The Reading / Listening - Full Stop - Level 3

A language expert says using a full stop to end sentences in text messages can look rude. A full stop is used in British English; in American English, this punctuation mark is called a period. Linguist Gretchen McCulloch says more and more people think ending messages with a full stop is rude. She said this view is most common in younger people who use instant messaging apps like Twitter and Facebook Messenger. Ms McCulloch said people prefer to send a completely new message instead of ending a sentence with a full stop. She said: "If you're a young person and you're sending a message to someone, the default way to break up your thoughts is to send each thought as a new message."



The full stop dates back around 2,300 years. It is an essential part of writing today. School teachers can put lots of comments in red ink on a student's writing if that student forgets to add the full stop at the end of his or her sentence. However, technology is changing the way we write. Most people now use abbreviations or acronyms in text messages. They might use the acronym 'LOL' instead of writing 'laugh out loud,' or the abbreviation 'fyi' rather than typing 'for your information'. Ms McCulloch says not using the full stop helps the writer save time. She also says that a full stop can make the writer look a little aggressive. Many people prefer to end a sentence with an emoji or emoticon instead of a full stop :-)

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Full Stop - Level 0 Full Stop - Level 1   or  Full Stop - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-49182824
  • https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/9630409/whatsapp-full-stops-rude-text-meaning/
  • https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-7309543/Internet-linguist-reveals-using-stops-text-messages-make-look-passive-aggressive.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. THE FULL STOP: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about the full stop. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       language / expert / text messages / punctuation / Twitter / Facebook / full stop / send
       essential / writing / sentence / technology / abbreviations / emojis / information / LOL
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. WRITING: Students A strongly believe writing is very important and should be done properly; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. PUNCTUATION: What is the name of these punctuation marks? What do you know about them? How important are they? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Name

What I Know

Importance

.

 

 

 

?

 

 

 

!

 

 

 

;

 

 

 

"  "

 

 

 

,

 

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. TEXT: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "text". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. EMOJIS: Rank these with your partner. Put the most useful emojis at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • chocolate
  • sun
  • being sick
  • headphones
  • smiley face
  • wink
  • heart
  • waving hand

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. expert a. Like one thing or person better than another or others.
      2. punctuation b. Cause something to separate into pieces, parts, or sections.
      3. view c. A person who knows a lot about a particular subject or is very, very good at doing something.
      4. common d. The marks, such as period, comma, question mark, etc. used in writing to separate sentences and help meaning.
      5. prefer e. Occurring, happening found, or done often.
      6. default f. The usual or standard way.
      7. break up g. A way of thinking; an opinion.

    Paragraph 2

      8. date back h. Ready or likely to attack or confront someone.
      9. essential i. The first letters of other words pronounced as a word (e.g. NASA, UNESCO, SCUBA, etc.).
      10. ink j. A shortened form of a word.
      11. abbreviation k. Have its origin at a particular time; have existed since.
      12. acronyms l. A small digital image or icon used to show an idea, emotion.
      13. aggressive m. Absolutely necessary; extremely important.
      14. emoji n. A colored liquid used for writing, drawing, printing, or photocopying.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said a teacher commented on the use of full stops in texts.     T / F
  2. The word full stop in American English is 'period'.     T / F
  3. Younger people are less likely to use a full stop when texting.     T / F
  4. Young people tend to send a new message rather than use a full stop.    T / F
  5. The full stop is about 230 years old.     T / F
  6. The acronym LOL means 'lots of learning'.     T / F
  7. The abbreviation 'fyi' means 'for your information'.     T / F
  8. Very few people end a sentence with an emoji or emoticon.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. expert
  2. rude
  3. ending
  4. completely
  5. default
  6. essential
  7. changing
  8. instead of
  9. aggressive
  10. prefer
  1. finishing
  2. like better
  3. totally
  4. important
  5. in place of
  6. specialist
  7. pushy
  8. transforming
  9. bad-mannered
  10. automatic

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. A language
  2. this punctuation mark
  3. this view is most common
  4. people prefer to send a completely
  5. send each thought as
  6. The full stop dates back
  7. red
  8. Most people now use abbreviations or
  9. use the acronym 'LOL' instead of
  10. end a sentence with an emoji
  1. ink
  2. new message
  3. a new message
  4. or emoticon
  5. acronyms
  6. is called a period
  7. writing 'laugh out loud'
  8. expert
  9. around 2,300 years
  10. in younger people

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
period
default
expert
thought
common
punctuation
ending
prefer

A language (1) ____________ says using a full stop to end sentences in text messages can look rude. A full stop is used in British English; in American English, this (2) ____________ mark is called a (3) ____________. Linguist Gretchen McCulloch says more and more people think (4) ____________ messages with a full stop is rude. She said this view is most (5) ____________ in younger people who use instant messaging apps like Twitter and Facebook Messenger. Ms McCulloch said people (6) ____________ to send a completely new message instead of ending a sentence with a full stop. She said: "If you're a young person and you're sending a message to someone, the (7) ____________ way to break up your thoughts is to send each (8) ____________ as a new message."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
acronyms
time
essential
instead
add
aggressive
comments
typing

The full stop dates back around 2,300 years. It is an (9) ____________ part of writing today. School teachers can put lots of (10) ____________ in red ink on a student's writing if that student forgets to (11) ____________ the full stop at the end of his or her sentence. However, technology is changing the way we write. Most people now use abbreviations or (12) ____________ in text messages. They might use the acronym 'LOL' instead of writing 'laugh out loud,' or the abbreviation 'fyi' rather than (13) ____________ 'for your information'. Ms McCulloch says not using the full stop helps the writer save (14) ____________. She also says that a full stop can make the writer look a little (15) ____________. Many people prefer to end a sentence with an emoji or emoticon (16) ____________ of a full stop :-)

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  A language expert says using a full stop to end sentences in text messages ______
     a.  can look rudely
     b.  can look crude
     c.  can look crudely
     d.  can look rude
2)  A full stop is used in British English; in American English, this punctuation mark is _____
     a.  called a periodical
     b.  called a peer rod
     c.  called a period
     d.  called a pea read
3)  this view is most common in younger people who use instant ______
     a.  messaging naps
     b.  message in naps
     c.  message in apps
     d.  messaging apps
4)  Ms McCulloch said people prefer to send a completely new ______
     a.  message in stead
     b.  messaging stead
     c.  message instead
     d.  message in instead
5)  the default way to break up your thoughts is to send each thought ______ message
     a.  as a new
     b.  as anew
     c.  as a knew
     d.  as a newt

6)  The full stop dates back around 2,300 years. It is an ______ writing
     a.  essential part off
     b.  essential parts of
     c.  essential part of
     d.  essentially part of
7)  School teachers can put lots of comments ______
     a.  in read dink
     b.  in red ink
     c.  inner dink
     d.  in reading
8)  They might use the acronym 'LOL' instead of writing '______'
     a.  laugh out laugh
     b.  laugh out lead
     c.  laugh out aloud
     d.  laugh out loud
9)  Ms McCulloch says not using the full stop helps the writer ______
     a.  save times
     b.  save time
     c.  save timed
     d.  save thyme
10)  Many people prefer to end a sentence with an ______
     a.  emoji or emotion
     b.  emotion or emoticon
     c.  emoji or emoticon
     d.  emoji or emotion con

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A language expert says using a full stop (1) ___________________ in text messages can look rude. A full stop is used in British English; in American English, this punctuation mark is (2) ___________________. Linguist Gretchen McCulloch says more and more people think ending messages with a full stop is rude. She said this view (3) ___________________ in younger people who use instant messaging apps like Twitter and Facebook Messenger. Ms McCulloch said people (4) ___________________ a completely new message instead of ending a sentence with a full stop. She said: "If you're a young person and you're (5) ___________________ to someone, the default way to break up your thoughts is to send (6) ___________________ a new message."

The full stop dates back around 2,300 years. It is (7) ___________________ of writing today. School teachers can put lots of comments (8) ___________________ on a student's writing if that student forgets to add the full stop at the end of his or her sentence. However, technology is changing the way we write. Most people now use abbreviations (9) ___________________ text messages. They might use the acronym 'LOL' instead of writing (10) '___________________,' or the abbreviation 'fyi' rather than typing (11) '___________________'. Ms McCulloch says not using the full stop helps the writer save time. She also says that a full stop can make the writer look a little aggressive. Many people prefer to end a sentence with an emoji (12) ___________________ of a full stop :-)

Comprehension questions

  1. Who said using a full stop to end sentences in text messages was rude?
  2. What is a full stop called in American English?
  3. What kind of apps do younger people use?
  4. What two apps were mentioned in the article?
  5. What do younger people send instead of using a full stop?
  6. How old is the full stop?
  7. What can teachers put on students' writing?
  8. What does the acronym 'LOL' mean?
  9. What does the abbreviation 'fyi' mean?
  10. What do many people end a sentence with instead of a full stop?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  Who said using a full stop to end sentences in text messages was rude?
a) a language expert
b) a writer
c) a teacher
d) a student
2)  What is a full stop called in American English?
a) a dot
b) a boomer
c) a period
d) a circle
3)  What kind of apps do younger people use?
a) news apps
b) apps with video
c) apps to find love
d) instant messaging apps
4)  What two apps were mentioned in the article?
a) WhatsApp and Instagram
b) Twitter and Facebook Messenger
c) Netflix and Amazon
d) Spotify and YouTube
5)  What do younger people send instead of using a full stop?
a) a new message
b) a letter
c) an e-mail
d) love

6)  How old is the full stop?
a) less than 2,300 years old
b) just over 2,300 years old
c) exactly 2,300 years old
d) about 2,300 years old
7)  What can teachers put on students' writing?
a) capital letters
b) gold stars
c) red ink
d) advice
8)  What does the acronym 'LOL' mean?
a) live on land
b) laugh out loud
c) lots of love
d) love of learning
9)  What does the abbreviation 'fyi' mean?
a) from your idol
b) full yummy ice
c) for your information
d) four years in
10)  What do many people end a sentence with instead of a full stop?
a) a sigh
b) an emoji
c) a cross
d) an exclamation mark

Role play

Role  A – Smiley Face
You think the smiley face emoji is the most useful emoji. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their emojis. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): wink, heart or chocolate.

Role  B – Wink
You think the wink emoji is the most useful emoji. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their emojis. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): smiley face emoji, heart or chocolate.

Role  C – Heart
You think the heart emoji is the most useful emoji. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their emojis. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): wink, smiley face emoji or chocolate.

Role  D – Chocolate
You think the chocolate emoji is the most useful emoji. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their emojis. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): wink, heart or smiley face emoji.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'full'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'stop'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • dates
    • red
    • changing
    • loud
    • time
    • emoji
    • expert
    • mark
    • linguist
    • instant
    • young
    • each




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Full stop seen as rude in text messages

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'full stop'?
    3. What do you think of punctuation in English?
    4. Are you good at using punctuation?
    5. Is not using a full stop rude?
    6. Do you prefer the word 'full stop' or 'period'?
    7. Are older people better at writing?
    8. Is it important to use punctuation in text messages?
    9. What is punctuation like in your language?
    10. What is the full stop for?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'punctuation'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How important is punctuation?
    5. What is the most difficult think about punctuation?
    6. How do you feel when a teacher puts lots of red ink on your work?
    7. Do we really need capital letters?
    8. Is an emoticon better than a full stop?
    9. What do you think about emojis and emoticons?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the language expert?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A language (1) ____ says using a full stop to end sentences in text messages can look rude. A full stop is used in British English; in American English, this punctuation mark is called a (2) ____. Linguist Gretchen McCulloch says more and more people think ending messages with a full stop is rude. She said this (3) ____ is most common in younger people who use (4) ____ messaging apps like Twitter and Facebook Messenger. Ms McCulloch said people prefer to send a completely new message instead (5) ____ ending a sentence with a full stop. She said: "If you're a young person and you're sending a message to someone, the default way to break up your thoughts is to (6) ____ each thought as a new message."

    The full stop dates (7) ____ around 2,300 years. It is an essential part of writing today. School teachers can put lots of comments (8) ____ red ink on a student's writing if that student forgets to add the full stop at the end of his or her sentence. However, technology is (9) ____ the way we write. Most people now use abbreviations or acronyms in text messages. They might use the acronym 'LOL' instead of writing 'laugh out loud,' or the abbreviation (10) ____ rather than typing 'for your information'. Ms McCulloch says not using the full stop helps the writer (11) ____ time. She also says that a full stop can make the writer look a little aggressive. Many people prefer (12) ____ end a sentence with an emoji or emoticon instead of a full stop :-)

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     expert     (b)     expertise     (c)     experts     (d)     expat    
    2. (a)     time     (b)     interval     (c)     period     (d)     gap    
    3. (a)     scenery     (b)     outlook     (c)     view     (d)     sight    
    4. (a)     prompt     (b)     sudden     (c)     immediate     (d)     instant    
    5. (a)     of     (b)     to     (c)     by     (d)     at    
    6. (a)     transfer     (b)     send     (c)     ship     (d)     distribute    
    7. (a)     before     (b)     passed     (c)     past     (d)     back    
    8. (a)     on     (b)     in     (c)     at     (d)     up    
    9. (a)     changed     (b)     change     (c)     changing     (d)     changes    
    10. (a)     dry     (b)     fry     (c)     DIY     (d)     fyi    
    11. (a)     rescue     (b)     put aside     (c)     harvest     (d)     save    
    12. (a)     by     (b)     to     (c)     at     (d)     of

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. A language rpeext
    2. this tnocinupuat mark is called a period
    3. this view is most commno in younger people
    4. sitntna messaging apps
    5. ending a cneesten with a full stop
    6. the ealtufd way

    Paragraph 2

    1. an eeiasnslt part of writing today
    2. lots of mmotnesc in red ink
    3. ocehtgonyl is changing the way we write
    4. people now use abbreviations or amonycrs
    5. make the writer look a little egirsvsaeg
    6. an emoji or oemtoicn

    Put the text back together

    (...)  add the full stop at the end of his or her sentence. However, technology is changing the way we write. Most people now
    (...)  teachers can put lots of comments in red ink on a student's writing if that student forgets to
    (...)  aggressive. Many people prefer to end a sentence with an emoji or emoticon instead of a full stop :-)
    (...)  out loud,' or the abbreviation 'fyi' rather than typing 'for your information'. Ms McCulloch says not using the full stop helps
    (...)  use abbreviations or acronyms in text messages. They might use the acronym 'LOL' instead of writing 'laugh
    (...)  The full stop dates back around 2,300 years. It is an essential part of writing today. School
    (...)  apps like Twitter and Facebook Messenger. Ms McCulloch said people prefer to send a completely new message instead
    (...)  is used in British English; in American English, this punctuation mark is called a
    (...)  message to someone, the default way to break up your thoughts is to send each thought as a new message."
    (...)  a full stop is rude. She said this view is most common in younger people who use instant messaging
    1  ) A language expert says using a full stop to end sentences in text messages can look rude. A full stop
    (...)  period. Linguist Gretchen McCulloch says more and more people think ending messages with
    (...)  the writer save time. She also says that a full stop can make the writer look a little
    (...)  of ending a sentence with a full stop. She said: "If you're a young person and you're sending a

    Put the words in the right order

    1. to   A   text   end   in   sentences   stop   messages   .   full
    2. punctuation   call   Americans   this   period   .   a   mark
    3. younger   in   view   This   is   common   most   people   .
    4. a   to   new   People   send   prefer   completely   message   .
    5. thoughts   .   your   to   default   way   break   up   The
    6. 2,300   around   years   .   full   back   The   stop   dates
    7. It   essential   writing   today   .   is   part   an   of
    8. lots   comments   Teachers   of   put   red   in   ink   .
    9. changing   technology   However,   the   is   write   .   we   way
    10. a   to   People   end   sentence   emoticons   .   with   prefer

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A language expert says using a full stop to send / end sentences in text messages can look rude / rudely. A full stop is used in British English; in American English, this punctuation mark is called a period / interval. Linguist Gretchen McCulloch says more / most and more people think ending messages with a full stop is rude. She said this view is most commonly / common in younger people who use instance / instant messaging apps like Twitter and Facebook Messenger. Ms McCulloch said people prefer / rather to send a completely new message instead of / for ending a sentence with a full stop. She said: "If you're a young person and you're sending a message to no one / someone, the default way to break up your thoughts is to send each thought / think as a new message."

    The full stop dates past / back around 2,300 years. It is an essential / key part of writing today. School teachers can put many / lots of comments in red ink on a student's writing if that student forgets to add the full stop at the end of his or her / their sentence. However, technology is changing the way we writing / write. Most people now use abbreviations or acronyms in text messages. They might use a / the acronym 'LOL' instead of writing 'laugh out loud,' or the abbreviation / abbreviate 'fyi' rather than typing 'for your information'. Ms McCulloch says not using the full stop helps the writer save / saving time. She also says that a full stop can make the writer look a little aggression / aggressive. Many people prefer to end a sentence with an emoji or emoticon instead of a full / fully stop :-)

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A l_n g__ g_ _x p_r t s_y s _s_n g _ f_l l s t_p t_ _n d s_n t_n c_s _n t_x t m_s s_g_s c_n l__ k r_d_. A f_l l s t_p _s _s_d _n B r_t_s h E n g l_s h ; _n A m_r_c_n E n g l_s h , t h_s p_n c t__ t__ n m_r k _s c_l l_d _ p_r__ d . L_n g__ s t G r_t c h_n M c C_l l_c h s_y s m_r_ _n d m_r_ p__ p l_ t h_n k _n d_n g m_s s_g_s w_t h _ f_l l s t_p _s r_d_. S h_ s__ d t h_s v__ w _s m_s t c_m m_n _n y__ n g_r p__ p l_ w h_ _s_ _n s t_n t m_s s_g_n g _p p s l_k_ T w_t t_r _n d F_c_b__ k M_s s_n g_r . M s M c C_l l_c h s__ d p__ p l_ p r_f_r t_ s_n d _ c_m p l_t_l y n_w m_s s_g_ _n s t__ d _f _n d_n g _ s_n t_n c_ w_t h _ f_l l s t_p . S h_ s__ d : " I f y__ ' r_ _ y__ n g p_r s_n _n d y__ ' r_ s_n d_n g _ m_s s_g_ t_ s_m__ n_, t h_ d_f__ l t w_y t_ b r__ k _p y__ r t h__ g h t s _s t_ s_n d __ c h t h__ g h t _s _ n_w m_s s_g_. "

    T h_ f_l l s t_p d_t_s b_c k _r__ n d 2 , 3 0 0 y__ r s . I t _s _n _s s_n t__ l p_r t _f w r_t_n g t_d_y . S c h__ l t__ c h_r s c_n p_t l_t s _f c_m m_n t s _n r_d _n k _n _ s t_d_n t ' s w r_t_n g _f t h_t s t_d_n t f_r g_t s t_ _d d t h_ f_l l s t_p _t t h_ _n d _f h_s _r h_r s_n t_n c_. H_w_v_r , t_c h n_l_g y _s c h_n g_n g t h_ w_y w_ w r_t_. M_s t p__ p l_ n_w _s_ _b b r_v__ t__ n s _r _c r_n y m s _n t_x t m_s s_g_s . T h_y m_g h t _s_ t h_ _c r_n y m ' L O L ' _n s t__ d _f w r_t_n g ' l__ g h __ t l__ d , ' _r t h_ _b b r_v__ t__ n ' f y_' r_t h_r t h_n t y p_n g ' f_r y__ r _n f_r m_t__ n ' . M s M c C_l l_c h s_y s n_t _s_n g t h_ f_l l s t_p h_l p s t h_ w r_t_r s_v_ t_m_. S h_ _l s_ s_y s t h_t _ f_l l s t_p c_n m_k_ t h_ w r_t_r l__ k _ l_t t l_ _g g r_s s_v_. M_n y p__ p l_ p r_f_r t_ _n d _ s_n t_n c_ w_t h _n _m_j_ _r _m_t_c_n _n s t__ d _f _ f_l l s t_p : - )

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a language expert says using a full stop to end sentences in text messages can look rude a full stop is used in british english in american english this punctuation mark is called a period linguist gretchen mcculloch says more and more people think ending messages with a full stop is rude she said this view is most common in younger people who use instant messaging apps like twitter and facebook messenger ms mcculloch said people prefer to send a completely new message instead of ending a sentence with a full stop she said if youre a young person and youre sending a message to someone the default way to break up your thoughts is to send each thought as a new message

    the full stop dates back around 2300 years it is an essential part of writing today school teachers can put lots of comments in red ink on a students writing if that student forgets to add the full stop at the end of his or her sentence however technology is changing the way we write most people now use abbreviations or acronyms in text messages they might use the acronym lol instead of writing laugh out loud or the abbreviation fyi rather than typing for your information ms mcculloch says not using the full stop helps the writer save time she also says that a full stop can make the writer look a little aggressive many people prefer to end a sentence with an emoji or emoticon instead of a full stop )

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Alanguageexpertsaysusingafullstoptoendsentencesintextmessages
    canlookrude.AfullstopisusedinBritishEnglish;inAmericanEnglish,thi
    spunctuationmarkiscalledaperiod.LinguistGretchenMcCullochsays
    moreandmorepeoplethinkendingmessageswithafullstopisrude.She
    saidthisviewismostcommoninyoungerpeoplewhouseinstantmessagi
    ngappslikeTwitterandFacebookMessenger.MsMcCullochsaidpeople
    prefertosendacompletelynewmessageinsteadofendingasentencewi
    thafullstop.Shesaid:"Ifyou'reayoungpersonandyou'resendingames
    sagetosomeone,thedefaultwaytobreakupyourthoughtsistosendeac
    hthoughtasanewmessage."Thefullstopdatesbackaround2,300years
    .Itisanessentialpartofwritingtoday.Schoolteacherscanputlotsofcom
    mentsinredinkonastudent'swritingifthatstudentforgetstoaddthefull
    stopattheendofhisorhersentence.However,technologyischangingth
    ewaywewrite.Mostpeoplenowuseabbreviationsoracronymsintextm
    essages.Theymightusetheacronym'LOL'insteadofwriting'laughoutl
    oud,'ortheabbreviation'fyi'ratherthantyping'foryourinformation'.Ms
    McCullochsaysnotusingthefullstophelpsthewritersavetime.Shealsos
    aysthatafullstopcanmakethewriterlookalittleaggressive.Manypeopl
    eprefertoendasentencewithanemojioremoticoninsteadofafullstop:-)

    Free writing

    Write about full stop for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    It is very important to always use punctuation correctly. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. THE FULL STOP: Make a poster about the full stop. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. PUNCTUATION: Write a magazine article about punctuation being taught more in schools. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on the full stop. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on punctuation. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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