreciated k. Morally good or correct.
      12. ethical l. Understand a situation fully.
      13. intra- m. An area of activity or interest.
      14. valve n. (A prefix added before adjectives) on the inside; within.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article says science fact is becoming science fiction.     T / F
  2. The scientists are from the USA and China.     T / F
  3. The goal of the research is to grow human organs in pigs.     T / F
  4. The article says millions die while waiting for an organ transplant.     T / F
  5. Scientists injected 132 human cells in 25 monkey embryos.     T / F
  6. The scientists observed the embryos' development for over 3 weeks.     T / F
  7. The article says this story will be made into a horror story.     T / F
  8. If a human has a pig heart valve, that human becomes a chimera.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. rapidly
  2. fusion
  3. pave the way
  4. breakthrough
  5. die
  6. groundbreaking
  7. development
  8. appreciated
  9. ethical
  10. organism
  1. pass away
  2. get ready
  3. development
  4. moral
  5. blending
  6. progress
  7. acknowledged
  8. quickly
  9. life form
  10. innovative

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. In this rapidly
  2. science fiction becoming science
  3. This fusion of genetic tissue
  4. lifesaving medical
  5. people on a transplant
  6. groundbreaking
  7. people are disturbed
  8. it belongs to the realm
  9. there are many ethical
  10. a pig heart
  1. research
  2. of horror movies
  3. list
  4. valve
  5. is called a chimera
  6. changing world
  7. concerns
  8. advances
  9. fact
  10. by the research

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
embryo
grow
rapidly
die
breakthrough
fact
livers
paves

In this (1) _____________________ changing world, we are seeing more examples of science fiction becoming science (2) _____________________. A team of American and Chinese scientists has created the world's first part-human, part-monkey (3) _____________________. This fusion of genetic tissue is called a chimera. The scientists say it potentially (4) _____________________ the way for lifesaving medical advances. Bio-scientist Henry Greely explained the importance of this scientific (5) _____________________. He said: "The long-term goal of this research team is to (6) _____________________ human organs in pigs - kidneys, (7) _____________________, hearts, etc." He added: "They want to do that to make more human organs for transplants. Tens of thousands of people on a transplant list (8) _____________________ every year waiting for a transplant."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
realm
transplant
valve
injecting
disturbed
organism
tailed
ethical

The groundbreaking research involved (9) _____________________ 25 human cells into the embryos of long-(10) _____________________ macaque monkeys. The human cells developed inside 132 of the embryos. The scientists studied the development of the embryos for 19 days. Many people are (11) _____________________ by the research and believe it belongs to the (12) _____________________ of horror movies. Professor Greely said he appreciated that there are many (13) _____________________ concerns around the creation and use of chimera. He said: "Every time a person gets an organ (14) _____________________, the result is an intra-species chimera - an (15) _____________________ made up of cells from two members of the same species....When a human gets a pig heart (16) _____________________, she becomes an inter-species chimera."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  we are seeing more examples of science fiction ______
     a.  becoming science fact
     b.  becoming science factoid
     c.  becoming science factual
     d.  becoming science in fact
2)  created the world's first part-human, ______
     a.  part-monkey embryonic
     b.  part-monkey embroil
     c.  part-monkey Yen bio
     d.  part-monkey embryo
3)  called a chimera. The scientists say it potentially ______
     a.  shaves the way
     b.  shapes the way
     c.  paves the way
     d.  pates the way
4)  The long-term goal of this research team is to ______
     a.  grow human organism
     b.  grow human nor gains
     c.  grow human organs
     d.  grow human organic
5) more human organs for transplants. Tens of thousands of people on ______
     a.  a transplant wrist
     b.  a transplant list
     c.  a transplant cyst
     d.  a transplant fist

6)  The groundbreaking research involved injecting ______
     a.  25 humanly cells
     b.  25 human cells
     c.  25 humane cells
     d.  25 humanize cells
7)  disturbed by the research and believe it belongs to the realm ______
     a.  of horror movies
     b.  of oral movies
     c.  of aura movies
     d.  of aurora movies
8)  Professor Greely said he appreciated that there are ______
     a.  many ethically concerns
     b.  many ethical concern
     c.  many ethically concern
     d.  many ethical concerns
9)  Every time a person gets an organ transplant, the result is an ______
     a.  intern-species chimera
     b.  intro-species chimera
     c.  intra-species chimera
     d.  inter-species chimera
10)  When a human gets a pig heart valve, she becomes an ______
     a.  intra-species chimera
     b.  intern-species chimera
     c.  intro-species chimera
     d.  inter-species chimera

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

In this rapidly changing world, we are (1) ____________________ of science fiction becoming science fact. A team of American and Chinese scientists has created the world's first part-human, (2) ____________________. This fusion of genetic tissue is called a chimera. The scientists say it potentially paves the (3) ____________________ medical advances. Bio-scientist Henry Greely explained the importance of this scientific breakthrough. He said: "The (4) ____________________ of this research team is to grow human organs in pigs - (5) ____________________, etc." He added: "They want to do that to make more human organs for transplants. Tens of thousands of people on a (6) ____________________ every year waiting for a transplant."

The groundbreaking (7) ____________________ 25 human cells into the embryos of long-tailed macaque monkeys. The human cells developed inside 132 of the embryos. The (8) ____________________ development of the embryos for 19 days. Many people (9) ____________________ the research and believe it belongs to the realm of horror movies. Professor Greely said he appreciated that there (10) ____________________ concerns around the creation and use of chimera. He said: "Every time a person (11) ____________________ transplant, the result is an intra-species chimera - an organism made up of cells from two members of the same species....When a human gets a (12) ____________________, she becomes an inter-species chimera."

Comprehension questions

  1. What does the article says science fiction is increasingly becoming?
  2. What does the article say is fused to create a chimera?
  3. What is the job of Henry Greely?
  4. Where does the team hope to grow human organs?
  5. How many people die while on transplant waiting lists?
  6. What was injected into monkey embryos?
  7. For how long did scientists study the development of the embryos?
  8. What do many people think this research belongs to?
  9. What kind of chimera is a person who gets an organ transplant?
  10. What kind of chimera is a person who has a big heart valve?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What does the article says science fiction is increasingly becoming?
a) manga
b) science fact
c) fairy tales
d) poems
2)  What does the article say is fused to create a chimera?
a) electricity
b) skin
c) blood
d) genetic tissue
3) What is the job of Henry Greely?
a) bio-scientist
b) journalist
c) pig farmer
d) monkey expert
4) Where does the team hope to grow human organs?
a) in a lab
b) in the basement
c) in pigs
d) in the desert
5) How many people die while on transplant waiting lists?
a) thousands
b) tens of thousands
c) hundreds of thousands
d) millions

6) What was injected into monkey embryos?
a) human cells
b) DNA
c) a vaccine
d) a placebo
7) For how long did scientists study the development of the embryos?
a) 14 days
b) 18 days
c) 19 days
d) 21 days
8) What do many people think this research belongs to?
a) the realm of horror movies
b) the domain of nightmares
c) the land of fairy tales
d) the future
9) What kind of chimera is a person who gets an organ transplant?
a) an intra-species chimera
b) an inter-species chimera
c) a utero-species chimera
d) an intro-species chimera
10) What kind of chimera is a person who has a big heart valve?
a) a utero-species chimera
b) an intra-species chimera
c) an intro-species chimera
d) an inter-species chimera

Role play

Role  A – Heart
You think a heart transplant is the most beneficial. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their transplants aren't as beneficial. Also, tell the others which is the least beneficial of these (and why): hair transplant, skin transplant or brain transplant.

Role  B – Hair
You think hair transplant is the most beneficial. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their transplants aren't as beneficial. Also, tell the others which is the least beneficial of these (and why): heart transplant, skin transplant or brain transplant.

Role  C – Skin
You think a skin transplant is the most beneficial. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their transplants aren't as beneficial. Also, tell the others which is the least beneficial of these (and why): hair transplant, heart transplant or brain transplant.

Role  D – Brain
You think a brain transplant is the most beneficial. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their transplants aren't as beneficial. Also, tell the others which is the least beneficial of these (and why): hair transplant, skin transplant or heart transplant.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'human'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'monkey'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • rapidly
    • part
    • tissue
    • way
    • livers
    • year
    • 25
    • 132
    • 19
    • many
    • result
    • valve




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Chimera

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'human'?
    3. What do you think of science fiction?
    4. What is in our world that looks like science fiction?
    5. What do you think of scientists creating chimeras?
    6. What examples are there of our world changing rapidly?
    7. What are the dangers of creating chimeras?
    8. What are the similarities between a chimera and Frankenstein?
    9. What do you think of growing human organs in pigs?
    10. Should there be limits as to what scientists can create?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'monkey'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you think of scientists modifying embryos?
    5. Do you think this research belongs in the realm of horror movies?
    6. What are the ethical concerns around this research?
    7. What do you think of the risk of creating a new, half-human species?
    8. Would you accept a transplant from an organ grown in a pig?
    9. What three adjectives best describe this story?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the scientists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    In this (1) ____ changing world, we are seeing more examples of science fiction becoming science (2) ____. A team of American and Chinese scientists has created the world's first part-human, part-monkey embryo. This (3) ____ of genetic tissue is called a chimera. The scientists say it potentially (4) ____ the way for lifesaving medical advances. Bio-scientist Henry Greely explained the importance of this scientific breakthrough. He said: "The long-term goal of this research team is to grow human (5) ____ in pigs - kidneys, livers, hearts, etc." He added: "They want to do that to make more human organs for transplants. Tens of thousands of people on a transplant (6) ____ die every year waiting for a transplant."

    The groundbreaking research involved (7) ____ 25 human cells into the embryos of long-tailed macaque monkeys. The (8) ____ cells developed inside 132 of the embryos. The scientists studied the development of the embryos for 19 days. Many people are disturbed (9) ____ the research and believe it belongs to the realm of horror movies. Professor Greely said he appreciated that there are many ethical concerns (10) ____ the creation and use of chimera. He said: "Every time a person gets an organ transplant, the result is an intra-species chimera - an organism made (11) ____ of cells from two members of the same species....When a human gets a pig heart (12) ____, she becomes an inter-species chimera."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     rapidly     (b)     rapid     (c)     rapids     (d)     rapidity    
    2. (a)     factual     (b)     in fact     (c)     fact     (d)     factoid    
    3. (a)     fission     (b)     vision     (c)     fusion     (d)     version    
    4. (a)     concretes     (b)     asphalts     (c)     tiles     (d)     paves    
    5. (a)     mouthpieces     (b)     pianos     (c)     organs     (d)     publications    
    6. (a)     wrist     (b)     list     (c)     writs     (d)     tryst    
    7. (a)     injected     (b)     injecting     (c)     injector     (d)     injects    
    8. (a)     humanly     (b)     human     (c)     humane     (d)     humanoid    
    9. (a)     at     (b)     of     (c)     by     (d)     to    
    10. (a)     regard     (b)     somehow     (c)     of     (d)     around    
    11. (a)     along     (b)     down     (c)     round     (d)     up    
    12. (a)     viva     (b)     evaluate     (c)     value     (d)     valve

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. part-human, part-monkey bmyore
    2. This fusion of tnecgie tissue
    3. it atenyloitlp paves the way
    4. the importance of this scientific htkgbearuroh
    5. ksnyied, livers, hearts, etc.
    6. waiting for a spnrnattal

    Paragraph 2

    1. raoggdbiknrneu research
    2. people are itedbsudr by the research
    3. Professor Greely said he tadapcipere that
    4. there are many htlecai concerns
    5. two members of the same iecpess
    6. When a human gets a pig heart velva

    Put the text back together

    (...)  members of the same species....When a human gets a pig heart valve, she becomes an inter-species chimera."
    (...)  studied the development of the embryos for 19 days. Many people are disturbed by the research and believe it
    (...)  breakthrough. He said: "The long-term goal of this research team is to grow human organs in pigs - kidneys,
    (...)  transplant, the result is an intra-species chimera - an organism made up of cells from two
    (...)  The groundbreaking research involved injecting 25 human cells into the embryos of long-
    (...)  tailed macaque monkeys. The human cells developed inside 132 of the embryos. The scientists
    (...)  concerns around the creation and use of chimera. He said: "Every time a person gets an organ
    (...)  monkey embryo. This fusion of genetic tissue is called a chimera. The scientists say it potentially paves
    (...)  of thousands of people on a transplant list die every year waiting for a transplant."
    (...)  belongs to the realm of horror movies. Professor Greely said he appreciated that there are many ethical
    (...)  the way for lifesaving medical advances. Bio-scientist Henry Greely explained the importance of this scientific
    (...)  livers, hearts, etc." He added: "They want to do that to make more human organs for transplants. Tens
    (...)  fact. A team of American and Chinese scientists has created the world's first part-human, part-
    1  ) In this rapidly changing world, we are seeing more examples of science fiction becoming science

    Put the words in the right order

    1. science   of   becoming   examples   science   fact   .   More   fiction
    2. is   tissue   a   This   called   chimera   .   of   fusion
    3. paves   advances   .   for   the   way   medical   It   lifesaving
    4. human   They   want   make   to   organs   for   transplants   .
    5. for   waiting   every   People   die   transplant   .   year   a
    6. The   human   25   research  groundbreaking  cells  .  involved  injecting
    7. 132   developed   the   Human   of   inside   embryos   .   cells
    8. people   disturbed   are   research   .   by   the   Many
    9. are   there   He   many   that   concerns   .   ethical   appreciated
    10. from   Organisms   the   same   of   made   cells   species   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    In this rapidly / rapid changing world, we are seeing more examples of science fiction becoming science factual / fact. A team of American and Chinese scientists has created the world's first part-human, part-monkey embryo. This fission / fusion of genetic tissue is called a chimera. The scientists say it potent / potentially paves the way for lifesaving medical advances / forwards. Bio-scientist Henry Greely explained the importance of / at this scientific breakthrough. He said: "The long-term goal off / of this research team is to grow human organs in pigs - kidneys, livers, hearts, etc." He added: "They want to do what / that to make more human organs for transplants. Tens of thousands of people on / in a transplant list die every year waiting / wanting for a transplant."

    The groundbreaking research incited / involved injecting 25 human cells into the embryos of long-tailed macaque monkeys. The human / humane cells developed inside 132 of the embryos. The scientists studiously / studied the development of the embryos for 19 days. Many people are disturbed of / by the research and believe it belongs at / to the realm of horror movies. Professor Greely said he appreciated that there are many ethic / ethical concerns around the creation and use / used of chimera. He said: "Every time a person gets / getting an organ transplant, the result is an intra-species chimera - an organism made down / up of cells from two members of the same species....When a human gets a pig heart value / valve, she becomes an inter-species chimera."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    _n  th_s  r_p_dly  ch_ng_ng  w_rld,  w_  _r_  s___ng  m_r_  _x_mpl_s  _f  sc__nc_  f_ct__n  b_c_m_ng  sc__nc_  f_ct.  _  t__m  _f  _m_r_c_n  _nd  Ch_n_s_  sc__nt_sts  h_s  cr__t_d  th_  w_rld's  f_rst  p_rt-h_m_n,  p_rt-m_nk_y  _mbry_.  Th_s  f_s__n  _f  g_n_t_c  t_ss__  _s  c_ll_d  _  ch_m_r_.  Th_  sc__nt_sts  s_y  _t  p_t_nt__lly  p_v_s  th_  w_y  f_r  l_f_s_v_ng  m_d_c_l  _dv_nc_s.  B__-sc__nt_st  H_nry  Gr__ly  _xpl__n_d  th_  _mp_rt_nc_  _f  th_s  sc__nt_f_c  br__kthr__gh.  H_  s__d:  "Th_  l_ng-t_rm  g__l  _f  th_s  r_s__rch  t__m  _s  t_  gr_w  h_m_n  _rg_ns  _n  p_gs  -  k_dn_ys,  l_v_rs,  h__rts,  _tc."  H_  _dd_d:  "Th_y  w_nt  t_  d_  th_t  t_  m_k_  m_r_  h_m_n  _rg_ns  f_r  tr_nspl_nts.  T_ns  _f  th__s_nds  _f  p__pl_  _n  _  tr_nspl_nt  l_st  d__  _v_ry  y__r  w__t_ng  f_r  _  tr_nspl_nt."

    Th_  gr__ndbr__k_ng  r_s__rch  _nv_lv_d  _nj_ct_ng  25  h_m_n  c_lls  _nt_  th_  _mbry_s  _f  l_ng-t__l_d  m_c_q__  m_nk_ys.  Th_  h_m_n  c_lls  d_v_l_p_d  _ns_d_  132  _f  th_  _mbry_s.  Th_  sc__nt_sts  st_d__d  th_  d_v_l_pm_nt  _f  th_  _mbry_s  f_r  19  d_ys.  M_ny  p__pl_  _r_  d_st_rb_d  by  th_  r_s__rch  _nd  b_l__v_  _t  b_l_ngs  t_  th_  r__lm  _f  h_rr_r  m_v__s.  Pr_f_ss_r  Gr__ly  s__d  h_  _ppr_c__t_d  th_t  th_r_  _r_  m_ny  _th_c_l  c_nc_rns  _r__nd  th_  cr__t__n  _nd  _s_  _f  ch_m_r_.  H_  s__d:  "_v_ry  t_m_  _  p_rs_n  g_ts  _n  _rg_n  tr_nspl_nt,  th_  r_s_lt  _s  _n  _ntr_-sp_c__s  ch_m_r_  -  _n  _rg_n_sm  m_d_  _p  _f  c_lls  fr_m  tw_  m_mb_rs  _f  th_  s_m_  sp_c__s....Wh_n  _  h_m_n  g_ts  _  p_g  h__rt  v_lv_,  sh_  b_c_m_s  _n  _nt_r-sp_c__s  ch_m_r_."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    in this rapidly changing world we are seeing more examples of science fiction becoming science fact a team of american and chinese scientists has created the worlds first parthuman partmonkey embryo this fusion of genetic tissue is called a chimera the scientists say it potentially paves the way for lifesaving medical advances bioscientist henry greely explained the importance of this scientific breakthrough he said the longterm goal of this research team is to grow human organs in pigs  kidneys livers hearts etc he added they want to do that to make more human organs for transplants tens of thousands of people on a transplant list die every year waiting for a transplant

    the groundbreaking research involved injecting 25 human cells into the embryos of longtailed macaque monkeys the human cells developed inside 132 of the embryos the scientists studied the development of the embryos for 19 days many people are disturbed by the research and believe it belongs to the realm of horror movies professor greely said he appreciated that there are many ethical concerns around the creation and use of chimera he said every time a person gets an organ transplant the result is an intraspecies chimera  an organism made up of cells from two members of the same species when a human gets a pig heart valve she becomes an interspecies chimera

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Inthisrapidlychangingworld,weareseeingmoreexamplesofsciencefic
    tionbecomingsciencefact.AteamofAmericanandChinesescientistsha
    screatedtheworld'sfirstpart-human,part-monkeyembryo.Thisfusio
    nofgenetictissueiscalledachimera.Thescientistssayitpotentiallypave
    sthewayforlifesavingmedicaladvances.Bio-scientistHenryGreelyex
    plainedtheimportanceofthisscientificbreakthrough.Hesaid:"Thelon
    g-termgoalofthisresearchteamistogrowhumanorgansinpigs-kidne
    ys,livers,hearts,etc."Headded:"Theywanttodothattomakemorehu
    manorgansfortransplants.Tensofthousandsofpeopleonatransplantli
    stdieeveryyearwaitingforatransplant."Thegroundbreakingresearchi
    nvolvedinjecting25humancellsintotheembryosoflong-tailedmacaqu
    emonkeys.Thehumancellsdevelopedinside132oftheembryos.Thesci
    entistsstudiedthedevelopmentoftheembryosfor19days.Manypeople
    aredisturbedbytheresearchandbelieveitbelongstotherealmofhorror
    movies.ProfessorGreelysaidheappreciatedthattherearemanyethical
    concernsaroundthecreationanduseofchimera.Hesaid:"Everytimeap
    ersongetsanorgantransplant,theresultisanintra-specieschimera-a
    norganismmadeupofcellsfromtwomembersofthesamespecies....Wh
    enahumangetsapigheartvalve,shebecomesaninter-specieschime
    ra."

    Free writing

    Write about the lesson page for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Scientists should not be mixing the genes of two species to create chimera. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. CHIMERA: Make a poster about chimera. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. INTRA-SPECIES: Write a magazine article about chimera and banning intra-species experiments. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on chimera. Ask him/her three questions about chimera. Give him/her three of your ideas. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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