The Reading / Listening - Being Child-free - Level 2

Views on having children are changing in the USA. New research shows that 25 per cent of adults do not want to have children. A quarter of American adults are happy being "child-free". They are happier without children. Psychologists Jennifer Watling Neal and Zachary Neal did research on why child-free people might be different. They wanted to find out what the differences were between child-free people and "non-parents". They said non-parents include "not-yet-parents" (those planning to have kids) and people who cannot have children because of medical problems.

The researchers looked at data from 1,000 adults. Ms Neal said: "We were most surprised by how many child-free people there are. We found that more than one in four people...identified as child-free." She said child-free people were more liberal than those with children. Unsurprisingly, parents were more likely to be in a relationship. Ms Neal also said child-free adults were a little younger and less well-educated than parents or non-parents. She added that more research is needed to find out why people want to be child-free.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Being Child-free - Level 0 Being Child-free - Level 1   or  Being Child-free - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-06/msu-saq061521.php
  • https://www.futurity.org/child-free-happy-adults-2583322-2/
  • https://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2021/childfree-adults


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)





Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Views
  2. New research
  3. adults do not
  4. A quarter
  5. They wanted to find
  6. those planning to
  7. people who cannot have
  8. because of medical
  1. problems
  2. out
  3. of American adults
  4. shows that
  5. children
  6. on having children
  7. have kids
  8. want to have children

Paragraph 2

  1. The researchers looked at data
  2. more than one
  3. She said child-free people
  4. more likely to be in a
  5. child-free adults were a
  6. less well-
  7. She added that more research
  8. find out why people want
  1. little younger
  2. is needed
  3. in four people
  4. to be child-free
  5. relationship
  6. from 1,000 adults
  7. educated
  8. were more liberal

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

(1) ___________________ children are changing in the USA. New research shows that 25 per cent (2) ___________________ not want to have children. A quarter of American (3) ___________________ being "child-free". They are happier without children. Psychologists Jennifer Watling Neal and Zachary Neal (4) ___________________ why child-free people might be different. They wanted to find out what (5) ___________________ between child-free people and "non-parents". They said non-parents include "not-yet-parents" (those planning to have kids) and people who cannot have children because (6) ___________________.

The researchers (7) ___________________ from 1,000 adults. Ms Neal said: "We were (8) ___________________ how many child-free people there are. We found that more than one in four (9) ___________________ child-free." She said child-free people were more liberal than those with children. Unsurprisingly, parents were more likely to be (10) ___________________. Ms Neal also said child-free adults were a little younger and (11) ___________________ than parents or non-parents. She added that more research (12) ___________________ find out why people want to be child-free.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

ViewsonhavingchildrenarechangingintheUSA.Newresearchshowsth
at25percentofadultsdonotwanttohavechildren.AquarterofAmerican
adultsarehappybeing"child-free".Theyarehappierwithoutchildren.
PsychologistsJenniferWatlingNealandZacharyNealdidresearchonwh
ychild-freepeoplemightbedifferent.Theywantedtofindoutwhatthed
ifferenceswerebetweenchild-freepeopleand"non-parents".Theysai
dnon-parentsinclude"not-yet-parents"(thoseplanningtohavekids)a
ndpeoplewhocannothavechildrenbecauseofmedicalproblems.There
searcherslookedatdatafrom1,000adults.MsNealsaid:"Weweremost
surprisedbyhowmanychild-freepeoplethereare.Wefoundthatmor
ethanoneinfourpeople...identifiedaschild-free."Shesaidchild-freep
eopleweremoreliberalthanthosewithchildren.Unsurprisingly,parent
sweremorelikelytobeinarelationship.MsNealalsosaidchild-freeadult
swerealittleyoungerandlesswell-educatedthanparentsornon-parent
s.Sheaddedthatmoreresearchisneededtofindoutwhypeoplewanttob
echild-free.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________

Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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