The Reading / Listening - Exam Results - Level 5

Hot weather lowers exam results, according to a new study from three universities in the USA. Heat may reduce learning in both the short and long term. Researchers say hot weather on test days, and higher than average yearly temperatures resulted in poorer grades. The study is the first major research into how heat affects students in the USA. Researchers analyzed how the weather affected test scores from 10 million American students. Their findings showed that an average temperature rise of just 0.55ºC over one year led to a one per cent decrease in learning.



The research is in a paper called "Heat and Learning" and was published last month. One of the more worrying conclusions in the study is that global warming may affect learning and the future income of students around the world. The researchers said that if global temperatures continued to rise, the average American student could lose $25,000 over their lifetime because of lower test scores. Air conditioning in classrooms could stop this. The researchers also found that hotter weather was, "particularly damaging...for low income and minority students".

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Exam Results - Level 4 or  Exam Results - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.thenational.ae/uae/education/hot-weather-lowers-exam-results-study-shows-1.735280
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/business-44288982
  • http://www.nber.org/papers/w24639


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. according to a new
  2. long
  3. average yearly
  4. resulted in
  5. research into how heat
  6. how the weather affected test
  7. an average temperature
  8. a one per cent decrease
  1. poorer grades
  2. rise of just 0.55ºC
  3. study
  4. in learning
  5. term
  6. temperatures
  7. affects students
  8. scores

Paragraph 2

  1. published last
  2. One of the more worrying
  3. the future income
  4. if global temperatures
  5. lose $25,000 over
  6. Air conditioning in classrooms
  7. hotter weather was particularly
  8. minority
  1. of students
  2. damaging
  3. month
  4. students
  5. conclusions
  6. their lifetime
  7. continued to rise
  8. could stop this

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Hot weather lowers exam results, (1) ___________________ new study from three universities in the USA. (2) ___________________ learning in both the short and long term. Researchers say hot weather (3) ___________________, and higher than average yearly temperatures resulted in poorer grades. The study is the (4) ___________________ into how heat affects students in the USA. Researchers analyzed how the weather (5) ___________________ from 10 million American students. Their findings showed that an average temperature (6) ___________________ 0.55ºC over one year led to a one per cent decrease in learning.

The research is in a paper called "Heat and Learning" (7) ___________________ last month. One of the more worrying conclusions in the study is that global warming (8) ___________________ and the future income of students around the world. The researchers said that if global temperatures (9) ___________________, the average American student could lose $25,000 (10) ___________________ because of lower test scores. Air conditioning in classrooms (11) ___________________. The researchers also found that hotter weather was, "particularly damaging... (12) ___________________ and minority students".

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Hotweatherlowersexamresults,accordingtoanewstudyfromthreeuni
versitiesintheUSA.Heatmayreducelearninginboththeshortandlongt
erm.Researcherssayhotweatherontestdays,andhigherthanaverage
yearlytemperaturesresultedinpoorergrades.Thestudyisthefirstmajo
rresearchintohowheataffectsstudentsintheUSA.Researchersanalyz
edhowtheweatheraffectedtestscoresfrom10millionAmericanstuden
ts.Theirfindingsshowedthatanaveragetemperatureriseofjust0.55ºC
overoneyearledtoa1percentdecreaseinlearning.Theresearchisinapa
percalled"HeatandLearning"andwaspublishedlastmonth.Oneofthe
moreworryingconclusionsinthestudyisthatglobalwarmingmayaffect
learningandthefutureincomeofstudentsaroundtheworld.Theresearc
herssaidthatifglobaltemperaturescontinuedtorise,theaverageAmeri
canstudentcouldlose$25,000overtheirlifetimebecauseoflowertestsc
ores.Airconditioninginclassroomscouldstopthis.Theresearchersalso
foundthathotterweatherwas,"particularlydamaging...forlowincome
andminoritystudents".

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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