The Reading / Listening - Amazon Rainforest - Level 5

Environmental scientists have shocking news that parts of the Amazon are emitting more carbon dioxide than they are absorbing. The rainforest is now producing over a billion tons of CO2 a year. The Amazon used to be a carbon "sink" where CO2 was sucked up and converted into oxygen. It has now become a source of carbon dioxide. The biggest reasons for this flipping from sink to source are logging, deforestation and forest fires. The Amazon is losing its nickname of being the lungs of the world. Researchers predict the rainforest will create CO2 at an accelerating rate in the future.

The research on CO2 emissions is published in the journal "Nature". Researchers analysed 600 profiles of CO2 emissions produced by fires at sites in Brazil's Amazon between 2010 and 2018. They found the fires produced about 1.5 billion tons of CO2 a year, while forest growth removed just 0.5 billion tons. The difference of one billion tons is equivalent to the annual emissions of Japan - the world's fifth-largest polluter. Researcher Professor Simon Lewis said: "The south-east Amazon sink-to-source story is yet another stark warning that climate impacts are accelerating."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Amazon Rainforest - Level 4 or  Amazon Rainforest - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/jul/14/amazon-rainforest-now-emitting-more-co2-than-it-absorbs
  • https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2021/07/14/amazon-rainforest-areas-put-out-more-carbon-dioxide-than-they-absorb/7971749002/
  • https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/07/14/biggest-story-world-right-now-humanity-has-flipped-amazon-carbon-sink-source


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)





Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. shocking
  2. emitting more carbon dioxide than
  3. producing
  4. CO2 was
  5. converted
  6. The biggest reasons for
  7. the lungs
  8. at an accelerating
  1. over a billion tons
  2. sucked up
  3. this flipping
  4. rate
  5. news
  6. of the world
  7. into oxygen
  8. they are absorbing

Paragraph 2

  1. published in the
  2. emissions produced
  3. forest
  4. equivalent to the annual
  5. the world's fifth-
  6. The south-east Amazon sink-
  7. yet another stark
  8. climate impacts are
  1. emissions of Japan
  2. warning
  3. by fires
  4. accelerating
  5. growth
  6. largest polluter
  7. journal "Nature"
  8. to-source story

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Environmental scientists have (1) ___________________ parts of the Amazon (2) ___________________ carbon dioxide than they are absorbing. The rainforest is now producing over a billion tons of CO2 a year. The Amazon used to be a carbon "sink" where CO2 was sucked (3) ___________________ into oxygen. It has now become a source of carbon dioxide. The biggest reasons (4) ___________________ from sink to source are logging, deforestation and forest fires. The Amazon is (5) ___________________ of being the lungs of the world. Researchers predict the rainforest will create CO2 at an (6) ___________________ the future.

The research on CO2 emissions is published (7) ___________________ "Nature". Researchers analysed 600 profiles of CO2 emissions produced by (8) ___________________ in Brazil's Amazon between 2010 and 2018. They found the fires produced about 1.5 billion tons of CO2 a year, (9) ___________________ removed just 0.5 billion tons. The difference of one billion tons is equivalent (10) ___________________ emissions of Japan - the world's fifth-largest polluter. Researcher Professor Simon Lewis said: "The south-east Amazon (11) ___________________ story is yet another stark warning that climate (12) ___________________."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

EnvironmentalscientistshaveshockingnewsthatpartsoftheAmazona
reemittingmorecarbondioxidethantheyareabsorbing.Therainforesti
snowproducingoverabilliontonsofCO2ayear.TheAmazonusedtobeac
arbon"sink"whereCO2wassuckedupandconvertedintooxygen.Ithas
nowbecomeasourceofcarbondioxide.Thebiggestreasonsforthisflippi
ngfromsinktosourcearelogging,deforestationandforestfires.TheAm
azonislosingitsnicknameofbeingthelungsoftheworld.Researcherspr
edicttherainforestwillcreateCO2atanacceleratingrateinthefuture.Th
eresearchonCO2emissionsispublishedinthejournal"Nature".Resear
chersanalysed600profilesofCO2emissionsproducedbyfiresatsitesin
Brazil'sAmazonbetween2010and2018.Theyfoundthefiresproduced
about1.5billiontonsofCO2ayear,whileforestgrowthremovedjust0.5b
illiontons.Thedifferenceofonebilliontonsisequivalenttotheannualem
issionsofJapan-theworld'sfifth-largestpolluter.ResearcherProfess
orSimonLewissaid:"Thesouth-eastAmazonsink-to-sourcestoryisye
tanotherstarkwarningthatclimateimpactsareaccelerating."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________

Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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