The Reading / Listening - Southern Ocean - Level 2

Many of us were taught in school that there are four oceans - the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. However, an Internet search shows there is also a "Southern Ocean". This is around the South Pole and Antarctica. The National Geographic Society now officially accepts this is a real ocean. Geography teachers will now have to teach students that the world has five oceans. A National Geographic geographer said: "We think it's really important from an educational [viewpoint], as well as from a map-labelling standpoint, to bring attention to the Southern Ocean as a fifth ocean."

National Geographic said studying about the Southern Ocean would change how children see the world and climate change. It said: "Students learn information about the...world through what oceans they're studying. If you don't include the Southern Ocean, then they don't learn...how important it is." It added: "Antarctica forms a distinct ecological region defined by ocean currents and temperatures." National Geographic said the Southern Ocean has "unique and fragile marine ecosystems" full of wonderful marine life like whales, penguins and seals.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Southern Ocean - Level 0 Southern Ocean - Level 1   or  Southern Ocean - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/jun/10/new-ocean-global-total-five-national-geographic
  • https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/article/theres-a-new-ocean-now-can-you-name-all-five-southern-ocean
  • https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2021/06/10/southern-ocean-officially-recognized-fifth-ocean-national-geographic/7645212002/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)





Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Many of us were
  2. an Internet
  3. This is around the South Pole
  4. officially accepts this is
  5. Geography
  6. teach students that the world
  7. A National Geographic
  8. important from an
  1. search
  2. educational viewpoint
  3. teachers
  4. and Antarctica
  5. taught in school
  6. geographer
  7. a real ocean
  8. has five oceans

Paragraph 2

  1. change how children
  2. climate
  3. Students learn information
  4. Antarctica forms a distinct
  5. ocean currents and
  6. unique and fragile marine
  7. full of wonderful marine
  8. whales, penguins
  1. and seals
  2. about the world
  3. ecosystems
  4. life
  5. see the world
  6. temperatures
  7. change
  8. ecological region

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Many of (1) ___________________ in school that there are four oceans - the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. However, an Internet (2) ___________________ is also a "Southern Ocean". This is around the South Pole and Antarctica. The National Geographic Society now (3) ___________________ is a real ocean. Geography teachers will now have to teach students (4) ___________________ has five oceans. A National Geographic geographer said: "We think it's really important (5) ___________________ [viewpoint], as well as from a map-labelling standpoint, to bring attention to the Southern Ocean as (6) ___________________."

National Geographic said studying about the Southern Ocean would change how children (1) ___________________ and climate change. It said: "Students learn information about the...world through what oceans they're studying. If (2) ___________________ the Southern Ocean, then they don't learn... (3) ___________________ is." It added: "Antarctica forms a distinct ecological (4) ___________________ ocean currents and temperatures." National Geographic said the Southern Ocean has "(5) ___________________ marine ecosystems" full of wonderful marine life like whales, (6) ___________________.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Manyofusweretaughtinschoolthattherearefouroceans-theAtlantic,
Indian,PacificandArcticOceans.However,anInternetsearchshowsth
ereisalsoa"SouthernOcean".ThisisaroundtheSouthPoleandAntarctic
a.TheNationalGeographicSocietynowofficiallyacceptsthisisarealoce
an.Geographyteacherswillnowhavetoteachstudentsthattheworldha
sfiveoceans.ANationalGeographicgeographersaid:"Wethinkit'sreall
yimportantfromaneducational[viewpoint],aswellasfromamap-lab
ellingstandpoint,tobringattentiontotheSouthernOceanasafifthocea
n."NationalGeographicsaidstudyingabouttheSouthernOceanwouldc
hangehowchildrenseetheworldandclimatechange.Itsaid:"Studentsl
earninformationaboutthe...worldthroughwhatoceansthey'restudyin
g.Ifyoudon'tincludetheSouthernOcean,thentheydon'tlearn...howim
portantitis."Itadded:"Antarcticaformsadistinctecologicalregiondefi
nedbyoceancurrentsandtemperatures."NationalGeographicsaidthe
SouthernOceanhas"uniqueandfragilemarineecosystems"fullofwond
erfulmarinelifelikewhales,penguinsandseals.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________

Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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_____________________________________________________________________________

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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