The Reading / Listening - Cuba Rationing - Level 3

Cuba's government has announced that it is starting the rationing of food and other basic products. Cuba's Commerce Minister, Betsy Diaz Velazquez, said beans, chicken, eggs, rice, soap and other goods would be rationed. She said Cuba is facing a serious economic crisis. There are many shortages of food and other things in Cuba. Ms Velazquez said this was because the USA has changed how it is trading with Cuba. Velazquez said the U.S. trade embargo means it is very difficult for Cuba to buy a lot of food. However, many economists say there is a bigger reason for the shortages - the cut in fuel aid from Venezuela. The crisis in Venezuela has led to a two-thirds cut in shipments of cheap fuel to Cuba.



Cuba imports about two-thirds of its food from other countries. A lot of this used to come from the USA. Cuba spent about $2 billion a year on importing food. The US embargo and the crisis in Venezuela means it is difficult for Cuba to import food. The shelves of many stores and supermarkets are empty. Many people have to stand in long lines when shops get a food delivery. The government has started rationing to stop people hoarding food. If people buy too much of one thing and then hoard it, there is less food for others. One store in the capital city Havana limited people to just four packets of powdered milk, four packs of sausages and five packets of peas per person. One shopper said life was "tough".

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Cuba Rationing - Level 0 Cuba Rationing - Level 1   or  Cuba Rationing - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-48237319
  • https://www.voanews.com/a/cuba-begins-widespread-rationing-in-face-of-crisis/4913153.html
  • https://www.reuters.com/article/us-cuba-economy/cuba-to-ration-more-products-due-to-economic-crisis-us-sanctions-idUSKCN1SG2HA


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. CUBA: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about Cuba. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       government / rationing / products / soap / economic crisis / embargo / shortages /
       imports / countries / crisis / supermarkets / delivery / capital city / sausages / tough
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. EMBARGO: Students A strongly believe a trade embargo is a good idea; Students B strongly believe it isn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. FOOD SHORTAGES: How would these things help in a food shortage? How easy would it be? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How Would It Help?

How Easy Would It Be?

Grow your own?

 

 

Order from Amazon

 

 

Barter

 

 

Cut back

 

 

Forage

 

 

Other __________

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. FOOD: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "food". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. RATIONED: Rank these with your partner. Put the worst products to be rationed at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • powdered milk
  • sausages
  • peas
  • rice
  • beans
  • chicken
  • eggs
  • soap

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. announced a. Financial or other help given to a country or area in need.
      2. basic b. Made a statement to people in a formal way.
      3. crisis c. An official ban on trade or other business activity with a particular country.
      4. shortage d. Forming a starting point; fundamental.
      5. embargo e. A situation in which people cannot get the things they need because there are not enough of them.
      6. fuel f. A time of intense difficulty, trouble, or danger.
      7. aid g. Material such as coal, gas, or oil that is burned to produce heat or power.

    Paragraph 2

      8. import h. Bring goods or services into a country from abroad for sale.
      9. shelves i. Able to live through hard times or pain.
      10. delivery j. Flat pieces of wood or other hard material, attached to a wall or piece of furniture, that lets you put things on.
      11. hoard k. A quantity of fish, fruit, or other foods put and sold together.
      12. capital l. The action of bringing letters, packages, or ordered goods to a business or person.
      13. pack m. Keep and hide or store away things that are valuable or in short supply.
      14. tough n. The most important city or town of a country or region, usually where the government is.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Cuba's Commerce Minister said beef would be rationed.     T / F
  2. Cuba's Commerce Minister blamed the USA for the shortages.     T / F
  3. Many economists also blamed the USA for the shortages.     T / F
  4. Venezuela has cut cheap fuel shipments to Cuba by half.     T / F
  5. Cuba imported about $2 billion a year importing food.     T / F
  6. Shelves in supermarket stores in Cuba are still well stocked.     T / F
  7. People in Cuba are hoarding food.     T / F
  8. Havana shoppers are limited to four packets of peas each.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. basic
  2. rationed
  3. crisis
  4. embargo
  5. fuel
  6. spent
  7. empty
  8. hoarding
  9. shopper
  10. tough
  1. paid out
  2. difficult
  3. ban
  4. bare
  5. essential
  6. customer
  7. gas
  8. limited
  9. stockpiling
  10. emergency

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. the rationing of food and other
  2. soap and other goods would
  3. There are many shortages of food
  4. there is a bigger reason
  5. a two-thirds cut in shipments
  6. The shelves
  7. when shops get a food
  8. stop people
  9. One store in the
  10. One shopper said
  1. and other things
  2. of cheap fuel
  3. hoarding food
  4. life was "tough"
  5. capital city Havana
  6. for the shortages
  7. basic products
  8. delivery
  9. of many stores
  10. be rationed

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
rationing
difficult
cut
changed
fuel
goods
crisis
economists

Cuba's government has announced that it is starting the (1) ____________ of food and other basic products. Cuba's Commerce Minister, Betsy Diaz Velazquez, said beans, chicken, eggs, rice, soap and other (2) ____________ would be rationed. She said Cuba is facing a serious economic (3) ____________. There are many shortages of food and other things in Cuba. Ms Velazquez said this was because the USA has (4) ____________ how it is trading with Cuba. Velazquez said the U.S. trade embargo means it is very (5) ____________ for Cuba to buy a lot of food. However, many (6) ____________ say there is a bigger reason for the shortages - the cut in (7) ____________ aid from Venezuela. The crisis in Venezuela has led to a two-thirds (8) ____________ in shipments of cheap fuel to Cuba.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
empty
imports
hoarding
powdered
means
shopper
year
capital

Cuba (9) ____________ about two-thirds of its food from other countries. A lot of this used to come from the USA. Cuba spent about $2 billion a (10) ____________ on importing food. The US embargo and the crisis in Venezuela (11) ____________ it is difficult for Cuba to import food. The shelves of many stores and supermarkets are (12) ____________. Many people have to stand in long lines when shops get a food delivery. The government has started rationing to stop people (13) ____________ food. If people buy too much of one thing and then hoard it, there is less food for others. One store in the (14) ____________ city Havana limited people to just four packets of (15) ____________ milk, four packs of sausages and five packets of peas per person. One (16) ____________ said life was "tough".

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Cuba's government has announced that it is starting the ______
     a.  ration in of food
     b.  rationing off food
     c.  rationing of food
     d.  ration in off food
2)  chicken, eggs, rice, soap and other goods ______
     a.  would being rationed
     b.  would be rationed
     c.  would been rationed
     d.  would've be rationed
3)  She said Cuba is facing a serious ______
     a.  economic crisis
     b.  economic crises
     c.  economic critics
     d.  economic cries
4)  However, many economists say there is a bigger reason ______
     a.  for the shortage is
     b.  for the short ages
     c.  for the shorten ages
     d.  for the shortages
5)  The crisis in Venezuela has led to a two-thirds cut in shipments ______
     a.  of cheap fuels
     b.  of cheap fuelled
     c.  of cheap fuelling
     d.  of cheap fuel

6)  A lot of this used to come from the USA. Cuba spent about $2 billion a ______ food
     a.  year on import in
     b.  year on importing
     c.  year on important
     d.  year on importance
7)  The shelves of many stores and supermarkets ______
     a.  are emptied
     b.  are empties
     c.  are empathy
     d.  are empty
8)  Many people have to stand in long lines when shops get ______
     a.  a food delivers
     b.  a food delivery
     c.  afford delivery
     d.  afford deliveries
9)  If people buy too much of one thing and ______
     a.  then board it
     b.  then heard it
     c.  then gored it
     d.  then hoard it
10)  four packets of powdered milk, four packs of sausages and five packets of peas ______
     a.  par person
     b.  per person
     c.  for person
     d.  pre person

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Cuba's government has announced (1) ___________________ the rationing of food and other basic products. Cuba's Commerce Minister, Betsy Diaz Velazquez, (2) ___________________, eggs, rice, soap and other goods would be rationed. She said Cuba is facing a (3) ___________________. There are many shortages of food and other things in Cuba. Ms Velazquez said this was because the USA has changed how (4) ___________________ with Cuba. Velazquez said the U.S. trade embargo means it is very difficult for Cuba to buy a lot of food. However, many economists say there is a bigger reason (5) ___________________ - the cut in fuel aid from Venezuela. The crisis in Venezuela has led to a two-thirds (6) ___________________ of cheap fuel to Cuba.

Cuba imports (7) ___________________ its food from other countries. A lot of this used to come from the USA. Cuba spent about $2 billion a year on importing food. (8) ___________________ and the crisis in Venezuela means it is difficult for Cuba to import food. The (9) ___________________ stores and supermarkets are empty. Many people have to stand in long lines when shops get (10) ___________________. The government has started rationing to stop people hoarding food. If people buy too much of one thing and then hoard it, there is less food for others. One store (11) ___________________ city Havana limited people to just four packets of powdered milk, four packs of sausages and five packets of (12) ___________________. One shopper said life was "tough".

Comprehension questions

  1. What is Cuba going to ration besides food?
  2. Who is Betsy Diaz Velazquez?
  3. What did Ms Velazquez say Cuba is facing?
  4. Who said there was a bigger reason for Cuba's difficulties?
  5. By how much has Venezuela cut cheap fuel shipments to Cuba?
  6. How much a year did Cuba spend on food imports?
  7. What did the article say was empty?
  8. What does the government want people to stop doing to food?
  9. How many packs of peas are shoppers limited to?
  10. What did a shopper say life was like?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What is Cuba going to ration besides food?
a) medicine
b) gasoline
c) basic products
d) cigars
2) Who is Betsy Diaz Velazquez?
a) Cuba's Commerce Minister
b) Cuba's Agriculture Minister
c) Cuba's Foreign Minister
d) Cuba's Police Minister
3) What did Ms Velazquez say Cuba is facing?
a) hard times
b) the abyss
c) a tough opponent
d) a serious economic crisis
4) Who said there was a bigger reason for Cuba's difficulties?
a) Cuba's Commerce Minister
b) economists
c) Cuba's leader
d) Donald Trump
5) By how much has Venezuela cut cheap fuel shipments to Cuba?
a) about three-quarters
b) about a half
c) about two-thirds
d) about two-fifths

6) How much a year did Cuba spend on food imports?
a) about $2 million
b) about $2 billion
c) about $2 trillion
d) about $2 quadrillion
7) What did the article say was empty?
a) the country's finances
b) people's fridges
c) farm fields
d) supermarket shelves
8) What does the government want people to stop doing to food?
a) eating it
b) hoarding it
c) throwing it away
d) trading it
9) How many packs of peas are shoppers limited to?
a) 4
b) 2
c) 6
d) 1
10) What did a shopper say life was like?
a) endurable
b) OK
c) impossible
d) tough

Role play

Role  A – Beans
You think beans are the worst thing to be rationed. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why rationing their things isn't as bad. Also, tell the others which of these is OK to ration (and why): chicken, rice or soap.

Role  B – Chicken
You think chicken is the worst thing to be rationed. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why rationing their things isn't as bad. Also, tell the others which of these is OK to ration (and why): beans, rice or soap.

Role  C – Rice
You think rice is the worst thing to be rationed. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why rationing their things isn't as bad. Also, tell the others which of these is OK to ration (and why): chicken, beans or soap.

Role  D – Soap
You think soap is the worst thing to be rationed. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why rationing their things isn't as bad. Also, tell the others which of these is OK to ration (and why): chicken, rice or beans.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'Cuba'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'food'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • other
    • year
    • shelves
    • buy
    • capital
    • tough
    • started
    • goods
    • changed
    • very
    • reason
    • led




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Cuba starts rationing food and other products

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'Cuba'?
    3. What do you know about Cuba?
    4. What would food rationing be like?
    5. What food could you not live without?
    6. Has your country ever faced an economic crisis?
    7. What would you do if there was a food shortage?
    8. What is a trade embargo?
    9. What do you know about the crisis in Venezuela?
    10. What advice do you have for Cubans?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'ration'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you know about Cuba-USA relations?
    5. Where does food in your country come from?
    6. Should countries grow all their own food?
    7. Would you ever grow your own food?
    8. Have you ever waited in line for food?
    9. When has your life been tough?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Cuba's president?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Cuba's government has (1) ____ that it is starting the rationing of food and other basic products. Cuba's Commerce Minister, Betsy Diaz Velazquez, said beans, chicken, eggs, rice, (2) ____ and other goods would be rationed. She said Cuba is facing a (3) ____ economic crisis. There are many (4) ____ of food and other things in Cuba. Ms Velazquez said this was because the USA has changed how it is trading with Cuba. Velazquez said the U.S. trade (5) ____ means it is very difficult for Cuba to buy a lot of food. However, many economists say there is a bigger reason for the shortages - the cut in fuel aid from Venezuela. The crisis in Venezuela has led to a two-thirds cut (6) ____ shipments of cheap fuel to Cuba.

    Cuba imports about two-thirds of its food from (7) ____ countries. A lot of this used to come from the USA. Cuba spent about $2 billion a year on importing food. The US embargo and the (8) ____ in Venezuela means it is difficult for Cuba to import food. The (9) ____ of many stores and supermarkets are empty. Many people have to stand in long lines when shops get a food delivery. The government has started rationing to stop people (10) ____ food. If people buy too much of one thing and then hoard it, there is (11) ____ food for others. One store in the capital city Havana limited people to just four packets of powdered milk, four packs of sausages and five packets of peas (12) ____ person. One shopper said life was "tough".

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     announcement     (b)     announced     (c)     announce     (d)     announces    
    2. (a)     soaped     (b)     soap     (c)     soapy     (d)     soapbox    
    3. (a)     seriousness     (b)     seriously     (c)     series     (d)     serious    
    4. (a)     shortage     (b)     shortages     (c)     short     (d)     shorts    
    5. (a)     lumbago     (b)     embargo     (c)     cargo     (d)     ergo    
    6. (a)     on     (b)     at     (c)     in     (d)     so    
    7. (a)     another     (b)     others     (c)     other     (d)     bother    
    8. (a)     critics     (b)     critical     (c)     crisis     (d)     critique    
    9. (a)     tills     (b)     ceilings     (c)     roofs     (d)     shelves    
    10. (a)     hoarding     (b)     boarding     (c)     goading     (d)     wording    
    11. (a)     less     (b)     fewer     (c)     smaller     (d)     none    
    12. (a)     par     (b)     pore     (c)     per     (d)     pure

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. other bisca products
    2. other goods would be adoernti
    3. the U.S. trade eagorbm
    4. many isosmoetnc say
    5. a bigger reason for the rgstshaoe
    6. a two-thirds cut in shipments of cheap ufel

    Paragraph 2

    1. the srisic in Venezuela
    2. The hslesev of many stores
    3. to stop people orahdngi food
    4. One store in the itlcaap city
    5. four packets of wrdedeop milk
    6. One shopper said life was outgh

    Put the text back together

    (...)  products. Cuba's Commerce Minister, Betsy Diaz Velazquez, said beans, chicken, eggs, rice, soap and other goods would
    (...)  embargo means it is very difficult for Cuba to buy a lot of food. However, many economists
    (...)  $2 billion a year on importing food. The US embargo and the crisis in Venezuela means it is difficult
    1  ) Cuba's government has announced that it is starting the rationing of food and other basic
    (...)  hoarding food. If people buy too much of one thing and then hoard it, there is less
    (...)  milk, four packs of sausages and five packets of peas per person. One shopper said life was "tough".
    (...)  crisis in Venezuela has led to a two-thirds cut in shipments of cheap fuel to Cuba.
    (...)  Cuba imports about two-thirds of its food from other countries. A lot of this used to come from the USA. Cuba spent about
    (...)  be rationed. She said Cuba is facing a serious economic crisis. There are many shortages of food and other things
    (...)  say there is a bigger reason for the shortages - the cut in fuel aid from Venezuela. The
    (...)  in Cuba. Ms Velazquez said this was because the USA has changed how it is trading with Cuba. Velazquez said the U.S. trade
    (...)  lines when shops get a food delivery. The government has started rationing to stop people
    (...)  food for others. One store in the capital city Havana limited people to just four packets of powdered
    (...)  for Cuba to import food. The shelves of many stores and supermarkets are empty. Many people have to stand in long

    Put the words in the right order

    1. It   the   food   .   is   rationing   of   starting
    2. economic   crisis   .   serious   Cuba   facing   is   a
    3. changed   it   trading   .   has   how   USA   is   The
    4. of   for   Cuba   to   buy   Difficult   lots   food   .
    5. in   of   fuel   .   A   cheap   two-thirds   shipments   cut
    6. about   imports   Cuba   two-thirds   its   food   .   of
    7. spent   Cuba   billion   $2   food   .   importing   about   on
    8. Many   in   to   have   stand   long   people   lines   .
    9. If   too   of   thing   .   much   buy   one   people
    10. powdered   packets   of   milk   .   people   Limited   to   four

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Cuba's government has announced that / what it is starting the rationing of food and other basic products / product. Cuba's Commerce Minister, Betsy Diaz Velazquez, said beans, chicken, eggs, rice, soapy / soap and other goods would be ration / rationed. She said Cuba is facing a serious economic crisis. There are many shortages / shortage of food and other things in Cuba. Ms Velazquez said this was because the USA has changes / changed how it is trading / traded with Cuba. Velazquez said the U.S. trade embargo means it is very difficult for Cuba to buy a lot / loads of food. However, many economists say there is a / the bigger reason for the shortages - the cut in fuel aid from Venezuela. The crisis in Venezuela has led to a two-thirds cut in ship / shipments of cheap fuel to Cuba.

    Cuba imports about two-thirds of its food from another / other countries. A lot of this used to come from the USA. Cuba spending / spent about $2 billion a year on / in importing food. The US embargo and the crisis in Venezuela means it is difficulty / difficult for Cuba to import food. The shelves of many stores and supermarkets are emptied / empty. Many people have to stand in long / straight lines when shops get a food delivery. The government has started rationing to stop people hoarding / affording food. If people buy too much of one thing and then hoard it, there is more / less food for others. One store in the capital city Havana limited / stopped people to just four packets of powdered milk, four packs of sausages and five packets of peas per person. One shopping / shopper said life was "tough".

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    C_b_' s g_v_r n m_n t h_s _n n__ n c_d t h_t _t _s s t_r t_n g t h_ r_t__ n_n g _f f__ d _n d _t h_r b_s_c p r_d_c t s . C_b_' s C_m m_r c_ M_n_s t_r , B_t s y D__ z V_l_z q__ z , s__ d b__ n s , c h_c k_n , _g g s , r_c_, s__ p _n d _t h_r g__ d s w__ l d b_ r_t__ n_d . S h_ s__ d C_b_ _s f_c_n g _ s_r___s _c_n_m_c c r_s_s . T h_r_ _r_ m_n y s h_r t_g_s _f f__ d _n d _t h_r t h_n g s _n C_b_. M s V_l_z q__ z s__ d t h_s w_s b_c__ s_ t h_ U S A h_s c h_n g_d h_w _t _s t r_d_n g w_t h C_b_. V_l_z q__ z s__ d t h_ U . S . t r_d_ _m b_r g_ m__ n s _t _s v_r y d_f f_c_l t f_r C_b_ t_ b_y _ l_t _f f__ d . H_w_v_r , m_n y _c_n_m_s t s s_y t h_r_ _s _ b_g g_r r__ s_n f_r t h_ s h_r t_g_s - t h_ c_t _n f__ l __ d f r_m V_n_z__ l_. T h_ c r_s_s _n V_n_z__ l_ h_s l_d t_ _ t w_- t h_r d s c_t _n s h_p m_n t s _f c h__ p f__ l t_ C_b_.

    C_b_ _m p_r t s _b__ t t w_- t h_r d s _f _t s f__ d f r_m _t h_r c__ n t r__ s . A l_t _f t h_s _s_d t_ c_m_ f r_m t h_ U S A . C_b_ s p_n t _b__ t $ 2 b_l l__ n _ y__ r _n _m p_r t_n g f__ d . T h_ U S _m b_r g_ _n d t h_ c r_s_s _n V_n_z__ l_ m__ n s _t _s d_f f_c_l t f_r C_b_ t_ _m p_r t f__ d . T h_ s h_l v_s _f m_n y s t_r_s _n d s_p_r m_r k_t s _r_ _m p t y . M_n y p__ p l_ h_v_ t_ s t_n d _n l_n g l_n_s w h_n s h_p s g_t _ f__ d d_l_v_r y . T h_ g_v_r n m_n t h_s s t_r t_d r_t__ n_n g t_ s t_p p__ p l_ h__ r d_n g f__ d . I f p__ p l_ b_y t__ m_c h _f _n_ t h_n g _n d t h_n h__ r d _t , t h_r_ _s l_s s f__ d f_r _t h_r s . O n_ s t_r_ _n t h_ c_p_t_l c_t y H_v_n_ l_m_t_d p__ p l_ t_ j_s t f__ r p_c k_t s _f p_w d_r_d m_l k , f__ r p_c k s _f s__ s_g_s _n d f_v_ p_c k_t s _f p__ s p_r p_r s_n . O n_ s h_p p_r s__ d l_f_ w_s " t__ g h " .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    cubas government has announced that it is starting the rationing of food and other basic products cubas commerce minister betsy diaz velazquez said beans chicken eggs rice soap and other goods would be rationed she said cuba is facing a serious economic crisis there are many shortages of food and other things in cuba ms velazquez said this was because the usa has changed how it is trading with cuba velazquez said the us trade embargo means it is very difficult for cuba to buy a lot of food however many economists say there is a bigger reason for the shortages  the cut in fuel aid from venezuela the crisis in venezuela has led to a twothirds cut in shipments of cheap fuel to cuba

    cuba imports about twothirds of its food from other countries a lot of this used to come from the usa cuba spent about 2 billion a year on importing food the us embargo and the crisis in venezuela means it is difficult for cuba to import food the shelves of many stores and supermarkets are empty many people have to stand in long lines when shops get a food delivery the government has started rationing to stop people hoarding food if people buy too much of one thing and then hoard it there is less food for others one store in the capital city havana limited people to just four packets of powdered milk four packs of sausages and five packets of peas per person one shopper said life was tough

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Cuba'sgovernmenthasannouncedthatitisstartingtherationingoffood
    andotherbasicproducts.Cuba'sCommerceMinister,BetsyDiazVelazq
    uez,saidbeans,chicken,eggs,rice,soapandothergoodswouldberatio
    ned.ShesaidCubaisfacingaseriouseconomiccrisis.Therearemanysho
    rtagesoffoodandotherthingsinCuba.MsVelazquezsaidthiswasbecaus
    etheUSAhaschangedhowitistradingwithCuba.VelazquezsaidtheU.S.
    tradeembargomeansitisverydifficultforCubatobuyalotoffood.Howev
    er,manyeconomistssaythereisabiggerreasonfortheshortages-thecu
    tinfuelaidfromVenezuela.ThecrisisinVenezuelahasledtoatwo-third
    scutinshipmentsofcheapfueltoCuba.Cubaimportsabouttwo-thirds
    ofitsfoodfromothercountries.AlotofthisusedtocomefromtheUSA.Cu
    baspentabout$2billionayearonimportingfood.TheUSembargoandth
    ecrisisinVenezuelameansitisdifficultforCubatoimportfood.Theshelv
    esofmanystoresandsupermarketsareempty.Manypeoplehavetostan
    dinlonglineswhenshopsgetafooddelivery.Thegovernmenthasstarte
    drationingtostoppeoplehoardingfood.Ifpeoplebuytoomuchofonethi
    ngandthenhoardit,thereislessfoodforothers.Onestoreinthecapitalcit
    yHavanalimitedpeopletojustfourpacketsofpowderedmilk,fourpacks
    ofsausagesandfivepacketsofpeasperperson.Oneshoppersaidlifewas
    "tough".

    Free writing

    Write about Cuba rationing for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Academic writing

    Cuba should grow its own food instead of importing it. Discuss.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. CUBA: Make a poster about Cuba. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. TRADE EMBARGO: Write a magazine article about the trade embargo on Cuba. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on Cuba. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on Cuba. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Help Support This Web Site

    • Please consider helping Breaking News English.com

    Sean Banville's Book

    Thank You