The Reading / Listening - Brain Size - Level 3

A new study has found that antisocial people are more likely to have smaller areas of their brain. Researchers said criminals' brains had a different structure to the brains of people who followed the law. The study is published in the journal "Lancet Psychiatry". Researchers used data from 672 people born in 1972-73. They looked at records of the people's antisocial behaviour between the ages of seven and 26. At the age of 45, the researchers scanned the people's brains. Eighty of the people had a history of criminal and antisocial behaviour from being early teenagers. Researchers found that the areas of the brain linked to emotions, motivation and behaviour control were smaller in the long-term criminals' brains.



Professor Terrie Moffitt, a co-author of the research, said the research could help doctors understand what is behind long-term antisocial behaviour. She said the antisocial people in the study may have behaved badly because of their brain structure. She said: "They are actually operating under some [disability] at the level of the brain." She added that because of this, we needed to care for these people in a kinder way. Lead author Dr Christina Carlisi said: "Differences in brain structure might make it difficult for people to develop social skills. This may prevent them from engaging in antisocial behaviour. These people could benefit from more support throughout their lives."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Brain Size - Level 0 Brain Size - Level 1   or  Brain Size - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/feb/17/long-term-offenders-have-different-brain-structure-study-says
  • https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-02-life-course-persistent-antisocial-behaviour-differences-brain.html
  • https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(20)30002-X/fulltext
  • www.injurymap.com/free-human-anatomy-illustrations


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. BRAIN SIZE: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about brain size. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       study / antisocial / brain / journal / researcher / history / criminal / emotion / control /
       author / doctor / behaviour / disability / level / structure / care / kinder / social skills
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. SCHOOL: Students A strongly believe schoolchildren should have weekly lessons on antisocial behaviour; Students B strongly believe this is unnecessary.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOUR: How bad are these examples of antisocial behaviour? How can we prevent it? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How Bad?

What To Do?

Drunk in public

 

 

Graffiti

 

 

Littering

 

 

Being noisy

 

 

Shouting at people

 

 

Feet on seats

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. LAW: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "law". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. THE BRAIN: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things for the brain at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Sleep
  • Reading
  • Exercise
  • Chocolate
  • Puzzles
  • Laughing
  • Coffee
  • Travelling

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. antisocial a. A person who has broken the law.
      2. likely b. Such as well might happenor be true; probable.
      3. structure c. Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis.
      4. data d. Acting in a way that breaks laws or go against accepted ways of behaviour.
      5. scanned e. The reason or reasons for acting or behaving in a particular way.
      6. criminal f. The arrangement of and relations between the parts of something.
      7. motivation g. Put a surface, object, or part of the body under a special light that changes into a picture or image.

    Paragraph 2

      8. co-author h. A physical or mental condition that limits a person's movements, senses, or activities.
      9. behaved i. Working.
      10. operating j. Stop from happening.
      11. disability k. A person who wrote a book, essay, article, etc. with another person or people.
      12. care l. Conducted oneself in a specified way.
      13. prevent m. An advantage or profit gained from something.
      14. benefit n. What people do to look after the health and safety of someone or something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said antisocial people have smaller areas of the brain.     T / F
  2. A part of the brain for people who follow the law is larger than that in criminals.     T / F
  3. Researchers looked at the brains of 6,720 people.     T / F
  4. Eight hundred people in the research were antisocial as teenagers.     T / F
  5. An author said the research could help doctors.     T / F
  6. A researcher said being antisocial might be part of a disability.     T / F
  7. The researcher said we had to be stricter with antisocial people.     T / F
  8. Another researcher said brain structure affects how we learn social skills. T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. study
  2. areas
  3. data
  4. behaviour
  5. linked
  6. help
  7. disability
  8. care
  9. prevent
  10. throughout
  1. assist
  2. conduct
  3. impairment
  4. regions
  5. stop
  6. during
  7. connected
  8. research paper
  9. help
  10. information

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. A new study has found that antisocial people are
  2. the brains of people who followed
  3. The study is published in the journal
  4. the researchers scanned
  5. the areas of the brain linked
  6. understand what is behind long-term
  7. people in the study may have behaved
  8. care for these people in
  9. make it difficult for people to
  10. These people could benefit from
  1. badly
  2. "Lancet Psychiatry"
  3. develop social skills
  4. the law
  5. antisocial behaviour
  6. a kinder way
  7. more likely to
  8. to emotions
  9. more support
  10. the people's brains

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
journal
history
likely
control
records
emotions
structure
early

A new study has found that antisocial people are more (1) ____________ to have smaller areas of their brain. Researchers said criminals' brains had a different (2) ____________ to the brains of people who followed the law. The study is published in the (3) ____________ "Lancet Psychiatry". Researchers used data from 672 people born in 1972-73. They looked at (4) ____________ of the people's antisocial behaviour between the ages of seven and 26. At the age 45, the researchers scanned the people's brains. Eighty of the people had a (5) ____________ of criminal and antisocial behaviour from being (6) ____________ teenagers. Researchers found that the areas of the brain linked to (7) ____________, motivation and behaviour (8) ____________ were smaller in the long-term criminals' brains.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
develop
badly
throughout
level
behind
engaging
way
operating

Professor Terrie Moffitt, a co-author of the research, said the research could help doctors understand what is (9) ____________ long-term antisocial behaviour. She said the antisocial people in the study may have behaved (10) ____________ because of their brain structure. She said: "They are actually (11) ____________ under some [disability] at the (12) ____________ of the brain." She added that because of this, we needed to care for these people in a kinder (13) ____________. Lead author Dr Christina Carlisi said: "Differences in brain structure might make it difficult for people to (14) ____________ social skills. This may prevent them from (15) ____________ in antisocial behaviour. These people could benefit from more support (16) ____________ their lives."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) found that antisocial people are more likely to have smaller ______ brain
     a.  arenas of their
     b.  aerials of their
     c.  auras of their
     d.  areas of their
2)  The study is published ______ "Lancet Psychiatry"
     a.  in the journey
     b.  in the adjourned
     c.  in age journal
     d.  in the journal
3) the people had a history of criminal and antisocial behaviour ______ teenagers
     a.  from being early
     b.  from been early
     c.  from be in early
     d.  from be the early
4)  Researchers found that the areas of the brain ______
     a.  linked at emotions
     b.  linked to emotions
     c.  linked two emotions
     d.  linked too emotions
5)  motivation and behaviour control were smaller in the long-______ brains
     a.  time criminals'
     b.  tram criminals'
     c.  term criminals'
     d.  tern criminals'

6)  She said the antisocial people in the study may have ______
     a.  behaved bad
     b.  behaved badly
     c.  behaved baddie
     d.  behaved boldly
7)  They are actually operating under some disability at the ______ brain
     a.  rival of the
     b.  rebel of the
     c.  level of the
     d.  revel of the
8)  Differences in brain structure might make it difficult for people ______ skills
     a.  to develops social
     b.  to develop social
     c.  to developed social
     d.  to developing social
9)  This may prevent them from engaging ______ behaviour
     a.  in antisocial
     b.  in antisocially
     c.  in anti socialise
     d.  in anti so shall
10)  These people could benefit from more support ______
     a.  thorough out their lives
     b.  though out their lives
     c.  trough out their lives
     d.  throughout their lives

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A new study has found that antisocial people are (1) ___________________ have smaller areas of their brain. Researchers said criminals' brains had a different (2) ___________________ brains of people who followed the law. The study is (3) ___________________ journal "Lancet Psychiatry". Researchers used data from 672 people born in 1972-73. They looked (4) ___________________ the people's antisocial behaviour between the ages of seven and 26. At the age 45, the researchers scanned the people's brains. Eighty of the people had (5) ___________________ criminal and antisocial behaviour from being early teenagers. Researchers found that the areas of the brain linked to emotions, motivation and behaviour (6) ___________________ in the long-term criminals' brains.

Professor Terrie Moffitt, a co-author (7) ___________________, said the research could help doctors understand what is behind long-term antisocial behaviour. She said the (8) ___________________ the study may have behaved badly because of their brain structure. She said: "They (9) ___________________ under some [disability] at the level of the brain." She added that because of this, we needed (10) ___________________ these people in a kinder way. Lead author Dr Christina Carlisi said: "Differences in brain structure might make it difficult for people to (11) ___________________. This may prevent them from engaging in antisocial behaviour. These people (12) ___________________ more support throughout their lives."

Comprehension questions

  1. What do the brains of antisocial people have that is different?
  2. What is "Lancet Psychiatry"?
  3. Researchers looked at records of people's antisocial behavior from as early as what age?
  4. How many of the people in a test were antisocial as teenagers?
  5. What kind of criminals had smaller areas of the brain linked to emotions?
  6. Who is Terrie Moffitt?
  7. How might antisocial people behave because of brain structure?
  8. In what way did a doctor say we must treat antisocial people?
  9. What might it be more difficult for antisocial people to develop?
  10. For how long might antisocial people benefit from more support?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What do the brains of antisocial people have that is different?
a) fat
b) structure
c) muscle
d) disease
2) What is "Lancet Psychiatry"?
a) a brain disease
b) a TV show
c) a doctors' club
d) a journal
3) Researchers looked at records of people's antisocial behavior from as early as what age?
a) five
b) six
c) seven
d) eight
4) How many of the people in a test were antisocial as teenagers?
a) eighty
b) seventy
c) sixty
d) fifty
5) What kind of criminals had smaller areas of the brain linked to emotions?
a) murderers
b) long-term criminals
c) cyber-criminals
d) youth criminals

6) Who is Terrie Moffitt?
a) a professor
b) a victim
c) a criminal
d) a bully
7) How might antisocial people behave because of brain structure?
a) violently
b) noisily
c) badly
d) well
8) In what way did a doctor say must we treat antisocial people?
a) in a kinder way
b) more strictly
c) in a professional way
d) quickly
9) What might it be more difficult for antisocial people to develop?
a) a brain disease
b) friends
c) a criminal record
d) social skills
10) For how long might antisocial people benefit from more support?
a) days
b) months
c) throughout their lives
d) years

Role play

Role  A – Sleep
You think sleep is the best thing for the brain. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): exercise, chocolate or travelling.

Role  B – Exercise
You think exercise is the best thing for the brain. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): sleep, chocolate or travelling.

Role  C – Chocolate
You think chocolate is the best thing for the brain. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): exercise, sleep or travelling.

Role  D – Travelling
You think travelling is the best thing for the brain. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): exercise, chocolate or sleep.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'brain'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'criminal'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • likely
    • law
    • 45
    • history
    • early
    • linked
    • understand
    • badly
    • level
    • kinder
    • develop
    • benefit




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Brain Size

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'brain'?
    3. What do you think of your brain?
    4. Do you think brain size affects behaviour?
    5. How can we look after our brain?
    6. How much antisocial behaviour is there in your country?
    7. What do you think of antisocial behaviour?
    8. Have you ever been antisocial?
    9. Why are teenagers more likely to be antisocial?
    10. How can we help people who are antisocial?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'criminal'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you do when you see antisocial behaviour?
    5. Why are some people antisocial?
    6. Should schools teach children about antisocial behaviour?
    7. What do you do to look after your brain?
    8. What do you do that might harm your brain?
    9. Do smartphones help our brain?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A new study has (1) ____ that antisocial people are more likely to have smaller areas of their brain. Researchers said criminals' brains had a different structure (2) ____ the brains of people who followed the law. The study is published in the journal "Lancet Psychiatry". Researchers used data from 672 people (3) ____ in 1972-73. They looked at (4) ____ of the people's antisocial behaviour between the ages of seven and 26. At the age 45, the researchers (5) ____ the people's brains. Eighty of the people had a history of criminal and antisocial behaviour from being early teenagers. Researchers found that the areas of the brain (6) ____ to emotions, motivation and behaviour control were smaller in the long-term criminals' brains.

    Professor Terrie Moffitt, a co-author of the research, said the research could help doctors understand (7) ____ is behind long-term antisocial behaviour. She said the antisocial people in the study may have behaved (8) ____ because of their brain structure. She said: "They are actually operating under (9) ____ [disability] at the level of the brain." She added that because of this, we needed to care for these people in a kinder (10) ____. Lead author Dr Christina Carlisi said: "Differences in brain structure might make it difficult for people to develop social skills. This may prevent them from (11) ____ in antisocial behaviour. These people could benefit from more support throughout their (12) ____."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     found     (b)     discover     (c)     discovery     (d)     finding    
    2. (a)     for     (b)     by     (c)     to     (d)     as    
    3. (a)     birth     (b)     birthday     (c)     born     (d)     from    
    4. (a)     recorded     (b)     recording     (c)     record     (d)     records    
    5. (a)     scammed     (b)     scorned     (c)     scammed     (d)     skimmed    
    6. (a)     lined     (b)     linked     (c)     levelled     (d)     lowed    
    7. (a)     what     (b)     which     (c)     such     (d)     that    
    8. (a)     unwell     (b)     badly     (c)     goodly     (d)     bard    
    9. (a)     many     (b)     that     (c)     some     (d)     for    
    10. (a)     why     (b)     way     (c)     wry     (d)     whey    
    11. (a)     singling     (b)     marrying     (c)     divorcing     (d)     engaging    
    12. (a)     lively     (b)     lives     (c)     living     (d)     liver

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. aasiocitln people
    2. brains had a different cruertstu
    3. The study is pesldihbu in the journal
    4. people had a history of cmrailin and...
    5. areas of the brain linked to onotisme
    6. namivoitot and behaviour control

    Paragraph 2

    1. ofessorpr Terrie Moffitt
    2. the craesehr could help doctors
    3. operating under some ldsiyibtai
    4. Lead otahur Dr Christina Carlisi
    5. These people could feenbti
    6. more rpsoupt throughout their lives

    Put the text back together

    (...)  in the journal "Lancet Psychiatry". Researchers used data from 672 people born in 1972-73. They looked
    (...)  care for these people in a kinder way. Lead author Dr Christina Carlisi said: "Differences in brain structure might
    (...)  teenagers. Researchers found that the areas of the brain linked to emotions, motivation
    (...)  Professor Terrie Moffitt, a co-author of the research, said the research could help doctors
    (...)  and behaviour control were smaller in the long-term criminals' brains.
    (...)  operating under some [disability] at the level of the brain." She added that because of this, we needed to
    (...)  at records of the people's antisocial behaviour between the ages of seven and 26. At the age
    (...)  make it difficult for people to develop social skills. This may prevent them from engaging in antisocial
    (...)  understand what is behind long-term antisocial behaviour. She said the antisocial people in the
    (...)  brains had a different structure to the brains of people who followed the law. The study is published
    1  ) A new study has found that antisocial people are more likely to have smaller areas of their brain. Researchers said criminals'
    (...)  behaviour. These people could benefit from more support throughout their lives."
    (...)  study may have behaved badly because of their brain structure. She said: "They are actually
    (...)  of 45, the researchers scanned the people's brains. Eighty of the people had a history of criminal and antisocial behaviour from being early

    Put the words in the right order

    1. of   smaller   areas   brain   .   their   have   to   Likely
    2. criminals'   said   a   different   structure   .   brains   Researchers   had
    3. of   at   Looked   antisocial   behaviour   .   the   people's   records
    4. the   had   people   Eighty   history   .   a   of
    5. emotions   .   brain   The   the   areas   linked   to   of
    6. what   antisocial   is   long-term   behind   behaviour   .   Understand
    7. for   people   kinder   these   in   a   Care   way   .
    8. make   brain   difficult   .   structure   in   it   Differences   might
    9. behaviour   .   them   Prevent   engaging   antisocial   in   from
    10. lives   .   their   more   from   Benefit   support   throughout

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A new study has found that antisocial people are more liked / likely to have smaller areas of their brain. Researchers said criminals' brains had a different / difference structure to the brains of people who following / followed the law. The study is published in the journey / journal "Lancet Psychiatry". Researchers used data / date from 672 people born in 1972-73. They looked at records of the people's antisocial behaviour between the ages / aged of seven and 26. At the age 45, the researchers scanned / scanning the people's brains. Eighty of the people had a historical / history of criminal and antisocial behaviour from being early teenage / teenagers. Researchers found that the areas of the brain linked at / to emotions, motivation and behaviour control were smaller in the long-term criminals' brains.

    Professor Terrie Moffitt, a co-author of / off the research, said the research could help doctors understand what is behind / headed long-term antisocial behaviour. She said the antisocial people on / in the study may have behaved badly / bad because of their brain structure. She said: "They are actually operation / operating under some [disability] at the level of the brain." She added that because of this, we needed to care / caring for these people in a kinder way. Lead / Read author Dr Christina Carlisi said: "Differences in / on brain structure might make it difficult for people to develop social skills. This may / say prevent them from engaging in antisocial behaviour. These people could benefit from more support throughout their live / lives."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A n_w s t_d y h_s f__ n d t h_t _n t_s_c__ l p__ p l_ _r_ m_r_ l_k_l y t_ h_v_ s m_l l_r _r__ s _f t h__ r b r__ n . R_s__ r c h_r s s__ d c r_m_n_l s ' b r__ n s h_d _ d_f f_r_n t s t r_c t_r_ t_ t h_ b r__ n s _f p__ p l_ w h_ f_l l_w_d t h_ l_w . T h_ s t_d y _s p_b l_s h_d _n t h_ j__ r n_l " L_n c_t P s y c h__ t r y " . R_s__ r c h_r s _s_d d_t_ f r_m 6 7 2 p__ p l_ b_r n _n 1 9 7 2 - 7 3 . T h_y l__ k_d _t r_c_r d s _f t h_ p__ p l_' s _n t_s_c__ l b_h_v___r b_t w__ n t h_ _g_s _f s_v_n _n d 2 6 . A t t h_ _g_ 4 5 , t h_ r_s__ r c h_r s s c_n n_d t h_ p__ p l_' s b r__ n s . E_g h t y _f t h_ p__ p l_ h_d _ h_s t_r y _f c r_m_n_l _n d _n t_s_c__ l b_h_v___r f r_m b__ n g __ r l y t__ n_g_r s . R_s__ r c h_r s f__ n d t h_t t h_ _r__ s _f t h_ b r__ n l_n k_d t_ _m_t__ n s , m_t_v_t__ n _n d b_h_v___r c_n t r_l w_r_ s m_l l_r _n t h_ l_n g - t_r m c r_m_n_l s ' b r__ n s .

    P r_f_s s_r T_r r__ M_f f_t t , _ c_-__ t h_r _f t h_ r_s__ r c h , s__ d t h_ r_s__ r c h c__ l d h_l p d_c t_r s _n d_r s t_n d w h_t _s b_h_n d l_n g - t_r m _n t_s_c__ l b_h_v___r . S h_ s__ d t h_ _n t_s_c__ l p__ p l_ _n t h_ s t_d y m_y h_v_ b_h_v_d b_d l y b_c__ s_ _f t h__ r b r__ n s t r_c t_r_. S h_ s__ d : " T h_y _r_ _c t__ l l y _p_r_t_n g _n d_r s_m_ [ d_s_b_l_t y ] _t t h_ l_v_l _f t h_ b r__ n . " S h_ _d d_d t h_t b_c__ s_ _f t h_s , w_ n__ d_d t_ c_r_ f_r t h_s_ p__ p l_ _n _ k_n d_r w_y . L__ d __ t h_r , D r C h r_s t_n_ C_r l_s_, s__ d : " D_f f_r_n c_s _n b r__ n s t r_c t_r_ m_g h t m_k_ _t d_f f_c_l t f_r p__ p l_ t_ d_v_l_p s_c__ l s k_l l s . T h_s m_y p r_v_n t t h_m f r_m _n g_g_n g _n _n t_s_c__ l b_h_v___r . T h_s_ p__ p l_ c__ l d b_n_f_t f r_m m_r_ s_p p_r t t h r__ g h__ t t h__ r l_v_s . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a new study has found that antisocial people are more likely to have smaller areas of their brain researchers said criminals brains had a different structure to the brains of people who followed the law the study is published in the journal lancet psychiatry researchers used data from 672 people born in 197273 they looked at records of the peoples antisocial behaviour between the ages of seven and 26 at the age 45 the researchers scanned the peoples brains eighty of the people had a history of criminal and antisocial behaviour from being early teenagers researchers found that the areas of the brain linked to emotions motivation and behaviour control were smaller in the longterm criminals brains

    professor terrie moffitt a coauthor of the research said the research could help doctors understand what is behind longterm antisocial behaviour she said the antisocial people in the study may have behaved badly because of their brain structure she said they are actually operating under some disability at the level of the brain she added that because of this we needed to care for these people in a kinder way lead author dr christina carlisi said differences in brain structure might make it difficult for people to develop social skills this may prevent them from engaging in antisocial behaviour these people could benefit from more support throughout their lives

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Anewstudyhasfoundthatantisocialpeoplearemorelikelytohavesmall
    erareasoftheirbrain.Researcherssaidcriminals'brainshadadifferents
    tructuretothebrainsofpeoplewhofollowedthelaw.Thestudyispublish
    edinthejournal"LancetPsychiatry".Researchersuseddatafrom672pe
    oplebornin1972-73.Theylookedatrecordsofthepeople'santisocialb
    ehaviourbetweentheagesofsevenand26.Attheageof45,theresearch
    ersscannedthepeople'sbrains.Eightyofthepeoplehadahistoryofcrimi
    nalandantisocialbehaviourfrombeingearlyteenagers.Researchersfo
    undthattheareasofthebrainlinkedtoemotions,motivationandbehavi
    ourcontrolweresmallerinthelong-termcriminals'brains.ProfessorTer
    rieMoffitt,aco-authoroftheresearch,saidtheresearchcouldhelpdoct
    orsunderstandwhatisbehindlong-termantisocialbehaviour.Shesaid
    theantisocialpeopleinthestudymayhavebehavedbadlybecauseofthe
    irbrainstructure.Shesaid:"Theyareactuallyoperatingundersome[dis
    ability]atthelevelofthebrain."Sheaddedthatbecauseofthis,weneede
    dtocareforthesepeopleinakinderway.Leadauthor,DrChristinaCarlisi,
    said:"Differencesinbrainstructuremightmakeitdifficultforpeopletod
    evelopsocialskills.Thismaypreventthemfromengaginginantisocialbe
    haviour.Thesepeoplecouldbenefitfrommoresupportthroughouttheir
    lives.

    Free writing

    Write about brain size for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Doctors should check our brain size at school and give help if needed. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. BRAIN SIZE: Make a poster about brain size. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. HEALTH: Write a magazine article about having weekly school lessons that teach children how to look after their brain. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on brain size. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can look after our brain. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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