The Reading / Listening - Soccer Players - Level 3

Researchers from a university in the UK have found that playing soccer can damage the mental health of players. A team of experts from Glasgow University discovered that former professional football players are three and a half times more likely to die of dementia than other people. The experts looked at whether or not heading a football could lead to brain damage. The research team looked into the deaths of 7,676 ex-soccer players who played in Scotland professionally between 1900 and 1976. The team compared the deaths of the former soccer players to the deaths of 23,000 people who did not regularly play football. They found that the football players suffered from a lot more brain injuries.



The research was requested by the Football Association and the Professional Footballers' Association in the UK. The two associations made the request after the death of English football player Jeff Astle in 2002. Mr Astle's family was convinced he died as a result of playing football. Doctors said his cause of death was "repeated minor brain traumas". The doctors said this could happen with heading a soccer ball. Researcher Dr Willie Stewart said his research showed that former football players were more likely to suffer from Alzheimer's disease, motor neurone disease and Parkinson's disease. He said they were less likely to die of common diseases, such as heart disease and lung cancer.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Soccer Players - Level 0 Soccer Players - Level 1   or  Soccer Players - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/sport/football/50124102
  • https://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/premier-league/dementia-football-heading-study-2019-the-fa-pfa-a9164861.html
  • https://www.telegraph.co.uk/football/2019/10/21/calls-ban-young-players-heading-footballs-brain-injury-expert/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SOCCER: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about soccer. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       researchers / university / damage / mental health / experts / soccer / regularly / brain
       professional / request / result / trauma / heading / ball / suffer / disease / lung cancer
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. HEADING BAN: Students A strongly believe there should be a ban on heading soccer balls; Students B strongly believe there shouldn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. MENTAL HEALTH: How can these things affect mental health? How can we help people? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How It Affects Mental Health

How We Can Help

Sport

 

 

Social media

 

 

Overtime

 

 

Exams

 

 

City life

 

 

Money

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. DAMAGE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "damage". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. DEMENTIA: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things to slow down dementia at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Exercise
  • Diet
  • Working
  • Reading
  • Friends
  • Medicine
  • Sleep
  • Hobbies

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. mental health a. A person who has a lot of skill and knowledge in a particular area.
      2. expert b. Probable.
      3. former c. Damage to the body or brain.
      4. likely d. Had a job, position or role in the past but not now.
      5. dementia e. Someone doing a job for money and not for free.
      6. professional f. About how well your brain, mind and feelings are.
      7. injury g. A brain disease where people suffer memory loss, changed personalities and lowered understanding.

    Paragraph 2

      8. requested h. A group of people organized for a joint purpose.
      9. association i. Completely certain or sure about something.
      10. convinced j. An illness in a part of the body or brain.
      11. cause k. Physical or mental shock.
      12. trauma l. The reason that something happened.
      13. common m. An act of asking politely or formally for something.
      14. disease n. Happening, found, or done often.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The research is from the United Kingdom.     T / F
  2. The researchers looked at soccer players who are currently playing.     T / F
  3. The researchers looked at the deaths of 23,000 ex-soccer players.     T / F
  4. The researchers looked at some players who played from 1900.     T / F
  5. The research was requested by two football associations.     T / F
  6. The family of a player who died is sure heading a ball caused his death.   T / F
  7. Soccer players are less likely to suffer from diseases like Alzheimer's.     T / F
  8. Soccer players are less likely to die from lung cancer.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. found
  2. damage
  3. experts
  4. likely
  5. regularly
  6. requested
  7. convinced
  8. minor
  9. former
  10. such as
  1. ex-
  2. probable
  3. frequently
  4. harm
  5. small
  6. like
  7. asked for
  8. discovered
  9. certain
  10. specialists

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. soccer can damage the mental
  2. former professional
  3. three and a half times more
  4. heading a
  5. suffered from a lot
  6. two associations made
  7. convinced he died as a result
  8. football players were more likely
  9. die of common
  10. heart disease and
  1. likely to die
  2. diseases
  3. the request
  4. football players
  5. to suffer
  6. health of players
  7. lung cancer
  8. of playing football
  9. more brain injuries
  10. football

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
former
whether
mental
compared
other
suffered
likely
deaths

Researchers from a university in the UK have found that playing soccer can damage the (1) ____________ health of players. A team of experts from Glasgow University discovered that (2) ____________ professional football players are three and a half times more (3) ____________ to die of dementia than (4) ____________ people. The experts looked at (5) ____________ or not heading a football could lead to brain damage. The research team looked into the (6) ____________ of 7,676 ex-soccer players who played in Scotland professionally between 1900 and 1976. The team (7) ____________ the deaths of the former soccer players to the deaths of 23,000 people who did not regularly play football. They found that the football players (8) ____________ from a lot more brain injuries.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
suffer
associations
cause
lung
requested
less
heading
convinced

The research was (9) ____________ by the Football Association and the Professional Footballers' Association in the UK. The two (10) ____________ made the request after the death of English football player Jeff Astle in 2002. Mr Astle's family was (11) ____________ he died as a result of playing football. Doctors said his (12) ____________ of death was "repeated minor brain traumas". The doctors said this could happen with (13) ____________ a soccer ball. Researcher Dr Willie Stewart said his research showed that former football players were more likely to (14) ____________ from Alzheimer's disease, motor neurone disease and Parkinson's disease. He said they were (15) ____________ likely to die of common diseases, such as heart disease and (16) ____________ cancer.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) from a university in the UK have found that playing soccer can damage ______
     a.  the men tall health
     b.  the meant all health
     c.  the mental health
     d.  the mentally health
2)  former professional football players are three and a half times more ______
     a.  likely to die
     b.  likely too die
     c.  likely two die
     d.  like lit to die
3)  The experts looked at whether or not heading a football ______ brain damage
     a.  could lead to
     b.  could leads to
     c.  could lead too
     d.  could leader to
4)  the former soccer players to the deaths of 23,000 people who did ______
     a.  not regular play
     b.  not regularly plays
     c.  not regulate play
     d.  not regularly play
5)  They found that the football players suffered from a ______ injuries
     a.  lot more brainy
     b.  lot more brain
     c.  lot more brains
     d.  lot more brainer

6)  Professional Footballers' Association in the UK. The two associations ______
     a.  did the request
     b.  made the request
     c.  had the request
     d.  form the request
7)  Mr Astle's family was convinced he died as a ______
     a.  results of playing
     b.  result of playing
     c.  resulted of playing
     d.  resulting of playing
8)  Doctors said his cause of death was repeated minor ______
     a.  brain traumatic
     b.  brain traumatize
     c.  brain trauma
     d.  brain traumas
9)  his research showed that former football players were more ______
     a.  likely to surfer
     b.  likely two suffer
     c.  likely too surfer
     d.  likely to suffer
10)  less likely to die of common diseases, such as heart disease ______
     a.  end lung cancer
     b.  in lung cancer
     c.  on lung cancer
     d.  and lung cancer

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Researchers from a university in the UK have found that playing soccer can damage the mental (1) ___________________. A team of experts from Glasgow University (2) ___________________ professional football players are three and a half times more likely to die of dementia than other people. The experts looked (3) ___________________ not heading a football could lead to brain damage. The research team (4) ___________________ deaths of 7,676 ex-soccer players who played in Scotland professionally between 1900 and 1976. The team (5) ___________________ of the former soccer players to the deaths of 23,000 people who did not regularly play football. They found that the football players suffered from a lot (6) ___________________.

The research (7) ___________________ the Football Association and the Professional Footballers' Association in the UK. The two associations made the request after the death of English football player Jeff Astle in 2002. Mr Astle's family (8) ___________________ died as a result of playing football. Doctors said his cause of death was "repeated (9) ___________________". The doctors said this could happen with (10) ___________________ ball. Researcher Dr Willie Stewart said his research showed that former football players were more (11) ___________________ from Alzheimer's disease, motor neurone disease and Parkinson's disease. He said they were less likely to die of common diseases, such (12) ___________________ and lung cancer.

Comprehension questions

  1. Which university carried out this research?
  2. How much more likely might soccer players be to die from dementia?
  3. What part of playing soccer did researchers look at?
  4. When were the players in the research actively playing football?
  5. How many deaths of non-players did the researchers look at?
  6. How many football associations requested the research?
  7. When did the soccer player Jeff Astle die?
  8. What did doctors say Mr Astle died of?
  9. Who is Willie Stewart?
  10. What lung disease might soccer players be less likely to die of?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Which university carried out this research?
a) Barcelona
b) Rio de Janeiro
c) Glasgow
d) Moscow
2) How much more likely might soccer players be to die from dementia?
a) three and a half
b) two and a quarter
c) two and a half
d) three and a quarter
3) What part of playing soccer did researchers look at?
a) penalties
b) free kicks
c) goalkeeping
d) heading the ball
4) When were the players in the research actively playing football?
a) 1960-1976
b) 1900-1976
c) 1970-1996
d) 1900-1996
5) How many deaths of non-players did the researchers look at?
a) 7,676
b) 826
c) 23,000
d) 75

6) How many football associations requested the research?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
7) When did the soccer player Jeff Astle die?
a) 1902
b) 1992
c) 2012
d) 2002
8) What did doctors say Mr Astle died of?
a) natural causes
b) brain traumas
c) heart disease
d) a stroke
9) Who is Willie Stewart?
a) a researcher
b) a soccer player
c) a soccer fan
d) a dementia sufferer
10) What lung disease might soccer players be less likely to die of?
a) bronchitis
b) pneumonia
c) lung collapse
d) lung cancer

Role play

Role  A – Exercise
You think exercise is the best thing to slow down dementia. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as good. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): working, friends or hobbies.

Role  B – Working
You think working is the best thing to slow down dementia. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as good. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): exercise, friends or hobbies.

Role  C – Friends
You think friends are the best thing to slow down dementia. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as good. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): working, exercise or hobbies.

Role  D – Hobbies
You think hobbies are the best thing to slow down dementia. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as good. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): working, friends or exercise.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'soccer'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'health'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • can
    • discovered
    • half
    • dementia
    • lead
    • 1900
    • requested
    • two
    • result
    • repeated
    • showed
    • such




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Soccer players more at risk of dementia

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'soccer'?
    3. What do you think of soccer?
    4. Do you think heading the ball causes brain injuries?
    5. What other sports cause brain injuries?
    6. Should soccer players wear head guards?
    7. Should soccer players be able to sue for damages?
    8. What do you know about dementia?
    9. How does your country treat mental health?
    10. Do you worry about your mental health?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'dementia'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Is soccer the world's greatest game?
    5. Which word is better - 'soccer' or 'football'?
    6. How would you deal with mental health problems?
    7. What advice do you have for soccer players?
    8. How can we end mental health diseases?
    9. Is it better to play soccer than to not play?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Researchers from a university in the UK have found that playing soccer can (1) ____ the mental health of players. A team of (2) ____ from Glasgow University discovered that former professional football players are three and a half times more (3) ____ to die of dementia than other people. The experts looked at whether or not heading a football could (4) ____ to brain damage. The research team looked into the deaths of 7,676 ex-soccer players who played in Scotland professionally between 1900 and 1976. The team (5) ____ the deaths of the former soccer players to the deaths of 23,000 people who did not regularly play football. They found was that the football players suffered from a lot more brain (6) ____.

    The research was (7) ____ by the Football Association and the Professional Footballers' Association in the UK. The two associations made the request after the death of English football player Jeff Astle in 2002. Mr Astle's family was (8) ____ he died as a result of playing football. Doctors said his cause of death was "repeated (9) ____ brain traumas". The doctors said this could happen with (10) ____ a soccer ball. Researcher Dr Willie Stewart said his research showed (11) ____ former football players were more likely to suffer from Alzheimer's disease, motor neurone disease and Parkinson's disease. He said they were less likely to die of common diseases, such as heart disease and lung (12) ____.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     damaged     (b)     damaging     (c)     damage     (d)     damages    
    2. (a)     experts     (b)     expats     (c)     exports     (d)     expects    
    3. (a)     likely     (b)     likes     (c)     liking     (d)     likelihood    
    4. (a)     lead     (b)     cause     (c)     result     (d)     end    
    5. (a)     compare     (b)     compared     (c)     comparison     (d)     compares    
    6. (a)     injuring     (b)     injurious     (c)     injured     (d)     injuries    
    7. (a)     bequest     (b)     inquest     (c)     requested     (d)     quotes    
    8. (a)     rested     (b)     serviced     (c)     closure     (d)     convinced    
    9. (a)     minor     (b)     minority     (c)     miner     (d)     minors    
    10. (a)     heading     (b)     head     (c)     header     (d)     heads    
    11. (a)     this     (b)     that     (c)     them     (d)     what    
    12. (a)     express     (b)     pressure     (c)     cancer     (d)     blood

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. A team of xrespet
    2. srasnoeifplo football players
    3. more ylkile to die of dementia
    4. The team dracompe the deaths
    5. graluyrel play football
    6. a lot more brain erinusij

    Paragraph 2

    1. The two associations made the rueqets
    2. Mr Astle's family was cdivnenoc
    3. repeated morni brain traumas
    4. ufrsef from Alzheimer's
    5. heart aesdsie
    6. lung rcenac

    Put the text back together

    (...)  likely to suffer from Alzheimer's disease, motor neurone disease and Parkinson's
    (...)  death was "repeated minor brain traumas". The doctors said this could happen with heading a soccer ball. Researcher
    (...)  or not heading a football could lead to brain damage. The research team looked
    (...)  play football. They found that the football players suffered from a lot more brain injuries.
    (...)  and a half times more likely to die of dementia than other people. The experts looked at whether
    (...)  Dr Willie Stewart said his research showed that former football players were more
    (...)  into the deaths of 7,676 ex-soccer players who played in Scotland professionally between 1900 and 1976. The team compared
    (...)  2002. Mr Astle's family was convinced he died as a result of playing football. Doctors said his cause of
    (...)  The research was requested by the Football Association and the Professional Footballers' Association in
    (...)  the UK. The two associations made the request after the death of English football player Jeff Astle in
    1  ) Researchers from a university in the UK have found that playing soccer can damage the mental health of
    (...)  disease. He said they were less likely to die of common diseases, such as heart disease and lung cancer.
    (...)  players. A team of experts from Glasgow University discovered that former professional football players are three
    (...)  the deaths of the former soccer players to the deaths of 23,000 people who did not regularly

    Put the words in the right order

    1. of   players   .   damage   the   mental   Soccer   can   health
    2. to   .   Three   likely   a   times   half   more   and
    3. football   Heading   to   damage   .   a   could   lead   brain
    4. the   former   deaths   of   Compared   players   .   the   soccer
    5. more   from   injuries   .   a   Players   brain   suffered   lot
    6. the   after   request   associations   the   Two   death   .   made
    7. of   as   football   .   a   playing   died   He   result
    8. was   brain   The   cause   repeated   death   traumas   .   of
    9. happen   ball   .   could   This   a   soccer   with   heading
    10. likely   common   die   diseases   .   to   Less   of

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Researchers from a university in the UK have found what / that playing soccer can damage the mental health of players. A team of expats / experts from Glasgow University discovered / discovery that former professional football players are three and a half times more likelihood / likely to die of dementia than other people. The experts looked at weather / whether or not heading a football could lead to brain damaging / damage. The research team looked into / onto the deaths of 7,676 ex-soccer players who played in Scotland professionally between 1900 and 1976. The team comparison / compared the deaths of the former soccer players to the deaths of 23,000 people who did not regularly / regular play football. They found that the football players suffered from a lot more brain injured / injuries.

    The research was requested / acquitted by the Football Association and the Professional Footballers' Association in the UK. The two associations did / made the request after the dead / death of English football player Jeff Astle in 2002. Mr Astle's family was convinced / studied he died as a result of playing football. Doctors said his cause / course of death was "repeated minor brain traumas". The doctors said these / this could happen with heading / backing a soccer ball. Researcher Dr Willie Stewart said his research showed / shown that former football players were more likely to suffer from Alzheimer's disease, vehicle / motor neurone disease and Parkinson's disease. He said they were less likely to die of common diseases, such as heart disease and lung cancer / cancerous.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    R_s__ r c h_r s f r_m _ _n_v_r s_t y _n t h_ U K h_v_ f__ n d t h_t p l_y_n g s_c c_r c_n d_m_g_ t h_ m_n t_l h__ l t h _f p l_y_r s . A t__ m _f _x p_r t s f r_m G l_s g_w U n_v_r s_t y d_s c_v_r_d t h_t f_r m_r p r_f_s s__ n_l f__ t b_l l p l_y_r s _r_ t h r__ _n d _ h_l f t_m_s m_r_ l_k_l y t_ d__ _f d_m_n t__ t h_n _t h_r p__ p l_. T h_ _x p_r t s l__ k_d _t w h_t h_r _r n_t h__ d_n g _ f__ t b_l l c__ l d l__ d t_ b r__ n d_m_g_. T h_ r_s__ r c h t__ m l__ k_d _n t_ t h_ d__ t h s _f 7 , 6 7 6 _x - s_c c_r p l_y_r s w h_ p l_y_d _n S c_t l_n d p r_f_s s__ n_l l y b_t w__ n 1 9 0 0 _n d 1 9 7 6 . T h_ t__ m c_m p_r_d t h_ d__ t h s _f t h_ f_r m_r s_c c_r p l_y_r s t_ t h_ d__ t h s _f 2 3 , 0 0 0 p__ p l_ w h_ d_d n_t r_g_l_r l y p l_y f__ t b_l l . T h_y f__ n d t h_t t h_ f__ t b_l l p l_y_r s s_f f_r_d f r_m _ l_t m_r_ b r__ n _n j_r__ s .

    T h_ r_s__ r c h w_s r_q__ s t_d b y t h_ F__ t b_l l A s s_c__ t__ n _n d t h_ P r_f_s s__ n_l F__ t b_l l_r s ' A s s_c__ t__ n _n t h_ U K . T h_ t w_ _s s_c__ t__ n s m_d_ t h_ r_q__ s t _f t_r t h_ d__ t h _f E n g l_s h f__ t b_l l p l_y_r J_f f A s t l_ _n 2 0 0 2 . M r A s t l_' s f_m_l y w_s c_n v_n c_d h_ d__ d _s _ r_s_l t _f p l_y_n g f__ t b_l l . D_c t_r s s__ d h_s c__ s_ _f d__ t h w_s " r_p__ t_d m_n_r b r__ n t r__ m_s " . T h_ d_c t_r s s__ d t h_s c__ l d h_p p_n w_t h h__ d_n g _ s_c c_r b_l l . R_s__ r c h_r D r W_l l__ S t_w_r t s__ d h_s r_s__ r c h s h_w_d t h_t f_r m_r f__ t b_l l p l_y_r s w_r_ m_r_ l_k_l y t_ s_f f_r f r_m A l z h__ m_r ' s d_s__ s_, m_t_r n__ r_n_ d_s__ s_ _n d P_r k_n s_n ' s d_s__ s_. H_ s__ d t h_y w_r_ l_s s l_k_l y t_ d__ _f c_m m_n d_s__ s_s , s_c h _s h__ r t d_s__ s_ _n d l_n g c_n c_r .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    researchers from a university in the uk have found that playing soccer can damage the mental health of players a team of experts from glasgow university discovered that former professional football players are three and a half times more likely to die of dementia than other people the experts looked at whether or not heading a football could lead to brain damage the research team looked into the deaths of 7676 exsoccer players who played in scotland professionally between 1900 and 1976 the team compared the deaths of the former soccer players to the deaths of 23000 people who did not regularly play football they found that the football players suffered from a lot more brain injuries

    the research was requested by the football association and the professional footballers association in the uk the two associations made the request after the death of english football player jeff astle in 2002 mr astles family was convinced he died as a result of playing football doctors said his cause of death was repeated minor brain traumas the doctors said this could happen with heading a soccer ball researcher dr willie stewart said his research showed that former football players were more likely to suffer from alzheimers disease motor neurone disease and parkinsons disease he said they were less likely to die of common diseases such as heart disease and lung cancer.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ResearchersfromauniversityintheUKhavefoundthatplayingsoccerca
    ndamagethementalhealthofplayers.AteamofexpertsfromGlasgowU
    niversitydiscoveredthatformerprofessionalfootballplayersarethreea
    ndahalftimesmorelikelytodieofdementiathanotherpeople.Theexper
    tslookedatwhetherornotheadingafootballcouldleadtobraindamage.
    Theresearchteamlookedintothedeathsof7,676ex-soccerplayerswh
    oplayedinScotlandprofessionallybetween1900and1976.Theteamco
    mparedthedeathsoftheformersoccerplayerstothedeathsof23,000pe
    oplewhodidnotregularlyplayfootball.Theyfoundthatthefootballplaye
    rssufferedfromalotmorebraininjuries.Theresearchwasrequestedbyt
    heFootballAssociationandtheProfessionalFootballers'Associationint
    heUK.ThetwoassociationsmadetherequestafterthedeathofEnglishfo
    otballplayerJeffAstlein2002.MrAstle'sfamilywasconvincedhediedas
    aresultofplayingfootball.Doctorssaidhiscauseofdeathwas"repeated
    minorbraintraumas".Thedoctorssaidthiscouldhappenwithheadingas
    occerball.ResearcherDrWillieStewartsaidhisresearchshowedthatfor
    merfootballplayersweremorelikelytosufferfromAlzheimer'sdisease,
    motorneuronediseaseandParkinson'sdisease.Hesaidtheywerelessli
    kelytodieofcommondiseases,suchasheartdiseaseandlungcancer.

    Free writing

    Write about soccer players for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Soccer is the best game in the world. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. SOCCER: Make a poster about soccer. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. BANNING HEADING: Write a magazine article about banning the heading of soccer balls. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. SOCCER: Write a letter to an expert on soccer. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to make soccer more exciting. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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