The Reading / Listening - Courage - Level 3

The Queen in the United Kingdom has given the country's highest possible award for civilians to its National Health Service (NHS). The Queen gave the NHS a George Cross. This is a special medal for heroism and bravery. The award was given because of the heroic efforts doctors, nurses and care staff made during the coronavirus pandemic. The Queen hand wrote a personal message to the NHS. She said she gave the award "with great pleasure, on behalf of a grateful nation". She added: "This award recognises all NHS staff....Over more than seven decades, and especially in recent times, you have supported the people of our country with courage, compassion and dedication."

Many workers in the NHS are happy that they have been recognised by the Queen for their services. However, many others said they would prefer a pay rise. The NHS has been on the front line in the fight against COVID-19 in the UK. There has been great public support for a pay rise for nurses, but the government only gave them a 1% increase. There were over 60 protests in the UK over the weekend for better pay and conditions. A doctor said: "We demand funding for a safe NHS, fair pay and respect for staff." A workers' union leader said: "The best way to show appreciation for health workers who have gone 'above and beyond' is to give them a decent pay rise, urgently."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Courage - Level 0 Courage - Level 1   or  Courage - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/society/2021/jul/05/queen-awards-george-cross-to-nhs-to-mark-70-years-of-public-service
  • https://uk.style.yahoo.com/queen-gives-courageous-dedicated-nhs-221400461.html
  • https://morningstaronline.co.uk/article/b/health-unions-demand-better-nhs-workers-anniversary


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)





Warm-ups

1. COURAGE: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about courage. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       Queen / United Kingdom / award / health / heroism / bravery / pandemic / courage /
       happy / pay rise / front line / public support / weekend / pay / conditions / urgently
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. NURSES: Students A strongly believe nurses should be paid more than politicians; Students B strongly believe politicians should be paid more than nurses. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. MEDAL: Should these workers get a medal? Why / Why not? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Yes/No

Why?/Why Not?

Nurses

 

 

English teachers

 

 

Actors

 

 

Electricians

 

 

Store workers

 

 

Software coders

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. QUEEN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "queen". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. HIGHEST AWARD: Rank these with your partner. Put the workers who deserve the highest award at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Nurses
  • Taxi drivers
  • Bakers
  • Postal workers
  • Store shelf fillers
  • Car mechanics
  • Politicians
  • English teachers

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. award a. Kind feelings and concern for other people who are having a bad or sad time.
      2. civilian b. Great bravery.
      3. heroism c. A feeling of happy satisfaction and enjoyment.
      4. pandemic d. A prize or other thing given to honor an achievement.
      5. pleasure e. Feeling or showing thanks for kindness.
      6. grateful f. A person not in the armed services or the police force.
      7. compassion g. There being a disease all over a whole country or the world.

    Paragraph 2

      8. prefer h. The things that affect the way people live or work, especially their safety or health.
      9. front line i. Money given by an organization or government for a particular purpose.
      10. protest j. Knowing and enjoying the good qualities of someone or something.
      11. conditions k. The area that is closest to danger or to the action.
      12. funding l. A deep liking for someone because of their abilities or achievements.
      13. respect m. Groups of people meeting somewhere to say they are unhappy about something.
      14. appreciation n. Like one thing or person better than another or others.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Health workers in the UK got the highest possible civilian award.     T / F
  2. The medal the health workers got was for bravery and heroism.     T / F
  3. The British Queen typed a message for the health workers.     T / F
  4. The Queen recognised health workers for over 70 years service.     T / F
  5. Many UK health workers would like a pay rise instead of a medal.     T / F
  6. Health workers have been on the front line fighting COVID-19.     T / F
  7. The British public thinks a 1% pay rise is enough for nurses.     T / F
  8. A union leader said the medal was the best way to thank nurses.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. award
  2. civilians
  3. heroic
  4. pleasure
  5. compassion
  6. recognised
  7. prefer
  8. funding
  9. appreciation
  10. decent
  1. like better
  2. happiness
  3. acknowledged
  4. private citizens
  5. proper
  6. prize
  7. kindness
  8. thanks
  9. brave
  10. money

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. the country's highest possible
  2. This is a special medal for
  3. The award was given because of the heroic
  4. The Queen hand wrote
  5. courage, compassion
  6. happy that they have been recognised
  7. The NHS has been on the front
  8. the government only gave them
  9. The best way to show appreciation
  10. give them a decent pay
  1. and dedication
  2. efforts
  3. a 1% increase
  4. line
  5. a personal message
  6. award
  7. rise
  8. for health workers
  9. heroism and bravery
  10. by the Queen

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
pandemic
bravery
recent
possible
decades
heroic
dedication
behalf

The Queen in the United Kingdom has given the country's highest  (1) _____________________ award for civilians to its National Health Service (NHS). The Queen gave the NHS a George Cross. This is a special medal for heroism and  (2) _____________________. The award was given because of the  (3) _____________________ efforts doctors, nurses and care staff made during the coronavirus                                            (4) _____________________. The Queen hand wrote a personal message to the NHS. She said she gave the award "with great pleasure, on  (5) _____________________ of a grateful nation". She added: "This award recognises all NHS staff....Over more than seven (6) _____________________, and especially in                                                  (7) _____________________ times, you have supported the people of our country with courage, compassion and  (8) ___________________."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
public
services
urgently
protests
beyond'
prefer
increase
respect

Many workers in the NHS are happy that they have been recognised by the Queen for their (9) _____________________. However, many others said they would (10) _____________________ a pay rise. The NHS has been on the front line in the fight against COVID-19 in the UK. There has been great (11) _____________________ support for a pay rise for nurses, but the government only gave them a 1% (12) _____________________. There were over 60 (13) _____________________ in the UK over the weekend for better pay and conditions. A doctor said: "We demand funding for a safe NHS, fair pay and (14) _____________________ for staff." A workers' union leader said: "The best way to show appreciation for health workers who have gone 'above and (15) ____________________' is to give them a decent pay rise, (16) _____________________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) The Queen in the United Kingdom has given the country's highest possible ______
     a.  award for civilian
     b.  award for civil vans
     c.  award for civil yarns
     d.  award for civilians
2)  This is a special medal for ______
     a.  heroism and bravery
     b.  heroism and brave
     c.  heroism and bribery
     d.  heroism and bray very
3)  She said she gave the award "with great pleasure, on behalf of ______
     a.  a great full nation
     b.  a graceful nation
     c.  a grateful nation
     d.  a grey full nation
4)  all NHS staff....Over more than seven decades, and especially ______
     a.  in recently times
     b.  in recent times
     c.  in lease sent times
     d.  in lease entry times
5)  you have supported the people of our country with courage, ______
     a.  compassionate and dedicate
     b.  compassion and dedicate
     c.  compassionate and dedication
     d.  compassion and dedication

6)  workers in the NHS are happy that they have been recognised by the Queen ______
     a.  form their services
     b.  fore their services
     c.  four their services
     d.  for their services
7)  However, many others said they would ______ rise
     a.  prefer a pay
     b.  proffer a pay
     c.  pre fur a pay
     d.  preen fur a pay
8)  support for a pay rise for nurses, but the government only gave them ______
     a.  a 1% ink crease
     b.  a 1% ink rise
     c.  a 1% increase
     d.  a 1% increased
9)  A doctor said: "We demand funding for a safe NHS, fair ______"
     a.  paid end respect
     b.  pay and respect
     c.  pray end respect
     d.  prey and respect
10)  workers who have gone 'above and beyond' is to give them a decent ______
     a.  pay arise, urgent
     b.  pay risen, urgent
     c.  pay riser, urgently
     d.  pay rise, urgently

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The Queen in the United Kingdom has given the (1) ____________________ award for civilians to its National Health Service (NHS). The Queen gave the NHS a George Cross. This (2) ____________________ medal for heroism and bravery. The award was given because of the heroic efforts doctors, nurses and care staff (3) ____________________ coronavirus pandemic. The Queen (4) ____________________ personal message to the NHS. She said she gave the award "with great pleasure, on behalf of a grateful nation". She added: "This award recognises all NHS staff....Over (5) ____________________ decades, and especially in recent times, you have supported the people of our (6) ____________________, compassion and dedication."

Many workers in the NHS (7) ____________________ they have been recognised by the Queen for their services. However, many others said they would (8) ____________________ rise. The NHS has been on the front line in the fight against COVID-19 in the UK. There has been (9) ____________________ for a pay rise for nurses, but the government only gave them a 1% increase. There were (10) ____________________ in the UK over the weekend for better pay and conditions. A doctor said: "We demand funding for a safe NHS, fair pay and (11) ____________________." A workers' union leader said: "The best way to show appreciation for health workers who have gone 'above and beyond' is to give (12) ____________________ pay rise, urgently."

Comprehension questions

  1. Who is the George Cross usually given to?
  2. What is the George Cross for, besides heroism and courage?
  3. How did the Queen write a message to health workers?
  4. Who did the Queen say she gave the award on behalf of?
  5. How long has Britain's NHS been going?
  6. What would many NHS workers like instead of a medal?
  7. What kind of line does the article sat the NHS has been on?
  8. How much of a pay rise did the nurses get?
  9. How many protests were there over the weekend?
  10. Who said health workers should get a "decent pay rise, urgently"?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Who is the George Cross usually given to?
a) royalty
b) health workers
c) soldiers
d) civilians
2) What is the George Cross for, besides heroism and courage?
a) fighting
b) bravery
c) hard work
d) innovation
3) How did the Queen write a message to health workers?
a) she dictated it
b) on a smartphone
c) on an old typewriter
d) by hand
4) Who did the Queen say she gave the award on behalf of?
a) doctors and nurses
b) her family
c) a grateful nation
d) the NHS
5) How long has Britain's NHS been going?
a) over 60 years
b) over 80 years
c) over 50 years
d) over 70 years

6) What would many NHS workers like instead of a medal?
a) longer holidays
b) better PPE
c) a pay rise
d) no overtime
7) What kind of line does the article sat the NHS has been on?
a) the front line
b) the baseline
c) the centre line
d) the hard line
8) How much of a pay rise did the nurses get?
a) 3%
b) 2%
c) 1%
d) 45
9) How many protests were there over the weekend?
a) just under 60
b) over 60
c) about 60
d) exactly 60
10) Who said health workers should get a "decent pay rise, urgently"?
a) a workers' union
b) a nursing group
c) surgeons
d) hospital patients

Role play

Role  A – Nurses
You think nurses deserve the highest award. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their workers do not need an award. Also, tell the others who is the least deserving of an award of these (and why): bakers, English teachers or taxi drivers.

Role  B – Bakers
You think bakers deserve the highest award. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their workers do not need an award. Also, tell the others who is the least deserving of an award of these (and why): nurses, English teachers or taxi drivers.

Role  C – English Teachers
You think English teachers deserve the highest award. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their workers do not need an award. Also, tell the others who is the least deserving of an award of these (and why): bakers, nurses or taxi drivers.

Role  D – Taxi Drivers
You think taxi drivers deserve the highest award. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their workers do not need an award. Also, tell the others who is the least deserving of an award of these (and why): bakers, English teachers or nurses.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'health'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'service'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • possible
    • special
    • care
    • hand
    • behalf
    • recent
    • happy
    • prefer
    • public
    • 60
    • demand
    • urgently

    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Courage

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'health service'?
    3. What is the national health service like in your country?
    4. What do you think of giving a medal to a health service?
    5. How heroic and brave have nurses and doctors been in the pandemic?
    6. Who is braver, a nurse or a politician?
    7. Have you ever received an award or a medal?
    8. Have you ever been brave or courageous?
    9. What do you know about the British Queen?
    10. What advice do you have for nurses and doctors?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'courage'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Would you prefer a medal or a pay rise?
    5. How much of a pay rise should nurses get?
    6. Should nurses or politicians be paid more?
    7. Would you be a good nurse?
    8. What three adjectives would you use to describe nurses?
    9. When was the last time you went 'above and beyond'?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Britain's Queen?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________

    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    The Queen in the United Kingdom has given the country's (1) ____ possible award for civilians to its National Health Service (NHS). The Queen gave the NHS a George Cross. This is a (2) ____ medal for heroism and bravery. The award was given because (3) ____ the heroic efforts doctors, nurses and care staff made during the coronavirus pandemic. The Queen hand wrote a personal message to the NHS. She said she gave the award "(4) ____ great pleasure, on behalf of a grateful nation". She added: "This award recognises all NHS staff....Over more than seven decades, and especially (5) ____ recent times, you have supported the people of our country with courage, compassion and (6) ____."

    Many workers in the NHS are happy that they have been recognised by the Queen for (7) ____ services. However, many others said they would prefer a pay rise. The NHS has been on the front (8) ____ in the fight against COVID-19 in the UK. There has been great public support for a pay rise for nurses, but the government only gave them a 1% increase. There were over 60 (9) ____ in the UK over the weekend for better pay and conditions. A doctor said: "We demand funding for a (10) ____ NHS, fair pay and respect for staff." A workers' union leader said: "The best way to (11) ____ appreciation for health workers who have gone 'above and beyond' is to give them a decent pay rise, (12) ____."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     must     (b)     highest     (c)     most     (d)     tallest    
    2. (a)     specially     (b)     special     (c)     specials     (d)     specialise    
    3. (a)     to     (b)     in     (c)     at     (d)     of    
    4. (a)     to     (b)     on     (c)     at     (d)     as    
    5. (a)     as     (b)     in     (c)     for     (d)     at    
    6. (a)     objection     (b)     injection     (c)     dedication     (d)     vaccination    
    7. (a)     them     (b)     they     (c)     their     (d)     there    
    8. (a)     bench     (b)     edge     (c)     line     (d)     box    
    9. (a)     portends     (b)     protects     (c)     pretends     (d)     protests    
    10. (a)     safe     (b)     safety     (c)     safes     (d)     safeguard    
    11. (a)     show     (b)     view     (c)     look     (d)     watch    
    12. (a)     urgency     (b)     urgent     (c)     urgently     (d)     urge

     

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. award for iianlvsci
    2. a special medal for heroism and yarervb
    3. with great pueaslre
    4. on behalf of a frgtuael nation
    5. especially in cteern times
    6. courage, compassion and andditicoe

    Paragraph 2

    1. they would rerpef a pay rise
    2. There has been great public stuppor
    3. There were over 60 pesrttos
    4. fair pay and reecspt
    5. show aoerpicpitan for health workers
    6. give them a decent pay rise, egnyrltu

    Put the text back together

    (...)  supported the people of our country with courage, compassion and dedication."
    (...)  Service (NHS). The Queen gave the NHS a George Cross. This is a special medal for heroism and
    (...)  workers who have gone 'above and beyond' is to give them a decent pay rise, urgently."
    (...)  a 1% increase. There were over 60 protests in the UK over the weekend for better
    (...)  for staff." A workers' union leader said: "The best way to show appreciation for health
    (...)  COVID-19 in the UK. There has been great public support for a pay rise for nurses, but the government only gave them
    (...)  Many workers in the NHS are happy that they have been recognised by the Queen for their services. However, many
    1  ) The Queen in the United Kingdom has given the country's highest possible award for civilians to its National Health
    (...)  others said they would prefer a pay rise. The NHS has been on the front line in the fight against
    (...)  the award "with great pleasure, on behalf of a grateful nation". She added: "This award
    (...)  recognises all NHS staff....Over more than seven decades, and especially in recent times, you have
    (...)  made during the coronavirus pandemic. The Queen hand wrote a personal message to the NHS. She said she gave
    (...)  bravery. The award was given because of the heroic efforts doctors, nurses and care staff
    (...)  pay and conditions. A doctor said: "We demand funding for a safe NHS, fair pay and respect

    Put the words in the right order

    1. award   highest   The   country's   possible   civilians   .   for
    2. This   heroism   .   for   a   medal   is   special
    3. Queen   hand wrote   a   message   the   to   The   NHS   .
    4. seven   and   times   .   decades,   Over   in   recent   especially
    5. have   country   .   our   the   You   supported   of   people
    6. the   NHS   in   happy   .   Many   are   workers
    7. said   Others   they   would   a   prefer   pay   rise   .
    8. been   on   NHS   has   The   line   .   front   the
    9. increase   .   1%   a   them   government   only   gave   The
    10. to   appreciation   way   workers   .   best   show   The   for

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    The Queen in the United Kingdom has given the country's highest possibly / possible award for civilians to / at its National Health Service (NHS). The Queen gave the NHS a George Cross. This is a specially / special medal for heroism and bravery. The award was taken / given because of the heroic efforts doctors, nurses and care / cares staff made during the coronavirus pandemic. The Queen hand written / wrote a personal message to the NHS. She said she gave the award "with great pressure / pleasure, on behalf / whole of a grateful nation". She added: "This award recognises all NHS staff....Over more than seven decades, and especially on / in recent times, you have supported the people of our country with courage, compasses / compassion and dedication."

    Many workers on / in the NHS are happy that they have been known / recognised by the Queen for their services. However, much / many others said they would prefer a pay arise / rise. The NHS has been on the front line in the fight against / again COVID-19 in the UK. There has been great public support for a pay rise for nurses, but the government only give / gave them a 1% increase. There were over 60 protests / protects in the UK over the weekend for better pay and conditions. A doctor said: "We demand funding for a safe / safety NHS, fair pay and respect for staff." A workers' union leader said: "The best way to show / look appreciation for health workers who have gone 'above and beyond' is to give them a decent pay rise, urgently / urgent."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Th_  Q___n  _n  th_  _n_t_d  K_ngd_m  h_s  g_v_n  th_  c__ntry's  h_gh_st  p_ss_bl_  _w_rd  f_r  c_v_l__ns  t_  _ts  N_t__n_l  H__lth  S_rv_c_  (NHS).  Th_  Q___n  g_v_  th_  NHS  _  G__rg_  Cr_ss.  Th_s  _s  _  sp_c__l  m_d_l  f_r  h_r__sm  _nd  br_v_ry.  Th_  _w_rd  w_s  g_v_n  b_c__s_  _f  th_  h_r__c  _ff_rts  d_ct_rs,  n_rs_s  _nd  c_r_  st_ff  m_d_  d_r_ng  th_  c_r_n_v_r_s  p_nd_m_c.  Th_  Q___n  h_nd wr_t_  _  p_rs_n_l  m_ss_g_  t_  th_  NHS.  Sh_  s__d  sh_  g_v_  th_  _w_rd  "w_th  gr__t  pl__s_r_,  _n  b_h_lf  _f  _  gr_t_f_l  n_t__n".  Sh_  _dd_d:  "Th_s  _w_rd  r_c_gn_s_s  _ll  NHS  st_ff...._v_r  m_r_  th_n  s_v_n  d_c_d_s,  _nd  _sp_c__lly  _n  r_c_nt  t_m_s,  y__  h_v_  s_pp_rt_d  th_  p__pl_  _f  __r  c__ntry  w_th  c__r_g_,  c_mp_ss__n  _nd  d_d_c_t__n."

    M_ny  w_rk_rs  _n  th_  NHS  _r_  h_ppy  th_t  th_y  h_v_  b__n  r_c_gn_s_d  by  th_  Q___n  f_r  th__r  s_rv_c_s.  H_w_v_r,  m_ny  _th_rs  s__d  th_y  w__ld  pr_f_r  _  p_y  r_s_.  Th_  NHS  h_s  b__n  _n  th_  fr_nt  l_n_  _n  th_  f_ght  _g__nst  C_V_D-19  _n  th_  _K.  Th_r_  h_s  b__n  gr__t  p_bl_c  s_pp_rt  f_r  _  p_y  r_s_  f_r  n_rs_s,  b_t  th_  g_v_rnm_nt  _nly  g_v_  th_m  _  1%  _ncr__s_.  Th_r_  w_r_  _v_r  60  pr_t_sts  _n  th_  _K  _v_r  th_  w__k_nd  f_r  b_tt_r  p_y  _nd  c_nd_t__ns.  _  d_ct_r  s__d:  "W_  d_m_nd  f_nd_ng  f_r  _  s_f_  NHS,  f__r  p_y  _nd  r_sp_ct  f_r  st_ff."  _  w_rk_rs'  _n__n  l__d_r  s__d:  "Th_  b_st  w_y  t_  sh_w  _ppr_c__t__n  f_r  h__lth  w_rk_rs  wh_  h_v_  g_n_  '_b_v_  _nd  b_y_nd'  _s  t_  g_v_  th_m  _  d_c_nt  p_y  r_s_,  _rg_ntly."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    the queen in the united kingdom has given the countrys highest possible award for civilians to its national health service nhs the queen gave the nhs a george cross this is a special medal for heroism and bravery the award was given because of the heroic efforts doctors nurses and care staff made during the coronavirus pandemic the queen hand wrote a personal message to the nhs she said she gave the award with great pleasure on behalf of a grateful nation she added this award recognises all nhs staff over more than seven decades and especially in recent times you have supported the people of our country with courage compassion and dedication

    many workers in the nhs are happy that they have been recognised by the queen for their services however many others said they would prefer a pay rise the nhs has been on the front line in the fight against covid19 in the uk there has been great public support for a pay rise for nurses but the government only gave them a 1 increase there were over 60 protests in the uk over the weekend for better pay and conditions a doctor said we demand funding for a safe nhs fair pay and respect for staff a workers union leader said the best way to show appreciation for health workers who have gone above and beyond is to give them a decent pay rise urgently

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    TheQueenintheUnitedKingdomhasgiventhecountry'shighestpossibl
    eawardforcivilianstoitsNationalHealthService(NHS).TheQueengave
    theNHSaGeorgeCross.Thisisaspecialmedalforheroismandbravery.T
    heawardwasgivenbecauseoftheheroiceffortsdoctors,nursesandcare
    staffmadeduringthecoronaviruspandemic.TheQueenhandwroteape
    rsonalmessagetotheNHS.Shesaidshegavetheaward"withgreatpleas
    ure,onbehalfofagratefulnation".Sheadded:"Thisawardrecognisesall
    NHSstaff....Overmorethansevendecades,andespeciallyinrecenttim
    es,youhavesupportedthepeopleofourcountrywithcourage,compassi
    onanddedication."ManyworkersintheNHSarehappythattheyhavebe
    enrecognisedbytheQueenfortheirservices.However,manyotherssai
    dtheywouldpreferapayrise.TheNHShasbeenonthefrontlineinthefigh
    tagainstCOVID-19intheUK.Therehasbeengreatpublicsupportforapa
    yrisefornurses,butthegovernmentonlygavethema1%increase.Ther
    ewereover60protestsintheUKovertheweekendforbetterpayandcond
    itions.Adoctorsaid:"WedemandfundingforasafeNHS,fairpayandresp
    ectforstaff."Aworkers'unionleadersaid:"Thebestwaytoshowappreci
    ationforhealthworkerswhohavegone'aboveandbeyond'istogivethe
    madecentpayrise,urgently."

    Free writing

    Write about courage for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Nurses should be paid more than politicians. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. COURAGE: Make a poster about courage. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. NURSES PAY: Write a magazine article about giving all nurses worldwide a huge pay rise. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on courage. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three examples of times you have been courageous. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.





    A Few Additional Activities for Students

    Ask your students what they have read, seen or heard about this news in their own language. Students are likely to / may have have encountered this news in their L1 and therefore bring a background knowledge to the classroom.

    Get students to role play different characters from this news story.

    Ask students to keep track of this news and revisit it to discuss in your next class.

    Ask students to male predictions of how this news might develop in the next few days or weeks, and then revisit and discuss in a future class.

    Ask students to write a follow-up story to this news.

    Students role play a journalist and someone who witnessed or was a part of this news. Perhaps they could make a video of the interview.

    Ask students to keep a news journal in English and add this story to their thoughts.

    Also...

    Buy my 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers eBook. It has hundreds of ideas, activity templates, reproducible activities for:

    • News
    • Warm ups
    • Pre-reading / Post-reading
    • Using headlines
    • Working with words
    • While-reading / While-listening
    • Moving from text to speech
    • Post-reading / Post-listening
    • Discussions
    • Using opinions
    • Plans
    • Language
    • Using lists
    • Using quotes
    • Task-based activities
    • Role plays
    • Using the central characters in the article
    • Using themes from the news
    • Homework

    Buy my book

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    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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