The Reading / Listening - Wind Turbines - Level 3

There are many advantages of wind turbines and wind farms. They are important in providing green energy. However, there are also some disadvantages. One of these is that the giant blades on turbines kill thousands of birds. Many birds accidentally fly into the blades and die. Researchers have found a solution. They say painting one blade black could help birds see the rotating blades. This could cut bird strikes by up to 70 per cent. Researcher Dr Roel May said: "The collision of birds...is one of the main environmental concerns related to wind energy development." The findings of the research have been published in the conservation journal "Ecology and Evolution".



Dr May and his team conducted research on how to reduce the death rate of birds due to wind-turbine blades. They painted one blade of four different turbines black. The data showed that over four years, the turbines with one black blade saw a reduction in bird deaths of over 71 per cent. Dr May said: "Few effective measures have been developed to reduce the risk of collision." The RSPB, a bird protection group, welcomed the idea. It stressed the importance of wind farms needing to "take place in harmony with nature". It added: "Wind turbines are the right technology when we find the right places for them." It said wind farms should be put in places where there is little risk to wildlife.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Wind Turbines - Level 0 Wind Turbines - Level 1   or  Wind Turbines - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-53909825
  • https://www.cnet.com/news/10-generators-to-keep-your-lights-on/
  • https://bgr.com/2020/08/26/wind-turbine-birds-death/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. WIND TURBINES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about wind turbines. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       advantages / wind / turbine / green energy / birds / solution / blade / development /
       research / death rate / black / effective / measure / protection / harmony / wildlife
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. WIND ENERGY: Students A strongly believe wind energy is the best form of green energy; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. GREEN TECHNOLOGY: What are the good and bad things about these green technologies? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Good Things

Bad Things

Wind farms

 

 

Solar energy

 

 

Nuclear power

 

 

Tidal power

 

 

Biofuels

 

 

Geothermal power

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. GREEN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "green". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. ENVIRONMENT: Rank these with your partner. Put the biggest environmental problems at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • GM crops
  • Water pollution
  • Deforestation
  • Overfishing
  • Air pollution
  • Melting ice caps
  • Species extinction
  • Ozone hole

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. advantage a. Moving or causing to move in a circle around a center.
      2. blade b. By chance.
      3. accidentally c. The flat, wide section of something like an oar or a propeller.
      4. solution d. The protecting of the natural environment and of wildlife.
      5. rotating e. A good point or benefit of something.
      6. collision f. A way of solving a problem or dealing with a difficult situation.
      7. conservation g. An instance of one moving object or person violently hitting against another.

    Paragraph 2

      8. conducted h. A measure or quantity of something, usually against another quantity or measure.
      9. rate i. Successful in producing a desired or intended result.
      10. reduction j. A situation involving exposure to danger.
      11. welcomed k. The action or fact of making a specified thing smaller or less in amount, degree, or size.
      12. effective l. Living together nicely.
      13. harmony m. Was happy about a new plan or idea.
      14. risk n. Organized and done.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said there were very few advantages of wind farms.     T / F
  2. The article said wind farms produce green energy.     T / F
  3. Many birds die when they accidentally fly into wind-turbine blades.     T / F
  4. The findings of the research have been published in a newspaper.     T / F
  5. Researchers did their tests using four wind turbines.     T / F
  6. The research was conducted over four years.     T / F
  7. The RSPB is a company that produces wind turbines.     T / F
  8. The RSPB said wind farms should pose little risk to wildlife.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. advantages
  2. providing
  3. rotating
  4. cut
  5. published
  6. conducted
  7. data
  8. effective
  9. harmony
  10. risk
  1. figures
  2. issued
  3. danger
  4. supplying
  5. peace
  6. reduce
  7. did
  8. benefits
  9. successful
  10. turning

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. advantages of wind turbines
  2. there are also some
  3. Many birds accidentally fly
  4. This could cut bird strikes by
  5. one of the main environmental
  6. his team conducted
  7. how to reduce the death
  8. effective
  9. take place in harmony
  10. there is little risk
  1. rate of birds
  2. up to 70 per cent
  3. concerns
  4. to wildlife
  5. disadvantages
  6. with nature
  7. research
  8. and wind farms
  9. measures
  10. into the blades

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
blades
rotating
conservation
advantages
accidentally
concerns
providing
collision

There are many (1) ______ of wind turbines and wind farms. They are important in (2) ______ green energy. However, there are also some disadvantages. One of these is that the giant (3) ______ on turbines kill thousands of birds. Many birds (4) ______ fly into the blades and die. Researchers have found a solution. They say painting one blade black could help birds see the (5) ______ blades. This could cut bird strikes by up to 70 per cent. Researcher Dr Roel May said: "The (6) ______ of birds...is one of the main environmental (7) ______ related to wind energy development." The findings of the research have been published in the (8) ______ journal "Ecology and Evolution".

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
reduction
due
wildlife
risk
conducted
places
data
harmony

Dr May and his team (9) ______ research on how to reduce the death rate of birds (10) ______ to wind-turbine blades. They painted one blade of four different turbines black. The (11) ______ showed that over four years, the turbines with one black blade saw a (12) ______ in bird deaths of over 71 per cent. Dr May said: "Few effective measures have been developed to reduce the (13) ______ of collision." The RSPB, a bird protection group, welcomed the idea. It stressed the importance of wind farms needing to "take place in (14) ______ with nature". It added: "Wind turbines are the right technology when we find the right (15) ______ for them." It said wind farms should be put in places where there is little risk to (16) ______.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) There are many advantages of wind turbines ______
     a.  and winded farms
     b.  and windy farms
     c.  and wind farms
     d.  and winds farms
2)  Many birds accidentally fly into the ______
     a.  blades and dies
     b.  blades and dye
     c.  blades and die
     d.  blades and dry
3)  They say painting one blade black could help birds see ______
     a.  the rotate in blades
     b.  them rotating blade
     c.  there rotate tin blades
     d.  the rotating blades
4)  The collision of birds...is one of the main environmental concerns ______ energy
     a.  relate it to wind
     b.  related to wind
     c.  relate it too wind
     d.  related twine
5)  been published in the conservation journal "Ecology ______"
     a.  and Revolution
     b.  end Evolution
     c.  an Evolution
     d.  and Revolution

6)  Dr May and his team conducted research on how to reduce ______
     a.  the death ratio
     b.  the death rate
     c.  the death rate it
     d.  the death rated
7)  They painted one blade of four different ______
     a.  turbans black
     b.  tulip pines black
     c.  tar bins black
     d.  turbines black
8)  The data showed that over four years, the turbines with one black blade ______
     a.  saw a reduction
     b.  sore a reduction
     c.  sawn reduction
     d.  shore a reduction
9)  The RSPB, a bird protection group, ______
     a.  welcome the idea
     b.  well come the idea
     c.  welcomed the idea
     d.  well coned the idea
10)  It said wind farms should be put in places where there ______
     a.  is little brisk
     b.  is little risk
     c.  is little list
     d.  is little task

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

There are (1) ____________________ wind turbines and wind farms. They are important in providing green energy. However, there are also some disadvantages. One (2) ____________________ that the giant blades on turbines kill thousands of birds. Many birds accidentally fly into the blades and die. Researchers have (3) ____________________. They say painting one blade black could help birds see the rotating blades. This could cut bird (4) ____________________ to 70 per cent. Researcher Dr Roel May said: "The collision of birds...is one of the main environmental concerns (5) ____________________ energy development." The findings of the research have been published in the conservation journal "(6) ____________________".

Dr May and his team conducted research on (7) ____________________ the death rate of birds due to wind-turbine blades. They painted one blade of four different turbines black. The data (8) ____________________ four years, the turbines with one black blade saw a reduction in bird deaths of over 71 per cent. Dr May said: "(9) ____________________ have been developed to reduce the risk of collision." The RSPB, a bird protection group, (10) ____________________. It stressed the importance of wind farms needing to "take (11) ____________________ with nature". It added: "Wind turbines are the right technology when we find the right places for them." It said wind farms should be put in places where there is (12) ____________________ wildlife.

Comprehension questions

  1. How many advantages did the article say there were to wind farms?
  2. How many birds do wind-turbine blades kill?
  3. By how much could the black blades reduce bird strikes?
  4. What did a researcher say was one of the main environmental concerns?
  5. What is "Ecology and Evolution"?
  6. How many different wind turbines did researchers do tests on?
  7. How long was the research?
  8. What is the RSPB?
  9. What did the RSPB say wind farms should be in harmony with?
  10. What did the RSPB say wind farms should cause little risk to?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  How many advantages did the article say there were to wind farms?
a) 86
b) many
c) one
d) several
2)  How many birds do wind-turbine blades kill?
a) hundreds
b) dozens
c) thousands
d) millions
3)  By how much could the black blades reduce bird strikes?
a) well over 70%
b) around 70%
c) exactly 70%
d) up to 70%
4)  What did a researcher say was one of the main environmental concerns?
a) air pollution
b) the collision of birds
c) acid rain
d) climate change
5)  What is "Ecology and Evolution"?
a) a journal
b) a newspaper
c) a bird protection group
d) a university

6)  How many different wind turbines did researchers do tests on?
a) four
b) eight
c) 16
d) 32
7)  How long was the research?
a) 32
b) 16
c) eight
d) four
8)  What is the RSPB?
a) a journal
b) a wind-turbine company
c) a bird protection group
d) a university
9)  What did the RSPB say wind farms should be in harmony with?
a) us
b) art
c) music
d) nature
10)  What did the RSPB say wind farms should cause little risk to?
a) trees
b) wildlife
c) ants
d) the sky

Role play

Role  A – Overfishing
You think overfishing is the biggest danger to the environment. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): melting ice caps, water pollution or deforestation.

Role  B – Melting Ice Caps
You think melting ice caps is the biggest danger to the environment. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): overfishing, water pollution or deforestation.

Role  C – Water Pollution
You think water pollution is the biggest danger to the environment. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): melting ice caps, overfishing or deforestation.

Role  D – Deforestation
You think deforestation is the biggest danger to the environment. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): melting ice caps, water pollution or overfishing.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'wind'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'farm'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • advantages
    • giant
    • fly
    • painting
    • main
    • journal
    • team
    • data
    • 71
    • stressed
    • right
    • risk




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Wind Turbines

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'wind'?
    3. What do you think of wind farms?
    4. Why can't birds see the blades of wind turbines?
    5. What advantages are there of wind farms?
    6. What other examples of green energy are good?
    7. Why might one black blade stop birds from flying into wind turbines?
    8. What other problems are there with wind farms?
    9. How important is conservation and nature to you?
    10. What other ways could wind farms keep birds safe?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'turbine'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Do you think wind turbines are beautiful or ugly?
    5. Are wind farms more important than birds dying?
    6. Would you like to join a bird protection group?
    7. How can wind farms be 'in harmony' with nature?
    8. What three adjectives best describe this story?
    9. Should a wind farm be destroyed if it is a risk to wildlife?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    There are many advantages of wind turbines and (1) ____ farms. They are important in (2) ____ green energy. However, there are also some disadvantages. One of these is that the (3) ____ blades on turbines kill thousands of birds. Many birds accidentally fly into the blades and (4) ____. Researchers have found a solution. They say painting one blade black could help birds see the rotating blades. This could cut bird strikes by up to 70 per cent. Researcher Dr Roel May said: "The collision of birds...is (5) ____ of the main environmental concerns related to wind energy development." The findings of the research have been (6) ____ in the conservation journal "Ecology and Evolution".

    Dr May and his team conducted research (7) ____ how to reduce the death rate of birds due to wind-turbine blades. They painted one blade of four different turbines black. The (8) ____ showed that over four years, the turbines with one black blade saw a reduction (9) ____ bird deaths of over 71 per cent. Dr May said: "Few effective measures have been developed to reduce the risk of collision." The RSPB, a bird protection group, welcomed the idea. It (10) ____ the importance of wind farms needing to "take place in (11) ____ with nature". It added: "Wind turbines are the right technology when we find the right places for them." It said wind farms should be put in places where there is (12) ____ risk to wildlife.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     windy     (b)     winded     (c)     wind     (d)     windproof    
    2. (a)     providing     (b)     provides     (c)     provision     (d)     provider    
    3. (a)     giant     (b)     gaunt     (c)     grant     (d)     gland    
    4. (a)     die     (b)     death     (c)     dead     (d)     dying    
    5. (a)     once     (b)     one     (c)     only     (d)     ones    
    6. (a)     report     (b)     essay     (c)     writing     (d)     published    
    7. (a)     at     (b)     to     (c)     on     (d)     as    
    8. (a)     mega     (b)     meta     (c)     beta     (d)     data    
    9. (a)     in     (b)     at     (c)     as     (d)     to    
    10. (a)     stressed     (b)     caution     (c)     anxiety     (d)     worry    
    11. (a)     nice     (b)     harmony     (c)     kindly     (d)     tuneful    
    12. (a)     mini     (b)     few     (c)     little     (d)     short

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. many aasteandvg of wind turbines
    2. the giant dalbse on turbines
    3. Many birds cdaacntileyl fly into the blades
    4. Researchers have found a iolnuots
    5. the main environmental sneorccn
    6. the conservation janrluo "Ecology and Evolution"

    Paragraph 2

    1. Dr May and his team touneddcc research
    2. a duioctrne in bird deaths
    3. Few eetfcfive measures have been developed
    4. reduce the risk of noisoilcl
    5. in nyomrah with nature
    6. there is little risk to wdellfii

    Put the text back together

    (...)  years, the turbines with one black blade saw a reduction in bird deaths of over 71 per cent. Dr May said: "Few effective
    (  1  ) There are many advantages of wind turbines and wind farms. They are important in providing green
    (...)  measures have been developed to reduce the risk of collision." The RSPB, a bird protection
    (...)  cut bird strikes by up to 70 per cent. Researcher Dr Roel May said: "The collision of
    (...)  group, welcomed the idea. It stressed the importance of wind farms needing to "take
    (...)  the research have been published in the conservation journal "Ecology and Evolution".
    (...)  energy. However, there are also some disadvantages. One of these is that the giant blades
    (...)  birds...is one of the main environmental concerns related to wind energy development." The findings of
    (...)  on turbines kill thousands of birds. Many birds accidentally fly into the blades and die. Researchers have
    (...)  found a solution. They say painting one blade black could help birds see the rotating blades. This could
    (...)  blades. They painted one blade of four different turbines black. The data showed that over four
    (...)  places for them." It said wind farms should be put in places where there is little risk to wildlife.
    (...)  place in harmony with nature". It added: "Wind turbines are the right technology when we find the right
    (...)  Dr May and his team conducted research on how to reduce the death rate of birds due to wind-turbine

    Put the words in the right order

    1. wind   There   of   advantages   are   turbines   .   many
    2. are   important   in   energy   .   providing   They   green
    3. turbines   thousands   kill   blades   of   Giant   birds   .   on
    4. black   one   help   could   birds   see   .   Painting   blade
    5. to   environmental   energy   .   related   concerns   Main   wind
    6. of   to   reduce   birds   .   the   rate   death   How
    7. different   of   one   turbines   .   blade   four   painted   They
    8. been   Measures   the   have   developed   reduce   risk   .   to
    9. place   take   Needing   nature   to   harmony   in   with
    10. wildlife   .   where   Places   little   to   risk   is   there

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    There are many advantages of windy / wind turbines and wind farms. They are important in / on providing green energy. However, there are also sum / some disadvantages. One of these is what / that the giant blades on turbines kill thousands of / on birds. Many birds accidentally fly into the blades and die. Researchers have found / find a solution. They say painting one blade black could help birds see / seen the rotating blades. This could cut bird strikes by up to 70 per cent. Researcher Dr Roel May said: "The collision of birds...is one of / oft the main environmental concerns relation / related to wind energy development." The findings of the research have been publishing / published in the conservation journal "Ecology and Evolution".

    Dr May and his team conducted research in / on how to reduce the death rate of birds due / dew to wind-turbine blades. They painted once / one blade of four different turbines black. The ratio / data showed that over four years, the turbines with one black blade saw a reduction in bird dies / deaths of over 71 per cent. Dr May said: "Few effective weights / measures have been developed to reduce the risk / risky of collision." The RSPB, a bird protection group, welcomed / pleased the idea. It stressed the importance of wind farms needing to "take place in harmony without / with nature". It added: "Wind turbines are the right technology when we find the right places for them." It said wind farms should be put in places where / what there is little risk to wildlife.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    T h_r_ _r_ m_n y _d v_n t_g_s _f w_n d t_r b_n_s _n d w_n d f_r m s . T h_y _r_ _m p_r t_n t _n p r_v_d_n g g r__ n _n_r g y . H_w_v_r , t h_r_ _r_ _l s_ s_m_ d_s_d v_n t_g_s . O n_ _f t h_s_ _s t h_t t h_ g__ n t b l_d_s _n t_r b_n_s k_l l t h__ s_n d s _f b_r d s . M_n y b_r d s _c c_d_n t_l l y f l y _n t_ t h_ b l_d_s _n d d__ . R_s__ r c h_r s h_v_ f__ n d _ s_l_t__ n . T h_y s_y p__ n t_n g _n_ b l_d_ b l_c k c__ l d h_l p b_r d s s__ t h_ r_t_t_n g b l_d_s . T h_s c__ l d c_t b_r d s t r_k_s b y _p t_ 7 0 p_r c_n t . R_s__ r c h_r D r R__ l M_y s__ d : " T h_ c_l l_s__ n _f b_r d s . . ._s _n_ _f t h_ m__ n _n v_r_n m_n t_l c_n c_r n s r_l_t_d t_ w_n d _n_r g y d_v_l_p m_n t . " T h_ f_n d_n g s _f t h_ r_s__ r c h h_v_ b__ n p_b l_s h_d _n t h_ c_n s_r v_t__ n j__ r n_l " E c_l_g y _n d E v_l_t__ n " .

    D r M_y _n d h_s t__ m c_n d_c t_d r_s__ r c h _n h_w t_ r_d_c_ t h_ d__ t h r_t_ _f b_r d s d__ t_ w_n d - t_r b_n_ b l_d_s . T h_y p__ n t_d _n_ b l_d_ _f f__ r d_f f_r_n t t_r b_n_s b l_c k . T h_ d_t_ s h_w_d t h_t _v_r f__ r y__ r s , t h_ t_r b_n_s w_t h _n_ b l_c k b l_d_ s_w _ r_d_c t__ n _n b_r d d__ t h s _f _v_r 7 1 p_r c_n t . D r M_y s__ d : " F_w _f f_c t_v_ m__ s_r_s h_v_ b__ n d_v_l_p_d t_ r_d_c_ t h_ r_s k _f c_l l_s__ n . " T h_ R S P B , _ b_r d p r_t_c t__ n g r__ p , w_l c_m_d t h_ _d__ . I t s t r_s s_d t h_ _m p_r t_n c_ _f w_n d f_r m s n__ d_n g t_ " t_k_ p l_c_ _n h_r m_n y w_t h n_t_r_" . I t _d d_d : " W_n d t_r b_n_s _r_ t h_ r_g h t t_c h n_l_g y w h_n w_ f_n d t h_ r_g h t p l_c_s f_r t h_m . " I t s__ d w_n d f_r m s s h__ l d b_ p_t _n p l_c_s w h_r_ t h_r_ _s l_t t l_ r_s k t_ w_l d l_f_.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    there are many advantages of wind turbines and wind farms they are important in providing green energy however there are also some disadvantages one of these is that the giant blades on turbines kill thousands of birds many birds accidentally fly into the blades and die researchers have found a solution they say painting one blade black could help birds see the rotating blades this could cut bird strikes by up to 70 per cent researcher dr roel may said the collision of birdsis one of the main environmental concerns related to wind energy development the findings of the research have been published in the conservation journal ecology and evolution

    dr may and his team conducted research on how to reduce the death rate of birds due to wind turbine blades they painted one blade of four different turbines black the data showed that over four years the turbines with one black blade saw a reduction in bird deaths of over 71 per cent dr may said few effective measures have been developed to reduce the risk of collision the rspb a bird protection group welcomed the idea it stressed the importance of wind farms needing to take place in harmony with nature it added wind turbines are the right technology when we find the right places for them it said wind farms should be put in places where there is little risk to wildlife

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Therearemanyadvantagesofwindturbinesandwindfarms.Theyareim
    portantinprovidinggreenenergy.However,therearealsosomedisadv
    antages.Oneoftheseisthatthegiantbladesonturbineskillthousandsof
    birds.Manybirdsaccidentallyflyintothebladesanddie.Researchersha
    vefoundasolution.Theysaypaintingonebladeblackcouldhelpbirdssee
    therotatingblades.Thiscouldcutbirdstrikesbyupto70percent.Resear
    cherDrRoelMaysaid:"Thecollisionofbirds...isoneofthemainenvironm
    entalconcernsrelatedtowindenergydevelopment."Thefindingsofther
    esearchhavebeenpublishedintheconservationjournal"EcologyandEv
    olution".DrMayandhisteamconductedresearchonhowtoreducethede
    athrateofbirdsduetowind-turbineblades.Theypaintedonebladeoffo
    urdifferentturbinesblack.Thedatashowedthatoverfouryears,theturb
    ineswithoneblackbladesawareductioninbirddeathsofover71percent.
    DrMaysaid:"Feweffectivemeasureshavebeendevelopedtoreducethe
    riskofcollision."TheRSPB,abirdprotectiongroup,welcomedtheidea.It
    stressedtheimportanceofwindfarmsneedingto"takeplaceinharmony
    withnature".Itadded:"Windturbinesaretherighttechnologywhenwef
    indtherightplacesforthem."Itsaidwindfarmsshouldbeputinplaceswh
    erethereislittlerisktowildlife.

    Free writing

    Write about wind turbine for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Wind farms should not be in areas of natural beauty. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. WIND TURBINES: Make a poster about wind turbines. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. BEAUTY: Write a magazine article about banning wind turbines in places of natural beauty. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on wind turbines. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on wind farms. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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