The Reading / Listening - Level 5

A study from Stanford University suggests that stressful events affect the brains of boys and girls differently. Girls could suffer more after traumatic events and be more likely to get post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They also say that girls and boys should be treated differently during the recovery process from PTSD. The lead researcher said: "It is important that people who work with traumatised youth consider the sex differences….It is possible that boys and girls could exhibit different trauma symptoms and that they might benefit from different approaches to treatment."



The research was on a part of the brain that deals with emotions and empathy, called the insula. A smaller insula means PTSD is more likely. Researchers said the insula was very small in girls who had experienced trauma. It was larger than usual in boys who had experienced a traumatic event. PTSD is a mental disorder that can develop after traumatic events, such as sexual assault, war, traffic accidents, or life-threatening experiences. Symptoms may include disturbing or suicidal thoughts, nightmares related to the events, and alterations to how a person thinks and feels.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Level 4 or  Level 6

Sources
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/health-37936514
  • http://med.stanford.edu/news/all-news/2016/11/traumatic-stress-changes-brains-of-boys-girls-differently.html
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. affect the brains of boys and girls
  2. Girls could suffer
  3. girls and boys should be
  4. during the recovery
  5. people who work with
  6. girls could exhibit different trauma
  7. they might
  8. different approaches to
  1. process
  2. more
  3. symptoms
  4. treatment
  5. differently
  6. benefit
  7. traumatised youth
  8. treated differently

Paragraph 2

  1. a part of the brain that deals
  2. PTSD is more
  3. girls who had experienced
  4. PTSD is a mental
  5. traumatic events, such
  6. traffic
  7. suicidal
  8. alterations to
  1. likely
  2. accidents
  3. disorder
  4. how a person thinks
  5. thoughts
  6. with emotions
  7. as sexual assault
  8. trauma

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A study from Stanford University (1) ___________________ events affect the brains of boys and girls differently. Girls (2) ___________________ after traumatic events and (3) ___________________ get post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They also say that girls and boys should be treated differently during the (4) ___________________ from PTSD. The lead researcher said: "It is important that (5) ___________________ with traumatised youth consider the sex differences….It is possible that boys and girls could (6) ___________________ trauma symptoms and that they might benefit from different approaches to treatment."

The research was (7) ___________________ brain that deals with emotions and empathy, called the insula. A smaller insula means PTSD is more likely. Researchers said the insula was very (8) ___________________ had experienced trauma. It was (9) ___________________ boys who had experienced a traumatic event. PTSD is a mental disorder that can develop after traumatic events, such (10) ___________________, war, traffic accidents, or life-(11) ___________________. Symptoms may include disturbing or suicidal thoughts, nightmares related to the events, and (12) ___________________ a person thinks and feels.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

AstudyfromStanfordUniversitysuggeststhatstressfuleventsaffectth
ebrainsofboysandgirlsdifferently.Girlscouldsuffermoreaftertraumat
iceventsandbemorelikelytogetpost-traumaticstressdisorder(PTS
D).Theyalsosaythatgirlsandboysshouldbetreateddifferentlyduringt
herecoveryprocessfromPTSD.Theleadresearchersaid:"Itisimportan
tthatpeoplewhoworkwithtraumatisedyouthconsiderthesexdifferenc
es….Itispossiblethatboysandgirlscouldexhibitdifferenttraumasympt
omsandthattheymightbenefitfromdifferentapproachestotreatment.
"Theresearchwasonapartofthebrainthatdealswithemotionsandemp
athy,calledtheinsula.AsmallerinsulameansPTSDismorelikely.Resea
rcherssaidtheinsulawasverysmallingirlswhohadexperiencedtrauma
.Itwaslargerthanusualinboyswhohadexperiencedatraumaticevent.P
TSDisamentaldisorderthatcandevelopaftertraumaticevents,suchas
sexualassault,war,trafficaccidents,orlife-threateningexperienc
es.Symptomsmayincludedisturbingorsuicidalthoughts,nightmaresr
elatedtotheevents,andalterationstohowapersonthinksandfeels.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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