The Reading / Listening - Positive Thinking - Level 2

Positive thinkers might live longer than negative thinkers. This is according to studies into the health of Americans. Boston University researchers looked at data on 70,000 female nurses and 1,500 male military veterans. They found that people who were optimists (people who thought positively) were more likely to live to the age of 85. People who were more pessimistic (those who thought negatively) were 11-15 per cent less likely to live to 85. Researchers say optimists (positive thinkers) manage stress more easily than pessimists (negative thinkers).



Participants in the studies answered questions that assessed their diets, exercise, levels of optimism, and how much they smoked and drank. The surveys matched these levels with overall levels of health. A professor said: "Our findings speak to the possibility that raising levels of optimism may promote longevity and healthy ageing." Her advice for pessimists who might want to live longer was to, "imagine a future in which everything has turned out well". She urged people to be more optimistic. She said it was healthier to look on the bright side of life.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Positive Thinking - Level 0 Positive Thinking - Level 1   or  Positive Thinking - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/health-49447685
  • https://news.sky.com/story/looking-on-the-bright-side-helps-you-live-longer-study-finds-11795107
  • https://www.livescience.com/optimism-tied-to-longevity.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. This is according
  2. researchers looked at
  3. 1,500 male military
  4. people who thought
  5. People who were
  6. 11-15 per cent less likely
  7. manage stress more
  8. pessimists
  1. to live to 85
  2. veterans
  3. easily
  4. data
  5. (negative thinkers)
  6. positively
  7. more pessimistic
  8. to studies

Paragraph 2

  1. Participants in the studies
  2. levels
  3. how much they smoked
  4. overall
  5. promote longevity and
  6. everything has turned
  7. She urged people to
  8. look on the bright
  1. be more optimistic
  2. healthy ageing
  3. side of life
  4. of optimism
  5. out well
  6. levels of health
  7. answered questions
  8. and drank

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Positive thinkers (1) ___________________ than negative thinkers. This (2) ___________________ studies into the health of Americans. Boston University researchers looked at data on 70,000 female nurses and 1,500 (3) ___________________. They found that people who were optimists (people who thought positively) were more (4) ___________________ to the age of 85. People who were more pessimistic (those who thought negatively) were 11-15 (5) ___________________ likely to live to 85. Researchers say optimists (positive thinkers) manage (6) ___________________ than pessimists (negative thinkers).

Participants (7) ___________________ answered questions that assessed their diets, exercise, levels of optimism, and how much they (8) ___________________. The surveys matched these levels with (9) ___________________ health. A professor said: "Our findings speak to the possibility that raising levels of optimism may promote longevity and healthy ageing." (10) ___________________ pessimists who might want to live longer was to, "imagine a future in which everything has (11) ___________________ ". She urged people to be more optimistic. She said it was healthier to look on the (12) ___________________ life.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Positivethinkersmightlivelongerthannegativethinkers.Thisisaccordi
ngtostudiesintothehealthofAmericans.BostonUniversityresearchers
lookedatdataon70,000femalenursesand1,500malemilitaryveterans
.Theyfoundthatpeoplewhowereoptimists(peoplewhothoughtpositiv
ely)weremorelikelytolivetotheageof85.Peoplewhoweremorepessim
istic(thosewhothoughtnegatively)were11-15percentlesslikelytoliv
eto85.Researcherssayoptimists(positivethinkers)managestressmo
reeasilythanpessimists(negativethinkers).Participantsinthestudies
answeredquestionsthatassessedtheirdiets,exercise,levelsofoptimis
m,andhowmuchtheysmokedanddrank.Thesurveysmatchedthesele
velswithoveralllevelsofhealth.Aprofessorsaid:"Ourfindingsspeaktot
hepossibilitythatraisinglevelsofoptimismmaypromotelongevityand
healthyageing."Heradviceforpessimistswhomightwanttolivelonger
wasto,"imagineafutureinwhicheverythinghasturnedoutwell".Sheur
gedpeopletobemoreoptimistic.Shesaiditwashealthiertolookonthebr
ightsideoflife.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

Help Support This Web Site

  • Please consider helping Breaking News English.com

Sean Banville's Book

Thank You