The Reading / Listening - The Multiverse - Level 3

The world-famous physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking published an important paper before he died last week. Professor Hawking died on March 14, aged 76. Two weeks before his death, he published his final theory in a paper called "A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation". He explained two very important ideas. The first was how humans might be able to detect multiverses. These are parallel universes that were created at the same time as our universe after the Big Bang. The second theory is about how our universe will eventually end, when the stars finally run out of energy. Scientists say his paper could be his most important work ever, and that he could have won a Nobel Prize for it.



Stephen Hawking's new paper started by explaining an older theory of his called inflation. This is when our universe suddenly expanded from a tiny point in space into the billions of stars and solar systems we have today. Hawking suggested there were an infinite number of big bangs and each of them created its own separate universe. He called this collection of universes a multiverse. Hawking wrote that he believed scientists could find the multiverse by using sensors on space ships. Carlos Frenk, a professor of cosmology, said: "These ideas offer the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence for the existence of other universes." Hawking is also famous for his best-selling book "A Brief History of Time".

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    The Multiverse - Level 0 The Multiverse - Level 1   or  The Multiverse - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2018/03/18/stephen-hawking-leaves-behind-breathtaking-final-multiverse/
  • http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/stephen-hawking-end-universe-world-death-smooth-exit-eternal-inflation-astrophysics-a8262611.html
  • http://metro.co.uk/2018/03/18/stephen-hawking-predicted-the-end-of-the-world-in-new-research-submitted-before-he-died-7396316/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. OUR UNIVERSE: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about our universe. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       famous / cosmologist / published / death / humans / parallel / universe / Nobel Prize /
       theory / inflation / space / billions of stars / infinite / sensors / breathtaking / book
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. SPACE: Students A strongly believe there is an end to space; Students B strongly believe there isn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. THE COSMOS: What do you know about these things in the cosmos? What do you want to know? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I Know

What I Want to Know

Planets

 

 

Stars

 

 

Comets

 

 

Black holes

 

 

Asteroids

 

 

Wormholes

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. TIME: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "time". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. UNIVERSE: Rank these with your partner. Put the most interesting parts of the universe at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • the Sun
  • the Milky Way
  • Earth
  • asteroids
  • our moon
  • Mars
  • comets
  • International Space Station

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. physicist a. Side by side; happening at the same time in a similar way.
      2. cosmologist b. Someone who studies the beginnings of the universe and the planets and stars.
      3. published c. Very last.
      4. final d. An expert in or student of physics.
      5. detect e. In the end.
      6. parallel f. Prepared a book (or essay, magazine, etc.) and put it on sale.
      7. eventually g. Find, discover or identify the presence of something.

    Paragraph 2

      8. theory h. A number of planets and their moons in orbit around a sun.
      9. inflation i. The number shown as 1,000,000,000.
      10. billions j. So amazing it makes you gasp and takes your breath away.
      11. solar system k. An idea someone has about something.
      12. separate l. The act of making something bigger.
      13. breathtaking m. The fact of being somewhere, or of living.
      14. existence n. Made or looked at as a unit apart or by itself.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Stephen Hawking is a cosmologist and physician.     T / F
  2. Professor Hawking explained two important ideas in his theory.     T / F
  3. The second theory is about making the universe last forever.     T / F
  4. Stephen Hawking won a Nobel Prize for his theory.     T / F
  5. Hawking said our universe started from a tiny point in space.     T / F
  6. Professor Hawking said there were countless big bangs.     T / F
  7. A professor said sensors on drones could be used to find a multiverse.     T / F
  8. Stephen Hawking's book is called "A Brief History of Time".     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. died
  2. theory
  3. detect
  4. parallel
  5. run out of
  6. suddenly
  7. tiny
  8. separate
  9. collection
  10. breathtaking
  1. co-existing
  2. spectacular
  3. unexpectedly
  4. passed away
  5. set
  6. unconnected
  7. ideas
  8. minute
  9. find
  10. use up

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. The world-famous physicist
  2. parallel
  3. about how our universe will
  4. when the stars finally run
  5. could have won
  6. our universe suddenly expanded from a
  7. billions
  8. an infinite
  9. find the multiverse
  10. Hawking is also famous for his best-
  1. tiny point in space
  2. out of energy
  3. by using sensors
  4. selling book
  5. and cosmologist
  6. number of big bangs
  7. universes
  8. a Nobel Prize
  9. of stars
  10. eventually end

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
finally
ideas
physicist
won
paper
second
death
same

The world-famous (1) ____________ and cosmologist Stephen Hawking published an important (2) ____________ before he died last week. Professor Hawking died on March 14, aged 76. Two weeks before his (3) ____________, he published his final theory in a paper called "A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation". He explained two very important (4) ____________. The first was how humans might be able to detect multiverses. These are parallel universes that were created at the (5) ____________ time as our universe after the Big Bang. The (6) ____________ theory is about how our universe will eventually end, when the stars (7) ____________ run out of energy. Scientists say his paper could be his most important work ever, and that he could have (8) ____________ a Nobel Prize for it.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
existence
each
suddenly
billions
selling
using
by
find

Stephen Hawking's new paper started (9) ____________ explaining an older theory of his called inflation. This is when our universe (10) ____________ expanded from a tiny point in space into the (11) ____________ of stars and solar systems we have today. Hawking suggested there were an infinite number of big bangs and (12) ____________ of them created its own separate universe. He called this collection of universes a multiverse. Hawking wrote that he believed scientists could (13) ____________ the multiverse by (14) ____________ sensors on space ships. Carlos Frenk, a professor of cosmology, said: "These ideas offer the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence for the (15) ____________ of other universes." Hawking is also famous for his best-(16) ____________ book "A Brief History of Time".

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking published an important paper ______
     a.  afore he died
     b.  be for he died
     c.  before he died
     d.  fore he died
2)  two very important ideas. The first was how humans might be ______ multiverses
     a.  ability to detect
     b.  abled to detect
     c.  abler to detect
     d.  able to detect
3)  These are parallel universes that were created at ______
     a.  the same times
     b.  the same time
     c.  the same timed
     d.  the same timer
4)  The second theory is about how our universe ______
     a.  will event really end
     b.  will event-chewer end
     c.  will eventually end
     d.  will even chewer end
5)  Scientists say his paper could be his most ______
     a.  important work ever
     b.  importance work ever
     c.  important works ever
     d.  important work even

6)  Stephen Hawking's new paper started by explaining an older theory of ______
     a.  his called inflationary
     b.  his called inflation
     c.  his called deflation
     d.  his called deflationary
7)  This is when our universe suddenly expanded from ______
     a.  a tinny point
     b.  a tiny point
     c.  a tie knee point
     d.  a tied knee point
8)  an infinite number of big bangs and each of them created its own ______
     a.  separately universe
     b.  separation universe
     c.  separates universe
     d.  separate universe
9)  he believed scientists could find the multiverse by using ______ ships
     a.  sensors on space
     b.  sense yours on space
     c.  sense ours on space
     d.  sensor Earth on space
10)  the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence for the existence ______
     a.  of others universes
     b.  of udder universes
     c.  of another universes
     d.  of other universes

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The world-(1) ___________________ cosmologist Stephen Hawking published an important paper before he (2) ___________________. Professor Hawking died on March 14, aged 76. Two weeks before his death, he published (3) ___________________ in a paper called "A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation". He explained two very important ideas. The first was how humans might be (4) ___________________ multiverses. These are parallel universes that were created at the same time as our universe after the Big Bang. The second theory is about how our universe (5) ___________________, when the stars finally run out of energy. Scientists say his paper could be his (6) ___________________ ever, and that he could have won a Nobel Prize for it.

Stephen Hawking's new paper started by explaining (7) ___________________ of his called inflation. This is when our universe suddenly expanded from a (8) ___________________ space into the billions of stars and solar systems we have today. Hawking suggested there were an infinite (9) ___________________ bangs and each of them created its own separate universe. He called (10) ___________________ universes a multiverse. Hawking wrote that he believed scientists could find the multiverse (11) ___________________ on space ships. Carlos Frenk, a professor of cosmology, said: "These ideas offer the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence for (12) ___________________ other universes." Hawking is also famous for his best-selling book "A Brief History of Time".

Comprehension questions

  1. What job did Stephen Hawking do besides being a physicist?
  2. How old was Stephen Hawking when he died?
  3. How many important ideas did Stephen Hawking explain in his theory?
  4. What happened just before our universe was created?
  5. What could Stephen Hawking have won?
  6. What was the older theory about that Stephen Hawking explained?
  7. How many big bangs did Stephen Hawking say their were?
  8. What could be used on space ships to find a multiverse?
  9. What is Carlos Frenk a professor of?
  10. What was Stephen Hawking's book a brief history of?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What job did Stephen Hawking do besides being a physicist?
a) company CEO
b) cosmologist
c) university dean
d) journalist
2) How old was Stephen Hawking when he died?
a) 73
b) 74
c) 75
d) 76
3) How many important ideas did Stephen Hawking explain in his theory?
a) 2
b) 23
c) 52
d) 291
4) What happened just before our universe was created?
a) there was a bright purple light
b) a spark
c) the Big Bang
d) a black hole collapsed
5) What could Stephen Hawking have won?
a) a billion dollars
b) a Nobel Prize
c) the freedom of the world
d) the top medal in astronomy

6) What was the older theory about that Stephen Hawking explained?
a) inflation
b) deflation
c) reflation
d) hyperinflation
7) How many big bangs did Stephen Hawking say there were?
a) a billion billion
b) 896
c) an infinite number
d) several billion
8) What could be used on space ships to find a multiverse?
a) sensors
b) hamsters
c) radiation
d) GPS
9) What is Carlos Frenk a professor of?
a) Cosmology
b) Physics
c) Astrophysics
d) Astronomy
10) What was Stephen Hawking's book a brief history of?
a) multiverses
b) the universe
c) space
d) time

Role play

Role  A – Mars
You think Mars is the most interesting part of the universe. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): comets, Earth or the Milky Way.

Role  B – Comets
You think comets are the most interesting part of the universe. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): Mars, Earth or the Milky Way.

Role  C – Earth
You think Earth is the most interesting part of the universe. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): comets, Mars or the Milky Way.

Role  D – The Milky Way
You think the Milky Way is the most interesting part of the universe. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): comets, Earth or Mars.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'universe'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'space'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • older
    • tiny
    • number
    • each
    • offer
    • book
    • world
    • 14
    • final
    • detect
    • second
    • won




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Stephen Hawking explained multiverses in final paper

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'universe'?
    3. What do you know about Stephen Hawking?
    4. Would you like to be a physicist?
    5. What does a cosmologist do every day?
    6. What is a multiverse?
    7. How would our world change if we found a multiverse?
    8. What would you do if our universe was about to end?
    9. What do you know about the Big Bang?
    10. How interested are you in space?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'space'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you know about our universe?
    5. What would you like to know about our universe?
    6. Is there life on other planets?
    7. What would be most exciting about space travel?
    8. What is the future of Earth?
    9. What will we know about space in 1,000 years from now?
    10. What questions would you like to ask a cosmologist?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    The world-famous (1) ____ and cosmologist Stephen Hawking published an important paper before he (2) ____ last week. Professor Hawking died on March 14, aged 76. Two weeks before his death, he published his (3) ____ theory in a paper called "A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation". He explained two very important ideas. The first was how humans might be able to (4) ____ multiverses. These are parallel universes that were created at the same time as our universe after the Big Bang. The second theory is about how our universe will eventually (5) ____, when the stars finally run out of energy. Scientists say his paper could be his most important work ever, and that he could (6) ____ won a Nobel Prize for it.

    Stephen Hawking's new paper started (7) ____ explaining an older theory of his called inflation. This is when our universe suddenly expanded from a (8) ____ point in space into the billions of stars and solar systems we have today. Hawking suggested there were an infinite number of big bangs and (9) ____ of them created its own separate universe. He called this collection of universes a multiverse. Hawking wrote that he believed scientists could find the multiverse by (10) ____ sensors on space ships. Carlos Frenk, a professor of cosmology, said: "These ideas offer the (11) ____ prospect of finding evidence for the existence of other universes." Hawking is (12) ____ famous for his best-selling book "A Brief History of Time".

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     physics     (b)     physical     (c)     physicist     (d)     physicians    
    2. (a)     died     (b)     death     (c)     dead     (d)     die    
    3. (a)     final     (b)     finally     (c)     finalize     (d)     finality    
    4. (a)     detect     (b)     defect     (c)     infect     (d)     disinfect    
    5. (a)     quit     (b)     retire     (c)     close     (d)     end    
    6. (a)     done     (b)     got     (c)     been     (d)     have    
    7. (a)     by     (b)     to     (c)     as     (d)     do    
    8. (a)     teen     (b)     tinted     (c)     tinny     (d)     tiny    
    9. (a)     each     (b)     as     (c)     every     (d)     per    
    10. (a)     use     (b)     using     (c)     used     (d)     uses    
    11. (a)     breather     (b)     breathtaking     (c)     breathy     (d)     out of breath    
    12. (a)     also     (b)     and     (c)     addition     (d)     plus

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. The world-mfosau physicist
    2. Hawking pesldihbu an important paper
    3. Two weeks before his tdhea
    4. his final rhtoey
    5. how our universe will enltueylva end
    6. the stars niylfla run out of energy

    Paragraph 2

    1. expanded from a nity point in space
    2. iilslbno of stars
    3. its own teaspear universe
    4. using srnsose on space ships
    5. a ssfreopor of cosmology
    6. finding enivcdee

    Put the text back together

    (...)  universes that were created at the same time as our universe after the Big Bang. The second
    (...)  died last week. Professor Hawking died on March 14, aged 76. Two weeks before his death, he published his final
    (...)  very important ideas. The first was how humans might be able to detect multiverses. These are parallel
    (...)  theory is about how our universe will eventually end, when the stars finally run out of
    (...)  today. Hawking suggested there were an infinite number of big bangs and each of
    (...)  could find the multiverse by using sensors on space ships. Carlos Frenk, a professor
    (...)  theory in a paper called "A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation". He explained two
    (...)  universe suddenly expanded from a tiny point in space into the billions of stars and solar systems we have
    (...)  of cosmology, said: "These ideas offer the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence for the existence
    (...)  energy. Scientists say his paper could be his most important work ever, and that he could have won a Nobel Prize for it.
    (...)  them created its own separate universe. He called this collection of universes a multiverse. Hawking wrote that he believed scientists
    (...)  of other universes." Hawking is also famous for his best-selling book "A Brief History of Time".
    (...)  Stephen Hawking's new paper started by explaining an older theory of his called inflation. This is when our
    1  ) The world-famous physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking published an important paper before he

    Put the words in the right order

    1. before   published   paper   an   he   died   .   Hawking   important
    2. explained   important   two   very   He   ideas   .
    3. multiverses   .   detect   might   be   to   How   able   humans
    4. same   as   Created   at   universe   .   the   time   our
    5. work   .   most   paper   be   his   important   could   His
    6. older   Explaining   an   his   theory   of   inflation   .   called
    7. our   This   universe   expanded   .   is   suddenly   when
    8. number   bangs   .   infinite   of   an   There   were   big
    9. space   using   the   on   ships   .   sensors   Find   multiverse
    10. best-selling   famous   also   Hawking   for   is   book   .   his

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    The world-famous physicist / physics and cosmologist Stephen Hawking published an important / importance paper before he died last week. Professor Hawking died on March 14, aged 76. Two weeks before his death, he published his finally / final theory in a paper called "A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation". He explanation / explained two very important ideas. The first was how / what humans might be able to defect / detect multiverses. These are parallel universes that were created / creation at the same time as our universe after the Big Bang. The second theory is about / because how our universe will eventually end / ending, when the stars finally run out of energy. Scientists say his paper could be his most important work ever, and that he could have / be won a Nobel Prize for it.

    Stephen Hawking's new paper started by / as explaining an older theory of his called inflation. This is when our universe sudden / suddenly expanded from a tiny / tinny point in space into the billions of stars and solar systems we have / use today. Hawking suggested there were an infinite number for / of big bangs and each of them created its own separate universe. He called this collection of universes a multiverse. Hawking wrote / writing that he believed scientists could find the multiverse by use / using sensors on space ships. Carlos Frenk, a professor of cosmology, said: "These / Them ideas offer the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence for the exist / existence of other universes." Hawking is also / and famous for his best-selling book "A Brief History of Time".

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    T h_  w_r l d - f_m__ s   p h y s_c_s t  _n d   c_s m_l_g_s t   S t_p h_n   H_w k_n g   p_b l_s h_d  _n  _m p_r t_n t   p_p_r   b_f_r_  h_  d__ d   l_s t   w__ k .   P r_f_s s_r   H_w k_n g   d__ d  _n   M_r c h   1 4 ,  _g_d   7 6 .   T w_  w__ k s   b_f_r_  h_s   d__ t h ,   h_  p_b l_s h_d   h_s   f_n_l   t h__ r y  _n  _  p_p_r   c_l l_d   " A   S m__ t h   E x_t   f r_m   E t_r n_l   I n f l_t__ n " .   H_ _x p l__ n_d   t w_  v_r y  _m p_r t_n t  _d__ s .   T h_  f_r s t   w_s   h_w   h_m_n s   m_g h t   b_ _b l_  t_  d_t_c t   m_l t_v_r s_s .   T h_s_ _r_  p_r_l l_l  _n_v_r s_s   t h_t   w_r_  c r__ t_d  _t   t h_  s_m_  t_m_ _s  __ r  _n_v_r s_ _f t_r   t h_  B_g   B_n g .   T h_  s_c_n d   t h__ r y  _s  _b__ t   h_w  __ r  _n_v_r s_  w_l l  _v_n t__ l l y  _n d ,   w h_n   t h_  s t_r s   f_n_l l y   r_n  __ t  _f  _n_r g y .   S c__ n t_s t s   s_y   h_s   p_p_r   c__ l d   b_  h_s   m_s t  _m p_r t_n t   w_r k  _v_r ,  _n d   t h_t   h_  c__ l d   h_v_  w_n  _  N_b_l   P r_z_  f_r  _t .

    S t_p h_n   H_w k_n g ' s   n_w   p_p_r   s t_r t_d   b y  _x p l__ n_n g  _n  _l d_r   t h__ r y  _f   h_s   c_l l_d  _n f l_t__ n .   T h_s  _s   w h_n  __ r  _n_v_r s_  s_d d_n l y  _x p_n d_d   f r_m  _  t_n y   p__ n t  _n   s p_c_ _n t_  t h_  b_l l__ n s  _f   s t_r s  _n d   s_l_r   s y s t_m s   w_  h_v_  t_d_y .   H_w k_n g   s_g g_s t_d   t h_r_  w_r_ _n  _n f_n_t_  n_m b_r  _f   b_g   b_n g s  _n d  __ c h  _f   t h_m   c r__ t_d  _t s  _w n   s_p_r_t_ _n_v_r s_.   H_  c_l l_d   t h_s   c_l l_c t__ n  _f  _n_v_r s_s  _  m_l t_v_r s_.   H_w k_n g   w r_t_  t h_t   h_  b_l__ v_d   s c__ n t_s t s   c__ l d   f_n d   t h_  m_l t_v_r s_  b y  _s_n g   s_n s_r s  _n   s p_c_  s h_p s .   C_r l_s   F r_n k ,  _  p r_f_s s_r  _f   c_s m_l_g y ,   s__ d :   " T h_s_ _d__ s  _f f_r   t h_  b r__ t h t_k_n g   p r_s p_c t  _f   f_n d_n g  _v_d_n c_  f_r   t h_ _x_s t_n c_ _f  _t h_r  _n_v_r s_s . "   H_w k_n g  _s  _l s_  f_m__ s   f_r   h_s   b_s t - s_l l_n g   b__ k   " A   B r__ f   H_s t_r y  _f   T_m_" .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    the worldfamous physicist and cosmologist stephen hawking published an important paper before he died last week professor hawking died on march 14 aged 76 two weeks before his death he published his final theory in a paper called a smooth exit from eternal inflation he explained two very important ideas the first was how humans might be able to detect multiverses these are parallel universes that were created at the same time as our universe after the big bang the second theory is about how our universe will eventually end when the stars finally run out of energy scientists say his paper could be his most important work ever and that he could have won a nobel prize for it

    stephen hawkings new paper started by explaining an older theory of his called inflation this is when our universe suddenly expanded from a tiny point in space into the billions of stars and solar systems we have today hawking suggested there were an infinite number of big bangs and each of them created its own separate universe he called this collection of universes a multiverse hawking wrote that he believed scientists could find the multiverse by using sensors on space ships carlos frenk a professor of cosmology said these ideas offer the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence for the existence of other universes hawking is also famous for his bestselling book a brief history of time

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Theworld-famousphysicistandcosmologistStephenHawkingpublis
    hedanimportantpaperbeforehediedlastweek.ProfessorHawkingdied
    onMarch14,aged76.Twoweeksbeforehisdeath,hepublishedhisfinalt
    heoryinapapercalled"ASmoothExitfromEternalInflation".Heexplain
    edtwoveryimportantideas.Thefirstwashowhumansmightbeabletode
    tectmultiverses.Theseareparalleluniversesthatwerecreatedatthesa
    metimeasouruniverseaftertheBigBang.Thesecondtheoryisaboutho
    wouruniversewilleventuallyend,whenthestarsfinallyrunoutofenergy
    .Scientistssayhispapercouldbehismostimportantworkever,andthat
    hecouldhavewonaNobelPrizeforit.StephenHawking'snewpaperstart
    edbyexplaininganoldertheoryofhiscalledinflation.Thisiswhenouruni
    versesuddenlyexpandedfromatinypointinspaceintothebillionsofstar
    sandsolarsystemswehavetoday.Hawkingsuggestedtherewereaninfi
    nitenumberofbigbangsandeachofthemcreateditsownseparateunive
    rse.Hecalledthiscollectionofuniversesamultiverse.Hawkingwrotetha
    thebelievedscientistscouldfindthemultiversebyusingsensorsonspac
    eships.CarlosFrenk,aprofessorofcosmology,said:"Theseideasoffert
    hebreathtakingprospectoffindingevidencefortheexistenceofotherun
    iverses."Hawkingisalsofamousforhisbest-sellingbook"ABriefHistor
    yofTime".

    Free writing

    Write about multiverse for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    It would be great if there were more universes. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. OUR UNIVERSE: Make a poster about our universe. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. MULTIVERS: Write a magazine article about spending money on looking for the multiverse. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on our universe. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can use it to make our lives better. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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