The Reading / Listening - Modern Slavery - Level 3

Many of us think slavery is a thing of the past. It isn't. A new report from the United Nations says there are about 50 million people in modern-day slavery. This includes being trapped in forced labour or in forced marriages. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is an agency of the UN. It created the report. The ILO said around one in 150 people in the world is enslaved in some way. This figure has increased by 20 per cent in the past few years. It is still growing. This is because of the coronavirus pandemic, climate change, and the cost of living crisis. These things have made many people poor or forced them into debt. The only way they can survive is to work in terrible conditions or be forced into unwanted marriages.

The UN hoped to end modern slavery by 2030. However, since creating this aim in 2016, the number of people in forced labour or forced marriage shot up by 10 million. The ILO said modern slavery happens when people "cannot refuse or cannot leave because of threats, violence, deception, abuse of power or other forms of [force]". The ILO said this problem existed in rich countries as well as poor nations. An ILO spokesperson said: "It would be a mistake to believe that forced labour is solely the problem of poor countries." He added that more than half of cases of forced labour and a quarter of forced marriages are in "upper-middle-income or high-income countries". Women and children are at the most risk.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Modern Slavery - Level 0 Modern Slavery - Level 1   or  Modern Slavery - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/9/12/modern-slavery-swells-to-50-million-on-any-given-day-un
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2022/09/12/asia/modern-slavery-forced-marriage-climate-health-intl-hnk/index.html
  • https://www.reuters.com/world/modern-slavery-rise-crises-fuel-poverty-un-report-2022-09-12/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)

Warm-ups

1. SLAVERY: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about slavery. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       slavery / the past / United Nations / forced labour / marriage / figure / cost of living /
       aim / refuse / violence / abuse / nations / mistake / problem / quarter / high income
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. PRISON: Students A strongly believe people who enslave others should spend a log time in prison; Students B strongly believe the opposite. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. UNITED NATIONS: What do you know about the se U.N. bodies? How important are they? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I Know

How Important

The WHO

 

 

The ILO

 

 

UNESCO

 

 

UNICEF

 

 

Security Assembly

 

 

World Bank

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. MARRIAGE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "marriage". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. CRISES: Rank these with your partner. Put the most worrying crises at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Modern slavery
  • Forced marriages
  • War
  • Coronavirus
  • Cost of Living
  • Climate change
  • Cybercrime
  • Terrorism

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. trapped a. A time of great difficulty or danger.
      2. forced b. An organization giving a particular service on behalf of another business, person, or group.
      3. agency c. Used one's power to make someone do something.
      4. enslaved d. Very, very, very bad.
      5. crisis e. Stopped someone from escaping from or leaving a place.
      6. debt f. Made someone a slave.
      7. terrible g. Money that you owe or must pay to someone.

    Paragraph 2

      8. aim h. Behaviour with physical force to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something.
      9. shot up i. Not involving anyone or anything else.
      10. refuse j. The act of lying to or cheating someone.
      11. violence k. Increased very quickly.
      12. deception l. Each of four equal parts.
      13. solely m. A purpose or goal.
      14. quarter n. Showed that you are not willing to do something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. We all think slavery is a thing of the past.     T / F
  2. Many people are forced into marriages or work.     T / F
  3. One in 150 of the world's population is enslaved.     T / F
  4. Coronavirus and climate changed have forced people into debt.     T / F
  5. The U.N. says all modern slavery will end by 2030.     T / F
  6. The number of enslaved people has increased by 10 million since 2016.   T / F
  7. Forced marriages only happen in poor countries.     T / F
  8. The article says women are more at risk than children.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. trapped
  2. agency
  3. figure
  4. crisis
  5. terrible
  6. end
  7. shot up
  8. deception
  9. solely
  10. cases
  1. finish
  2. number
  3. disaster
  4. instances
  5. increased
  6. branch
  7. only
  8. horrible
  9. stuck
  10. trickery

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Many of us think slavery is a thing
  2. around one in
  3. the cost of living
  4. forced them into
  5. work in
  6. shot up
  7. cannot leave because
  8. abuse of
  9. The ILO said this problem existed
  10. a quarter
  1. 150 people
  2. of threats
  3. terrible conditions
  4. of forced marriages
  5. power
  6. crisis
  7. by 10 million
  8. debt
  9. of the past
  10. in rich countries

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
one
trapped
climate
past
figure
terrible
agency
debt

Many of us think slavery is a thing of the (1) _____________________. It isn't. A new report from the United Nations says there are about 50 million people in modern-day slavery. This includes being (2) _____________________ in forced labour or in forced marriages. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is an (3) _____________________ of the UN. It created the report. The ILO said around (4) _____________________ in 150 people in the world is enslaved in some way. This (5) _____________________ has increased by 20 per cent in the past few years. It is still growing. This is because of the coronavirus pandemic, (6) _____________________ change, and the cost of living crisis. These things have made many people poor or forced them into (7) _____________________. The only way they can survive is to work in (8) _____________________ conditions or be forced into unwanted marriages.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
shot
solely
existed
risk
violence
quarter
poor
end

The UN hoped to (9) _____________________ modern slavery by 2030. However, since creating this aim in 2016, the number of people in forced labour or forced marriage (10) _____________________ up by 10 million. The ILO said modern slavery happens when people "cannot refuse or cannot leave because of threats, (11) _____________________, deception, abuse of power or other forms of [force]". The ILO said this problem (12) _____________________ in rich countries as well as (13) _____________________ nations. An ILO spokesperson said: "It would be a mistake to believe that forced labour is (14) _____________________ the problem of poor countries." He added that more than half of cases of forced labour and a (15) _____________________ of forced marriages are in "upper-middle-income or high-income countries". Women and children are at the most (16) _____________________.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) Many of us think slavery is a thing ______
     a.  of the passed
     b.  of the parsed
     c.  of the past
     d.  of the psst
2)  This includes being trapped in forced labour or ______
     a.  in force marriages
     b.  on forced marriages
     c.  on forced marriage
     d.  in forced marriages
3)  This is because of the coronavirus pandemic, climate change, and the cost ______
     a.  of living crisis
     b.  off live-in crisis
     c.  of liven crisis
     d.  of leaving crisis
4)  These things have made many people poor or forced ______
     a.  them onto debt
     b.  them in two debt
     c.  them into debt
     d.  them unto debt
5)  The only way they can survive is to work ______
     a.  inter rabble conditions
     b.  in terrier conditions
     c.  in terrible conditions
     d.  in terry ball conditions

6)  The UN hoped to end modern slavery by 2030. However, since creating this ______
     a.  aim in 2016
     b.  aims in 2016
     c.  arm on 2016
     d.  aim on 2016
7) modern slavery happens when people "cannot refuse or cannot leave ______
     a.  because of treats
     b.  because of throats
     c.  because of threads
     d.  because of threats
8)  violence, deception, abuse of power or other ______
     a.  form soft farce
     b.  forms off force
     c.  forms of force
     d.  forms of farce
9)  forced marriages are in "upper-middle-income or ______
     a.  highly-income countries
     b.  high-income countries
     c.  height-income countries
     d.  hi-income countries
10)  Women and children are at ______
     a.  the most brisk
     b.  the most rascal
     c.  the must risk
     d.  the most risk

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Many (1) ____________________ slavery is a thing of the past. It isn't. A new report from the United Nations says (2) ____________________ 50 million people in modern-day slavery. This includes being trapped in forced labour or (3) ____________________. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is an agency of the UN. It created the report. The ILO said around one in 150 people in the world (4) ____________________ some way. This figure has increased by 20 per cent in the past few years. It is still growing. This is because of the coronavirus pandemic, climate change, and the cost (5) ____________________. These things have made many people poor or forced them into debt. The only way they can survive is to work (6) ____________________ or be forced into unwanted marriages.

The UN (7) ____________________ modern slavery by 2030. However, since creating this aim in 2016, the number of people in forced labour or forced marriage (8) ____________________ 10 million. The ILO said modern slavery happens when people "cannot refuse or cannot leave because of threats, violence, deception, (9) ____________________ or other forms of [force]". The ILO said this problem existed in rich countries as well as poor nations. An ILO spokesperson said: "It would (10) ____________________ to believe that forced labour is solely the problem of poor countries." He added that more (11) ____________________ cases of forced labour and a quarter of forced marriages are in "upper-middle-income or high-income countries". Women and children are at (12) ____________________.

Comprehension questions

  1. What do many of us think slavery is a thing of?
  2. What two things does the article say people are forced into?
  3. What is the ILO an agency of?
  4. By how much has modern slavery increased in the past few years?
  5. Why is slavery growing, besides the pandemic and climate change?
  6. When does the UN hope to end modern slavery by?
  7. What do people abuse by enslaving people?
  8. Where did the ILO say slavery existed besides poor countries?
  9. How many forced marriages are in richer nations?
  10. Who does the article say are at most risk?

Multiple choice quiz

1) What do many of us think slavery is a thing of?
a) horror
b) the past
c) history books
d) other countries
2) What two things does the article say people are forced into?
a) servitude and confinement
b) cages and caves
c) no pay and poor food
d) labour and marriage
3) What is the ILO an agency of?
a) NATO
b) the WHO
c) the United Nations
d) the Internet
4) By how much has modern slavery increased in the past few years?
a) by 20%
b) by 10%
c) by 30%
d) by 50%
5) Why is slavery growing, besides the pandemic and climate change?
a) war
b) the cost of living crisis
c) the Internet
d) overpopulation

6) When does the UN hope to end modern slavery by?
a) 2030
b) 2040
c) 2025
d) 2050
7) What do people abuse by enslaving people?
a) laws
b) people
c) power
d) humanity
8) Where did the ILO say slavery existed besides poor countries?
a) rich nations
b) developing countries
c) the Global South
d) hotter countries
9) How many forced marriages are in richer nations?
a) two-thirds
b) two-fifths
c) a third
d) a quarter
10) Who does the article say are at most risk?
a) poorer people
b) teenagers
c) women and children
d) people with no jobs

Role play

Role  A – Modern Slavery
You think modern slavery is the biggest crisis today. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their crises aren't as serious. Also, tell the others which is the least of these (and why): forced marriage, the cost of living crisis or war.

Role  B – Forced Marriage
You think forced marriage is the biggest crisis today. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their crises aren't as serious. Also, tell the others which is the least of these (and why): modern slavery, the cost of living crisis or war.

Role  C – Cost of Living Crisis
You think the cost of living crisis is the biggest crisis today. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their crises aren't as serious. Also, tell the others which is the least of these (and why): forced marriage, modern slavery or war.

Role  D – War
You think war is the biggest crisis today. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their crises aren't as serious. Also, tell the others which is the least of these (and why): forced marriage, the cost of living crisis or modern slavery.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'slavery'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'marriage'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • past
    • trapped
    • 150
    • 20
    • crisis
    • only
    • 2030
    • shot
    • forms
    • rich
    • mistake
    • risk

    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Modern Slavery

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'slavery'?
    3. What is your image of slavery?
    4. What do you know about slavery today?
    5. What forms of slavery exist in your country?
    6. Why is there slavery today?
    7. When will slavery disappear?
    8. How can we stop forced marriage?
    9. How can we stop forced labour?
    10. Do you know any famous companies that used slave labour?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'marriage'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Can the UN end slavery by 2030?
    5. What should happen to those who enslave people?
    6. How can slavery exist in rich countries?
    7. What advice do you have for someone in enforced labour?
    8. What advice do you have for a woman in a forced marriage?
    9. What three adjectives best describe this story?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the United Nations?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________

    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Many of us think slavery is a (1) ____ of the past. It isn't. A new report from the United Nations says there are about 50 million people in modern-day slavery. This includes (2) ____ trapped in forced labour or in forced marriages. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is an agency (3) ____ the UN. It created the report. The ILO said around one in 150 people in the world is enslaved in (4) ____ way. This figure has increased by 20 per cent in the past few years. It is still (5) ____. This is because of the coronavirus pandemic, climate change, and the cost of living crisis. These things have made many people poor or forced them into debt. The only way they can survive is to work in (6) ____ conditions or be forced into unwanted marriages.

    The UN hoped to end modern slavery by 2030. However, since creating this (7) ____ in 2016, the number of people in forced labour or forced marriage (8) ____ up by 10 million. The ILO said modern slavery happens when people "cannot (9) ____ or cannot leave because of threats, violence, deception, abuse of power or other forms of [force]". The ILO said this problem existed in rich countries as well as poor (10) ____. An ILO spokesperson said: "It would be a mistake to believe that forced labour is solely the problem of poor countries." He added that more than half of cases of forced labour and a (11) ____ of forced marriages are in "upper-middle-income or high-income countries". Women and children are (12) ____ the most risk.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     thing     (b)     thong     (c)     think     (d)     throng    
    2. (a)     been     (b)     be     (c)     being     (d)     was    
    3. (a)     as     (b)     by     (c)     of     (d)     because    
    4. (a)     anything     (b)     something     (c)     same     (d)     some    
    5. (a)     grows     (b)     growth     (c)     growing     (d)     grown    
    6. (a)     terribly     (b)     terrible     (c)     horribly     (d)     horridly    
    7. (a)     arm     (b)     aim     (c)     alm     (d)     alma    
    8. (a)     fuelled     (b)     shot     (c)     heated     (d)     fired    
    9. (a)     recluse     (b)     reuse     (c)     refuse     (d)     reunify    
    10. (a)     rations     (b)     nationals     (c)     nation     (d)     nations    
    11. (a)     quartered     (b)     quartile     (c)     quart     (d)     quarter    
    12. (a)     for     (b)     on     (c)     as     (d)     at

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. rceodf labour
    2. an ecnyga of the UN
    3. This ifgrue has increased by 20 per cent
    4. the cost of living isscri
    5. The only way they can vrvsuie
    6. work in erlbtrei conditions

    Paragraph 2

    1. since tnaceigr this aim in 2016
    2. people cannot erseuf
    3. cannot leave because of rteshat
    4. a qraetur of forced marriages
    5. high-oenmci countries
    6. the most kris

    Put the text back together

    1  ) Many of us think slavery is a thing of the past. It isn't. A new report from the United Nations says there are about
    (...)  people "cannot refuse or cannot leave because of threats, violence, deception, abuse of
    (...)  power or other forms of [force]". The ILO said this problem existed in rich countries as well as poor nations. An ILO
    (...)  in 150 people in the world is enslaved in some way. This figure has increased
    (...)  spokesperson said: "It would be a mistake to believe that forced labour is solely the problem of poor
    (...)  are in "upper-middle-income or high-income countries". Women and children are at the most risk.
    (...)  by 20 per cent in the past few years. It is still growing. This is because of the coronavirus pandemic, climate
    (...)  marriages. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is an agency of the UN. It created the report. The ILO said around one
    (...)  change, and the cost of living crisis. These things have made many people poor or forced them into
    (...)  debt. The only way they can survive is to work in terrible conditions or be forced into unwanted marriages.
    (...)  The UN hoped to end modern slavery by 2030. However, since creating this aim in 2016, the number
    (...)  of people in forced labour or forced marriage shot up by 10 million. The ILO said modern slavery happens when
    (...)  countries." He added that more than half of cases of forced labour and a quarter of forced marriages
    (...)  50 million people in modern-day slavery. This includes being trapped in forced labour or in forced

    Put the words in the right order

    1. Slavery   is   of   thing   the   a   past   .
    2. This   trapped   being   labour   .   in   forced   includes
    3. few   years   .   past   the   by   20   per cent   Increased   in
    4. have   These   poor   .   many   made   things   people
    5. way   work   .   they   can   The   is   survive   only
    6. forced   in   The   number   of   labour   .   people
    7. problem   rich   It   existed   said   countries   .   in   this
    8. poor   labour   problem   the   Forced   of   is   countries   .
    9. of   than   forced   cases   More   labour   .   of   half
    10. Women   the   most   children   risk   .   are   at   and

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Many of us think slavery is a thing / thinking of the past. It isn't. A new report from the United Nations says there are / have about 50 million people in modern-day enslave / slavery. This includes being tripped / trapped in forced labour or in forced marriages. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is an agency / agents of the UN. It created the report. The ILO said around once / one in 150 people in the world is enslaved in some way. This figure has increased by 20 per cent in the past / passed few years. It is still growing. This is because of the coronavirus pandemic, climate challenge / change, and the cost of living crisis. These things have made many people poor or forced them onto / into debt. The only way they can survive is to work in terrible conditions or be forced into unwanted wedding / marriages.

    The UN hoped / hoping to end modern slavery by 2030. However, since creating this aim / aims in 2016, the number of people in forced labour or forced marriage shot / shoot up by 10 million. The ILO said modern slavery happening / happens when people "cannot refuse or cannot leave because of threats, violence, deception, abusive / abuse of power or other forms of [force]". The ILO said this problem existed in / on rich countries as well was / as poor nations. An ILO spokesperson said: "It would make / be a mistake to believe that forced labour is solely the problem of poor countries." He added that more than half / halve of cases of forced labour and a quarter of forced marriages are in "upper-middle-income or high-income countries". Women and children are at the most risk / risky.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    M_ny  _f  _s  th_nk  sl_v_ry  _s  _  th_ng  _f  th_  p_st.  _t  _sn't.  _  n_w  r_p_rt  fr_m  th_  _n_t_d  N_t__ns  s_ys  th_r_  _r_  _b__t  50  m_ll__n  p__pl_  _n  m_d_rn-d_y  sl_v_ry.  Th_s  _ncl_d_s  b__ng  tr_pp_d  _n  f_rc_d  l_b__r  _r  _n  f_rc_d  m_rr__g_s.  Th_  _nt_rn_t__n_l  L_b__r  _rg_n_z_t__n  (_L_)  _s  _n  _g_ncy  _f  th_  _N.  _t  cr__t_d  th_  r_p_rt.  Th_  _L_  s__d  _r__nd  _n_  _n  150  p__pl_  _n  th_  w_rld  _s  _nsl_v_d  _n  s_m_  w_y.  Th_s  f_g_r_  h_s  _ncr__s_d  by  20  p_r  c_nt  _n  th_  p_st  f_w  y__rs.  _t  _s  st_ll  gr_w_ng.  Th_s  _s  b_c__s_  _f  th_  c_r_n_v_r_s  p_nd_m_c,  cl_m_t_  ch_ng_,  _nd  th_  c_st  _f  l_v_ng  cr_s_s.  Th_s_  th_ngs  h_v_  m_d_  m_ny  p__pl_  p__r  _r  f_rc_d  th_m  _nt_  d_bt.  Th_  _nly  w_y  th_y  c_n  s_rv_v_  _s  t_  w_rk  _n  t_rr_bl_  c_nd_t__ns  _r  b_  f_rc_d  _nt_  _nw_nt_d  m_rr__g_s. 

    Th_  _N  h_p_d  t_  _nd  m_d_rn  sl_v_ry  by  2030.  H_w_v_r,  s_nc_  cr__t_ng  th_s  __m  _n  2016,  th_  n_mb_r  _f  p__pl_  _n  f_rc_d  l_b__r  _r  f_rc_d  m_rr__g_  sh_t  _p  by  10  m_ll__n.  Th_  _L_  s__d  m_d_rn  sl_v_ry  h_pp_ns  wh_n  p__pl_  "c_nn_t  r_f_s_  _r  c_nn_t  l__v_  b_c__s_  _f  thr__ts,  v__l_nc_,  d_c_pt__n,  _b_s_  _f  p_w_r  _r  _th_r  f_rms  _f  [f_rc_]".  Th_  _L_  s__d  th_s  pr_bl_m  _x_st_d  _n  r_ch  c__ntr__s  _s  w_ll  _s  p__r  n_t__ns.  _n  _L_  sp_k_sp_rs_n  s__d:  "_t  w__ld  b_  _  m_st_k_  t_  b_l__v_  th_t  f_rc_d  l_b__r  _s  s_l_ly  th_  pr_bl_m  _f  p__r  c__ntr__s."  H_  _dd_d  th_t  m_r_  th_n  h_lf  _f  c_s_s  _f  f_rc_d  l_b__r  _nd  _  q__rt_r  _f  f_rc_d  m_rr__g_s  _r_  _n  "_pp_r-m_ddl_-_nc_m_  _r  h_gh-_nc_m_  c__ntr__s".  W_m_n  _nd  ch_ldr_n  _r_  _t  th_  m_st  r_sk.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    many of us think slavery is a thing of the past it isnt a new report from the united nations says there are about 50 million people in modernday slavery this includes being trapped in forced labour or in forced marriages the international labour organization ilo is an agency of the un it created the report the ilo said around one in 150 people in the world is enslaved in some way this figure has increased by 20 per cent in the past few years it is still growing this is because of the coronavirus pandemic climate change and the cost of living crisis these things have made many people poor or forced them into debt the only way they can survive is to work in terrible conditions or be forced into unwanted marriages

    the un hoped to end modern slavery by 2030 however since creating this aim in 2016 the number of people in forced labour or forced marriage shot up by 10 million the ilo said modern slavery happens when people cannot refuse or cannot leave because of threats violence deception abuse of power or other forms of force the ilo said this problem existed in rich countries as well as poor nations an ilo spokesperson said it would be a mistake to believe that forced labour is solely the problem of poor countries he added that more than half of cases of forced labour and a quarter of forced marriages are in uppermiddleincome or highincome countries women and children are at the most risk

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Manyofusthinkslaveryisathingofthepast.Itisn't.Anewreportfromthe
    UnitedNationssaysthereareabout50millionpeopleinmodern-dayslav
    ery.Thisincludesbeingtrappedinforcedlabourorinforcedmarriages.T
    heInternationalLabourOrganization(ILO)isanagencyoftheUN.Itcrea
    tedthereport.TheILOsaidaroundonein150peopleintheworldisenslav
    edinsomeway.Thisfigurehasincreasedby20percentinthepastfewyea
    rs.Itisstillgrowing.Thisisbecauseofthecoronaviruspandemic,climate
    change,andthecostoflivingcrisis.Thesethingshavemademanypeople
    poororforcedthemintodebt.Theonlywaytheycansurviveistoworkinte
    rribleconditionsorbeforcedintounwantedmarriages.TheUNhopedtoe
    ndmodernslaveryby2030.However,sincecreatingthisaimin2016,the
    numberofpeopleinforcedlabourorforcedmarriageshotupby10million
    .TheILOsaidmodernslaveryhappenswhenpeople"cannotrefuseorca
    nnotleavebecauseofthreats,violence,deception,abuseofpoweroroth
    erformsof[force]".TheILOsaidthisproblemexistedinrichcountriesas
    wellaspoornations.AnILOspokespersonsaid:"Itwouldbeamistaketob
    elievethatforcedlabourissolelytheproblemofpoorcountries."Headde
    dthatmorethanhalfofcasesofforcedlabourandaquarterofforcedmarri
    agesarein"upper-middle-incomeorhigh-incomecountries".Womena
    ndchildrenareatthemostrisk.

    Free writing

    Write about modern slavery for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Those who enslave people should spend a long, long, long time in prison. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. SLAVERY: Make a poster about slavery. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. FINES AND IMPRISONMENT: Write a magazine article about giving massive fines and prison sentences to anyone who enslaves people. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on slavery. Ask him/her three questions about slavery. Give him/her three of your ideas. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    A Few Additional Activities for Students

    Ask your students what they have read, seen or heard about this news in their own language. Students are likely to / may have have encountered this news in their L1 and therefore bring a background knowledge to the classroom.

    Get students to role play different characters from this news story.

    Ask students to keep track of this news and revisit it to discuss in your next class.

    Ask students to male predictions of how this news might develop in the next few days or weeks, and then revisit and discuss in a future class.

    Ask students to write a follow-up story to this news.

    Students role play a journalist and someone who witnessed or was a part of this news. Perhaps they could make a video of the interview.

    Ask students to keep a news journal in English and add this story to their thoughts.

    Also...

    Buy my 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers eBook. It has hundreds of ideas, activity templates, reproducible activities for:

    • News
    • Warm ups
    • Pre-reading / Post-reading
    • Using headlines
    • Working with words
    • While-reading / While-listening
    • Moving from text to speech
    • Post-reading / Post-listening
    • Discussions
    • Using opinions
    • Plans
    • Language
    • Using lists
    • Using quotes
    • Task-based activities
    • Role plays
    • Using the central characters in the article
    • Using themes from the news
    • Homework

    Buy my book

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    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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