The Reading / Listening - Brain Size - Level 1

A study found that antisocial people could have smaller areas of the brain. It said criminals' brains had a different structure to the brains of non-criminals. Researchers looked at records of 672 people aged between seven and 26. At the age of 45, the researchers scanned their brains. Eighty of them were antisocial from their early teens. The areas of their brain that were linked to emotions, motivation and behaviour control were smaller in these people.



The research could help doctors understand long-term antisocial behaviour. Antisocial people may behave badly because of their brain structure. A researcher said: "They are operating under some disability at the level of the brain." She added that we needed to be kinder to these people. Another researcher said: "Differences in brain structure...may prevent them from engaging in antisocial behaviour. These people could benefit from more support."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Brain Size - Level 0 Brain Size - Level 2   or  Brain Size - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/feb/17/long-term-offenders-have-different-brain-structure-study-says
  • https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-02-life-course-persistent-antisocial-behaviour-differences-brain.html
  • https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(20)30002-X/fulltext
  • www.injurymap.com/free-human-anatomy-illustrations


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. A study found
  2. smaller areas
  3. criminals' brains had a different
  4. the brains of non-
  5. Researchers looked at records
  6. At the
  7. from their early
  8. linked
  1. age of 45
  2. criminals
  3. to emotions
  4. of the brain
  5. teens
  6. that
  7. of 672 people
  8. structure

Paragraph 2

  1. The research could help doctors
  2. Antisocial people may behave
  3. because of their brain
  4. They are operating under some
  5. we needed to be kinder
  6. Differences in brain structure may
  7. engaging in
  8. These people could benefit
  1. structure
  2. prevent them
  3. from more support
  4. badly
  5. antisocial behaviour
  6. to these people
  7. understand
  8. disability

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A (1) ___________________ antisocial people could have smaller areas of the brain. It said criminals' brains (2) ___________________ structure to the brains of non-criminals. Researchers looked at records of 672 (3) ___________________ seven and 26. At the age of 45, the researchers (4) ___________________. Eighty of them were antisocial from their early teens. The (5) ___________________ that were linked to emotions, motivation and behaviour control were (6) ___________________ people.

The research (7) ___________________ understand long-term antisocial behaviour. Antisocial people (8) ___________________ because of their brain structure. A researcher said: "They are operating under some (9) ___________________ level of the brain." She added that we needed (10) ___________________ to these people. Another researcher said: "Differences in brain structure... (11) ___________________ from engaging in antisocial behaviour. These people could benefit (12) ___________________."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Astudyfoundthatantisocialpeoplecouldhavesmallerareasofthebrain.
Itsaidcriminals'brainshadadifferentstructuretothebrainsofnon-cri
minals.Researcherslookedatrecordsof672peopleagedbetweenseve
nand26.Attheageof45,theresearchersscannedtheirbrains.Eightyoft
hemwereantisocialfromtheirearlyteens.Theareasoftheirbrainthatw
erelinkedtoemotions,motivationandbehaviourcontrolweresmallerin
thesepeople.Theresearchcouldhelpdoctorsunderstandlong-termant
isocialbehaviour.Antisocialpeoplemaybehavebadlybecauseoftheirb
rainstructure.Aresearchersaid:"Theyareoperatingundersomedisabi
lityatthelevelofthebrain."Sheaddedthatweneededtobekindertothes
epeople.Anotherresearchersaid:"Differencesinbrainstructure...ma
ypreventthemfromengaginginantisocialbehaviour.Thesepeoplecoul
dbenefitfrommoresupport."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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