The Reading / Listening - The Multiverse - Level 2

The world-famous cosmologist Stephen Hawking published an important paper two weeks before he died on March 14, aged 76. He published his final theory called "A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation". He explained two ideas. The first was how humans might be able to find multiverses. These are other universes that were made at the same time as our universe, after the Big Bang. The second theory is about how our universe will end, when the stars run out of energy. Scientists say his paper could be his most important ever, and that he could have won a Nobel Prize for it.



Hawking explained his older theory called inflation. This is when our universe was made from a tiny point in space into the billions of stars we have today. Hawking suggested there were many big bangs and each of them made its own universe. He called this collection of universes a multiverse. Hawking believed scientists could find the multiverse by using sensors on space ships. A professor of cosmology said: "These ideas offer the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence...of other universes." Hawking is also famous for his best-selling book "A Brief History of Time".

Try the same news story at these levels:

    The Multiverse - Level 0 The Multiverse - Level 1   or  The Multiverse - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2018/03/18/stephen-hawking-leaves-behind-breathtaking-final-multiverse/
  • http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/stephen-hawking-end-universe-world-death-smooth-exit-eternal-inflation-astrophysics-a8262611.html
  • http://metro.co.uk/2018/03/18/stephen-hawking-predicted-the-end-of-the-world-in-new-research-submitted-before-he-died-7396316/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. two weeks
  2. his final
  3. other universes that were made
  4. how our universe
  5. when the stars run
  6. his paper could be his most
  7. he could have
  8. a Nobel
  1. important ever
  2. will end
  3. won
  4. before he died
  5. Prize
  6. theory
  7. out of energy
  8. at the same time

Paragraph 2

  1. Hawking explained his
  2. our universe was made
  3. billions
  4. each of them made its
  5. find the multiverse by
  6. These ideas offer the breathtaking
  7. finding evidence of other
  8. famous for his best-
  1. universes
  2. own universe
  3. selling book
  4. prospect
  5. from a tiny point
  6. using sensors
  7. older theory
  8. of stars

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The world-famous cosmologist Stephen Hawking published an important paper (1) ___________________ he died on March 14, aged 76. He published (2) ___________________ called "A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation". He explained two ideas. The first was how humans (3) ___________________ to find multiverses. These are other universes that were made at the (4) ___________________ our universe, after the Big Bang. The second theory is about how our (5) ___________________, when the stars run out of energy. Scientists say his paper could be his (6) ___________________, and that he could have won a Nobel Prize for it.

Hawking explained (7) ___________________ called inflation. This is when our universe was made from a tiny (8) ___________________ into the billions of stars we have today. Hawking suggested there were many (9) ___________________ each of them made its own universe. He called (10) ___________________ universes a multiverse. Hawking believed scientists (11) ___________________ multiverse by using sensors on space ships. A professor of cosmology said: "These ideas offer the breathtaking prospect of finding evidence...of other universes." Hawking is also (12) ___________________ best-selling book "A Brief History of Time".

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Theworld-famouscosmologistStephenHawkingpublishedanimport
antpapertwoweeksbeforehediedonMarch14,aged76.Hepublishedhi
sfinaltheorycalled"ASmoothExitfromEternalInflation".Heexplainedt
woideas.Thefirstwashowhumansmightbeabletofindmultiverses.The
seareotheruniversesthatweremadeatthesametimeasouruniverse,af
tertheBigBang.Thesecondtheoryisabouthowouruniversewillend,wh
enthestarsrunoutofenergy.Scientistssayhispapercouldbehismostim
portantever,andthathecouldhavewonaNobelPrizeforit.Hawkingexpl
ainedhisoldertheorycalledinflation.Thisiswhenouruniversewasmade
fromatinypointinspaceintothebillionsofstarswehavetoday.Hawkings
uggestedthereweremanybigbangsandeachofthemmadeitsownuniv
erse.Hecalledthiscollectionofuniversesamultiverse.Hawkingbelieve
dscientistscouldfindthemultiversebyusingsensorsonspaceships.Apr
ofessorofcosmologysaid:"Theseideasofferthebreathtakingprospect
offindingevidence...ofotheruniverses."Hawkingisalsofamousforhisb
est-sellingbook"ABriefHistoryofTime".

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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