The Reading / Listening - The Multiverse - Level 1

The world-famous scientist Stephen Hawking published an important paper two weeks before he died, aged 76. He called it "A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation". He explained how humans could find multiverses. These are other universes made at the same time as our universe, after the Big Bang. He also wrote about how our universe will end, after the stars run out of energy. This paper could be his most important ever. He could have won a Nobel Prize.



Hawking explained his idea of inflation. This is when our universe was made from a tiny point in space. This was after the Big Bang. Hawking suggested there were many big bangs and each of them made a universe. All of these universes are a multiverse. Scientists could find the multiverse by using sensors on space ships. Stephen Hawking is also famous for his best-selling book "A Brief History of Time".

Try the same news story at these levels:

    The Multiverse - Level 0 The Multiverse - Level 2   or  The Multiverse - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2018/03/18/stephen-hawking-leaves-behind-breathtaking-final-multiverse/
  • http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/stephen-hawking-end-universe-world-death-smooth-exit-eternal-inflation-astrophysics-a8262611.html
  • http://metro.co.uk/2018/03/18/stephen-hawking-predicted-the-end-of-the-world-in-new-research-submitted-before-he-died-7396316/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. The world-
  2. published an important
  3. two weeks before
  4. He explained how humans could
  5. other universes made at
  6. how our universe
  7. after the stars run
  8. This paper could be his most
  1. he died
  2. out of energy
  3. the same time
  4. paper
  5. will end
  6. famous scientist
  7. important ever
  8. find multiverses

Paragraph 2

  1. Hawking explained his idea
  2. our universe was made from
  3. This was after
  4. there were many
  5. each of them made a
  6. All of these universes are
  7. find the multiverse by
  8. famous for his best-
  1. big bangs
  2. the Big Bang
  3. using sensors
  4. of inflation
  5. selling book
  6. universe
  7. a tiny point
  8. a multiverse

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

(1) ___________________ scientist Stephen Hawking published an important paper (2) ___________________ he died, aged 76. He called it "A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation". He explained how (3) ___________________ multiverses. These are other universes made at the (4) ___________________ our universe, after the Big Bang. He also wrote about how our universe will end, after the (5) ___________________ of energy. This paper could be his most important ever. He (6) ___________________ a Nobel Prize.

Hawking explained his (7) ___________________. This is when our universe was made from (8) ___________________ in space. This was after the Big Bang. Hawking suggested there were many big bangs and (9) ___________________ made a universe. All of these universes (10) ___________________. Scientists could find the multiverse by using (11) ___________________ ships. Stephen Hawking is (12) ___________________ his best-selling book "A Brief History of Time".

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Theworld-famousscientistStephenHawkingpublishedanimportantp
apertwoweeksbeforehedied,aged76.Hecalledit"ASmoothExitfromEt
ernalInflation".Heexplainedhowhumanscouldfindmultiverses.These
areotheruniversesmadeatthesametimeasouruniverse,aftertheBigB
ang.Healsowroteabouthowouruniversewillend,afterthestarsrunout
ofenergy.Thispapercouldbehismostimportantever.Hecouldhavewo
naNobelPrize.Hawkingexplainedhisideaofinflation.Thisiswhenourun
iversewasmadefromatinypointinspace.ThiswasaftertheBigBang.Ha
wkingsuggestedthereweremanybigbangsandeachofthemmadeauni
verse.Alloftheseuniversesareamultiverse.Scientistscouldfindthemu
ltiversebyusingsensorsonspaceships.StephenHawkingisalsofamous
forhisbest-sellingbook"ABriefHistoryofTime".

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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