The Reading / Listening - Air Pollution - Level 4

Air pollution may reduce intelligence. Research in China showed that air pollution led to big falls in test scores for languages and arithmetic. The study is called, "The impact of exposure to air pollution on cognitive performance". It took place over four years. Researchers looked at speaking and arithmetic tests taken by 20,000 people of all ages. They said: "Polluted air may impede cognitive ability as people become older."



The study is a warning to people in cities. Over 91 per cent of us live in areas with toxic air, which is the fourth biggest cause of global deaths. The longer people are exposed to polluted air, the greater their intelligence goes down. Air pollution may cause a year's worth of lost education. This could be several years for older people. A researcher warned: "Governments really need to take concrete measures to reduce air pollution."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Air Pollution - Level 5 or  Air Pollution - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/air-pollution-intelligence-cognitive-ability-arithmetic-verbal-skills-a8510431.html
  • https://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20180828/world/air-pollution-could-make-you-stupid-new-research-warns.687798
  • https://news.sky.com/story/air-pollution-causes-huge-reduction-in-intelligence-study-suggests-11484039


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. pollution may
  2. big falls
  3. The impact of exposure
  4. It took place
  5. speaking and arithmetic
  6. 20,000 people
  7. Polluted air may impede
  8. as people become
  1. tests
  2. cognitive ability
  3. in test scores
  4. older
  5. reduce intelligence
  6. over four years
  7. of all ages
  8. to air pollution

Paragraph 2

  1. a warning to
  2. live in areas
  3. the fourth biggest cause
  4. people are exposed
  5. cause a year's worth
  6. This could be several
  7. take concrete
  8. reduce
  1. years
  2. people in cities
  3. air pollution
  4. of global deaths
  5. to polluted air
  6. measures
  7. of lost education
  8. with toxic air

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Air pollution (1) ___________________. Research in China showed that air pollution led to big falls (2) ___________________ for languages and arithmetic. The study is called, "The (3) ___________________ to air pollution on cognitive performance". It (4) ___________________ four years. Researchers (5) ___________________ and arithmetic tests taken by 20,000 people of all ages. They said: "Polluted (6) ___________________ cognitive ability as people become older."

The study is (7) ___________________ people in cities. Over 91 per cent of us live in (8) ___________________ air, which is the fourth biggest cause of global deaths. The longer people (9) ___________________ polluted air, the greater their intelligence goes down. Air pollution (10) ___________________ year's worth of lost education. This could (11) ___________________ for older people. A researcher warned: "Governments really need to take concrete measures (12) ___________________ pollution."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Airpollutionmayreduceintelligence.ResearchinChinashowedthatairp
ollutionledtobigfallsintestscoresforlanguagesandarithmetic.Thestu
dyiscalled,"Theimpactofexposuretoairpollutiononcognitiveperform
ance".Ittookplaceoverfouryears.Researcherslookedatspeakingand
arithmeticteststakenby20,000peopleofallages.Theysaid:"Polluteda
irmayimpedecognitiveabilityaspeoplebecomeolder."Thestudyisawa
rningtopeopleincities.Over91percentofusliveinareaswithtoxicair,wh
ichisthefourthbiggestcauseofglobaldeaths.Thelongerpeopleareexp
osedtopollutedair,thegreatertheirintelligencegoesdown.Airpollutio
nmaycauseayear'sworthoflosteducation.Thiscouldbeseveralyearsfo
rolderpeople.Aresearcherwarned:"Governmentsreallyneedtotakec
oncretemeasurestoreduceairpollution."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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