The Reading / Listening - Level 5

New research says climate change transformed dogs from creatures resembling cats to how they look today. Researchers in the USA believe that 40 million years ago, dogs were smaller and hunted and ambushed their prey like cats. As the changing climate reduced the amount of forests in North America, the physique and food-gathering habits of dogs changed. Grassland emerged everywhere, which meant dogs had fewer places to hide to ambush their victims. To adapt to this, dogs changed their hunting styles and slowly grew longer legs.



Scientists analysed how dogs evolved by looking at the elbows and teeth of 32 different species that lived up to 40 million years ago. The dogs' elbows, in particular, were good indicators of evolutionary change. Dogs from 40 million years ago had elbows that were like those of cats. Their front paws swivelled so they could grab and hold on to prey. Elbows changed in dogs to let them become endurance runners. This meant they could chase their prey over long distances. The teeth in dogs also became more efficient. They became harder so they could hold on to prey.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Level 4 or  Level 6

Sources
  • http://www.irishexaminer.com/examviral/science-world/so-it-turns-out-dogs-used-to-be-quite-similar-to-cats-348926.html
  • http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3202370/How-climate-change-shaped-DOGS-Man-s-best-friend-cat-like-North-America-hotter-covered-forests.html
  • http://www.pressexaminer.com/new-discovery-shows-that-dogs-used-to-look-more-like-cats/42298


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



The Activities

MATCHING

PARAGRAPH ONE:

1.

climate

a.

today

2.

creatures resembling

b.

prey like cats

3.

how they look

c.

everywhere

4.

40 million years

d.

change

5.

ambushed their

e.

hunting styles

6.

the changing climate reduced the amount of

f.

cats

7.

Grassland emerged

g.

ago

8.

dogs changed their

h.

forests



MY e-BOOK
See a sample

PARAGRAPH TWO:

1.

Scientists analysed how

a.

runners

2.

32 different

b.

more efficient

3.

evolutionary

c.

paws

4.

front

d.

could hold on to prey

5.

become endurance

e.

species

6.

they could chase their prey over

f.

change

7.

The teeth in dogs also became

g.

dogs evolved

8.

They became harder so they

h.

long distances

LISTEN AND FILL IN THE GAPS

New research says climate change (1) ___________________ creatures resembling cats (2) ___________________ today. Researchers in the USA believe that 40 million years ago, dogs were smaller and hunted and         (3) ___________________ like cats. As the changing climate reduced the amount of forests in North America, (4) ___________________ food-gathering habits of dogs changed. Grassland (5) ___________________, which meant dogs had fewer places to hide to ambush their victims. To adapt to this, dogs changed their hunting (6) ___________________ longer legs.

Scientists analysed (7) ___________________ by looking at the elbows and teeth of 32 different species (8) ___________________ 40 million years ago. The dogs' elbows, in particular, (9) ___________________ of evolutionary change. Dogs from 40 million years ago had elbows (10) ___________________ of cats. Their front paws swivelled so they could grab and hold on to prey. Elbows (11) ___________________ to let them become endurance runners. This meant they could (12) ___________________ long distances. The teeth in dogs also became more efficient. They became harder so they could hold on to prey.





DOGS SURVEY

Write five GOOD questions about dogs in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper.

When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

 

STUDENT 1

_____________

STUDENT 2

_____________

STUDENT 3

_____________

Q.1.

 

 

 

 

Q.2.

 

 

 

 

Q.3.

 

 

 

 

Q.4.

 

 

 

 

Q.5.

 

 

 

 

WRITE QUESTIONS & ASK YOUR PARTNER(S)

Student A: Do not show these to your speaking partner(s).

a)

________________________________________________________

b)

________________________________________________________

c)

________________________________________________________

d)

________________________________________________________

e)

________________________________________________________

f)

________________________________________________________

g)

________________________________________________________

h)

________________________________________________________

 



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Student B: Do not show these to your speaking partner(s).

a)

________________________________________________________

b)

________________________________________________________

c)

________________________________________________________

d)

________________________________________________________

e)

________________________________________________________

f)

________________________________________________________

g)

________________________________________________________

h)

________________________________________________________

FREE WRITING

Write about dogs for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

_____________________________________________________________________________

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_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

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_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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