The Reading / Listening - Being Child-free - Level 3

It seems views on having children are changing in the USA. New research shows that 25 per cent of adults do not want to have children. A study from Michigan State University (MSU) reveals that a quarter of American adults are happy to be "child-free". It says these people do not want children and are happier without them. MSU psychologists Jennifer Watling Neal and Zachary Neal did research on why people who do not want children might be different. They wanted to find out what the differences were between these child-free people and "non-parents". They said non-parents include "not-yet-parents" (those planning to have kids) and people who cannot have kids due to medical problems.

The researchers looked at data from 1,000 adults who took part in an MSU survey. Ms Neal said: "We were most surprised by how many child-free people there are. We found that more than one in four people...identified as child-free, which is much higher than...in previous studies." She said child-free people were more liberal than those with children, who were more conservative. She found that unsurprisingly, parents were more likely to be in a relationship. Around half of the child-free adults were single. Ms Neal also said child-free adults were a little younger and less well-educated than parents or non-parents. She added that more research is needed to find out why people make the decision to be child-free.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Being Child-free - Level 0 Being Child-free - Level 1   or  Being Child-free - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-06/msu-saq061521.php
  • https://www.futurity.org/child-free-happy-adults-2583322-2/
  • https://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2021/childfree-adults


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)





Warm-ups

1. PARENTING: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about parenting. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       views / children / a quarter / happy / psychologists / differences / parents / medical /
       data / survey / surprised / liberal / conservative / relationship / single / educated
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. CHILD-FREE: Students A strongly believe is best; Students B strongly believe it isn't. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. PARENT: What are the pros and cons of being a parent? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Pros

Cons

Family

 

 

Money

 

 

Holidays

 

 

Freedom

 

 

Happiness

 

 

The future

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. HAPPY: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "happy". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. CHILDREN: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things about having children at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Being a parent
  • Laughter
  • Watching them grow
  • Playing games
  • Family life
  • Pride
  • Love
  • Friendship

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. seem a. Someone who studies the human mind.
      2. view b. A way of thinking about something; an attitude or opinion.
      3. study c. Make unknown or secret information known to others.
      4. reveal d. Looks like being so.
      5. quarter e. About the science of medicine, or the treatment of illness and injuries.
      6. psychologist f. A long piece of research into something.
      7. medical g. One of four equal parts into which something is or can be divided; 25% of.

    Paragraph 2

      8. data h. Existing or occurring before in time or order.
      9. survey i. Decided you share the same characteristics or thinking as someone else.
      10. identified j. Keeping to traditional ways of thinking and values and not really liking change.
      11. previous k. Facts and statistics collected together.
      12. liberal l. An investigation of the opinions or experience of a group of people, based on a series of questions.
      13. conservative m. The action or process of choosing one thing ahead of others.
      14. decision n. Accept new behavior or opinions and be willing to throw away traditional values.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Views on having children are changing worldwide.     T / F
  2. A study shows that a quarter of parents do not want more children.     T / F
  3. Researchers looked into why "child-free" people are different.     T / F
  4. The researchers wrote about "not-yet-parents".     T / F
  5. The researchers examined information on 10,000 couples.     T / F
  6. The researchers said child-free people were more conservative.     T / F
  7. Around three-quarters of the parents were married.     T / F
  8. Child-free people were less well-educated than parents.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. views
  2. reveals
  3. happy
  4. find out
  5. problems
  6. data
  7. previous
  8. unsurprisingly
  9. likely
  10. decision
  1. information
  2. discover
  3. opinions
  4. probable
  5. choice
  6. difficulties
  7. predictably
  8. shows
  9. earlier
  10. content

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. views
  2. happier
  3. people who do not want children
  4. They wanted to find out what
  5. cannot have kids due
  6. 1,000 adults who took
  7. much higher than
  8. likely to be
  9. more research is needed to
  10. make the decision
  1. to be child-free
  2. to medical problems
  3. part in an MSU survey
  4. without them
  5. find out why
  6. on having children
  7. in a relationship
  8. the differences were
  9. in previous studies
  10. might be different

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
differences
views
medical
quarter
research
planning
adults
happier

It seems (1) _____________________ on having children are changing in the USA. New research shows that 25 per cent of (2) _____________________ do not want to have children. A study from Michigan State University (MSU) reveals that a (3) _____________________ of American adults are happy to be "child-free". It says these people do not want children and are (4) _____________________ without them. MSU psychologists Jennifer Watling Neal and Zachary Neal did (5) _____________________ on why people who do not want children might be different. They wanted to find out what the (6) _____________________ were between these child-free people and "non-parents". They said non-parents include "not-yet-parents" (those (7) _____________________ to have kids) and people who cannot have kids due to (8) _____________________ problems.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
surprised
relationship
decision
previous
data
educated
identified
conservative

The researchers looked at (9) _____________________ from 1,000 adults who took part in an MSU survey. Ms Neal said: "We were most (10) _____________________ by how many child-free people there are. We found that more than one in four people... (11) _____________________ as child-free, which is much higher than...in (12) _____________________ studies." She said child-free people were more liberal than those with children, who were more (13) _____________________. She found that unsurprisingly, parents were more likely to be in a (14) _____________________. Around half of the child-free adults were single. Ms Neal also said child-free adults were a little younger and less well-(15) _____________________ than parents or non-parents. She added that more research is needed to find out why people make the (16) _____________________ to be child-free.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) A study from Michigan State University (MSU) ______
     a.  reveals what
     b.  reveals that
     c.  reveals than
     d.  reveals that's
2)  It says these people do not want children and are ______
     a.  happier wither them
     b.  happier with outer them
     c.  happier wit out them
     d.  happier without them
3)  MSU psychologists Jennifer Watling Neal and Zachary Neal did ______
     a.  research on why
     b.  research in why
     c.  research on what
     d.  research in whey
4)  They wanted to find out what the ______
     a.  difference is were
     b.  differentials were
     c.  differ inferences were
     d.  differ incense were
5)  and people who cannot have kids due to ______
     a.  medic all problems
     b.  medic call problems
     c.  media call problems
     d.  medical problems

6)  We found that more than one in four people...______-free
     a.  identify as child
     b.  identify was child
     c.  identified as child
     d.  identify does child
7) people were more liberal than those with children, who were ______
     a.  moor conservative
     b.  mere conservative
     c.  mare conservative
     d.  more conservative
8)  Around half of the child-free ______
     a.  adults were shingle
     b.  adults were sing all
     c.  adults were single
     d.  adults were  sin gall
9)  Ms Neal also said child-free adults were a little younger and ______
     a.  lest well-educated
     b.  less well-educated
     c.  lease well-educated
     d.  lass well-educated
10)  She added that more research is needed to find out why people ______
     a.  make the division
     b.  make the incision
     c.  make the derision
     d.  make the decision

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

It (1) ____________________ having children are changing in the USA. New research shows that 25 per cent of adults do not want to have children. A study from Michigan State University (MSU) (2) ____________________ quarter of American adults are happy to be "child-free". It says these people do not want children and (3) ____________________ them. MSU psychologists Jennifer Watling Neal and Zachary Neal did research on why people who do not want children (4) ____________________. They wanted to find out what the differences were between these child-free people and "non-parents". They said non-parents include "(5) ____________________" (those planning to have kids) and people who cannot have (6) ____________________ medical problems.

The researchers (7) ____________________ from 1,000 adults who took part in an MSU survey. Ms Neal said: "We were most surprised by how many child-free people there are. We found that more than (8) ____________________ people...identified as child-free, which is much higher than...in previous studies." She said child-free people were more (9) ____________________ with children, who were more conservative. She found that unsurprisingly, parents were more likely to be (10) ____________________. Around half of the child-free adults were single. Ms Neal also said child-free adults were a little younger and (11) ____________________ than parents or non-parents. She added that more research is needed to find out why people (12) ____________________ to be child-free.

Comprehension questions

  1. Where are the people from in the study?
  2. How do child-free people without children?
  3. What area of science do the researchers work in?
  4. What group of people do "not-yet-parents" belong to?
  5. Why did the researchers say some people could not have children?
  6. How many adults did researchers look at the information of?
  7. How did researchers feel about their survey's results?
  8. Who did the researchers find were more liberal?
  9. What were parents more likely to be in?
  10. What did the researchers find about the education of child-free adults?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Where are the people from in the study?
a) all over the world
b) a fertility clinic
c) the USA
d) Europe
2) How do child-free people without children?
a) happier
b) confused
c) free
d) empty
3) What area of science do the researchers work in?
a) philately
b) physiology
c) physics
d) psychology
4) What group of people do "not-yet-parents" belong to?
a) group A
b) non-parents
c) singles
d) the largest group
5) Why did the researchers say some people could not have children?
a) financial difficulties
b) no partner
c) medical problems
d) living conditions

6) How many adults did researchers look at the information of?
a) 100,000
b) 1,000
c) a million
d) 10,000
7) How did researchers feel about their survey's results?
a) happy
b) surprised
c) pleased
d) confused
8) Who did the researchers find were more liberal?
a) children
b) child-free people
c) parents
d) psychologists
9) What were parents more likely to be in?
a) a relationship
b) financial difficulties
c) their own home
d) love
10) What did the researchers find about the education of child-free adults?
a) They had a degree.
b) They went to university.
c) It was good.
d) They were less well educated.

Role play

Role  A – Laughter
You think laughter is the best thing about children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least enjoyable of these (and why): playing games, pride or friendship.

Role  B – Playing Games
You think playing games is the best thing about children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least enjoyable of these (and why): laughter, pride or friendship.

Role  C – Pride
You think pride is the best thing about children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least enjoyable of these (and why): playing games, laughter or friendship.

Role  D – Friendship
You think friendship is the best thing about children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least enjoyable of these (and why): playing games, pride or laughter.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'child'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'free'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • seems
    • reveals
    • happier
    • different
    • non-
    • due
    • data
    • most
    • higher
    • likely
    • little
    • decision

    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Being Child-free

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'child'?
    3. What do you think of children?
    4. Why might views on having children be changing?
    5. Do you worry this is not a good world to bring children up in?
    6. How many children is it best to have?
    7. What are the challenges of having children?
    8. What are the joys of having children?
    9. Is it better to have children?
    10. What advice do you have for today's parents?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'free'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Is it easier or more difficult to be a parent nowadays?
    5. Is it a good thing that more people are not having children?
    6. How liberal are you?
    7. Is it better to be liberal or conservative?
    8. Would you be a good parent?
    9. What benefits are there of being child-free?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________

    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    It seems (1) ____ on having children are changing in the USA. New research shows that 25 per cent of adults do not want to (2) ____ children. A study from Michigan State University (MSU) reveals that a quarter of American adults are happy to be "child-free". It says (3) ____ people do not want children and are happier without them. MSU psychologists Jennifer Watling Neal and Zachary Neal did research (4) ____ why people who do not want children might be different. They wanted to find out what the differences (5) ____ between these child-free people and "non-parents". They said non-parents include "not-yet-parents" (those planning to have kids) and people who cannot have kids (6) ____ to medical problems.

    The researchers looked at data from 1,000 adults who (7) ____ part in an MSU survey. Ms Neal said: "We were most surprised (8) ____ how many child-free people there are. We found that more than one in four people...identified as child-free, which is much higher than...in previous studies." She said child-free people were more (9) ____ than those with children, who were more conservative. She found that unsurprisingly, parents were more likely to be (10) ____ a relationship. Around half of the child-free adults were single. Ms Neal also said child-free adults were a little younger and (11) ____ well-educated than parents or non-parents. She added that more research is (12) ____ to find out why people make the decision to be child-free.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    (a)     abuse     (b)     views     (c)     dues     (d)     bows    
    (a)     be     (b)     birth     (c)     born     (d)     have    
    (a)     they     (b)     these     (c)     them     (d)     that    
    (a)     to     (b)     at     (c)     on     (d)     as    
    (a)     were     (b)     be     (c)     have     (d)     do    
    (a)     due     (b)     because     (c)     for     (d)     as    
    (a)     went     (b)     did     (c)     gave     (d)     took    
    (a)     by     (b)     of     (c)     at     (d)     on    
    (a)     liberate     (b)     liberal     (c)     libel     (d)     livery    
    (a)     at     (b)     on     (c)     in     (d)     of    
    (a)     few     (b)     smaller     (c)     less     (d)     no    
    (a)     needs     (b)     needed     (c)     necessarily     (d)     needful

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. sweiv on having children
    2. A study from Michigan State University selvera that
    3. MSU pglsosycihsto
    4. ehrracse on why
    5. what the icednefsrfe were
    6. due to emdclai problems

    Paragraph 2

    1. took part in an MSU rsvyeu
    2. We were most srredispu
    3. one in four people eetididnif as child-free
    4. higher than in rseviopu studies
    5. more oncreivaetsv
    6. why people make the nidoscie

    Put the text back together

    (...)  to have kids) and people who cannot have kids due to medical problems.
    (...)  liberal than those with children, who were more conservative. She found that unsurprisingly, parents were more likely
    (...)  them. MSU psychologists Jennifer Watling Neal and Zachary Neal did research on why people who do not want children might be
    (...)  of American adults are happy to be "child-free". It says these people do not want children and are happier without
    (...)  different. They wanted to find out what the differences were between these child-free people
    (...)  The researchers looked at data from 1,000 adults who took part in an MSU survey. Ms Neal said: "We were most
    (...)  want to have children. A study from Michigan State University (MSU) reveals that a quarter
    1  ) It seems views on having children are changing in the USA. New research shows that 25 per cent of adults do not
    (...)  to be in a relationship. Around half of the child-free adults were single. Ms Neal also said child-free
    (...)  surprised by how many child-free people there are. We found that more than one in
    (...)  and "non-parents". They said non-parents include "not-yet-parents" (those planning
    (...)  adults were a little younger and less well-educated than parents or non-parents. She added that more research is
    (...)  needed to find out why people make the decision to be child-free.
    (...)  four people...identified as child-free, which is much higher than...in previous studies." She said child-free people were more

    Put the words in the right order

    1. on   are   It   seems   children   views   having   changing   .
    2. want   It   children   .   not   do   these   says   people
    3. children   who   want   different   .   don't   People   be   might
    4. the   to   wanted   differences   They   what   were   .   find
    5. problems   .   cannot   have   kids   to   They   medical   due
    6. from   1,000   looked   at   data   adults   .   researchers   The
    7. by   many   how   are   .   there   child-free   people   Surprised
    8. in   people   One   identified   child-free   .   four   as
    9. half   the   of   were   child-free   adults   Around   single   .
    10. decision   to   be   Why   make   people   the   child-free   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    It seems views / view on having children are changing in the USA. New research show / shows that 25 per cent of adults do not want to have children. A study from Michigan State University (MSU) revolves / reveals that a quarter of American adults are happy / happily to be "child-free". It says them / these people do not want children and are happier without them. MSU psychologists Jennifer Watling Neal and Zachary Neal did research in / on why people who do not want children might be / have different. They wanted to find out / in what the differences were between these child-free people and "non-parents". They said non-parents conclude / include "not-yet-parents" (those planning to have kids) and people who cannot have kids due for / to medical problems.

    The researchers looked at data from 1,000 adults who gave / took part in an MSU survey. Ms Neal said: "We were most surprised by how many / much child-free people there are. We found that more than one / once in four people...identified as child-free, which is much heighten / higher than...in previous studies." She said child-free people were more liberally / liberal than those with children, who were more / much conservative. She found that unsurprisingly, parents were more likes / likely to be in a relationship. Around half of the child-free adults were single. Ms Neal also said child-free adults were a little / small younger and less well-educated than parents or non-parents. She added that more research be / is needed to find out why people make the decision / decide to be child-free.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    _t  s__ms  v__ws  _n  h_v_ng  ch_ldr_n  _r_  ch_ng_ng  _n  th_  _S_.  N_w  r_s__rch  sh_ws  th_t  25  p_r  c_nt  _f  _d_lts  d_  n_t  w_nt  t_  h_v_  ch_ldr_n.  _  st_dy  fr_m  M_ch_g_n  St_t_  _n_v_rs_ty  (MS_)  r_v__ls  th_t  _  q__rt_r  _f  _m_r_c_n  _d_lts  _r_  h_ppy  t_  b_  "ch_ld-fr__".  _t  s_ys  th_s_  p__pl_  d_  n_t  w_nt  ch_ldr_n  _nd  _r_  h_pp__r  w_th__t  th_m.  MS_  psych_l_g_sts  J_nn_f_r  W_tl_ng  N__l  _nd  Z_ch_ry  N__l  d_d  r_s__rch  _n  why  p__pl_  wh_  d_  n_t  w_nt  ch_ldr_n  m_ght  b_  d_ff_r_nt.  Th_y  w_nt_d  t_  f_nd  __t  wh_t  th_  d_ff_r_nc_s  w_r_  b_tw__n  th_s_  ch_ld-fr__  p__pl_  _nd  "n_n-p_r_nts".  Th_y  s__d  n_n-p_r_nts  _ncl_d_  "n_t-y_t-p_r_nts"  (th_s_  pl_nn_ng  t_  h_v_  k_ds)  _nd  p__pl_  wh_  c_nn_t  h_v_  k_ds  d__  t_  m_d_c_l  pr_bl_ms.

    Th_  r_s__rch_rs  l__k_d  _t  d_t_  fr_m  1,000  _d_lts  wh_  t__k  p_rt  _n  _n  MS_  s_rv_y.  Ms  N__l  s__d:  "W_  w_r_  m_st  s_rpr_s_d  by  h_w  m_ny  ch_ld-fr__  p__pl_  th_r_  _r_.  W_  f__nd  th_t  m_r_  th_n  _n_  _n  f__r  p__pl_..._d_nt_f__d  _s  ch_ld-fr__,  wh_ch  _s  m_ch  h_gh_r  th_n..._n  pr_v___s  st_d__s."  Sh_  s__d  ch_ld-fr__  p__pl_  w_r_  m_r_  l_b_r_l  th_n  th_s_  w_th  ch_ldr_n,  wh_  w_r_  m_r_  c_ns_rv_t_v_.  Sh_  f__nd  th_t  _ns_rpr_s_ngly,  p_r_nts  w_r_  m_r_  l_k_ly  t_  b_  _n  _  r_l_t__nsh_p.  _r__nd  h_lf  _f  th_  ch_ld-fr__  _d_lts  w_r_  s_ngl_.  Ms  N__l  _ls_  s__d  ch_ld-fr__  _d_lts  w_r_  _  l_ttl_  y__ng_r  _nd  l_ss  w_ll-_d_c_t_d  th_n  p_r_nts  _r  n_n-p_r_nts.  Sh_  _dd_d  th_t  m_r_  r_s__rch  _s  n__d_d  t_  f_nd  __t  why  p__pl_  m_k_  th_  d_c_s__n  t_  b_  ch_ld-fr__.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    it seems views on having children are changing in the usa new research shows that 25 per cent of adults do not want to have children a study from michigan state university msu reveals that a quarter of american adults are happy to be childfree it says these people do not want children and are happier without them msu psychologists jennifer watling neal and zachary neal did research on why people who do not want children might be different they wanted to find out what the differences were between these childfree people and nonparents they said nonparents include notyetparents those planning to have kids and people who cannot have kids due to medical problems

    the researchers looked at data from 1000 adults who took part in an msu survey ms neal said we were most surprised by how many childfree people there are we found that more than one in four peopleidentified as childfree which is much higher thanin previous studies she said childfree people were more liberal than those with children who were more conservative she found that unsurprisingly parents were more likely to be in a relationship around half of the childfree adults were single ms neal also said childfree adults were a little younger and less welleducated than parents or nonparents she added that more research is needed to find out why people make the decision to be childfree

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ItseemsviewsonhavingchildrenarechangingintheUSA.Newresearch
    showsthat25percentofadultsdonotwanttohavechildren.Astudyfrom
    MichiganStateUniversity(MSU)revealsthataquarterofAmericanadult
    sarehappytobe"child-free".Itsaysthesepeopledonotwantchildrenan
    darehappierwithoutthem.MSUpsychologistsJenniferWatlingNealan
    dZacharyNealdidresearchonwhypeoplewhodonotwantchildrenmigh
    tbedifferent.Theywantedtofindoutwhatthedifferenceswerebetween
    thesechild-freepeopleand"non-parents".Theysaidnon-parentsinclu
    de"not-yet-parents"(thoseplanningtohavekids)andpeoplewhocan
    nothavekidsduetomedicalproblems.Theresearcherslookedatdatafro
    m1,000adultswhotookpartinanMSUsurvey.MsNealsaid:"Wewerem
    ostsurprisedbyhowmanychild-freepeoplethereare.Wefoundthatm
    orethanoneinfourpeople...identifiedaschild-free,whichismuchhigh
    erthan...inpreviousstudies."Shesaidchild-freepeopleweremorelibe
    ralthanthosewithchildren,whoweremoreconservative.Shefoundthat
    unsurprisingly,parentsweremorelikelytobeinarelationship.Aroundh
    alfofthechild-freeadultsweresingle.MsNealalsosaidchild-freeadult
    swerealittleyoungerandlesswell-educatedthanparentsornon-pare
    nts.Sheaddedthatmoreresearchisneededtofindoutwhypeoplemaket
    hedecisiontobechild-free.

    Free writing

    Write about child-free for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    There will be a big problem if more adults choose to be child-free. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. CHILDREN: Make a poster about children. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. HAVING CHILDREN: Write a magazine article about the government making it easier for parents to have children. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on children. Ask him/her three questions about having them. Give him/her three of your advice for parents. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.





    A Few Additional Activities for Students

    Ask your students what they have read, seen or heard about this news in their own language. Students are likely to / may have have encountered this news in their L1 and therefore bring a background knowledge to the classroom.

    Get students to role play different characters from this news story.

    Ask students to keep track of this news and revisit it to discuss in your next class.

    Ask students to male predictions of how this news might develop in the next few days or weeks, and then revisit and discuss in a future class.

    Ask students to write a follow-up story to this news.

    Students role play a journalist and someone who witnessed or was a part of this news. Perhaps they could make a video of the interview.

    Ask students to keep a news journal in English and add this story to their thoughts.

    Also...

    Buy my 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers eBook. It has hundreds of ideas, activity templates, reproducible activities for:

    • News
    • Warm ups
    • Pre-reading / Post-reading
    • Using headlines
    • Working with words
    • While-reading / While-listening
    • Moving from text to speech
    • Post-reading / Post-listening
    • Discussions
    • Using opinions
    • Plans
    • Language
    • Using lists
    • Using quotes
    • Task-based activities
    • Role plays
    • Using the central characters in the article
    • Using themes from the news
    • Homework

    Buy my book

    $US 9.99

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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