The Reading / Listening - Our Homeland - Level 1

The origin of humans is in Botswana. Researchers used DNA to find out where we came from. They said all our roots are in northern Botswana. Humans were there 200,000 years ago. They lived there for 70,000 years and then moved across Africa. They then moved to Europe and Asia. Professor Vanessa Hayes, from the University of Sydney, said: "We've known for a long time that modern humans originated in Africa roughly 200,000 years ago."



The researchers said we come from an area called Okavango. People there had water, hunting and farmland. Scientists looked at DNA from 200 people who live near there today. The people had a lot of DNA called L0. Professor Hayes explained why L0 is important. She said: "Every time a new migration occurs, that migration event is recorded in our [L0 and] DNA as a time-stamp.... Everyone walking around today...comes from this region."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Our Homeland - Level 0 Our Homeland - Level 2   or  Our Homeland - Level 3

Sources
  • https://metro.co.uk/2019/10/29/ancestral-homeland-earliest-human-ancestors-traced-botswana-11005209/
  • https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/ancestral-homeland-modern-humans-botswana-study-finds-191028162233348.html
  • https://newatlas.com/science/dna-study-human-homeland-southern-african-wetland/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. The origin of humans
  2. Researchers used DNA
  3. all our
  4. and then moved
  5. They then moved to Europe
  6. We've known for
  7. humans originated in
  8. roughly 200,000
  1. and Asia
  2. Africa
  3. across Africa
  4. years ago
  5. a long time
  6. to find out
  7. roots
  8. is in Botswana

Paragraph 2

  1. we come from an area
  2. Scientists looked at
  3. people had a lot of DNA
  4. Every time a new
  5. that migration event is
  6. DNA as a time-
  7. Everyone
  8. comes from
  1. walking around today
  2. called L0
  3. this region
  4. called Okavango
  5. stamp
  6. DNA from 200 people
  7. recorded
  8. migration occurs

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The origin (1) ___________________ in Botswana. Researchers used DNA to (2) ___________________ we came from. They said all our roots (3) ___________________ Botswana. Humans were there 200,000 years ago. They lived there for 70,000 years and (4) ___________________ Africa. They then moved to Europe and Asia. Professor Vanessa Hayes, from the University of Sydney, said: "We've known for (5) ___________________ that modern humans originated (6) ___________________ 200,000 years ago."

The researchers said we come (7) ___________________ called Okavango. People (8) ___________________, hunting and farmland. Scientists looked (9) ___________________ 200 people who live near there today. The people (10) ___________________ of DNA called L0. Professor Hayes explained why L0 is important. She said: "Every time (11) ___________________ occurs, that migration event is recorded in our [L0 and] DNA as a time-stamp.... Everyone (12) ___________________...comes from this region."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

TheoriginofhumansisinBotswana.ResearchersusedDNAtofindoutwh
erewecamefrom.TheysaidallourrootsareinnorthernBotswana.Huma
nswerethere200,000yearsago.Theylivedtherefor70,000yearsandth
enmovedacrossAfrica.TheythenmovedtoEuropeandAsia.ProfessorV
anessaHayes,fromtheUniversityofSydney,said:"We'veknownforalo
ngtimethatmodernhumansoriginatedinAfricaroughly200,000years
ago."TheresearcherssaidwecomefromanareacalledOkavango.Peopl
etherehadwater,huntingandfarmland.ScientistslookedatDNAfrom2
00peoplewholiveneartheretoday.ThepeoplehadalotofDNAcalledL0.
ProfessorHayesexplainedwhyL0isimportant.Shesaid:"Everytimean
ewmigrationoccurs,thatmigrationeventisrecordedinour[L0and]DNAasatime-stamp....Everyonewalkingaroundtoday...comesfromth
isregion."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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