The Reading / Listening - A.I. Matchmaking - Level 3

Japan is trying to get more men and women to go on dates. It wants to increase its birth rate because there are fewer and fewer babies being born. Japan is going to use artificial intelligence (AI) to match couples and help residents find love. The government has decided to use $19 million next year to set the software up. There are already matchmaking services in half of Japan's 47 prefectures. These involve filling out forms and answering questions on hobbies and interests. A worker then matches people based on the answers. Some prefectures are now starting AI projects to automate the system. AI software can perform a more advanced analysis of data and get better matches.



The government hopes the project will increase the size of the population. Japan's fertility rate is one of the lowest in the world. The average number of children a Japanese woman is expected to have in her lifetime is 1.36. This figure is continuing to go down, which is why the government is trying the AI programme. A government spokesperson said: "We hope this support will help reverse the decline in the nation's birth rate." Japan's population is rapidly ageing because people are living longer. The longevity rate for women is the highest in the world. This is a problem for the economy. There are fewer and fewer younger workers to pay for the pension and welfare costs of retired people.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    A.I. Matchmaking - Level 0 A.I. Matchmaking - Level 1   or  A.I. Matchmaking - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/12/07/national/japan-ai-funding-matchmaking/
  • https://uk.reuters.com/article/japan-matchmaking-ai/love-match-tokyo-to-help-fund-japanese-ai-cupid-upgrades-report-idUKKBN28H19G
  • https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1209370.shtml


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. MATCHMAKING: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about matchmaking. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       dates / birth rate / artificial intelligence / residents / love / software / system / data /
       government / fertility rate / average / figure / decline / population / pension / welfare
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. A.I.: Students A strongly believe A.I. is the best way to match couples who want to fall in love; Students B strongly believe it isn't. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. MATCH: How good are these at matching people who want to find love? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Good Things

Bad Things

A.I.

 

 

Parents

 

 

Friends

 

 

A boss

 

 

Matchmaker

 

 

A dating app

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. ARTIFICAL: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "artificial". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. FIRST DATE: Rank these with your partner. Put the best first dates at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Movie theatre
  • Hiking
  • A museum
  • Restaurant lunch
  • A disco / club
  • A bar
  • An amusement park
  • Picnic on the beach

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. increase a. Made or produced by human beings, rather than occurring naturally.
      2. birth rate b. Become or make bigger in size, amount, intensity, or degree.
      3. artificial c. Put two people together because it is likely they will like each other.
      4. match d. A person who lives somewhere permanently or on a long-term basis.
      5. resident e. The number of babies born per thousand of population per year.
      6. involve f. Detailed examination of something.
      7. analysis g. Include something as a necessary part or result.

    Paragraph 2

      8. fertility h. A number showing the middle value (number) in a set of data by dividing the total of all the values (numbers) by how many values (numbers) there are.
      9. average i. Very quickly; at a great rate.
      10. expected j. The ability to have children.
      11. reverse k. Believed or thought that something would happen.
      12. rapidly l. Long life.
      13. longevity m. Go backward.
      14. pension n. A regular payment made by the government to people of or above the official retirement age.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Japan wants more men and women to start dating.     T / F
  2. A new A.I. project will help residents find love.     T / F
  3. Nearly a third of Japan's prefectures have a matchmaking service.     T / F
  4. The article says humans matchmaking get better matches than A.I.     T / F
  5. Japan has one of the highest fertility rates in the world.     T / F
  6. The average Japanese woman will have 1.36 children during her life.     T / F
  7. The article says Japanese people are ageing because they exercise.     T / F
  8. The number of younger Japanese workers is increasing.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. increase
  2. match
  3. residents
  4. filling out
  5. analysis
  6. hopes
  7. lifetime
  8. decline
  9. rapidly
  10. younger
  1. existence
  2. evaluation
  3. wants
  4. suit
  5. quickly
  6. grow
  7. decrease
  8. youthful
  9. citizens
  10. completing

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. get more men and women
  2. It wants to increase its
  3. there are fewer and fewer
  4. matchmaking
  5. These involve filling out forms and
  6. Japan's fertility
  7. expected to have in
  8. help reverse the
  9. The longevity rate
  10. pension and welfare costs of
  1. answering questions
  2. services
  3. decline
  4. to go on dates
  5. rate
  6. retired people
  7. birth rate
  8. for women
  9. babies being born
  10. her lifetime

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
couples
based
half
better
dates
automate
software
forms

Japan is trying to get more men and women to go on (1) _____________________. It wants to increase its birth rate because there are fewer and fewer babies being born. Japan is going to use artificial intelligence (AI) to match (2) _____________________ and help residents find love. The government has decided to use $19 million next year to set the (3) _____________________ up. There are already matchmaking services in (4) _____________________ of Japan's 47 prefectures. These involve filling out (5) _____________________ and answering questions on hobbies and interests. A worker then matches people (6) _____________________ on the answers. Some prefectures are now starting AI projects to (7) _____________________ the system. AI software can perform a more advanced analysis of data and get (8) _____________________ matches.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
decline
fertility
support
retired
size
highest
ageing
lifetime

The government hopes the project will increase the (9) _____________________ of the population. Japan's (10) _____________________ rate is one of the lowest in the world. The average number of children a Japanese woman is expected to have in her (11) _____________________ is 1.36. This figure is continuing to go down, which is why the government is trying the AI programme. A government spokesperson said: "We hope this (12) _____________________ will help reverse the (13) _____________________ in the nation's birth rate." Japan's population is rapidly (14) _____________________ because people are living longer. The longevity rate for women is the (15) _____________________ in the world. This is a problem for the economy. There are fewer and fewer younger workers to pay for the pension and welfare costs of (16) _____________________ people.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) Japan is trying to get more men and women to ______
     a.  go on date
     b.  go on diets
     c.  go on days
     d.  go on dates
2)  It wants to increase its birth rate because there are fewer and fewer ______
     a.  babies being born
     b.  babies been born
     c.  babies be in born
     d.  babies boy in born
3)  The government has decided to use $19 million next year to set ______
     a.  the software down
     b.  the software up
     c.  the software in
     d.  the software on
4)  These involve filling out forms and answering questions on ______
     a.  hobbies end interests
     b.  hobbies send interests
     c.  hobbies and interests
     d.  hobby sand interests
5)  AI software can perform a more advanced analysis of data and ______
     a.  get better match is
     b.  get better marches
     c.  get better march is
     d.  get better matches

6)  The government hopes the project will increase the size ______
     a.  off the population
     b.  of a population
     c.  of the population
     d.  off a populations
7)  The average number of children a Japanese woman is expected to have ______
     a.  in her life timed
     b.  in her lifetime
     c.  in hers life times
     d.  in their live time
8)  A government spokesperson said: "We hope this support will help ______"
     a.  reverse the cline
     b.  reverse the incline
     c.  reverse the recline
     d.  reverse the decline
9)  is the highest in the world. This is a problem ______
     a.  for the economy
     b.  for then economy
     c.  from the economy
     d.  four the economy
10)  fewer and fewer younger workers to pay for the pension and welfare costs ______
     a.  of retirement people
     b.  of retire people
     c.  of retried people
     d.  of retired people

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Japan is trying to get more men and women to (1) ____________________. It wants to increase its birth rate because there are (2) ____________________ babies being born. Japan is going to use artificial intelligence (AI) to match couples and help (3) ____________________. The government has decided to use $19 million next year to set the software up. There are already matchmaking services (4) ____________________ Japan's 47 prefectures. These involve filling out forms and answering questions on hobbies and interests. A worker then matches people (5) ____________________ answers. Some prefectures are now starting AI projects to automate the system. AI software can perform a more advanced (6) ____________________ and get better matches.

The government (7) ____________________ will increase the size of the population. Japan's fertility rate is one of the lowest in the world. The (8) ____________________ children a Japanese woman is expected to have in her lifetime is 1.36. This (9) ____________________ to go down, which is why the government is trying the AI programme. A government spokesperson said: "We hope this support will help (10) ____________________ in the nation's birth rate." Japan's population is rapidly ageing because people are living longer. The longevity rate for women is (11) ____________________ the world. This is a problem for the economy. There are fewer and fewer younger workers to pay for the (12) ____________________ costs of retired people.

Comprehension questions

  1. What is Japan trying to get more men and women to go on?
  2. Who will artificial intelligence help to find love?
  3. How much will the artificial intelligence software cost?
  4. How many of Japan's 47 prefectures have a matchmaking service?
  5. What does the article say AI software can perform better?
  6. What does the article say is one of the world's lowest in Japan?
  7. How many children will the average Japanese woman have?
  8. What does the article say is rapidly ageing?
  9. What does the article say is the highest in the world?
  10. What are there fewer and fewer of to pay for pension costs?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What is Japan trying to get more men and women to go on?
a) holidays
b) the Internet
c) dates
d) relationship workshops
2) Who will artificial intelligence help to find love?
a) couples and citizens
b) lovers and partners
c) boys and girls
d) the lonely
3) How much will the artificial intelligence software cost?
a) $18 million
b) $16 million
c) $17 million
d) $19 million
4) How many of Japan's 47 prefectures have a matchmaking service?
a) a quarter of them
b) half of them
c) a third of them
d) a tenth of them
5) What does the article say AI software can perform better?
a) algorithms
b) dating
c) advanced analysis
d) finding romantic restaurants

6) What does the article say is one of the world's lowest in Japan?
a) the dating rate
b) the fertility rate
c) the romance rate
d) the happiness rate
7) How many children will the average Japanese woman have?
a) 1.26
b) 1.63
c) 1.62
d) 1.36
8) What does the article say is rapidly ageing?
a) the world
b) Japan's population
c) the Internet
d) dating
9) What does the article say is the highest in the world?
a) the longevity rate for women
b) the price of meals in Italian restaurants
c) Mount Everest
d) the date rate

10) What are there fewer and fewer of to pay for pension costs?
a) companies
b) salaried workers
c) taxpayers
d) younger workers

Role play

Role  A – Movie Theatre
You think a movie theatre is the best first date. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their dates. Also, tell the others which is the least romantic of these (and why): hiking, restaurant lunch or picnic on the beach.

Role  B – Hiking
You think hiking is the best first date. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their dates. Also, tell the others which is the least romantic of these (and why): movie theatre, restaurant lunch or picnic on the beach.

Role  C – A Restaurant Lunch
You think a restaurant lunch is the best first date. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their dates. Also, tell the others which is the least romantic of these (and why): hiking, movie theatre or picnic on the beach.

Role  D – A Picnic On The Beach
You think a picnic on the beach is the best first date. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their dates. Also, tell the others which is the least romantic of these (and why): hiking, restaurant lunch or movie theatre.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'love'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'couple'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • dates
    • born
    • decided
    • half
    • worker
    • data
    • size
    • rate
    • lifetime
    • reverse
    • highest
    • costs




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - A.I. Matchmaking

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'dating'?
    3. What do you think of matchmaking?
    4. What's the best way to find a partner?
    5. Why might A.I. matchmaking be better than a person at matchmaking?
    6. Are parents good matchmakers?
    7. Have you ever fallen in love at first sight?
    8. Where's the best place to go on a first date?
    9. How do you feel on a first date?
    10. How important is it your partner has the same hobbies as you?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'artificial intelligence'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What problems does a shrinking population cause?
    5. How can the government get people to have more children?
    6. What is the best thing about falling in love?
    7. What kind of person is your ideal partner?
    8. Is it ever too old to fall in love?
    9. Would you use the A.I. matchmaking service?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Japan's government?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Japan is trying to get more men and women to go (1) ____ dates. It wants to increase its birth rate because there are fewer and (2) ____ babies being born. Japan is going to use artificial intelligence (AI) to match couples and help residents find love. The government has decided to use $19 million next year to (3) ____ the software up. There are already matchmaking services in (4) ____ of Japan's 47 prefectures. These involve filling out forms and answering questions on hobbies and interests. A worker then matches people (5) ____ on the answers. Some prefectures are now starting AI projects to automate the system. AI software can perform more advanced analysis (6) ____ data and get better matches.

    The government (7) ____ the project will increase the size of the population. Japan's fertility rate is one of the lowest in the world. The average number of children a Japanese woman is (8) ____ to have in her lifetime is 1.36. This figure is continuing to go down, which is why the government is trying the AI programme. A government spokesperson said: "We hope this support will help (9) ____ the decline in the nation's birth rate." Japan's population is (10) ____ ageing because people are living longer. The (11) ____ rate for women is the highest in the world. This is a problem for the economy. There are fewer and fewer younger workers to pay for the pension and welfare costs of (12) ____ people.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     by     (b)     at     (c)     in     (d)     on    
    2. (a)     phew     (b)     fewest     (c)     few     (d)     fewer    
    3. (a)     let     (b)     set     (c)     met     (d)     net    
    4. (a)     halve     (b)     halved     (c)     half     (d)     halving    
    5. (a)     based     (b)     biased     (c)     boasted     (d)     basted    
    6. (a)     of     (b)     on     (c)     as     (d)     in    
    7. (a)     heaps     (b)     hops     (c)     hoping     (d)     hopes    
    8. (a)     expected     (b)     forecasting     (c)     prediction     (d)     guess    
    9. (a)     risky     (b)     reverse     (c)     elevator     (d)     cure    
    10. (a)     rapidity     (b)     rapids     (c)     rapidly     (d)     rapid    
    11. (a)     lengthen     (b)     longing     (c)     longevity     (d)     longs    
    12. (a)     retried     (b)     retired     (c)     retread     (d)     retro

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. iarcesne its birth rate
    2. match cpesluo and help residents
    3. These ielvnov filling out forms
    4. answering questions on hobbies and nieertsts
    5. etumoata the system
    6. advanced snslyaia of data

    Paragraph 2

    1. Japan's yreliftti rate
    2. epcexted to have in her lifetime
    3. help eesrrev the decline
    4. The vyegolitn rate for women
    5. fewer younger workers to pay for the nneispo
    6. welfare costs of eitrred people

    Put the text back together

    1  ) Japan is trying to get more men and women to go on dates. It wants to increase its birth
    (...)  1.36. This figure is continuing to go down, which is why the government is trying the AI programme. A government
    (...)  out forms and answering questions on hobbies and interests. A worker then matches
    (...)  intelligence (AI) to match couples and help residents find love. The government has decided to use $19 million next
    (...)  year to set the software up. There are already matchmaking services in half of Japan's 47 prefectures. These involve filling
    (...)  automate the system. AI software can perform a more advanced analysis of data and get better matches.
    (...)  The government hopes the project will increase the size of the population. Japan's fertility rate is one of the lowest
    (...)  in the world. The average number of children a Japanese woman is expected to have in her lifetime is
    (...)  world. This is a problem for the economy. There are fewer and fewer
    (...)  rate because there are fewer and fewer babies being born. Japan is going to use artificial
    (...)  spokesperson said: "We hope this support will help reverse the decline in the nation's birth rate." Japan's population is rapidly
    (...)  ageing because people are living longer. The longevity rate for women is the highest in the
    (...)  people based on the answers. Some prefectures are now starting AI projects to
    (...)  younger workers to pay for the pension and welfare costs of retired people.

    Put the words in the right order

    1. increase   birth   its   rate   .   It   wants   to
    2. born   .   fewer   are   There   and   being   fewer   babies
    3. prefectures   .   services   Japan's   47   half   in   of   Matchmaking
    4. match   people   on   the   based   Workers   answers   .   then
    5. of   analysis   Software   perform   advanced   can   a   data   .   more
    6. one   Japan's   rate   fertility   of   is   lowest   .   the
    7. This   continuing   to   down   .   figure   is   go
    8. nation's   Reverse   in   rate   .   the   decline   the   birth
    9. The   highest   .   longevity   for   is   the   women   rate
    10. pension   .   pay   for   to   the   Fewer   workers   younger

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Japan is trying to get more men and women to go on date / dates. It wants to increase its birth rate because there are fewer and fewest / fewer babies being born. Japan is going to useful / use artificial intelligence (AI) to match couples and help residence / residents find love. The government has decided to use $19 million next year to set the software up / down. There are already / readily matchmaking services in half of Japan's 47 prefectures. These involve filling up / out forms and answering questions on / in hobbies and interests. A worker then matches people based on / by the answers. Some prefectures are now starting AI projects to automate the system. AI software can performance / perform a more advanced analysis of data and get better matches.

    The government hopes the project will increase the sized / size of the population. Japan's fertility / ability rate is one of the low / lowest in the world. The average number of children a Japanese woman is expected to have / born in her lifetime is 1.36. This figure is continuing to go down, which is why the government is trying / tying the AI programme. A government spokesperson said: "We hope this support will help reserve / reverse the decline in the nation's birth rate." Japan's population is rapidly / rapid ageing because people are living longer / lengthen. The longevity rate for women is the highest in / on the world. This is a problem for the economy. There are fewer and fewer younger workers to pay for the pension and welfare costs of retired person / people.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    J_p_n  _s  try_ng  t_  g_t  m_r_  m_n  _nd  w_m_n  t_  g_  _n  d_t_s.  _t  w_nts  t_  _ncr__s_  _ts  b_rth  r_t_  b_c__s_  th_r_  _r_  f_w_r  _nd  f_w_r  b_b__s  b__ng  b_rn.  J_p_n  _s  g__ng  t_  _s_  _rt_f_c__l  _nt_ll_g_nc_  (__)  t_  m_tch  c__pl_s  _nd  h_lp  r_s_d_nts  f_nd  l_v_.  Th_  g_v_rnm_nt  h_s  d_c_d_d  t_  _s_  $19  m_ll__n  n_xt  y__r  t_  s_t  th_  s_ftw_r_  _p.  Th_r_  _r_  _lr__dy  m_tchm_k_ng  s_rv_c_s  _n  h_lf  _f  J_p_n's  47  pr_f_ct_r_s.  Th_s_  _nv_lv_  f_ll_ng  __t  f_rms  _nd  _nsw_r_ng  q__st__ns  _n  h_bb__s  _nd  _nt_r_sts.  _  w_rk_r  th_n  m_tch_s  p__pl_  b_s_d  _n  th_  _nsw_rs.  S_m_  pr_f_ct_r_s  _r_  n_w  st_rt_ng  __  pr_j_cts  t_  __t_m_t_  th_  syst_m.  __  s_ftw_r_  c_n  p_rf_rm  m_r_  _dv_nc_d  _n_lys_s  _f  d_t_  _nd  g_t  b_tt_r  m_tch_s.

    Th_  g_v_rnm_nt  h_p_s  th_  pr_j_ct  w_ll  _ncr__s_  th_  s_z_  _f  th_  p_p_l_t__n.  J_p_n's  f_rt_l_ty  r_t_  _s  _n_  _f  th_  l_w_st  _n  th_  w_rld.  Th_  _v_r_g_  n_mb_r  _f  ch_ldr_n  _  J_p_n_s_  w_m_n  _s  _xp_ct_d  t_  h_v_  _n  h_r  l_f_t_m_  _s  1.36.  Th_s  f_g_r_  _s  c_nt_n__ng  t_  g_  d_wn,  wh_ch  _s  why  th_  g_v_rnm_nt  _s  try_ng  th_  __  pr_gr_mm_.  _  g_v_rnm_nt  sp_k_sp_rs_n  s__d:  "W_  h_p_  th_s  s_pp_rt  w_ll  h_lp  r_v_rs_  th_  d_cl_n_  _n  th_  n_t__n's  b_rth  r_t_."  J_p_n's  p_p_l_t__n  _s  r_p_dly  _g__ng  b_c__s_  p__pl_  _r_  l_v_ng  l_ng_r.  Th_  l_ng_v_ty  r_t_  f_r  w_m_n  _s  th_  h_gh_st  _n  th_  w_rld.  Th_s  _s  _  pr_bl_m  f_r  th_  _c_n_my.  Th_r_  _r_  f_w_r  _nd  f_w_r  y__ng_r  w_rk_rs  t_  p_y  f_r  th_  p_ns__n  _nd  w_lf_r_  c_sts  _f  r_t_r_d  p__pl_.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    japan is trying to get more men and women to go on dates it wants to increase its birth rate because there are fewer and fewer babies being born japan is going to use artificial intelligence ai to match couples and help residents find love the government has decided to use 19 million next year to set the software up there are already matchmaking services in half of japans 47 prefectures these involve filling out forms and answering questions on hobbies and interests a worker then matches people based on the answers some prefectures are now starting ai projects to automate the system ai software can perform a more advanced analysis of data and get better matches

    the government hopes the project will increase the size of the population japans fertility rate is one of the lowest in the world the average number of children a japanese woman is expected to have in her lifetime is 136 this figure is continuing to go down which is why the government is trying the ai programme a government spokesperson said we hope this support will help reverse the decline in the nations birth rate japans population is rapidly ageing because people are living longer the longevity rate for women is the highest in the world this is a problem for the economy there are fewer and fewer younger workers to pay for the pension and welfare costs of retired people

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Japanistryingtogetmoremenandwomentogoondates.Itwantstoincre
    aseitsbirthratebecausetherearefewerandfewerbabiesbeingborn.Jap
    anisgoingtouseartificialintelligence(AI)tomatchcouplesandhelpresi
    dentsfindlove.Thegovernmenthasdecidedtouse$19millionnextyeart
    osetthesoftwareup.TherearealreadymatchmakingservicesinhalfofJ
    apan's47prefectures.Theseinvolvefillingoutformsandansweringque
    stionsonhobbiesandinterests.Aworkerthenmatchespeoplebasedont
    heanswers.SomeprefecturesarenowstartingAIprojectstoautomatet
    hesystem.AIsoftwarecanperformamoreadvancedanalysisofdataand
    getbettermatches.Thegovernmenthopestheprojectwillincreasethes
    izeofthepopulation.Japan'sfertilityrateisoneofthelowestintheworld.
    TheaveragenumberofchildrenaJapanesewomanisexpectedtohavein
    herlifetimeis1.36.Thisfigureiscontinuingtogodown,whichiswhytheg
    overnmentistryingtheAIprogramme.Agovernmentspokespersonsai
    d:"Wehopethissupportwillhelpreversethedeclineinthenation'sbirthr
    ate."Japan'spopulationisrapidlyageingbecausepeoplearelivinglonge
    r.Thelongevityrateforwomenisthehighestintheworld.Thisisaproble
    mfortheeconomy.Therearefewerandfeweryoungerworkerstopayfor
    thepensionandwelfarecostsofretiredpeople.

    Free writing

    Write about A.I. matchmaking for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Computer matchmaking is the best way to find a partner. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. MATCHMAKING: Make a poster about matchmaking. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. A.I.: Write a magazine article about using A.I. for matchmaking. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on matchmaking. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how people can find a partner. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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