The Reading / Listening - Plant-based Milk - Level 6

Plant-based milks have been growing in popularity for the past decade. This is because more people are switching to vegan diets and foods that are more sustainably produced. A recent cause of people switching from dairy to plant-based alternatives is the global rise in the prices of foodstuffs. This has been exacerbated by Moscow's invasion of Ukraine. This has increased the costs of fertilizer and feed for cows. Many countries in Europe and Asia rely on Russia for over 50 per cent of their fertilizer supply. In addition, the supply of Ukrainian corn used to feed cows has almost dried up. The UK's National Farming Union has said fertilizer prices have risen fourfold and animal feed by 70 per cent.

The global plant-based milk market is projected to more than double in the next ten years. Experts have forecast a rise to $53 billion in 2028 from $22 billion in 2021. Consumers now have a dizzying array of plant-based milk options. Supermarket shelves are stocked with milk made from soy, almonds, coconuts, cashews, oats and more. In February, the world's first potato milk was launched. It is from a Swedish milk brand called Dug and is described as being "deliciously creamy". Dug is advertised as, "the most sustainable plant-based dairy alternative on the market". The dairy milk industry is defending its product. It is reminding people that dairy milk is rich in calcium, protein and vitamin D.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Plant-based Milk - Level 4  or  Plant-based Milk - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.insider.com/milk-nutritional-differences-dairy-oat-almond-soy-calories-protein-chart-2022-4
  • https://www.thelist.com/88439/unhealthy-foods-people-think-healthy/
  • https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-04-05/british-dairy-farmers-face-loss-on-pint-of-milk-after-costs-soar


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)

Warm-ups

1. MILK: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about milk. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       plants / plant-based milk / vegan / dairy / foodstuffs / invasion / Ukraine / cows /
       global / experts / forecast / soy / coconuts / potato milk / creamy / sustainable
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. SOY: Students A strongly believe soy milk is better than cow's milk; Students B strongly believe the opposite. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. PLANT-BASED ALTERNATIVES: What are the good and bad things about these plant-based foods? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Good Things

Bad Things

Milk

 

 

Sausages

 

 

Cheese

 

 

Hamburgers

 

 

Fish

 

 

Chicken

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. VEGAN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "vegan". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. DAIRY: Rank these with your partner. Put the best dairy products at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Milk
  • Butter
  • Yoghurt
  • Cream
  • Cheese
  • Ghee
  • Ice cream
  • Yakult

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. decade a. Made a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling much worse.
      2. sustainably b. Four times as great or as numerous.
      3. alternative c. A period of ten years.
      4. exacerbated d. Of one or more things that sre available as another possibility or choice.
      5. invasion e. In a way that can be continued or maintained at a certain rate or level.
      6. fertilizer f. The action of one country going into another country and attacking it with an armed force.
      7. fourfold g. A chemical or natural substance added to soil or land to make things grow better.

    Paragraph 2

      8. projected h. A person who is very knowledgeable about or skillful in a particular area.
      9. expert i. A feeling of confusion of not understanding what is happening around you.
      10. dizzying j. Economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories.
      11. array k. Estimated or made a guess at some future event based on current trends.
      12. stocked l. Organic compounds that build our muscles and make them strong.
      13. industry m. Provided or filled with goods, items, or a supply of something.
      14. protein n. An impressive amount or range of a particular type of thing.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article says plant-based milk has been popular for decades.     T / F
  2. Rising food prices are causing people to switch to plant-based diets.     T / F
  3. Many Asian countries get over half of their fertilizer from Russia.     T / F
  4. Fertilizer prices have risen by 70%.     T / F
  5. The global plant-based milk market will treble by the end of the decade.  T / F
  6. Many milk products on supermarket shelves make people dizzy.     T / F
  7. A potato-based milk is being advertised as the creamiest in the world.     T / F
  8. The milk industry wants people to know how rich milk is in nutrients.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. switching
  2. alternatives
  3. exacerbated
  4. rely
  5. supply
  6. projected
  7. array
  8. launched
  9. industry
  10. rich in
  1. business
  2. depend
  3. forecast
  4. range
  5. substitutes
  6. introduced
  7. shifting
  8. stock
  9. packed with
  10. worsened

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. growing in popularity
  2. more people are switching
  3. This has been exacerbated
  4. countries in Europe and Asia rely
  5. fertilizer prices have
  6. a dizzying array
  7. Supermarket shelves are stocked
  8. the world's first potato milk
  9. deliciously
  10. milk is rich in calcium,
  1. creamy
  2. risen fourfold
  3. with milk
  4. to vegan diets
  5. protein and vitamin D
  6. on Russia
  7. was launched
  8. for the past decade
  9. of plant-based milk options
  10. by Moscow's invasion of Ukraine

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
rely
popularity
invasion
feed
fourfold
sustainably
feed
dairy

Plant-based milks have been growing in (1) _____________________ for the past decade. This is because more people are switching to vegan diets and foods that are more (2) _____________________ produced. A recent cause of people switching from (3) _____________________ to plant-based alternatives is the global rise in the prices of foodstuffs. This has been exacerbated by Moscow's (4) _____________________ of Ukraine. This has increased the costs of fertilizer and (5) _____________________ for cows. Many countries in Europe and Asia (6) _____________________ on Russia for over 50 per cent of their fertilizer supply. In addition, the supply of Ukrainian corn used to (7) _____________________ cows has almost dried up. The UK's National Farming Union has said fertilizer prices have risen (8) _____________________ and animal feed by 70 per cent.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
creamy
forecast
rich
oats
projected
industry
array
alternative

The global plant-based milk market is (9) _____________________ to more than double in the next ten years. Experts have (10) _____________________ a rise to $53 billion in 2028 from $22 billion in 2021. Consumers now have a dizzying (11) _____________________ of plant-based milk options. Supermarket shelves are stocked with milk made from soy, almonds, coconuts, cashews, (12) _____________________ and more. In February, the world's first potato milk was launched. It is from a Swedish milk brand called Dug and is described as being "deliciously (13) _____________________". Dug is advertised as, "the most sustainable plant-based dairy (14) _____________________ on the market". The dairy milk (15) _____________________ is defending its product. It is reminding people that dairy milk is (16) _____________________ in calcium, protein and vitamin D.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Plant-based milks have been growing in popularity for ______
     a.  the parsed decade
     b.  the passed decade
     c.  the past decade
     d.  the paste decade
2)  This is because more people are switching to vegan ______
     a.  dieticians and foods
     b.  diet-sand foods
     c.  diets' sand foods
     d.  diets and foods
3) from dairy to plant-based alternatives is the global rise in the ______
     a.  prices of foodie stuffs
     b.  prices of foods toughs
     c.  prices off foodstuffs
     d.  prices of foodstuffs
4)  This has increased the costs of fertilizer and ______
     a.  feed for cows
     b.  food for cows
     c.  fed for cows
     d.  feet for cows
5)  The UK's National Farming Union has said fertilizer prices ______
     a.  have risen fourth fold
     b.  have risen for fold
     c.  have risen fourfold
     d.  have risen fore hold

6)  a rise to $53 billion in 2028 from $22 billion in 2021. Consumers now have ______
     a.  a dizzying alloy
     b.  a dizzying array
     c.  a dizzying allay
     d.  a dizzying a ray
7)  It is from a Swedish milk brand called Dug and is described as ______
     a.  being "deliciously clammy"
     b.  being "deliciously creepy"
     c.  being "deliciously creamy"
     d.  being "deliciously cleaning"
8)  Dug is advertised as, "the most sustainable plant-based dairy alternative ______"
     a.  in the market
     b.  on the market
     c.  von the market
     d.  on a market
9)  The dairy milk industry is ______
     a.  defend ding its product
     b.  defending its product
     c.  defend dine its product
     d.  defend din its product
10)  It is reminding people that dairy milk is ______
     a.  rich ink call Siam
     b.  rich-ink alyssum
     c.  enriching calcium
     d.  rich in calcium

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Plant-based milks have been (1) ____________________ for the past decade. This is because more people are switching to vegan diets and foods that are (2) ____________________. A recent cause of people switching from dairy to plant-based alternatives is the global rise in the (3) ____________________. This has been exacerbated by Moscow's invasion of Ukraine. This has increased the costs of (4) _________________ for cows. Many countries in Europe and Asia rely on Russia for over 50 per cent of their fertilizer supply. In addition, (5) ____________________ Ukrainian corn used to feed cows has almost dried up. The UK's National Farming Union has said fertilizer prices (6) ____________________ and animal feed by 70 per cent.

The global plant-based milk market is (7) ____________________ than double in the next ten years. Experts have forecast a rise to $53 billion in 2028 from $22 billion in 2021. Consumers now (8) ____________________ array of plant-based milk options. Supermarket shelves are stocked with milk made from soy, almonds, (9) ____________________ and more. In February, the world's first potato milk was launched. It is from a Swedish milk brand called Dug and is described as (10) ____________________. Dug is advertised as, "the most sustainable plant-based dairy alternative on the market". The (11) ____________________ is defending its product. It is reminding people that dairy milk is (12) ____________________, protein and vitamin D.

Comprehension questions

  1. For how long have plant-based products been increasing in popularity?
  2. What has increased the global rise in food prices?
  3. Where do countries depend on Russian fertilizer?
  4. What has happened to Ukrainian corn?
  5. By how much have fertilizer prices gone up?
  6. By how much is the plant-based milk market set to grow?
  7. What do consumers have an amazing choice of?
  8. What Swedish milk product was launched this year?
  9. What was a potato milk said to have tasted like?
  10. Who is telling people that milk is rich in nutrients?

Multiple choice quiz

1) For how long have plant-based products been increasing in popularity?
a) a dozen or so years
b) two decades
c) a decade / 10 years
d) a few years
2) What has increased the global rise in food prices?
a) Moscow's invasion of Ukraine
b) global warming
c) the coronavirus pandemic
d) global demand
3) Where do countries depend on Russian fertilizer?
a) Europe and Africa
b) Asia and Europe
c) Africa and Asia
d) America and Australia
4) What has happened to Ukrainian corn?
a) it has gone up in price
b) it was genetically modified
c) it turned blue
d) it has almost dried up
5) By how much have fertilizer prices gone up?
a) 10 per cent
b) it doubles
c) fourfold
d) 10 times

6) By how much is the plant-based milk market set to grow?
a) by 10%
b) it's set to double
c) by 50%
d) fourfold
7) What do consumers have an amazing choice of?
a) plant-based potatoes
b) corns
c) vegan restaurants
d) plant-based milk options
8) What Swedish milk product was launched this year?
a) a potato apple
b) a potato milk
c) a potato steak
d) a potato wine
9) What was a potato milk said to have tasted like?
a) chicken
b) deliciously creamy
c) yoghurt
d) grass
10) Who is telling people that milk is rich in nutrients?
a) the milk industry
b) farmers
c) doctors
d) supermarkets

Role play

Role  A – Milk
You think milk is the best dairy product. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their products. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): butter, yoghurt or cheese.

Role  B – Butter
You think butter is the best dairy product. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their products. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): milk, yoghurt or cheese.

Role  C – Yoghurt
You think yoghurt is the best dairy product. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their products. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): butter, milk or cheese.

Role  D – Cheese
You think cheese is the best dairy product. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their products. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): butter, yoghurt or milk.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'plant'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'milk'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • growing
    • vegan
    • global
    • invasion
    • rely
    • 70
    • ten
    • 2028
    • stocked
    • potato
    • market
    • rich

    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Plant-based Milk

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'plant'?
    3. What do you think of milk?
    4. What nutritional value does milk have?
    5. Why are more people turning to veganism?
    6. What do you think of veganism?
    7. What do you think of the rising prices of food?
    8. What do you think of fertilizer?
    9. How will the war in Ukraine affect food prices?
    10. Is this a good or bad time to be a farmer?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'milk'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you think of plan-based milk?
    5. What things definitely need dairy milk?
    6. What plant-based milk would you like to try?
    7. What do you think of the idea of potato milk?
    8. Are there any bad things about dairy milk?
    9. Is dairy milk the healthiest milk?
    10. What questions would you like to ask a dairy farmer?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________

    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Plant-based milks have been (1) ____ in popularity for the past decade. This is because more people are switching to vegan diets and foods that are more (2) ____ produced. A recent cause of people switching from dairy to plant-based alternatives is the global rise in the prices of foodstuffs. This has been (3) ____ by Moscow's invasion of Ukraine. This has increased the costs of fertilizer and (4) ____ for cows. Many countries in Europe and Asia rely on Russia for over 50 per cent of their fertilizer supply. In addition, the supply of Ukrainian corn used to feed cows has almost dried (5) ____. The UK's National Farming Union has said fertilizer prices have risen (6) ____ and animal feed by 70 per cent.

    The global plant-based milk market is projected (7) ____ more than double in the next ten years. Experts have forecast a rise to $53 billion in 2028 from $22 billion in 2021. Consumers now have a dizzying (8) ____ of plant-based milk options. Supermarket shelves are stocked (9) ____ milk made from soy, almonds, coconuts, cashews, oats and more. In February, the world's first potato milk was launched. It is from a Swedish milk brand called Dug and is described as (10) ____ "deliciously creamy". Dug is advertised (11) ____, "the most sustainable plant-based dairy alternative on the market". The dairy milk industry is defending its product. It is reminding people that dairy milk is (12) ____ in calcium, protein and vitamin D.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     growth     (b)     growing     (c)     grower     (d)     grown    
    2. (a)     substitutable     (b)     sustainably     (c)     sustainable     (d)     sustainability    
    3. (a)     expurgated     (b)     excoriated     (c)     exonerated     (d)     exacerbated    
    4. (a)     feeding     (b)     feed     (c)     feeder     (d)     fed    
    5. (a)     in     (b)     down     (c)     on     (d)     up    
    6. (a)     forty     (b)     fourth     (c)     fourfold     (d)     fourthly    
    7. (a)     to     (b)     by     (c)     on     (d)     in    
    8. (a)     allay     (b)     alloy     (c)     array     (d)     ally    
    9. (a)     on     (b)     of     (c)     at     (d)     with    
    10. (a)     being     (b)     been     (c)     having     (d)     done    
    11. (a)     as     (b)     has     (c)     was     (d)     that's    
    12. (a)     rich     (b)     wealthy     (c)     prosperous     (d)     affluent

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. more saubtlaysni produced
    2. plant-based eernvlatisat
    3. This has been aeeredtcbxa
    4. Moscow's nionavis of Ukraine
    5. 50 per cent of their rielrefitz supply
    6. prices have risen uldoforf

    Paragraph 2

    1. epejctdro to more than double
    2. a zgniydiz array of plant-based milk options
    3. soy, almonds, coconuts, ssahcwe, oats and more
    4. The dairy milk srdtyinu
    5. reminding people that dairy milk is rich in alcmicu
    6. piorent and vitamin D

    Put the text back together

    (...)  The global plant-based milk market is projected to more than double in the next ten years. Experts have
    (...)  called Dug and is described as being "deliciously creamy". Dug is advertised as, "the most
    (...)  and more. In February, the world's first potato milk was launched. It is from a Swedish milk brand
    (...)  sustainable plant-based dairy alternative on the market". The dairy milk industry is defending
    (...)  dairy to plant-based alternatives is the global rise in the prices of foodstuffs. This has been exacerbated
    (...)  on Russia for over 50 per cent of their fertilizer supply. In addition, the supply of Ukrainian
    (...)  its product. It is reminding people that dairy milk is rich in calcium, protein and vitamin D.
    (...)  prices have risen fourfold and animal feed by 70 per cent.
    (...)  by Moscow's invasion of Ukraine. This has increased the costs of fertilizer and feed for cows. Many countries in Europe and Asia rely
    1  ) Plant-based milks have been growing in popularity for the past decade. This is because more people are switching
    (...)  forecast a rise to $53 billion in 2028 from $22 billion in 2021. Consumers now have a dizzying array of plant-based milk
    (...)  to vegan diets and foods that are more sustainably produced. A recent cause of people switching from
    (...)  corn used to feed cows has almost dried up. The UK's National Farming Union has said fertilizer
    (...)  options. Supermarket shelves are stocked with milk made from soy, almonds, coconuts, cashews, oats

    Put the words in the right order

    1. vegan   switching   are   More   diets   .   people   to
    2. of   invasion   Moscow's   This   by   exacerbated   Ukraine   .   was
    3. the   of   cows   .   increased   feed   costs   for   This
    4. corn   The   cows   .   of   used   to   feed   supply
    5. union   prices   said   have   The   fertilizer   risen   fourfold   .
    6. ten   than   within   double   to   more   Projected   years   .
    7. plant-based   dizzying   options   .   milk   of   A   array
    8. market   .   most   The   the   on   alternative   plant-based   sustainable
    9. product   .   is   defending   its   The   industry   milk   dairy
    10. is   that   Reminding   dairy   people   rich   in   calcium   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Plant-based milks have been grown / growing in popularity for the past decade. This is because more people are switching to / on vegan diets and foods that are more sustenance / sustainably produced. A recent cause of people switching from dairy / daily to plant-based alternatives is the global / globally rise in the prices of foodstuffs. This has been excavated / exacerbated by Moscow's invasion of Ukraine. This has increased the costs of fertilizer and feeder / feed for cows. Many countries in Europe and Asia rely on Russia for over 50 per cent of their fertilizer supply / supplicant. In addition, the supply of Ukrainian corn used to feed cows has almost dried down / up. The UK's National Farming Union has said fertilizer prices have risen / arisen fourfold and animal feed by 70 per cent.

    The global plant-based milk market is protected / projected to more than double in the next ten years. Experts have forecast a / the rise to $53 billion in 2028 from $22 billion in 2021. Consumers now have a dizzying allay / array of plant-based milk options. Supermarket shelves / elves are stocked with milk made from soy, almonds, coconuts, cashews, oats and many / more. In February, the world's first potato milk was lunched / launched. It is from a Swedish milk brand called Dug and is described as being / been "deliciously creamy". Dug is advertised as / has, "the most sustainable plant-based dairy alternative at / on the market". The dairy milk industry is defending its product. It is reminding people that dairy milk is rich in / on calcium, protein and vitamin D.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Pl_nt-b_s_d  m_lks  h_v_  b__n  gr_w_ng  _n  p_p_l_r_ty  f_r  th_  p_st  d_c_d_.  Th_s  _s  b_c__s_  m_r_  p__pl_  _r_  sw_tch_ng  t_  v_g_n  d__ts  _nd  f__ds  th_t  _r_  m_r_  s_st__n_bly  pr_d_c_d.  _  r_c_nt  c__s_  _f  p__pl_  sw_tch_ng  fr_m  d__ry  t_  pl_nt-b_s_d  _lt_rn_t_v_s  _s  th_  gl_b_l  r_s_  _n  th_  pr_c_s  _f  f__dst_ffs.  Th_s  h_s  b__n  _x_c_rb_t_d  by  M_sc_w's  _nv_s__n  _f  _kr__n_.  Th_s  h_s  _ncr__s_d  th_  c_sts  _f  f_rt_l_z_r  _nd  f__d  f_r  c_ws.  M_ny  c__ntr__s  _n  __r_p_  _nd  _s__  r_ly  _n  R_ss__  f_r  _v_r  50  p_r  c_nt  _f  th__r  f_rt_l_z_r  s_pply.  _n  _dd_t__n,  th_  s_pply  _f  _kr__n__n  c_rn  _s_d  t_  f__d  c_ws  h_s  _lm_st  dr__d  _p.  Th_  _K's  N_t__n_l  F_rm_ng  _n__n  h_s  s__d  f_rt_l_z_r  pr_c_s  h_v_  r_s_n  f__rf_ld  _nd  _n_m_l  f__d  by  70  p_r  c_nt.

    Th_  gl_b_l  pl_nt-b_s_d  m_lk  m_rk_t  _s  pr_j_ct_d  t_  m_r_  th_n  d__bl_  _n  th_  n_xt  t_n  y__rs.  _xp_rts  h_v_  f_r_c_st  _  r_s_  t_  $53  b_ll__n  _n  2028  fr_m  $22  b_ll__n  _n  2021.  C_ns_m_rs  n_w  h_v_  _  d_zzy_ng  _rr_y  _f  pl_nt-b_s_d  m_lk  _pt__ns.  S_p_rm_rk_t  sh_lv_s  _r_  st_ck_d  w_th  m_lk  m_d_  fr_m  s_y,  _lm_nds,  c_c_n_ts,  c_sh_ws,  __ts  _nd  m_r_.  _n  F_br__ry,  th_  w_rld's  f_rst  p_t_t_  m_lk  w_s  l__nch_d.  _t  _s  fr_m  _  Sw_d_sh  m_lk  br_nd  c_ll_d  D_g  _nd  _s  d_scr_b_d  _s  b__ng  "d_l_c___sly  cr__my".  D_g  _s  _dv_rt_s_d  _s,  "th_  m_st  s_st__n_bl_  pl_nt-b_s_d  d__ry  _lt_rn_t_v_  _n  th_  m_rk_t".  Th_  d__ry  m_lk  _nd_stry  _s  d_f_nd_ng  _ts  pr_d_ct.  _t  _s  r_m_nd_ng  p__pl_  th_t  d__ry  m_lk  _s  r_ch  _n  c_lc__m,  pr_t__n  _nd  v_t_m_n  D.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    plantbased milks have been growing in popularity for the past decade this is because more people are switching to vegan diets and foods that are more sustainably produced a recent cause of people switching from dairy to plantbased alternatives is the global rise in the prices of foodstuffs this has been exacerbated by moscows invasion of ukraine this has increased the costs of fertilizer and feed for cows many countries in europe and asia rely on russia for over 50 per cent of their fertilizer supply in addition the supply of ukrainian corn used to feed cows has almost dried up the uks national farming union has said fertilizer prices have risen fourfold and animal feed by 70 per cent

    the global plantbased milk market is projected to more than double in the next ten years experts have forecast a rise to 53 billion in 2028 from 22 billion in 2021 consumers now have a dizzying array of plantbased milk options supermarket shelves are stocked with milk made from soy almonds coconuts cashews oats and more in february the worlds first potato milk was launched it is from a swedish milk brand called dug and is described as being deliciously creamy dug is advertised as the most sustainable plantbased dairy alternative on the market the dairy milk industry is defending its product it is reminding people that dairy milk is rich in calcium protein and vitamin d

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Plant-basedmilkshavebeengrowinginpopularityforthepastdecade.T
    hisisbecausemorepeopleareswitchingtovegandietsandfoodsthatare
    moresustainablyproduced.Arecentcauseofpeopleswitchingfromdair
    ytoplant-basedalternativesistheglobalriseinthepricesoffoodstuffs.T
    hishasbeenexacerbatedbyMoscow'sinvasionofUkraine.Thishasincre
    asedthecostsoffertilizerandfeedforcows.ManycountriesinEuropeand
    AsiarelyonRussiaforover50percentoftheirfertilizersupply.Inaddition
    ,thesupplyofUkrainiancornusedtofeedcowshasalmostdriedup.TheU
    K'sNationalFarmingUnionhassaidfertilizerpriceshaverisenfourfolda
    ndanimalfeedby70percent.Theglobalplantbasedmilkmarketisprojec
    tedtomorethandoubleinthenexttenyears.Expertshaveforecastariset
    o$53billionin2028from$22billionin2021.Consumersnowhaveadizzy
    ingarrayofplant-basedmilkoptions.Supermarketshelvesarestocked
    withmilkmadefromsoy,almonds,coconuts,cashews,oatsandmore.I
    nFebruary,theworld'sfirstpotatomilkwaslaunched.ItisfromaSwedis
    hmilkbrandcalledDugandisdescribedasbeing"deliciouslycreamy".D
    ugisadvertisedas,"themostsustainableplant-baseddairyalternative
    onthemarket".Thedairymilkindustryisdefendingitsproduct.Itisremi
    ndingpeoplethatdairymilkisrichincalcium,proteinandvitaminD.

    Free writing

    Write about plant-based milk for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Plant-based milk is better than dairy milk. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. MILK: Make a poster about milk. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. PLANT-BASED MILK: Write a magazine article about governments promoting the consumption of plant-based milk over dairy milk. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on milk. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on plant-based milk. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    A Few Additional Activities for Students

    Ask your students what they have read, seen or heard about this news in their own language. Students are likely to / may have have encountered this news in their L1 and therefore bring a background knowledge to the classroom.

    Get students to role play different characters from this news story.

    Ask students to keep track of this news and revisit it to discuss in your next class.

    Ask students to male predictions of how this news might develop in the next few days or weeks, and then revisit and discuss in a future class.

    Ask students to write a follow-up story to this news.

    Students role play a journalist and someone who witnessed or was a part of this news. Perhaps they could make a video of the interview.

    Ask students to keep a news journal in English and add this story to their thoughts.

    Also...

    Buy my 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers eBook. It has hundreds of ideas, activity templates, reproducible activities for:

    • News
    • Warm ups
    • Pre-reading / Post-reading
    • Using headlines
    • Working with words
    • While-reading / While-listening
    • Moving from text to speech
    • Post-reading / Post-listening
    • Discussions
    • Using opinions
    • Plans
    • Language
    • Using lists
    • Using quotes
    • Task-based activities
    • Role plays
    • Using the central characters in the article
    • Using themes from the news
    • Homework

    Buy my book

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    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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