Word Pairs


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The words
Scientists have found [fossil / fossils] that once belonged to a giant parrot. They say the fossilized [bone / bones] are from the biggest parrot that ever lived. It was [probably / probable] as tall as a three-year-old child and [weight / weighed] around eight kilograms. The researchers found the fossils in New Zealand. They have called the [new / newly] parrot Hercules, after a strongman of ancient Greek mythology. The scientists studied the fossilized leg bones they [found / find] and said Hercules was around a metre tall. This means Hercules is [twice / two] the size of all other known parrots. The largest parrot scientists [know / known] of is the kakapo, a flightless bird that [also / plus] lives in New Zealand. The kakapo is on the critically endangered [specials / species] list.

New Zealand is [famous / famously] for its flightless birds. The kiwi is a [symbolic / symbol] of the country. Scientists say these are [vulnerability / vulnerable] . This means they could become [dangerous / endangered] if their environment stays the same. Another famous New Zealand bird is the 3.6-metre-tall moa. These [flightless / flighty] birds were the biggest birds that ever lived. They were overhunted to [extinct / extinction] early in the 15th century. Hercules lived about 19 million years ago. A researcher said it probably [eats / ate] nuts, fruit and seeds, and "perhaps even [another / other] parrots". A researcher said: "New Zealand is well known for its giant birds. Until now, no one has ever found an extinct giant parrot, [anywhere / everywhere] . There are many more unexpected species [since / yet] to be discovered."

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