The Reading / Listening - Brake Pads - Level 4

Brake pads are a new danger on the roads. Scientists discovered that toxic dust and metal from brake pads could harm our bodies as much as diesel emissions. The fine dust released when a car brakes could inflame the lungs, reduce immunity, and cause serious infections like bronchitis or pneumonia. Scientists estimate that 93 per cent of particulate pollution from traffic comes from tyres, clutches, brake pads, and road dust.



Scientists say that inhaling brake dust could cause "London throat". This causes runny noses, coughs and colds. Metal particles from brakes cover the lungs and stop cells in our immune system from removing bad bacteria. Brake pad dust casts doubt on claims by the motor industry of there being zero-emission cars. A researcher said: "There is no such thing as a zero-emission vehicle." He said the brake dust problem is going to get worse.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Brake Pads - Level 5 or  Brake Pads - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-51049326
  • https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2020/mt/c9mt00253g?page=search
  • https://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2020/01/09/do-have-london-throat-scrapping-speed-bumps-could-help/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Brake pads are a new
  2. toxic
  3. harm our
  4. diesel
  5. dust released
  6. inflame the
  7. cause serious
  8. pollution
  1. when a car brakes
  2. emissions
  3. from traffic
  4. dust
  5. infections
  6. danger on the roads
  7. lungs
  8. bodies

Paragraph 2

  1. inhaling
  2. This causes runny
  3. coughs and
  4. stop cells in our
  5. claims by the
  6. zero-emission
  7. There is no such
  8. the brake dust problem is
  1. colds
  2. going to get worse
  3. motor industry
  4. cars
  5. noses
  6. thing
  7. immune system
  8. brake dust

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Brake pads are a (1) ___________________ the roads. Scientists discovered that (2) ___________________ metal from brake pads could harm our bodies as much (3) ___________________. The fine dust released when a car brakes could (4) ___________________, reduce immunity, and cause serious infections like bronchitis or pneumonia. (5) ___________________ 93 per cent of particulate pollution from traffic comes from tyres, clutches, brake pads, (6) ___________________.

Scientists say (7) ___________________ dust could cause "London throat". This causes (8) ___________________ and colds. Metal particles from brakes cover the lungs and (9) ___________________ our immune system from removing bad bacteria. Brake pad dust (10) ___________________ claims by the motor industry (11) ___________________ zero-emission cars. A researcher said: "There is no such thing as a zero-emission vehicle." He said the brake dust problem is going (12) ___________________.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Brakepadsareanewdangerontheroads.Scientistsdiscoveredthattoxi
cdustandmetalfrombrakepadscouldharmourbodiesasmuchasdiesel
emissions.Thefinedustreleasedwhenacarbrakescouldinflamethelun
gs,reduceimmunity,andcauseseriousinfectionslikebronchitisorpneu
monia.Scientistsestimatethat93percentofparticulatepollutionfromt
rafficcomesfromtyres,clutches,brakepads,androaddust.Scientistss
aythatinhalingbrakedustcouldcause"Londonthroat".Thiscausesrun
nynoses,coughsandcolds.Metalparticlesfrombrakescoverthelungsa
ndstopcellsinourimmunesystemfromremovingbadbacteria.Breakpa
ddustcastsdoubtonclaimsbythemotorindustryoftherebeingzero-em
issioncars.Aresearchersaid:"Thereisnosuchthingasazero-emissio
nvehicle."Hesaidthebrakedustproblemisgoingtogetworse.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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