The Reading / Listening - Endurance Athletes - Level 6

Have you ever wondered why children always seem to have bags of energy and never run out of steam? Researchers have discovered that children have the stamina and levels of recovery of endurance athletes. In fact, scientists say children's muscles recover from "high-intensity exercise" a lot quicker than athletes. A study looked at the performance levels of children when they were cycling, and compared their fitness to that of athletes. Researcher Dr Sebastien Ratel said: "We found the children used more of their aerobic metabolism and were therefore less tired during the high-intensity physical activities. They also recovered very quickly - even faster than the well-trained adult endurance athletes."



The researchers hope that their findings will help scientists better understand how the human body changes with age. It could lead to advances in the fight against diabetes and other diseases. Dr Ratel said the research was particularly important as more children were become less active. He warned: "With the rise in diseases related to physical inactivity, it is helpful to understand the physiological changes with growth that might contribute to the risk of disease." He added that children should maintain their fitness as they grow up and play as much as they could so they remain healthy as adults. He said: "Children seem to have the ability to play and play and play, long after adults have become tired."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Endurance Athletes - Level 4  or  Endurance Athletes - Level 5

Sources
    http://www.newsweek.com/childrens-muscles-recover-faster-exercise-endurance-athletes-new-research-897829 https://www.mirror.co.uk/science/children-fit-professional-endurance-athletes-12416828 https://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/health-and-wellness/why-you-re-exhausted-from-running-after-your-kids-and-they-aren-t-20180420-p4zar2.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. ENDURANCE ATHLETES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about endurance athletes. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       bags of energy / run out of steam / stamina / athletes / fitness / metabolism / adult /
       findings / age / diabetes / disease / important / physiological / fitness / healthy / play
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. ENDURANCE SPORTS: Students A strongly believe we should all try and do endurance activities; Students B strongly believe otherwise.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ENERGY: How do these things give us energy? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How?

Your experiences

Food

 

 

Sleep

 

 

Sun

 

 

Good news

 

 

Love

 

 

Success

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. STAMINA: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "stamina". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. RUN OUT OF STEAM: Rank these with your partner. Put the things that make you run out of steam quickest at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • being bored
  • playing with children
  • no food
  • lack of sleep
  • sports
  • studying English
  • working
  • hiking

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. wondered a. The ability to sustain prolonged physical or mental effort.
      2. bags of energy b. Was curious or wanted to know more about something.
      3. run out of steam c. Lose the desire or energy to do something.
      4. stamina d. The condition of being healthy and in good physical shape.
      5. high-intensity e. The chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life.
      6. fitness f. Lots and lots of strength and liveliness to do physical and mental activity.
      7. metabolism g. Having extreme levels of force, degree or strength.

    Paragraph 2

      8. findings h. Relating to the branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts.
      9. advances i. Continue to possess a particular quality or fulfill a particular role.
      10. diabetes j. Cause or enable a condition or state of affairs to continue.
      11. physiological k. A disease in which the body's ability to produce or respond to a hormone called insulin is damaged, meaning a person must carefully control his/her sugar levels.
      12. contribute l. Help to cause or bring about.
      13. maintain m. The conclusion(s) reached after an inquiry, investigation, or trial.
      14. remain n. Developments or improvements in something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article asked us about children running out or steam (or not).     T / F
  2. Children's muscles recover from high-intensity exercise quickly.     T / F
  3. The researchers found that children were faster than adults at cycling.     T / F
  4. Children use their aerobic metabolism more than adults do.     T / F
  5. The researchers said the study will help slow down the ageing process.   T / F
  6. A researcher said the research will mean an end to diabetes.     T / F
  7. A researcher said adults should pretend to be children and play a lot.     T / F
  8. Children can play for a long time after adults get tired.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. wondered
  2. stamina
  3. performance
  4. fitness
  5. recovered
  6. age
  7. advances
  8. warned
  9. maintain
  10. tired
  1. cautioned
  2. athleticism
  3. recuperated
  4. preserve
  5. staying power
  6. maturity
  7. thought
  8. worn out
  9. functioning
  10. progress

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. children always seem to have bags
  2. recover from "high-intensity exercise"
  3. the performance levels
  4. children used more of their aerobic
  5. less tired during the high-intensity
  6. better understand how the human body
  7. It could lead to advances in the fight
  8. the rise in diseases related to physical
  9. contribute to the risk
  10. long after adults
  1. changes with age
  2. metabolism
  3. have become tired
  4. of energy
  5. inactivity
  6. a lot quicker
  7. of disease
  8. physical activities
  9. against diabetes
  10. of children

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
aerobic
steam
even
intensity
wondered
during
compared
recovery

Have you ever (1) ____________ why children always seem to have bags of energy and never run out of (2) ____________? Researchers have discovered that children have the stamina and levels of (3) ____________ of endurance athletes. In fact, scientists say children's muscles recover from "high- (4) ____________ exercise" a lot quicker than athletes. A study looked at the performance levels of children when they were cycling, and (5) ____________ their fitness to that of athletes. Researcher Dr Sebastien Ratel said: "We found the children used more of their (6) ____________ metabolism and were therefore less tired (7) ____________ the high-intensity physical activities. They also recovered very quickly - (8) ____________ faster than the well-trained adult endurance athletes."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
particularly
findings
growth
remain
related
advances
long
maintain

The researchers hope that their (9) ____________ will help scientists better understand how the human body changes with age. It could lead to (10) ____________ in the fight against diabetes and other diseases. Dr Ratel said the research was (11) ____________ important as more children were become less active. He warned: "With the rise in diseases (12) ____________ to physical inactivity, it is helpful to understand the physiological changes with (13) ____________ that might contribute to the risk of disease." He added that children should (14) ____________ their fitness as they grow up and play as much as they could so they (15) ____________ healthy as adults. He said: "Children seem to have the ability to play and play and play, (16) ____________ after adults have become tired."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  children always seem to have bags of energy and never run ______
     a.  up of steam
     b.  outer steam
     c.  out off steam
     d.  out of steam
2)  Researchers have discovered that children have the stamina and ______
     a.  levels off recovery
     b.  level of recovered
     c.  levels of recovery
     d.  levels off recovery
3)  scientists say children's muscles recover from "high-intensity exercise" ______
     a.  a lot quickly
     b.  a lot quicker
     c.  a lots quicker
     d.  allot quicker
4)  A study looked at the performance levels of children when ______
     a.  there were cycling
     b.  they were cycle in
     c.  they were cycling
     d.  they were cycle clean
5)  We found the children used more of their aerobic metabolism and were ______
     a.  therefore less tired
     b.  therefore lesser tiring
     c.  henceforth less tired
     d.  henceforth lesser tiring

6)  better understand how the human body ______
     a.  change is with age
     b.  changes with age
     c.  changes wither age
     d.  changes with ages
7)  Dr Ratel said the research was particularly important as more children were ______
     a.  become in less active
     b.  becoming less active
     c.  becoming less actively
     d.  becoming less activity
8)  it is helpful to understand the physiological changes ______
     a.  without growth
     b.  wither growth
     c.  with grown
     d.  with growth
9)  maintain their fitness as they grow up and play as much as they could so ______
     a.  they remains healthy
     b.  they remain healthily
     c.  they remain healthy
     d.  they remains healthily
10) have the ability to play and play and play, long after adults have ______
     a.  becomes tired
     b.  became tired
     c.  becoming tired
     d.  become tired

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Have you (1) ___________________ children always seem to have bags of energy and never run (2) ___________________? Researchers have discovered that children have the stamina and levels of recovery of endurance athletes. In fact, scientists say children's (3) ___________________ "high-intensity exercise" a lot quicker than athletes. A study looked at the performance levels of children when they were cycling, and compared (4) ___________________ that of athletes. Researcher Dr Sebastien Ratel said: "We found the children used more of their aerobic metabolism and were therefore (5) ___________________ the high-intensity physical activities. They also recovered very quickly - (6) ___________________ the well-trained adult endurance athletes."

The researchers hope (7) ___________________ will help scientists better understand how the human body changes with age. It could lead to advances in (8) ___________________ diabetes and other diseases. Dr Ratel said the research was particularly important as more children were become less active. He warned: "With the (9) ___________________ related to physical inactivity, it is helpful to understand the physiological changes with growth (10) ___________________ to the risk of disease." He added that children should maintain their fitness as they grow up and play as much as they could so they (11) ___________________ adults. He said: "Children seem to have the ability to play and play and play, (12) ___________________ have become tired."

Comprehension questions

  1. What did the article say children have bags of?
  2. What recovers more quickly in children than in adults?
  3. What activity did researchers get children and adults to do?
  4. What did children use more of than adults?
  5. What did children do faster then adults?
  6. What disease could the research help the fight of?
  7. What are more children becoming?
  8. What changes is it helpful to understand?
  9. What did a researcher say children should maintain?
  10. What can children do long after adults become tired?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What did the article say children have bags of?
a) bananas
b) energy
c) shopping
d) school books
2)  What recovers more quickly in children than in adults?
a) cuts
b) a broken heart
c) muscles
d) baldness
3)  What activity did researchers get children and adults to do?
a) walking
b) swimming
c) jogging
d) cycling
4)  What did children use more of than adults?
a) anabolic membrane
b) aerobic metabolism
c) aero-bikes
d) acrobatic mats
5)  What did children do faster then adults?
a) recover
b) sleep
c) run
d) sweat

6)  What disease could the research help the fight of?
a) diabetes
b) cancer
c) influenza
d) athlete's foot
7)  What are more children becoming?
a) health conscious
b) fit
c) athletes
d) less active
8)  What changes is it helpful to understand?
a) pterodactyl changes
b) psychological changes
c) physiological changes
d) pyrotechnical changes
9)  What did a researcher say children should maintain?
a) a situation
b) their studies
c) standards
d) their fitness
10)  What can children do long after adults become tired?
a) watch TV
b) play
c) sleep
d) cycle

Role play

Role  A – Sport
You think sport is the thing that makes you run out of steam quickest. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things don't make you as tired. Also, tell the others which is the least exhausting of these (and why): working, children or English.

Role  B – Working
You think working is the thing that makes you run out of steam quickest. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things don't make you as tired. Also, tell the others which is the least exhausting of these (and why): sport, children or English.

Role  C – Children
You think children is the thing that makes you run out of steam quickest. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things don't make you as tired. Also, tell the others which is the least exhausting of these (and why): working, sport or English.

Role  D – English
You think English is the thing that makes you run out of steam quickest. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things don't make you as tired. Also, tell the others which is the least exhausting of these (and why):  working, children or sport.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'endurance'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'athlete'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • better
    • lead
    • warned
    • growth
    • grow
    • long
    • steam
    • stamina
    • quicker
    • cycling
    • during
    • faster




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Children are as fit as endurance athletes

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'endurance'?
    3. When do you have bags of energy?
    4. When do you run out of steam?
    5. How would you describe your levels of stamina?
    6. Would you like to have the energy of a child?
    7. What kind of shape are your muscles in?
    8. What do (or should) you do about your fitness?
    9. What would it be like to be an endurance athlete?
    10. What physical activities do you like and dislike?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'athlete'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How well do you understand the human body?
    5. How much of the human body do scientists understand?
    6. What are the dangers of children becoming less active?
    7. What physiological changes take place as we age?
    8. What endurance sport would you like to be good at?
    9. Do you have the energy to keep up with children?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Have you ever (1) ____ why children always seem to have bags of energy and never run out of (2) ____? Researchers have discovered that children have the stamina and levels of recovery of endurance athletes. In fact, scientists say children's (3) ____ recover from "high-intensity exercise" a lot quicker than athletes. A study looked at the performance levels of children when they were cycling, and compared their fitness to (4) ____ of athletes. Researcher Dr Sebastien Ratel said: "We found the children used more of their aerobic metabolism and were (5) ____ less tired during the high-intensity physical activities. They also recovered very quickly - even faster than the well-(6) ____ adult endurance athletes."

    The researchers hope that their findings will help scientists (7) ____ understand how the human body changes with age. It could lead (8) ____ advances in the fight against diabetes and other diseases. Dr Ratel said the research was (9) ____ important as more children were become less active. He warned: "With the (10) ____ in diseases related to physical inactivity, it is helpful to understand the physiological changes with growth that might contribute (11) ____ the risk of disease." He added that children should maintain their fitness as they grow up and play as much as they could (12) ____ they remain healthy as adults. He said: "Children seem to have the ability to play and play and play, long after adults have become tired."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     wondered     (b)     winded     (c)     wondered     (d)     wandering    
    2. (a)     vapor     (b)     mist     (c)     steam     (d)     haze    
    3. (a)     muscular     (b)     muscled     (c)     muscles     (d)     muscling    
    4. (a)     this     (b)     those     (c)     them     (d)     that    
    5. (a)     therefore     (b)     so     (c)     though     (d)     however    
    6. (a)     trainer     (b)     trained     (c)     training     (d)     trains    
    7. (a)     nicer     (b)     nice     (c)     good     (d)     better    
    8. (a)     of     (b)     to     (c)     at     (d)     by    
    9. (a)     particular     (b)     particles     (c)     particularly     (d)     particularity    
    10. (a)     advanced     (b)     higher     (c)     up     (d)     rise    
    11. (a)     on     (b)     by     (c)     of     (d)     to    
    12. (a)     as     (b)     so     (c)     is     (d)     for

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. children have the asimtna
    2. children's uscmels recover
    3. looked at the rrfpeamonce levels
    4. used more of their raboeic metabolism
    5. high-tnensitiy physical activities
    6. They also vcorereed very quickly

    Paragraph 2

    1. help nietcsists better understand
    2. advances in the fight against ibdteaes
    3. the research was luitpararcly important
    4. lshopgoyiiacl changes
    5. rntioubcte to the risk of disease
    6. maintain their tfeniss

    Put the text back together

    (...)  than athletes. A study looked at the performance levels of children when they were cycling, and compared
    (...)  The researchers hope that their findings will help scientists better understand how the human body
    (...)  their fitness to that of athletes. Researcher Dr Sebastien Ratel said: "We found the children used
    (...)  of endurance athletes. In fact, scientists say children's muscles recover from "high-intensity exercise" a lot quicker
    (...)  activities. They also recovered very quickly - even faster than the well-trained adult endurance athletes."
    (...)  of steam? Researchers have discovered that children have the stamina and levels of recovery
    (...)  particularly important as more children were becoming less active. He warned: "With the rise in diseases related
    (...)  changes with age. It could lead to advances in the fight against diabetes and other diseases. Dr Ratel said the research was
    1  ) Have you ever wondered why children always seem to have bags of energy and never run out
    (...)  to physical inactivity, it is helpful to understand the physiological changes with growth that might contribute to the risk of
    (...)  more of their aerobic metabolism and were therefore less tired during the high-intensity physical
    (...)  up and play as much as they could so they remain healthy as adults. He said: "Children seem to have
    (...)  disease." He added that children should maintain their fitness as they grow
    (...)  the ability to play and play and play, long after adults have become tired."

    Put the words in the right order

    1. bags   Children   of   seem   always   to   have   energy   .
    2. muscles   high-intensity   Children's   from   exercise   .   recover
    3. metabolism   .   of   more   Children   aerobic   their   used
    4. the   Less   tired   during   high-intensity   activities   .   physical
    5. than   adult   well-trained   athletes   .   Even   endurance   the   faster
    6. human   the   Understand   how   with   age   .   changes   body
    7. to   fight   against   the   in   Lead   advances   diabetes   .
    8. understand   helpful   It   to   is   the   physiological   changes   .
    9. should   fitness   their   maintain   as   Children   they   grow   .
    10. long   after   adults   have   Play   become   tired   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Have you ever wondered / wandered why children always seem to have bags of energy and never run out of stream / steam? Researchers have discovered that children have the stamina and levels of recovered / recovery of endurance athletes. In fact, scientists say children's muscular / muscles recover from "high-intensity exercise" a lot quicker / quickly than athletes. A study looked at the performance levels of children when they were cycling, and compared / comparison their fitness to that of athletes. Researcher Dr Sebastien Ratel said: "We found the children used more of that / their aerobic metabolism and were therefore less / lesser tired during the high-intensity physical activities. They also / addition recovered very quickly - even faster than the / a well-trained adult endurance athletes."

    The researchers hope that their findings will help scientists better understand how the human body changes for / with age. It could lead to advances in / on the fight against diabetes and another / other diseases. Dr Ratel said the research was particularly importance / important as more children were become less active. He warned: "With the rise on / in diseases related to physical inactivity, it is helpful to understand the physiological changes with growth / grown that might contribute to the risk of disease." He added that children should maintenance / maintain their fitness as they grow up and play as much as they could so they remain healthy was / as adults. He said: "Children seem to have the ability to play and pray / play and play, long / longingly after adults have become tired."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    H_v_  y__  _v_r   w_n d_r_d   w h y   c h_l d r_n  _l w_y s   s__ m   t_  h_v_  b_g s  _f  _n_r g y  _n d   n_v_r   r_n  __ t  _f   s t__ m ?   R_s__ r c h_r s   h_v_  d_s c_v_r_d   t h_t   c h_l d r_n   h_v_  t h_  s t_m_n_ _n d   l_v_l s  _f   r_c_v_r y  _f  _n d_r_n c_ _t h l_t_s .   I n   f_c t ,   s c__ n t_s t s   s_y   c h_l d r_n ' s   m_s c l_s   r_c_v_r   f r_m   " h_g h -_n t_n s_t y  _x_r c_s_"  _  l_t   q__ c k_r   t h_n  _t h l_t_s .   A   s t_d y   l__ k_d  _t   t h_  p_r f_r m_n c_  l_v_l s  _f   c h_l d r_n   w h_n   t h_y   w_r_  c y c l_n g ,  _n d   c_m p_r_d   t h__ r   f_t n_s s   t_  t h_t  _f  _t h l_t_s .   R_s__ r c h_r   D r   S_b_s t__ n   R_t_l   s__ d :   " W_  f__ n d   t h_  c h_l d r_n  _s_d   m_r_ _f   t h__ r  __ r_b_c   m_t_b_l_s m  _n d   w_r_  t h_r_f_r_  l_s s   t_r_d   d_r_n g   t h_  h_g h -_n t_n s_t y   p h y s_c_l  _c t_v_t__ s .   T h_y  _l s_  r_c_v_r_d   v_r y   q__ c k l y   -  _v_n   f_s t_r   t h_n   t h_  w_l l - t r__ n_d  _d_l t  _n d_r_n c_ _t h l_t_s . "

    T h_  r_s__ r c h_r s   h_p_  t h_t   t h__ r   f_n d_n g s   w_l l   h_l p   s c__ n t_s t s   b_t t_r  _n d_r s t_n d   h_w   t h_  h_m_n   b_d y   c h_n g_s   w_t h  _g_.   I t   c__ l d   l__ d   t_ _d v_n c_s  _n   t h_  f_g h t  _g__ n s t   d__ b_t_s  _n d  _t h_r   d_s__ s_s .   D r   R_t_l   s__ d   t h_  r_s__ r c h   w_s   p_r t_c_l_r l y  _m p_r t_n t  _s   m_r_  c h_l d r_n   w_r_  b_c_m_  l_s s  _c t_v_.   H_  w_r n_d :   " W_t h   t h_  r_s_ _n   d_s__ s_s   r_l_t_d   t_  p h y s_c_l  _n_c t_v_t y ,  _t  _s   h_l p f_l   t_ _n d_r s t_n d   t h_  p h y s__ l_g_c_l   c h_n g_s   w_t h   g r_w t h   t h_t   m_g h t   c_n t r_b_t_  t_  t h_  r_s k  _f   d_s__ s_. "   H_ _d d_d   t h_t   c h_l d r_n   s h__ l d   m__ n t__ n   t h__ r   f_t n_s s  _s   t h_y   g r_w  _p  _n d   p l_y  _s   m_c h  _s   t h_y   c__ l d   s_  t h_y   r_m__ n   h__ l t h y  _s  _d_l t s .   H_  s__ d :   " C h_l d r_n   s__ m   t_  h_v_  t h_ _b_l_t y   t_  p l_y  _n d   p l_y  _n d   p l_y ,   l_n g  _f t_r  _d_l t s   h_v_  b_c_m_  t_r_d . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    have you ever wondered why children always seem to have bags of energy and never run out of steam researchers have discovered that children have the stamina and levels of recovery of endurance athletes in fact scientists say childrens muscles recover from highintensity exercise a lot quicker than athletes a study looked at the performance levels of children when they were cycling and compared their fitness to that of athletes researcher dr sebastien ratel said we found the children used more of their aerobic metabolism and were therefore less tired during the highintensity physical activities they also recovered very quickly  even faster than the welltrained adult endurance athletes

    the researchers hope that their findings will help scientists better understand how the human body changes with age it could lead to advances in the fight against diabetes and other diseases dr ratel said the research was particularly important as more children were become less active he warned with the rise in diseases related to physical inactivity it is helpful to understand the physiological changes with growth that might contribute to the risk of disease he added that children should maintain their fitness as they grow up and play as much as they could so they remain healthy as adults he said children seem to have the ability to play and play and play long after adults have become tired

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Haveyoueverwonderedwhychildrenalwaysseemtohavebagsofenerg
    yandneverrunoutofsteam?Researchershavediscoveredthatchildren
    havethestaminaandlevelsofrecoveryofenduranceathletes.Infact,sci
    entistssaychildren'smusclesrecoverfrom"high-intensityexercise"al
    otquickerthanathletes.Astudylookedattheperformancelevelsofchild
    renwhentheywerecycling,andcomparedtheirfitnesstothatofathletes
    .ResearcherDrSebastienRatelsaid:"Wefoundthechildrenusedmoreo
    ftheiraerobicmetabolismandwerethereforelesstiredduringthehigh-i
    ntensityphysicalactivities.Theyalsorecoveredveryquickly-evenfaste
    rthanthewell-trainedadultenduranceathletes."Theresearchershop
    ethattheirfindingswillhelpscientistsbetterunderstandhowthehuman
    bodychangeswithage.Itcouldleadtoadvancesinthefightagainstdiabe
    tesandotherdiseases.DrRatelsaidtheresearchwasparticularlyimport
    antasmorechildrenwerebecomelessactive.Hewarned:"Withtherisei
    ndiseasesrelatedtophysicalinactivity,itishelpfultounderstandthephy
    siologicalchangeswithgrowththatmightcontributetotheriskofdiseas
    e."Headdedthatchildrenshouldmaintaintheirfitnessastheygrowupan
    dplayasmuchastheycouldsotheyremainhealthyasadults.Hesaid:"Ch
    ildrenseemtohavetheabilitytoplayandplayandplay,longafteradultsh
    avebecometired."

    Free writing

    Write about endurance athletes for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    How can we get children to exercise more and use digital technology less?

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. ENDURANCE ATHLETES: Make a poster about endurance athletes. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. CHILDREN: Write a magazine article about requiring children to engage in strenuous physical activity for at least two hours every day at school. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on endurance athletes. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can become fitter as a nation. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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