The Reading / Listening - Giant Parrot - Level 3

Scientists have found fossils that once belonged to a giant parrot. They say the fossilized bones are from the biggest parrot that ever lived. It was probably as tall as a three-year-old child and weighed around eight kilograms. The researchers found the fossils in New Zealand. They have called the new parrot Hercules, after a strongman of ancient Greek mythology. The scientists studied the fossilized leg bones they found and said Hercules was around a metre tall. This means Hercules is twice the size of all other known parrots. The largest parrot scientists know of is the kakapo, a flightless bird that also lives in New Zealand. The kakapo is on the critically endangered species list.



New Zealand is famous for its flightless birds. The kiwi is a symbol of the country. Scientists say these are vulnerable. This means they could become endangered if their environment stays the same. Another famous New Zealand bird is the 3.6-metre-tall moa. These flightless birds were the biggest birds that ever lived. They were overhunted to extinction early in the 15th century. Hercules lived about 19 million years ago. A researcher said it probably ate nuts, fruit and seeds, and "perhaps even other parrots". A researcher said: "New Zealand is well known for its giant birds. Until now, no one has ever found an extinct giant parrot, anywhere. There are many more unexpected species yet to be discovered."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Giant Parrot - Level 0 Giant Parrot - Level 1   or  Giant Parrot - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/giant-parrot-1.5238617
  • https://www.washingtonpost.com/science/2019/08/07/scientists-just-discovered-prehistoric-parrot-nearly-size-kindergartner/
  • https://www.cnet.com/news/giant-dog-sized-parrot-was-more-cannibal-than-copycat/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. BIRDS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about birds. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       scientists / fossils / bones / New Zealand / strongman / Ancient Greece / species /
       famous / national symbol / vulnerable / environment / extinction / seeds / extinct
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. RESEARCH: Students A strongly believe more money should be spent on finding ancient fossils; Students B strongly believe it shouldn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. GIANTS: How would you feel about these things being giant (as big as a three-year-old child)? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.


A giant...

How You Would Feel?

Why?

sparrow

 

 

cockroach

 

 

ant

 

 

spider

 

 

bed bug

 

 

strawberry

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. BONE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "bone". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. THE BEST BIRDS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best birds at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • humming bird
  • penguin
  • pigeon
  • peacock
  • swan
  • eagle
  • emu
  • parrot

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. fossil a. Any of the pieces of hard white stuff making up the skeleton in humans and other animals.
      2. bone b. Find out how heavy or light something is.
      3. probably c. The old bones or skin, or the shape of a prehistoric organism left in a rock.
      4. weigh d. Naturally unable to fly.
      5. ancient e. Very, very, very old.
      6. flightless f. Seriously at risk of totally disappearing.
      7. endangered g. Almost certainly.

    Paragraph 2

      8. symbol h. Found something or someone unexpectedly.
      9. vulnerable i. A period of one hundred years.
      10. extinction j. Not thought of as being likely to happen.
      11. century k. A thing that represents or stands for something else.
      12. unexpected l. Weak and easy to harm or be put in a position of danger.
      13. species m. A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals that can exchange genes or can breed.
      14. discovered n. The state or process of a species, family, or larger group of animals or plants totally dying out.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Scientists found fossils from the biggest parrot in history.     T / F
  2. The giant parrot weighed about eighteen kilograms.     T / F
  3. The scientists used a wing bone to guess the size of the parrot.     T / F
  4. The largest parrot in New Zealand today is the kea.     T / F
  5. The symbol of New Zealand is a flightless bird.     T / F
  6. There was once a bird in New Zealand over three-and-a-half metres tall. T / F
  7. The giant parrot became extinct around 19 million years ago.     T / F
  8. A researcher said there are no more new species to discover.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. giant
  2. probably
  3. ancient
  4. size
  5. endangered
  6. symbol
  7. famous
  8. extinction
  9. unexpected
  10. discovered
  1. sign
  2. surprising
  3. threatened
  4. found
  5. of long ago
  6. destruction
  7. huge
  8. height
  9. well known
  10. likely

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. fossils that once belonged
  2. a strongman of ancient
  3. Hercules is twice the size of all
  4. a flightless
  5. The kakapo is on the critically
  6. The kiwi is a symbol
  7. These flightless birds were the biggest
  8. They were overhunted to
  9. early in the
  10. many more unexpected species
  1. 15th century
  2. bird
  3. of the country
  4. extinction
  5. other known parrots
  6. to a giant parrot
  7. yet to be discovered
  8. Greek mythology
  9. endangered species list
  10. birds that ever lived

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
fossils
flightless
belonged
probably
list
twice
bones
ancient

Scientists have found fossils that once (1) ____________ to a giant parrot. They say the fossilized (2) ____________ are from the biggest parrot that ever lived. It was (3) ____________ as tall as a three-year-old child and weighed around eight kilograms. The researchers found the (4) ____________ in New Zealand. They have called the new parrot Hercules, after a strongman of            (5) ____________ Greek mythology. The scientists studied the fossilized leg bones they found and said Hercules was around a metre tall. This means Hercules is (6) ____________ the size of all other known parrots. The largest parrot scientists know of is the kakapo, a (7) ____________ bird that also lives in New Zealand. The kakapo is on the critically endangered species                        (8) ____________.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
lived
symbol
endangered
even
vulnerable
extinct
discovered
century

New Zealand is famous for its flightless birds. The kiwi is a (9) ____________ of the country. Scientists say these are (10) ____________. This means they could become (11) ____________ if their environment stays the same. Another famous New Zealand bird is the 3.6-metre-tall moa. These flightless birds were the biggest birds that ever (12) ____________. They were overhunted to extinction early in the 15th (13) ____________. Hercules lived about 19 million years ago. A researcher said it probably ate nuts, fruit and seeds, and "perhaps (14) ____________ other parrots". A researcher said: "New Zealand is well known for its giant birds. Until now, no one has ever found an (15) ____________ giant parrot, anywhere. There are many more unexpected species yet to be (16) ____________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Scientists have found fossils that once ______ giant parrot
     a.  bill longed to a
     b.  belied to a
     c.  be longed to a
     d.  belonged to a
2)  They say the fossilized bones are from the biggest parrot ______
     a.  that never lived
     b.  that every lived
     c.  that ever lived
     d.  that even lived
3)  the new parrot Hercules, after a strongman of ______ mythology
     a.  aim chant Greek
     b.  an chant Greek
     c.  ancient Greek
     d.  aim cent Greek
4)  The largest parrot scientists know of is the kakapo, ______
     a.  a flighty loss bird
     b.  a fly less bird
     c.  a flight-loss bird
     d.  a flightless bird
5)  The kakapo is on the critically endangered ______
     a.  species lest
     b.  species list
     c.  species lost
     d.  species last

6)  New Zealand is famous for its flightless birds. The kiwi is a ______ country
     a.  cymbal of the
     b.  symbol of the
     c.  sin ball of the
     d.  seen ball of the
7)  They were overhunted to extinction early in the ______
     a.  15th century
     b.  10th century
     c.  50th century
     d.  5th century
8)  it probably ate nuts, fruit and seeds, and perhaps even ______
     a.  another parrots
     b.  others parrots
     c.  the other parrot
     d.  other parrots
9)  Until now, no one has ever found an ______
     a.  exact giant parrot
     b.  extant giant parrot
     c.  extinct giant parrot
     d.  exit giant parrot
10)  There are many more unexpected species yet ______
     a.  to been discovered
     b.  to being discovered
     c.  to bee discovered
     d.  to be discovered

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have found fossils that (1) ___________________ a giant parrot. They say the fossilized bones are from the biggest parrot that ever lived. It was (2) ___________________ as a three-year-old child and weighed around eight kilograms. The researchers found the fossils in New Zealand. They have called the new parrot Hercules, after a (3) ___________________ Greek mythology. The scientists studied the (4) ___________________ they found and said Hercules was around a metre tall. This means Hercules is twice the size of all other known parrots. The (5) ___________________ know of is the kakapo, a flightless bird that also lives in New Zealand. The kakapo is on the critically (6) ___________________.

New Zealand is famous for its flightless birds. The kiwi (7) ___________________ of the country. Scientists say these are vulnerable. This means they could become (8) ___________________ environment stays the same. Another famous New Zealand bird is the 3.6-metre-tall moa. These flightless birds were the biggest birds that ever lived. They were overhunted (9) ___________________ in the 15th century. Hercules lived about 19 million years ago. A researcher said it probably ate nuts, (10) ___________________, and "perhaps even other parrots". A researcher said: "New Zealand is well known for its giant birds. Until now, no one has ever (11) ___________________ giant parrot, anywhere. There are many more unexpected species yet (12) ___________________."

Comprehension questions

  1. What did fossils once belong to?
  2. How much did scientists say Hercules weighed?
  3. What bone did scientists use to find the size of Hercules?
  4. How much bigger was Hercules than other parrots?
  5. What list did the article say the kakapo was on?
  6. What is a symbol of New Zealand?
  7. How tall was a bird called the moa?
  8. When did the moa become extinct?
  9. When did Hercules the parrot live?
  10. What did a researcher say there would be more discoveries of?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What did fossils once belong to?
a) a fossil exhibition
b) a museum
c) a bone collector
d) a giant parrot
2) How much did scientists say Hercules weighed?
a) 18kg
b) eight kilograms
c) ten kilograms
d) 80kg
3) What bone did scientists use to find the size of Hercules?
a) a wish bone
b) a breast bone
c) a skull
d) a leg bone
4) How much bigger was Hercules than other parrots?
a) five times the size
b) three times the size
c) twice the size
d) ten times the size
5) What list did the article say the kakapo was on?
a) a watch list
b) a to-do list
c) a top ten list
d) a critically endangered list

6) What is a symbol of New Zealand?
a) a hobbit
b) a cloud
c) a kiwi
d) a rugby ball
7) How tall was a bird called the moa?
a) 3.6 metres
b) 3.8 metres
c) 2.6 metres
d) 2.8 metres
8) When did the moa become extinct?
a) millions of years ago
b) late in the 18th century
c) early in the 15th century
d) over 1,000 years ago
9) When did Hercules the parrot live?
a) 300 years ago
b) 19 million years ago
c) 100 thousand years ago
d) half a million years ago
10) What did a researcher say there would be more discoveries of?
a) unexpected species
b) giant parrots
c) innovations
d) inventions

Role play

Role  A – Swans
You think swans are the best birds. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their birds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): eagles, penguins or parrots.

Role  B – Eagles
You think eagles are the best birds. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their birds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): swans, penguins or parrots.

Role  C – Penguins
You think penguins are the best birds. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their birds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): parrots, swans or eagles.

Role  D – Parrots
You think parrots are the best birds. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their birds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): penguins, eagles or swans.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'giant'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'parrot'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • symbol
    • means
    • 3.6
    • 15
    • 19
    • yet
    • belonged
    • three
    • called
    • leg
    • twice
    • critically




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Child-sized parrot once lived in New Zealand

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'parrot'?
    3. What do you know about fossils?
    4. Were animals from a million years ago better than today's animals?
    5. What do you think of the name Hercules?
    6. What would you do if you saw a metre-high parrot?
    7. Would you like to be a scientist on this project?
    8. What is your favourite bird, and why?
    9. What ancient animals lived in your country?
    10. How can we protect birds that are endangered?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'bird'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you know about parrots?
    5. What things is New Zealand famous for?
    6. What is the symbol of your country?
    7. How happy are you there are no more 3.6-metre-tall birds?
    8. Do you think the Hercules parrot was dangerous?
    9. Would you like to visit New Zealand?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the scientists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists have found fossils that once (1) ____ to a giant parrot. They say the fossilized bones are from the biggest parrot that (2) ____ lived. It was probably as tall as a three-year-old child and (3) ____ around eight kilograms. The researchers found the fossils in New Zealand. They have called the new parrot Hercules, after a strongman of (4) ____ Greek mythology. The scientists studied the fossilized leg bones they found and said Hercules was around a metre tall. This means Hercules is (5) ____ the size of all other known parrots. The largest parrot scientists know of is the kakapo, a flightless bird that also lives in New Zealand. The kakapo is on the critically endangered species (6) ____.

    New Zealand is famous for its flightless birds. The kiwi is a symbol (7) ____ the country. Scientists say these are vulnerable. This means they could become endangered (8) ____ their environment stays the same. Another famous New Zealand bird is the 3.6-metre-tall moa. These flightless birds were the biggest birds that ever lived. They were (9) ____ to extinction early in the 15th century. Hercules lived about 19 million years ago. A researcher said it probably ate nuts, fruit and seeds, and "perhaps even (10) ____ parrots". A researcher said: "New Zealand is well known for its giant birds. (11) ____ now, no one has ever found an extinct giant parrot, anywhere. There are many more unexpected species (12) ____ to be discovered."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     possessed     (b)     belonged     (c)     owned     (d)     member    
    2. (a)     never     (b)     ever     (c)     even     (d)     every    
    3. (a)     whey     (b)     waylaid     (c)     weight     (d)     weighed    
    4. (a)     elderly     (b)     ancient     (c)     history     (d)     out-of-date    
    5. (a)     two     (b)     twice     (c)     duplicate     (d)     paired    
    6. (a)     lost     (b)     last     (c)     list     (d)     lest    
    7. (a)     at     (b)     as     (c)     of     (d)     by    
    8. (a)     that     (b)     so     (c)     if     (d)     and    
    9. (a)     overly     (b)     overturned     (c)     overhauled     (d)     overhunted    
    10. (a)     ether     (b)     another     (c)     others     (d)     other    
    11. (a)     Until     (b)     Through     (c)     Prior     (d)     Earlier    
    12. (a)     soon     (b)     besides     (c)     yet     (d)     already

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. Scientists have found lsfsios
    2. elobdgen to a giant parrot
    3. pyaroblb as tall as a three-year-old child
    4. anetnci Greek mythology
    5. a fgstslhlie bird
    6. on the critically endangered picesse list

    Paragraph 2

    1. The kiwi is a ymsolb of the country
    2. Scientists say these are lvebranleu
    3. overhunted to tcinnotxei
    4. early in the 15th rtnyecu
    5. There are many more dtecepeuxn ...
    6. yet to be rdscveedoi

    Put the text back together

    (...)  vulnerable. This means they could become endangered if their environment stays the same. Another famous New Zealand
    (...)  bird is the 3.6-metre-tall moa. These flightless birds were the biggest birds that ever lived. They were overhunted
    (...)  around a metre tall. This means Hercules is twice the size of all other known parrots. The largest
    (...)  anywhere. There are many more unexpected species yet to be discovered."
    (...)  New Zealand is famous for its flightless birds. The kiwi is a symbol of the country. Scientists say these are
    (...)  to extinction early in the 15th century. Hercules lived about 19 million years ago. A researcher said it probably ate
    (...)  Greek mythology. The scientists studied the fossilized leg bones they found and said Hercules was
    (...)  nuts, fruit and seeds, and "perhaps even other parrots". A researcher said: "New Zealand is well
    (...)  known for its giant birds. Until now, no one has ever found an extinct giant parrot,
    (...)  lives in New Zealand. The kakapo is on the critically endangered species list.
    1  ) Scientists have found fossils that once belonged to a giant parrot. They say the fossilized bones are from the biggest parrot that ever
    (...)  found the fossils in New Zealand. They have called the new parrot Hercules, after a strongman of ancient
    (...)  lived. It was probably as tall as a three-year-old child and weighed around eight kilograms. The researchers
    (...)  parrot scientists know of is the kakapo, a flightless bird that also

    Put the words in the right order

    1. Fossils   giant   once   to   belonged   parrot   .   a   that
    2. as   a   as   child   .   tall   It   was   probably
    3. fossilized   bones   found   .   Scientists   leg   they   the   studied
    4. the   size   other   Hercules   twice   is   of   parrots   .
    5. is   endangered   species   the   The   kakapo   list   .   on
    6. country   .   The   is   of   kiwi   the   symbol   a
    7. if   stays   environment   the   Become   same   .   their   endangered
    8. early   the   extinction   in   century   .   Overhunted   to   15th
    9. well   its      is   giant      New Zealand     for   birds   .   known
    10. discovered   .   more   unexpected   species   to   Many   be   yet

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists have found fossil / fossils that once belonged to a giant parrot. They say the fossilized bone / bones are from the biggest parrot that ever lived. It was probably / probable as tall as a three-year-old child and weight / weighed around eight kilograms. The researchers found the fossils in New Zealand. They have called the new / newly parrot Hercules, after a strongman of ancient Greek mythology. The scientists studied the fossilized leg bones they found / find and said Hercules was around a metre tall. This means Hercules is twice / two the size of all other known parrots. The largest parrot scientists know / known of is the kakapo, a flightless bird that also / plus lives in New Zealand. The kakapo is on the critically endangered specials / species list.

    New Zealand is famous / famously for its flightless birds. The kiwi is a symbolic / symbol of the country. Scientists say these are vulnerability / vulnerable. This means they could become dangerous / endangered if their environment stays the same. Another famous New Zealand bird is the 3.6-metre-tall moa. These flightless / flighty birds were the biggest birds that ever lived. They were overhunted to extinct / extinction early in the 15th century. Hercules lived about 19 million years ago. A researcher said it probably eats / ate nuts, fruit and seeds, and "perhaps even another / other parrots". A researcher said: "New Zealand is well known for its giant birds. Until now, no one has ever found an extinct giant parrot, anywhere / everywhere. There are many more unexpected species since / yet to be discovered."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    S c__ n t_s t s h_v_ f__ n d f_s s_l s t h_t _n c_ b_l_n g_d t_ _ g__ n t p_r r_t . T h_y s_y t h_ f_s s_l_z_d b_n_s _r_ f r_m t h_ b_g g_s t p_r r_t t h_t _v_r l_v_d . I t w_s p r_b_b l y _s t_l l _s _ t h r__ - y__ r -_l d c h_l d _n d w__ g h_d _r__ n d __ g h t k_l_g r_m s . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s f__ n d t h_ f_s s_l s _n N_w Z__ l_n d . T h_y h_v_ c_l l_d t h_ n_w p_r r_t H_r c_l_s , _f t_r _ s t r_n g m_n _f _n c__ n t G r__ k m y t h_l_g y . T h_ s c__ n t_s t s s t_d__ d t h_ f_s s_l_z_d l_g b_n_s t h_y f__ n d _n d s__ d H_r c_l_s w_s _r__ n d _ m_t r_ t_l l . T h_s m__ n s H_r c_l_s _s t w_c_ t h_ s_z_ _f _l l _t h_r k n_w n p_r r_t s . T h_ l_r g_s t p_r r_t s c__ n t_s t s k n_w _f _s t h_ k_k_p_, _ f l_g h t l_s s b_r d t h_t _l s_ l_v_s _n N_w Z__ l_n d . T h_ k_k_p_ _s _n t h_ c r_t_c_l l y _n d_n g_r_d s p_c__ s l_s t .

    N_w Z__ l_n d _s f_m__ s f_r _t s f l_g h t l_s s b_r d s . T h_ k_w_ _s _ s y m b_l _f t h_ c__ n t r y . S c__ n t_s t s s_y t h_s_ _r_ v_l n_r_b l_. T h_s m__ n s t h_y c__ l d b_c_m_ _n d_n g_r_d _f t h__ r _n v_r_n m_n t s t_y s t h_ s_m_. A n_t h_r f_m__ s N_w Z__ l_n d b_r d _s t h_ 3 . 6 - m_t r_- t_l l m__ . T h_s_ f l_g h t l_s s b_r d s w_r_ t h_ b_g g_s t b_r d s t h_t _v_r l_v_d . T h_y w_r_ _v_r h_n t_d t_ _x t_n c t__ n __ r l y _n t h_ 1 5 t h c_n t_r y . H_r c_l_s l_v_d _b__ t 1 9 m_l l__ n y__ r s _g_. A r_s__ r c h_r s__ d _t p r_b_b l y _t_ n_t s , f r__ t _n d s__ d s , _n d " p_r h_p s _v_n _t h_r p_r r_t s " . A r_s__ r c h_r s__ d : " N_w Z__ l_n d _s w_l l k n_w n f_r _t s g__ n t b_r d s . U n t_l n_w , n_ _n_ h_s _v_r f__ n d _n _x t_n c t g__ n t p_r r_t , _n y w h_r_. T h_r_ _r_ m_n y m_r_ _n_x p_c t_d s p_c__ s y_t t_ b_ d_s c_v_r_d . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists have found fossils that once belonged to a giant parrot they say the fossilized bones are from the biggest parrot that ever lived it was probably as tall as a threeyearold child and weighed around eight kilograms the researchers found the fossils in new zealand they have called the new parrot hercules after a strongman of ancient greek mythology the scientists studied the fossilized leg bones they found and said hercules was around a metre tall this means hercules is twice the size of all other known parrots the largest parrot scientists know of is the kakapo a flightless bird that also lives in new zealand the kakapo is on the critically endangered species list

    new zealand is famous for its flightless birds the kiwi is a symbol of the country scientists say these are vulnerable this means they could become endangered if their environment stays the same another famous new zealand bird is the 36metretall moa these flightless birds were the biggest birds that ever lived they were overhunted to extinction early in the 15th century hercules lived about 19 million years ago a researcher said it probably ate nuts fruit and seeds and perhaps even other parrots a researcher said new zealand is well known for its giant birds until now no one has ever found an extinct giant parrot anywhere there are many more unexpected species yet to be discovered

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Scientistshavefoundfossilsthatoncebelongedtoagiantparrot.Theysa
    ythefossilizedbonesarefromthebiggestparrotthateverlived.Itwaspr
    obablyastallasathree-year-oldchildandweighedaroundeightkilogr
    ams.TheresearchersfoundthefossilsinNewZealand.Theyhavecalledt
    henewparrotHercules,afterastrongmanofancientGreekmythology.T
    hescientistsstudiedthefossilizedlegbonestheyfoundandsaidHercule
    swasaroundametretall.ThismeansHerculesistwicethesizeofallother
    knownparrots.Thelargestparrotscientistsknowofisthekakapo,aflight
    lessbirdthatalsolivesinNewZealand.Thekakapoisonthecriticallyenda
    ngeredspecieslist.NewZealandisfamousforitsflightlessbirds.Thekiwi
    isasymbolofthecountry.Scientistssaythesearevulnerable.Thismean
    stheycouldbecomeendangerediftheirenvironmentstaysthesame.An
    otherfamousNewZealandbirdisthe3.6-metre-tallmoa.Thesefligh
    tlessbirdswerethebiggestbirdsthateverlived.Theywereoverhuntedt
    oextinctionearlyinthe15thcentury.Herculeslivedabout19millionyear
    sago.Aresearchersaiditprobablyatenuts,fruitandseeds,and"perhaps
    evenotherparrots".Aresearchersaid:"NewZealandiswellknownforits
    giantbirds.Untilnow,noonehaseverfoundanextinctgiantparrot,anyw
    here.Therearemanymoreunexpectedspeciesyettobediscovered."

    Free writing

    Write about giant parrot for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    We should spend more money on looking for ancient species. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. NEW ZEALAND: Make a poster about New Zealand. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. ENDANGERED BIRDS: Write a magazine article about spending lots of many to help endangered birds. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on extinct birds. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to find more. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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