The Reading / Listening - Positive Thinking - Level 1

Positive thinkers live longer than negative thinkers. This is according to studies from Boston University. Researchers looked at data on 70,000 nurses and 1,500 veterans. They found that optimists (people who think positively) were more likely to live to 85. Pessimists (people who think negatively) were 11-15 per cent less likely to be 85. Researchers say optimists (positive thinkers) manage stress better than pessimists (negative thinkers).



People answered questions about their diets, exercise, levels of optimism, and how much they smoked and drank. The surveys matched this with levels of health. A professor said raising levels of optimism may help people to live longer. Her advice for pessimists to live longer was to, "imagine a future in which everything has turned out well". She asked people to be more optimistic. She said it was healthier to look on the bright side of life.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Positive Thinking - Level 0 Positive Thinking - Level 2   or  Positive Thinking - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/health-49447685
  • https://news.sky.com/story/looking-on-the-bright-side-helps-you-live-longer-study-finds-11795107
  • https://www.livescience.com/optimism-tied-to-longevity.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Positive thinkers live
  2. This is according
  3. data on
  4. people who
  5. more likely to live to
  6. 11-15 per cent less
  7. positive
  8. manage
  1. stress better
  2. 70,000 nurses
  3. think positively
  4. likely
  5. longer
  6. thinkers
  7. to studies
  8. 85

Paragraph 2

  1. People answered questions
  2. how much they
  3. raising levels
  4. Her advice for
  5. everything has turned
  6. She asked people to
  7. She said it was
  8. look on the bright
  1. healthier
  2. pessimists
  3. side of life
  4. of optimism
  5. be more optimistic
  6. smoked and drank
  7. out well
  8. about their diets

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Positive (1) ___________________ than negative thinkers. This is according (2) ___________________ Boston University. Researchers (3) ___________________ on 70,000 nurses and 1,500 veterans. They found that optimists (people who think positively) were (4) ___________________ live to 85. Pessimists (people who think negatively) were 11-15 per cent (5) ___________________ be 85. Researchers say optimists (positive thinkers) manage (6) ___________________ pessimists (negative thinkers).

People answered questions (7) ___________________, exercise, levels of optimism, and (8) ___________________ smoked and drank. The surveys (9) ___________________ levels of health. A professor said raising levels of optimism may help people to live longer. Her advice for pessimists (10) ___________________ was to, "imagine a future in which everything (11) ___________________ well". She asked people to be more optimistic. She said it was healthier to look on the bright (12) ___________________.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Positivethinkerslivelongerthannegativethinkers.Thisisaccordingtost
udiesfromBostonUniversity.Researcherslookedatdataon70,000nur
sesand1,500veterans.Theyfoundthatoptimists(peoplewhothinkposi
tively)weremorelikelytoliveto85.Pessimists(peoplewhothinknegati
vely)were11-15percentlesslikelytobe85.Researcherssayoptimis
ts(positivethinkers)managestressbetterthanpessimists(negativethi
nkers).Peopleansweredquestionsabouttheirdiets,exercise,levelsofo
ptimism,andhowmuchtheysmokedanddrank.Thesurveysmatchedth
iswithlevelsofhealth.Aprofessorsaidraisinglevelsofoptimismmayhel
ppeopletolivelonger.Heradviceforpessimiststolivelongerwasto,"ima
gineafutureinwhicheverythinghasturnedoutwell".Sheaskedpeoplet
obemoreoptimistic.Shesaiditwashealthiertolookonthebrightsideoflif
e.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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