The Reading / Listening - Air Pollution - Level 5

Scientists found that air pollution may be responsible for a big reduction in intelligence. Research conducted in China showed that air pollution was responsible for big falls in test scores for languages and arithmetic. The study is called, "The impact of exposure to air pollution on cognitive performance". It was published in the "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences" journal. The study took place over four years. Researchers analyzed speaking and arithmetic tests taken by 20,000 people of all ages. They said: "Polluted air may impede cognitive ability as people become older."



The study is a warning to the rest of the world, especially those in cities. Over 91 per cent of the world population live in areas with toxic air and air pollution is the fourth highest cause of global deaths. Researchers discovered that the longer people were exposed to polluted air, the greater their intelligence went down. They said air pollution caused a year's worth of lost education. For those aged over 60, this could be several years. A researcher warned: "There is no shortcut to solve this issue. Governments really need to take concrete measures to reduce air pollution."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Air Pollution - Level 4 or  Air Pollution - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/air-pollution-intelligence-cognitive-ability-arithmetic-verbal-skills-a8510431.html
  • https://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20180828/world/air-pollution-could-make-you-stupid-new-research-warns.687798
  • https://news.sky.com/story/air-pollution-causes-huge-reduction-in-intelligence-study-suggests-11484039


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. responsible for a big
  2. air pollution was
  3. big falls
  4. languages and
  5. The impact of exposure
  6. The study took place
  7. tests taken by 20,000 people
  8. Polluted air may impede cognitive
  1. of all ages
  2. arithmetic
  3. responsible
  4. ability
  5. in test scores
  6. reduction
  7. over four years
  8. to air pollution

Paragraph 2

  1. a warning to the rest of
  2. live in areas
  3. the fourth highest cause of
  4. people were exposed
  5. a year's worth
  6. this could
  7. There is no shortcut
  8. need to take concrete
  1. of lost education
  2. to solve this issue
  3. to polluted air
  4. measures
  5. with toxic air
  6. the world
  7. global deaths
  8. be several years

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists () ___________________ pollution may be responsible for a big (2) ___________________. Research conducted in China showed that air pollution was responsible for big (3) ___________________ scores for languages and arithmetic. The study is called, "The impact of exposure to air pollution (4) ___________________". It was published in the "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences" journal. The study (5) ___________________ four years. Researchers analyzed speaking and arithmetic tests taken by 20,000 people of all ages. They said: "Polluted (6) ___________________ cognitive ability as people become older."

The study is a warning (7) ___________________ of the world, especially those in cities. Over 91 per cent of the world population live in areas with (8) ___________________ air pollution is the fourth highest cause of global deaths. Researchers discovered that (9) ___________________ were exposed to polluted air, the greater their intelligence went down. They said air pollution caused a year's (10) ___________________ education. For those aged over 60, this (11) ___________________ years. A researcher warned: "There is no shortcut to solve this issue. Governments really need to take concrete (12) ___________________ air pollution."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Scientistsfoundthatairpollutionmayberesponsibleforabigreductioni
nintelligence.ResearchconductedinChinashowedthatairpollutionwa
sresponsibleforbigfallsintestscoresforlanguagesandarithmetic.Thes
tudyiscalled,"Theimpactofexposuretoairpollutiononcognitiveperfor
mance".Itwaspublishedinthe"ProceedingsoftheNationalAcademyof
Sciences"journal.Thestudytookplaceoverfouryears.Researchersana
lyzedspeakingandarithmeticteststakenby20,000peopleofallages.Th
eysaid:"Pollutedairmayimpedecognitiveabilityaspeoplebecomeolde
r."Thestudyisawarningtotherestoftheworld,especiallythoseincities.
Over91percentoftheworldpopulationliveinareaswithtoxicairandairp
ollutionisthefourthhighestcauseofglobaldeaths.Researchersdiscove
redthatthelongerpeoplewereexposedtopollutedair,thegreatertheiri
ntelligencewentdown.Theysaidairpollutioncausedayear'sworthoflos
teducation.Forthoseagedover60,thiscouldbeseveralyears.Aresearc
herwarned:"Thereisnoshortcuttosolvethisissue.Governmentsreally
needtotakeconcretemeasurestoreduceairpollution."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

Help Support This Web Site

  • Please consider helping Breaking News English.com

Sean Banville's Book

Thank You