The Reading / Listening - Brake Pads - Level 5

There is a new menace on the roads that could harm our health - brake pads. Scientists have discovered that toxic dust and metal particles from brake pads could have the same harmful impact on our bodies as diesel emissions. Researchers found that fine dust released when a vehicle brakes could cause inflammation of the lungs, reduced immunity, an increased risk of respiratory problems, and serious infections like bronchitis or pneumonia. It is estimated that 93 per cent of particulate pollution from traffic comes from tyres, clutches, brake pads, and road dust.



The scientists say brake dust could be causing what they dubbed as "London throat". Sufferers continually experience runny noses and annoying coughs and colds, which could be caused by inhaling brake dust. Metal particles coat the lungs and prevent cells in our immune system from clearing harmful bacteria. A researcher said dust from break pads and tyres, etc. casts doubt on motor industry claims of zero-emission cars. He said: "There is no such thing as a zero-emission vehicle." He warned that brake dust and other pollutants are, "likely to become more significant".

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Brake Pads - Level 4 or  Brake Pads - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-51049326
  • https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2020/mt/c9mt00253g?page=search
  • https://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2020/01/09/do-have-london-throat-scrapping-speed-bumps-could-help/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. There is a new
  2. metal
  3. diesel
  4. fine
  5. cause inflammation
  6. an increased risk of respiratory
  7. serious infections like
  8. particulate pollution from traffic
  1. bronchitis
  2. emissions
  3. comes from tyres
  4. particles
  5. menace on the roads
  6. dust
  7. of the lungs
  8. problems

Paragraph 2

  1. what they dubbed as
  2. runny
  3. annoying coughs
  4. casts
  5. motor industry
  6. There is no such
  7. brake dust and other
  8. likely to become more
  1. noses
  2. significant
  3. claims
  4. "London throat"
  5. doubt
  6. pollutants
  7. and colds
  8. thing

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

There is a (1) ___________________ the roads that could harm our health - brake pads. Scientists have discovered (2) ___________________ and metal particles from brake pads could have the same (3) ___________________ our bodies as diesel emissions. Researchers found that fine dust released when a (4) ___________________ cause inflammation of the lungs, reduced immunity, an (5) ___________________ respiratory problems, and serious infections like bronchitis or pneumonia. It is estimated that 93 per cent of particulate pollution from (6) ___________________ tyres, clutches, brake pads, and road dust.

The scientists say brake dust could be causing what (7) ___________________ "London throat". Sufferers continually experience runny noses and (8) ___________________ colds, which could be caused by inhaling brake dust. Metal particles (9) ___________________ and prevent cells in our immune system from clearing harmful bacteria. A researcher said dust from break pads and tyres, etc. (10) ___________________ motor industry claims of zero-emission cars. He said: "There is (11) ___________________ as a zero-emission vehicle." He warned that brake dust and other pollutants are, "(12) ___________________ more significant".

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Thereisanewmenaceontheroadsthatcouldharmourhealth-brakepa
ds.Scientistshavediscoveredthattoxicdustandmetalparticlesfrombr
akepadscouldhavethesameharmfulimpactonourbodiesasdieselemis
sions.Researchersfoundthatfinedustreleasedwhenavehiclebrakesc
ouldcauseinflammationofthelungs,reducedimmunity,anincreasedri
skofrespiratoryproblems,andseriousinfectionslikebronchitisorpneu
monia.Itisestimatedthat93percentofparticulatepollutionfromtraffic
comesfromtyres,clutches,brakepads,androaddust.Thescientistssay
brakedustcouldbecausingwhattheydubbedas"Londonthroat".Suffer
erscontinuallyexperiencerunnynosesandannoyingcoughsandcolds,
whichcouldbecausedbyinhalingbrakedust.Metalparticlescoatthelun
gsandpreventcellsinourimmunesystemfromclearingharmfulbacteri
a.Aresearchersaiddustfrombreakpadsandtyres,etc.castsdoubtonm
otorindustryclaimsofzero-emissioncars.Hesaid:"Thereisnosuchth
ingasazero-emissionvehicle."Hewarnedthatbrakedustandotherpol
lutantsare,"likelytobecomemoresignificant".

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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