The Reading / Listening - Brain Size - Level 2

A study published in the journal "Lancet Psychiatry" found that antisocial people could have smaller areas of the brain. It said criminals' brains had a different structure to the brains of people who followed the law. Researchers looked at records of 672 people between the ages of seven and 26. At the age of 45, the researchers scanned the people's brains. Eighty of them had a history of antisocial behaviour from their early teens. The areas of their brain that were linked to emotions, motivation and behaviour control were smaller in the long-term criminals.



A co-author of the research said it could help doctors understand long-term antisocial behaviour. She said antisocial people may behave badly because of their brain structure. She said: "They are operating under some disability at the level of the brain." She added that we needed to care for these people in a kinder way. The lead author said: "Differences in brain structure might make it difficult for people to develop social skills. This may prevent them from engaging in antisocial behaviour. These people could benefit from more support throughout their lives."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Brain Size - Level 0 Brain Size - Level 1   or  Brain Size - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/feb/17/long-term-offenders-have-different-brain-structure-study-says
  • https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-02-life-course-persistent-antisocial-behaviour-differences-brain.html
  • https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(20)30002-X/fulltext
  • www.injurymap.com/free-human-anatomy-illustrations


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. A study published in the
  2. people who followed
  3. At the age
  4. the researchers scanned the
  5. a history of antisocial
  6. from their early
  7. areas of their brain that were
  8. long-
  1. linked to emotions
  2. people's brains
  3. journal
  4. of 45
  5. term criminals
  6. the law
  7. teens
  8. behaviour

Paragraph 2

  1. it could help doctors
  2. antisocial people may behave
  3. They are operating under some
  4. might make it difficult
  5. develop social
  6. engaging in
  7. These people could benefit from
  8. throughout their
  1. more support
  2. disability
  3. skills
  4. lives
  5. understand
  6. for people
  7. badly
  8. antisocial behaviour

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A study published (1) ___________________ "Lancet Psychiatry" found that antisocial people could have (2) ___________________ the brain. It said criminals' brains had a different structure to the brains of people who (3) ___________________. Researchers looked at records of 672 people between the ages of seven and 26. At the age of 45, the researchers (4) ___________________ brains. Eighty of them had (5) ___________________ antisocial behaviour from their early teens. The areas of their brain that were linked to emotions, motivation and behaviour (6) ___________________ in the long-term criminals.

A co-author of the research said it (7) ___________________ understand long-term antisocial behaviour. She said antisocial people (8) ___________________ because of their brain structure. She said: "They are operating under some disability                        (9) ___________________ of the brain." She added that we needed to care for these people in (10) ___________________. The lead author said: "Differences in brain structure might make it difficult for people to (11) ___________________. This may prevent them from engaging in antisocial behaviour. These people could benefit from more (12) ___________________ lives."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Astudypublishedinthejournal"LancetPsychiatry"foundthatantisocial
peoplecouldhavesmallerareasofthebrain.Itsaidcriminals'brainshad
adifferentstructuretothebrainsofpeoplewhofollowedthelaw.Researc
herslookedatrecordsof672peoplebetweentheagesofsevenand26.At
theageof45,theresearchersscannedthepeople'sbrains.Eightyofthe
mhadahistoryofantisocialbehaviourfromtheirearlyteens.Theareasof
theirbrainthatwerelinkedtoemotions,motivationandbehaviourcontr
olweresmallerinthelong-termcriminals.Aco-authoroftheresearchsai
ditcouldhelpdoctorsunderstandlong-termantisocialbehaviour.Shes
aidantisocialpeoplemaybehavebadlybecauseoftheirbrainstructure.
Shesaid:"Theyareoperatingundersomedisabilityatthelevelofthebrai
n."Sheaddedthatweneededtocareforthesepeopleinakinderway.Thel
eadauthorsaid:"Differencesinbrainstructuremightmakeitdifficultfor
peopletodevelopsocialskills.Thismaypreventthemfromengagingina
ntisocialbehaviour.Thesepeoplecouldbenefitfrommoresupportthrou
ghouttheirlives."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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