The Reading / Listening - Amazon Rainforest - Level 4

Scientists have revealed that parts of the Amazon emit more carbon dioxide than they absorb. The rainforest is producing over a billion tons of CO2 a year. It used to be a carbon "sink" where CO2 disappeared. It is becoming a source of carbon dioxide. Reasons for this flipping from sink to source are deforestation and forest fires. Researchers predict the rainforest will create CO2 at an accelerating rate in the future. It was once called "the lungs of the world".

Researchers analysed 600 profiles of CO2 emissions produced by fires in the Amazon between 2010 and 2018. The fires produced about 1.5 billion tons of CO2 a year, while the forest removed 0.5 billion tons. The billion-ton difference is the same as the annual emissions of Japan - the world's fifth-largest polluter. A researcher said: "The south-east Amazon sink-to-source story is yet another stark warning that climate impacts are accelerating."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Amazon Rainforest - Level 5 or  Amazon Rainforest - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/jul/14/amazon-rainforest-now-emitting-more-co2-than-it-absorbs
  • https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2021/07/14/amazon-rainforest-areas-put-out-more-carbon-dioxide-than-they-absorb/7971749002/
  • https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/07/14/biggest-story-world-right-now-humanity-has-flipped-amazon-carbon-sink-source


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)





Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. emit more carbon dioxide
  2. Reasons for this
  3. deforestation and
  4. flipping from sink
  5. deforestation and
  6. the rainforest will
  7. at an accelerating
  8. the lungs
  1. forest fires
  2. forest fires
  3. of the world
  4. than they absorb
  5. rate
  6. to source
  7. flipping
  8. create CO2

Paragraph 2

  1. Researchers analysed
  2. CO2 emissions
  3. The fires produced about
  4. the forest
  5. The billion-ton
  6. the same as the annual
  7. the world's fifth-
  8. yet another stark
  1. removed 0.5 billion tons
  2. emissions of Japan
  3. 600 profiles
  4. difference
  5. largest polluter
  6. produced by fires
  7. warning
  8. 1.5 billion tons

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have (1) ___________________ of the Amazon emit more carbon dioxide (2) ___________________. The rainforest is producing over a billion tons of CO2 a year. It used to be a carbon "sink" where CO2 disappeared. It is (3) ___________________ of carbon dioxide. Reasons for this flipping from sink to source are (4) ___________________ fires. Researchers (5) ___________________ will create CO2 at an accelerating rate in the future. It was once called "the (6) ___________________ world".

Researchers analysed (7) ___________________ CO2 emissions produced by fires in the Amazon between 2010 and 2018. The fires produced about 1.5 billion tons of CO2 a year, (8) __________________ removed 0.5 billion tons. The billion-ton (9) ___________________ same as the annual emissions of Japan - the (10) ___________________ polluter. A researcher said: "The (11) ___________________ sink-to-source story is yet another stark warning that (12) ___________________ accelerating."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

ScientistshaverevealedthatpartsoftheAmazonemitmorecarbondioxi
dethantheyabsorb.TherainforestisproducingoverabilliontonsofCO2
ayear.Itusedtobeacarbon"sink"whereCO2disappeared.Itisbecomin
gasourceofcarbondioxide.Reasonsforthisflippingfromsinktosourcea
redeforestationandforestfires.Researcherspredicttherainforestwillc
reateCO2atanacceleratingrateinthefuture.Itwasoncecalled"thelung
softheworld".Researchersanalysed600profilesofCO2emissionsprod
ucedbyfiresintheAmazonbetween2010and2018.Thefiresproduceda
bout1.5billiontonsofCO2ayear,whiletheforestremoved0.5billionton
s.Thebillion-tondifferenceisthesameastheannualemissionsofJapan-
theworld'sfifth-largestpolluter.Aresearchersaid:"Thesouth-eastAm
azonsink-to-sourcestoryisyetanotherstarkwarningthatclimateimp
actsareaccelerating."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________

Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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