The Reading / Listening - Southern Ocean - Level 3

Many of us thought the world had four oceans - the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. That's what we were taught in school. However, a search on the Internet will show that there is also a "Southern Ocean" around the South Pole and Antarctica. The National Geographic Society has now officially accepted that this body of water around Antarctica is a real ocean. Geography teachers will now have to teach their students that the world has five oceans. Alex Tait, a geographer and cartographer at National Geographic, said: "We think it's really important from an educational [viewpoint], as well as from a map-labelling standpoint, to bring attention to the Southern Ocean as a fifth ocean."

National Geographic said its recognition of the world having a fifth ocean would have an impact on how children see the world. Mr Tait said: "Students learn information about the...world through what oceans they're studying. If you don't include the Southern Ocean, then they don't learn...how important it is." He said that recognising the Southern Ocean would help students understand more about climate change. He wrote: "Antarctica forms a distinct ecological region defined by ocean currents and temperatures." National Geographic said: "The Southern Ocean [has] unique and fragile marine ecosystems that are home to wonderful marine life such as whales, penguins and seals."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Southern Ocean - Level 0 Southern Ocean - Level 1   or  Southern Ocean - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/jun/10/new-ocean-global-total-five-national-geographic
  • https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/article/theres-a-new-ocean-now-can-you-name-all-five-southern-ocean
  • https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2021/06/10/southern-ocean-officially-recognized-fifth-ocean-national-geographic/7645212002/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)





Warm-ups

1. OCEANS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about oceans. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       oceans / Pacific Ocean / Internet / South Pole / Antarctica / National Geographic /
       the world / impact / information / climate change / ecological / region / marine
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. OCEAN AID: Students A strongly believe countries should spend billions of dollars to protect oceans; Students B strongly believe otherwise. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. OCEANS AND SEAS: What do you know about these bodies of water? What do you want to know? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I Know

What I Want to Know

Southern Ocean

 

 

Indian Ocean

 

 

Atlantic Ocean

 

 

Arctic Ocean

 

 

Pacific Ocean

 

 

Dead Sea

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. MAP: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "map". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. MARINE LIFE: Rank these with your partner. Put the most interesting at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Whales
  • Penguins
  • Seals
  • Turtles
  • Plankton
  • Giant squid
  • Starfish
  • Corals

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. search a. Notice taken of someone or something.
      2. South Pole b. An act of looking for something in a database or the World Wide Web.
      3. officially c. A person who draws or makes maps.
      4. accepted d. The very bottom of Earth.
      5. cartographer e. Generally believed to be true.
      6. viewpoint f. Backed by the government or some other organization.
      7. attention g. A particular way of thinking; an opinion.

    Paragraph 2

      8. recognition h. Accepting something is real or legal.
      9. impact i. Of, found in, or produced by the sea.
      10. include j. The effect or influence of one person, thing, or action, on another.
      11. climate change k. The way or direction water moves in seas, lakes or rivers.
      12. ecological l. Be or contain as part of a whole.
      13. currents m. The situation of Earth's temperature getting higher from the mid to late 20th century.
      14. marine n. About the relation of living things to one another and to their environment.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Schools always taught children that there were five oceans.     T / F
  2. The Southern Ocean goes around the South Pole and Antarctica.     T / F
  3. National Geographic says the Southern Ocean is not a real ocean.     T / F
  4. A geographer said it was important to recognise the Southern Ocean.     T / F
  5. The Southern Ocean can impact how children view the world.     T / F
  6. The Southern Ocean can help children to learn about climate change.     T / F
  7. The Southern Ocean has fragile ecosystems.     T / F
  8. The article says the Southern Ocean is home to polar bears.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. thought
  2. show
  3. real
  4. viewpoint
  5. attention
  6. impact
  7. distinct
  8. region
  9. fragile
  10. marine
  1. opinion
  2. genuine
  3. area
  4. reveal
  5. sea
  6. delicate
  7. believed
  8. affect
  9. separate
  10. awareness

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Many of us thought the world
  2. That's what we were
  3. body of
  4. a geographer and
  5. really important from an educational
  6. have an impact on how children
  7. Antarctica forms a distinct ecological
  8. ocean currents
  9. unique and fragile marine
  10. home to wonderful marine
  1. see the world
  2. water
  3. ecosystems
  4. viewpoint
  5. and temperatures
  6. had four oceans
  7. life such as whales
  8. region
  9. taught in school
  10. cartographer

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
real
search
attention
thought
educational
officially
geographer
around

Many of us (1) _____________________ the world had four oceans - the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. That's what we were taught in school. However, a (2) _____________________ on the Internet will show that there is also a "Southern Ocean" (3) _____________________ the South Pole and Antarctica. The National Geographic Society has now (4) _____________________ accepted that this body of water around Antarctica is a (5) _____________________ ocean. Geography teachers will now have to teach their students that the world has five oceans. Alex Tait, a (6) _____________________ and cartographer at National Geographic, said: "We think it's really important from an (7) _____________________ [viewpoint], as well as from a map-labelling standpoint, to bring (8) _____________________ to the Southern Ocean as a fifth ocean."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
impact
distinct
whales
important
fragile
recognition
understand
information

National Geographic said its (9) _____________________ of the world having a fifth ocean would have an (10) _____________________ on how children see the world. Mr Tait said: "Students learn (11) _____________________ about the...world through what oceans they're studying. If you don't include the Southern Ocean, then they don't learn...how (12) _____________________ it is." He said that recognising the Southern Ocean would help students (13) _____________________ more about climate change. He wrote: "Antarctica forms a (14) _____________________ ecological region defined by ocean currents and temperatures." National Geographic said: "The Southern Ocean [has] unique and (15) _____________________ marine ecosystems that are home to wonderful marine life such as (16) _____________________, penguins and seals."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) the world had four oceans - the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific ______
     a.  and Attic Oceans
     b.  and Antic Oceans
     c.  and Arctic Oceans
     d.  and Arc tick Oceans
2)  show that there is also a "Southern Ocean" around ______
     a.  the South Poll
     b.  a South Pole
     c.  their South Pool
     d.  the South Pole
3)  National Geographic Society has now officially accepted that this ______
     a.  bodily of water
     b.  boding of water
     c.  bod doff water
     d.  body of water
4)  the world has five oceans. Alex Tait, a geographer ______
     a.  and cart graph are
     b.  and cartographer
     c.  and car photographer
     d.  and cart photographer
5)  an educational viewpoint, as well as from a map-______
     a.  label in standpoint
     b.  lay bell in standpoint
     c.  ladling standpoint
     d.  labelling standpoint

6)  National Geographic said its recognition of the world having a fifth ocean would ______
     a.  have an impact
     b.  have in impact
     c.  have an in pact
     d.  have van impact
7)  If you don't include the Southern Ocean, then they don't learn how ______
     a.  importance it is
     b.  import ant it is
     c.  in port ants it is
     d.  important it is
8)  Antarctica forms a distinct ecological region defined ______
     a.  by ocean currants
     b.  by ocean currents
     c.  buy ocean currants
     d.  bye ocean currents
9) The Southern Ocean has unique and fragile ______
     a.  marine ecosystem
     b.  marine e-cost systems
     c.  marine ecology systems
     d.  marine ecosystems
10)  home to wonderful marine life such as whales, ______
     a.  penguins and seals
     b.  penguin and seals
     c.  penguins and seal
     d.  penguin and seal

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Many of us thought the world had four oceans - the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. That's what we (1) ____________________ school. However, a search on the Internet (2) ____________________ there is also a "Southern Ocean" around the South Pole and Antarctica. The National Geographic Society has (3) ____________________ that this body of water around Antarctica is a real ocean. Geography teachers will now have to teach (4) ____________________ the world has five oceans. Alex Tait, a geographer and cartographer at National Geographic, said: "We think it's really important (5) ____________________ [viewpoint], as well as from a map-labelling standpoint, (6) ____________________ to the Southern Ocean as a fifth ocean."

National Geographic said its recognition of (7) ____________________ a fifth ocean would have an impact on how children see the world. Mr Tait said: "Students (8) ____________________ the...world through what oceans they're studying. If you don't include the Southern Ocean, then they don't learn...how (9) ____________________." He said that recognising the Southern Ocean would help students understand more about climate change. He wrote: "Antarctica forms a (10) ____________________ defined by ocean currents and temperatures." National Geographic said: "The Southern Ocean [has] unique (11) ____________________ ecosystems that are home to wonderful marine life such as whales, (12) ____________________."

Comprehension questions

  1. Who thought the world had four oceans?
  2. What does the article say the Southern Ocean goes around?
  3. Who will teach students the world has five oceans?
  4. Who is Alex Tait?
  5. What standpoint did Alex Tait say was important?
  6. What did Nat Geo say would impact how children see the world?
  7. What did Alex Tait say would help children understand climate change?
  8. What did Alex Tait say forms a distinct ecological region?
  9. What did National Geographic call the Southern Ocean's ecosystems?
  10. What marine life did Nat Geo say the Southern Ocean is home to?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  Who thought the world had four oceans?
a) all of us
b) many of us
c) half of us
d) some of us
2)  What does the article say the Southern Ocean goes around?
a) the world
b) the equator
c) the South Pole and Antarctica
d) the tropics
3)  Who will teach students the world has five oceans?
a) experts
b) parents
c) the Internet
d) geography teachers
4)  Who is Alex Tait?
a) a marine biologist
b) a geographer and cartographer
c) an expedition leader
d) the National Geographic CEO
5)  What standpoint did Alex Tait say was important?
a) a map-labelling standpoint
b) a South Pole standpoint
c) an environmental standpoint
d) all standpoints

6)  What did Nat Geo say would impact how children see the world?
a) a fifth ocean
b) the sea
c) marine life
d) polar bears
7)  What did Alex Tait say would help children understand climate change?
a) Antarctica
b) the Internet
c) ice
d) the Southern Ocean
8)  What did Alex Tait say forms a distinct ecological region?
a) the South Pole
b) the Southern Ocean
c) Antarctica
d) the North Pole
9)  What did National Geographic call the Southern Ocean's ecosystems?
a) icy and freezing
b) a white wonderland
c) important
d) unique and fragile
10)  What marine life did Nat Geo say the Southern Ocean is home to?
a) turtles, penguins and sea lions
b) whales, penguins and seals
c) polar bears, arctic foxes and walruses
d) plankton, puffins and seals

Role play

Role  A – Whales
You think whales are the most interesting kind of marine life. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): penguins, plankton or corals.

Role  B – Penguins
You think penguins are the most interesting kind of marine life. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): whales, plankton or corals.

Role  C – Plankton
You think plankton is the most interesting kind of marine life. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): penguins, whales or corals.

Role  D – Corals
You think corals are the most interesting kind of marine life. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): penguins, plankton or whales.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'Earth'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'ocean'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • thought
    • taught
    • body
    • students
    • important
    • attention
    • impact
    • information
    • include
    • change
    • fragile
    • wonderful

    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Southern Ocean

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'Earth'?
    3. What do you know abut the world's oceans?
    4. What are the differences between oceans and seas?
    5. How are the world's oceans different?
    6. Which of the world's oceans have you seen?
    7. What do you know about the Southern Ocean?
    8. What do you know about National Geographic?
    9. Would you prefer to visit the South Pole or North Pole?
    10. What did you think of geography at school?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'ocean'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How do children see the world?
    5. How important is the Southern Ocean?
    6. How worried are you about climate change?
    7. What is your image of Antarctica?
    8. What can we do to protect the world's oceans?
    9. What do you think of whales, penguins and seals?
    10. What questions would you like to ask a cartographer?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________

    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Many of (1) ____ thought the world had four oceans - the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. That's what we were taught in school. However, a search (2) ____ the Internet will show that there is also a "Southern Ocean" around the South (3) ____ and Antarctica. The National Geographic Society has now officially accepted that this body of water around Antarctica is a (4) ____ ocean. Geography teachers will now have to teach their students that the world has five oceans. Alex Tait, a geographer and cartographer at National Geographic, said: "We think it's really important (5) ____ an educational [viewpoint], as well as from a map-labelling standpoint, to bring (6) ____ to the Southern Ocean as a fifth ocean."

    National Geographic said its recognition of the world having a fifth ocean would have an (7) ____ on how children see the world. Mr Tait said: "Students learn information about the...world through what oceans they're (8) ____. If you don't include the Southern Ocean, then they don't learn... (9) ____ important it is." He said that recognising the Southern Ocean would help students understand more about climate change. He wrote: "Antarctica forms a distinct ecological (10) ____ defined by ocean currents and temperatures." National Geographic said: "The Southern Ocean [has] unique and fragile (11) ____ ecosystems that are home to wonderful marine life such (12) ____ whales, penguins and seals."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     us     (b)     they     (c)     them     (d)     we    
    2. (a)     in     (b)     at     (c)     on     (d)     to    
    3. (a)     Mole     (b)     Hole     (c)     Pole     (d)     Role    
    4. (a)     realism     (b)     reality     (c)     really     (d)     real    
    5. (a)     at     (b)     to     (c)     from     (d)     such    
    6. (a)     attend     (b)     attention     (c)     attending     (d)     attends    
    7. (a)     compact     (b)     impact     (c)     infect     (d)     intact    
    8. (a)     studious     (b)     studying     (c)     studies     (d)     students    
    9. (a)     when     (b)     what     (c)     how     (d)     which    
    10. (a)     partner     (b)     ice     (c)     border     (d)     region    
    11. (a)     feline     (b)     canine     (c)     bovine     (d)     marine    
    12. (a)     has     (b)     is     (c)     was     (d)     as

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. Indian, aicifPc and Arctic Oceans
    2. the South Pole and ccAntatria
    3. iolflayfic accepted that
    4. a ghegrpreao and cartographer
    5. an educational tpvwioien
    6. bring oenittnat to the Southern Ocean

    Paragraph 2

    1. its oteorcingni of the world
    2. have an amitcp
    3. a distinct ogiccaelol region
    4. ocean rcertnus and temperatures
    5. ilaegrf marine ecosystems
    6. whales, snueipgn and seals

    Put the text back together

    (...)  the South Pole and Antarctica. The National Geographic Society has now officially accepted that this body
    (...)  the Southern Ocean would help students understand more about climate change. He wrote: "Antarctica forms a distinct
    (...)  of water around Antarctica is a real ocean. Geography teachers will now have to teach
    (...)  to wonderful marine life such as whales, penguins and seals."
    (...)  as from a map-labelling standpoint, to bring attention to the Southern Ocean as a fifth ocean."
    (...)  ecological region defined by ocean currents and temperatures." National Geographic
    (...)  National Geographic said its recognition of the world having a fifth ocean would have an impact
    (...)  on how children see the world. Mr Tait said: "Students learn information about the...world through what oceans they're
    (...)  said: "The Southern Ocean [has] unique and fragile marine ecosystems that are home
    1  ) Many of us thought the world had four oceans - the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. That's what we were
    (...)  their students that the world has five oceans. Alex Tait, a geographer and cartographer
    (...)  at National Geographic, said: "We think it's really important from an educational [viewpoint], as well
    (...)  taught in school. However, a search on the Internet will show that there is also a "Southern Ocean" around
    (...)  studying. If you don't include the Southern Ocean, then they don't learn...how important it is." He said that recognising

    Put the words in the right order

    1. oceans   .   world   the   Many   people   thought   four   had
    2. what   school   .   were   we   in   taught   That's
    3. officially   has   that   .   accepted   Society   Geographic   The   National
    4. world   that   students   the   five   Teach   has   oceans   .
    5. important   is   It   educational   viewpoint   .   from   an   really
    6. the   a   world   Recognition   ocean   .   of   fifth   having
    7. how   world   .   on   An   children   see   impact   the
    8. don't   important   it   learn   how   they   is   .   Then
    9. by   distinct   region   defined   ocean   ecological   currents   .   A
    10. as   to   Home   such   life   whales   .   marine   wonderful

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Many of us / them thought the world had four oceans - the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. That's what we were teaching / taught in school. However, a search on the Internet will show that there is additional / also a "Southern Ocean" around the / a South Pole and Antarctica. The National Geographic Society has now officially accepted that this head / body of water around Antarctica is a really / real ocean. Geography teachers will now have to teach their students that the world gets / has five oceans. Alex Tait, a geographer and cartographer at National Geographic, said: "We think it's really important / importance from an educational [viewpoint], as well as from a map-labelling standpoint, to bring / take attention to the Southern Ocean has / as a fifth ocean."

    National Geographic said its recognise / recognition of the world having a fifth ocean would have an impact in / on how children see the world. Mr Tait said: "Students learn information about the...world thought / through what oceans they're studying. If you don't include / conclude the Southern Ocean, then they don't learn...how important it be / is." He said that recognising the Southern Ocean would help / assist students understand more about climate change. He writing / wrote: "Antarctica forms a distinct ecological region definition / defined by ocean currents and temperatures." National Geographic said: "The Southern Ocean [has] unique and fragility / fragile marine ecosystems that are home to wonderful marine life such as whales, penguins and souls / seals."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    M_ny  _f  _s  th__ght  th_  w_rld  h_d  f__r  _c__ns  -  th_  _tl_nt_c,  _nd__n,  P_c_f_c  _nd  _rct_c  _c__ns.  Th_t's  wh_t  w_  w_r_  t__ght  _n  sch__l.  H_w_v_r,  _  s__rch  _n  th_  _nt_rn_t  w_ll  sh_w  th_t  th_r_  _s  _ls_  _  "S__th_rn  _c__n"  _r__nd  th_  S__th  P_l_  _nd  _nt_rct_c_.  Th_  N_t__n_l  G__gr_ph_c  S_c__ty  h_s  n_w  _ff_c__lly  _cc_pt_d  th_t  th_s  b_dy  _f  w_t_r  _r__nd  _nt_rct_c_  _s  _  r__l  _c__n.  G__gr_phy  t__ch_rs  w_ll  n_w  h_v_  t_  t__ch  th__r  st_d_nts  th_t  th_  w_rld  h_s  f_v_  _c__ns.  _l_x  T__t,  _  g__gr_ph_r  _nd  c_rt_gr_ph_r  _t  N_t__n_l  G__gr_ph_c,  s__d:  "W_  th_nk  _t's  r__lly  _mp_rt_nt  fr_m  _n  _d_c_t__n_l  [v__wp__nt],  _s  w_ll  _s  fr_m  _  m_p-l_b_ll_ng  st_ndp__nt,  t_  br_ng  _tt_nt__n  t_  th_  S__th_rn  _c__n  _s  _  f_fth  _c__n."

    N_t__n_l  G__gr_ph_c  s__d  _ts  r_c_gn_t__n  _f  th_  w_rld  h_v_ng  _  f_fth  _c__n  w__ld  h_v_  _n  _mp_ct  _n  h_w  ch_ldr_n  s__  th_  w_rld.  Mr  T__t  s__d:  "St_d_nts  l__rn  _nf_rm_t__n  _b__t  th_...w_rld  thr__gh  wh_t  _c__ns  th_y'r_  st_dy_ng.  _f  y__  d_n't  _ncl_d_  th_  S__th_rn  _c__n,  th_n  th_y  d_n't  l__rn...h_w  _mp_rt_nt  _t  _s."  H_  s__d  th_t  r_c_gn_s_ng  th_  S__th_rn  _c__n  w__ld  h_lp  st_d_nts  _nd_rst_nd  m_r_  _b__t  cl_m_t_  ch_ng_.  H_  wr_t_:  "_nt_rct_c_  f_rms  _  d_st_nct  _c_l_g_c_l  r_g__n  d_f_n_d  by  _c__n  c_rr_nts  _nd  t_mp_r_t_r_s."  N_t__n_l  G__gr_ph_c  s__d:  "Th_  S__th_rn  _c__n  [h_s]  _n_q__  _nd  fr_g_l_  m_r_n_  _c_syst_ms  th_t  _r_  h_m_  t_  w_nd_rf_l  m_r_n_  l_f_  s_ch  _s  wh_l_s,  p_ng__ns  _nd  s__ls."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    many of us thought the world had four oceans  the atlantic indian pacific and arctic oceans thats what we were taught in school however a search on the internet will show that there is also a southern ocean around the south pole and antarctica the national geographic society has now officially accepted that this body of water around antarctica is a real ocean geography teachers will now have to teach their students that the world has five oceans alex tait a geographer and cartographer at national geographic said we think its really important from an educational viewpoint as well as from a maplabelling standpoint to bring attention to the southern ocean as a fifth ocean

    national geographic said its recognition of the world having a fifth ocean would have an impact on how children see the world mr tait said students learn information about theworld through what oceans theyre studying if you dont include the southern ocean then they dont learnhow important it is he said that recognising the southern ocean would help students understand more about climate change he wrote antarctica forms a distinct ecological region defined by ocean currents and temperatures national geographic said the southern ocean has unique and fragile marine ecosystems that are home to wonderful marine life such as whales penguins and seals

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Manyofusthoughttheworldhadfouroceans-theAtlantic,Indian,Pac
    ificandArcticOceans.That'swhatweweretaughtinschool.However,as
    earchontheInternetwillshowthatthereisalsoa"SouthernOcean"arou
    ndtheSouthPoleandAntarctica.TheNationalGeographicSocietyhasn
    owofficiallyacceptedthatthisbodyofwateraroundAntarcticaisarealoc
    ean.Geographyteacherswillnowhavetoteachtheirstudentsthatthew
    orldhasfiveoceans.AlexTait,ageographerandcartographeratNationa
    lGeographic,said:"Wethinkit'sreallyimportantfromaneducational[vi
    ewpoint],aswellasfromamap-labellingstandpoint,tobringattentiont
    otheSouthernOceanasafifthocean."NationalGeographicsaiditsrecog
    nitionoftheworldhavingafifthoceanwouldhaveanimpactonhowchildr
    enseetheworld.MrTaitsaid:"Studentslearninformationaboutthe...w
    orldthroughwhatoceansthey'restudying.Ifyoudon'tincludetheSouth
    ernOcean,thentheydon'tlearn...howimportantitis."Hesaidthatrecog
    nisingtheSouthernOceanwouldhelpstudentsunderstandmoreaboutc
    limatechange.Hewrote:"Antarcticaformsadistinctecologicalregiond
    efinedbyoceancurrentsandtemperatures."NationalGeographicsaid:
    "TheSouthernOcean[has]uniqueandfragilemarineecosystemsthata
    rehometowonderfulmarinelifesuchaswhales,penguinsandseals."

    Free writing

    Write about Southern Ocean for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Our oceans so damaged they cannot be repaired. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. OCEANS: Make a poster about oceans. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. OCEAN AID: Write a magazine article about governments spending billions of dollars to help repair the damage we have done to our oceans. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on oceans. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to protect the world's oceans. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.





    A Few Additional Activities for Students

    Ask your students what they have read, seen or heard about this news in their own language. Students are likely to / may have have encountered this news in their L1 and therefore bring a background knowledge to the classroom.

    Get students to role play different characters from this news story.

    Ask students to keep track of this news and revisit it to discuss in your next class.

    Ask students to male predictions of how this news might develop in the next few days or weeks, and then revisit and discuss in a future class.

    Ask students to write a follow-up story to this news.

    Students role play a journalist and someone who witnessed or was a part of this news. Perhaps they could make a video of the interview.

    Ask students to keep a news journal in English and add this story to their thoughts.

    Also...

    Buy my 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers eBook. It has hundreds of ideas, activity templates, reproducible activities for:

    • News
    • Warm ups
    • Pre-reading / Post-reading
    • Using headlines
    • Working with words
    • While-reading / While-listening
    • Moving from text to speech
    • Post-reading / Post-listening
    • Discussions
    • Using opinions
    • Plans
    • Language
    • Using lists
    • Using quotes
    • Task-based activities
    • Role plays
    • Using the central characters in the article
    • Using themes from the news
    • Homework

    Buy my book

    $US 9.99

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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