The Reading / Listening - Our Homeland - Level 2

A study says the origin of humans is in Botswana. Researchers said they used DNA to find out where modern humans came from. They believe all our roots are in a region of northern Botswana. Humans were there 200,000 years ago. They lived there for at least 70,000 years and then moved around the African continent. They then started migrating to Europe and Asia. Researcher Professor Vanessa Hayes, from the University of Sydney, said: "We've known for a long time that modern humans originated in Africa roughly 200,000 years ago."



The researchers pinpointed an area called Okavango as where we come from. There used to be a big lake there but it is now salt flats. People had water, hunting and farmland. Scientists analyzed DNA from 200 people who live near the area today. They are from the Khoisan people, who live in modern-day South Africa and Namibia. They had a lot of DNA called L0. Professor Hayes explained why L0 is important. She said: "Every time a new migration occurs, that migration event is recorded in our [L0 and] DNA as a time-stamp.... Everyone walking around today...comes from this region."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Our Homeland - Level 0 Our Homeland - Level 1   or  Our Homeland - Level 3

Sources
  • https://metro.co.uk/2019/10/29/ancestral-homeland-earliest-human-ancestors-traced-botswana-11005209/
  • https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/ancestral-homeland-modern-humans-botswana-study-finds-191028162233348.html
  • https://newatlas.com/science/dna-study-human-homeland-southern-african-wetland/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. they used DNA to
  2. our roots are in a region
  3. lived there for at
  4. moved around the African
  5. They then started migrating to
  6. We've known for a long
  7. modern humans originated
  8. roughly 200,000
  1. of northern Botswana
  2. time
  3. Europe
  4. years ago
  5. least 70,000 years
  6. continent
  7. find out where
  8. in Africa

Paragraph 2

  1. researchers pinpointed an area
  2. There used to be
  3. Scientists analyzed DNA
  4. live in modern-
  5. They had a lot of
  6. time-
  7. Everyone walking
  8. comes from this
  1. DNA called L0
  2. region
  3. day South Africa
  4. stamp
  5. around today
  6. from 200 people
  7. called Okavango
  8. a big lake there

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A study says (1) ___________________ humans is in Botswana. Researchers said they used DNA to (2) ___________________ modern humans came from. They believe all our roots are in a (3) ___________________ Botswana. Humans were there 200,000 years ago. They lived there (4) ___________________ 70,000 years and then moved around the African continent. They then (5) ___________________ Europe and Asia. Researcher Professor Vanessa Hayes, from the University of Sydney, said: "We've known for a long time that modern (6) ___________________ Africa roughly 200,000 years ago."

The researchers (7) ___________________ called Okavango as where we come from. There used to be a big lake there but it is now salt flats. People (8) ___________________ and farmland. Scientists analyzed DNA from 200 people who live (9) ___________________ today. They are from the Khoisan people, who live in modern-day South Africa and Namibia. They (10) ___________________ of DNA called L0. Professor Hayes explained why L0 is important. She said: "Every time a new migration (11) ___________________ event is recorded in our [L0 and] DNA as a time-stamp.... Everyone walking around today...comes (12) ___________________."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

AstudysaystheoriginofhumansisinBotswana.Researcherssaidtheyu
sedDNAtofindoutwheremodernhumanscamefrom.Theybelieveallou
rrootsareinaregionofnorthernBotswana.Humanswerethere200,000
yearsago.Theylivedthereforatleast70,000yearsandthenmovedarou
ndtheAfricancontinent.TheythenstartedmigratingtoEuropeandAsia.
ResearcherProfessorVanessaHayes,fromtheUniversityofSydney,sai
d:"We'veknownforalongtimethatmodernhumansoriginatedinAfricar
oughly200,000yearsago."TheresearcherspinpointedanareacalledO
kavangoaswherewecomefrom.Thereusedtobeabiglaketherebutitisn
owsaltflats.Peoplehadwater,huntingandfarmland.Scientistsanalyze
dDNAfrom200peoplewholiveneartheareatoday.TheyarefromtheKh
oisanpeople,wholiveinmodern-daySouthAfricaandNamibia.Theyha
dalotofDNAcalledL0.ProfessorHayesexplainedwhyL0isimportant.Sh
esaid:"Everytimeanewmigrationoccurs,thatmigrationeventisrecord
edinour[L0and]DNAasatime-stamp....Everyonewalkingaroundtoda
y...comesfromthisregion."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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