The Reading / Listening - Early Humans - Level 2

Animals stock up on food and hibernate for the winter. They escape the snow and cold in a cave or hole. Scientists think early humans may also have hibernated. The scientists looked at the bones from our ancestors who lived 430,000 years ago. The bones were found in Spain. The scientists are experts in studying ancient bones. They say that cuts and other signs of damage on the bones are similar to those on bones of animals who hibernate. They also say that early humans may have hibernated to escape the extreme cold. Winters were much colder hundreds of thousands of years ago.



A scientist said there is evidence to show early humans slowed down their metabolism. This was so they could survive longer in winter without food. However, humans could not do this like a bear. Bears can wake up after months of sleeping and their body will be the same as before they went into hibernation. The bones showed hibernation caused early humans health problems. Many of these were because of a lack of vitamin D, which we get from sunlight. This makes our bones weaker. The scientist said: "We have to emphasise that hibernations are not always healthy."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Early Humans - Level 0 Early Humans - Level 1   or  Early Humans - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/dec/20/early-humans-may-have-survived-the-harsh-winters-by-hibernating
  • https://www.sciencealert.com/early-humans-may-have-hibernated-through-long-winters
  • https://sputniknews.com/science/202012201081521644-early-humans-may-have-slept-through-harsh-winters-new-study-finds/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Animals stock
  2. in a cave or
  3. the bones from
  4. experts in studying
  5. other signs of damage
  6. hibernated to escape
  7. Winters were much
  8. hundreds of thousands
  1. the extreme cold
  2. ancient bones
  3. of years ago
  4. on the bones
  5. colder
  6. hole
  7. up on food
  8. our ancestors

Paragraph 2

  1. early humans slowed down
  2. they could survive longer
  3. Bears can wake up after months
  4. before they went
  5. because of a lack
  6. vitamin D, which we get
  7. This makes our
  8. hibernations are not always
  1. of vitamin D
  2. into hibernation
  3. bones weaker
  4. their metabolism
  5. healthy
  6. of sleeping
  7. from sunlight
  8. in winter

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Animals (1) ___________________ food and hibernate for the winter. They escape the snow and cold in a (2) ___________________. Scientists think early humans may also have hibernated. The scientists looked at the bones from our (3) ___________________ 430,000 years ago. The bones were found in Spain. The scientists (4) ___________________ studying ancient bones. They say that cuts and other signs of damage on the bones are (5) ___________________ on bones of animals who hibernate. They also say that early humans may have hibernated to escape the extreme cold. Winters were much colder (6) ___________________ of years ago.

A scientist said there (7) ___________________ show early humans slowed down their metabolism. This was so they (8) ___________________ in winter without food. However, humans could not do this like a bear. Bears can (9) ___________________ months of sleeping and their body will be the same as before they (10) ___________________. The bones showed hibernation caused early humans health problems. Many of these were because of a lack of vitamin D, which we (11) ___________________. This makes our bones weaker. The scientist said: "We have to emphasise that hibernations are (12) ___________________."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Animalsstockuponfoodandhibernateforthewinter.Theyescapethesn
owandcoldinacaveorhole.Scientiststhinkearlyhumansmayalsohave
hibernated.Thescientistslookedatthebonesfromourancestorswholiv
ed430,000yearsago.TheboneswerefoundinSpain.Thescientistsaree
xpertsinstudyingancientbones.Theysaythatcutsandothersignsofda
mageonthebonesaresimilartothoseonbonesofanimalswhohibernate
.Theyalsosaythatearlyhumansmayhavehibernatedtoescapetheextr
emecold.Wintersweremuchcolderhundredsofthousandsofyearsago.
Ascientistsaidthereisevidencetoshowearlyhumanssloweddowntheir
metabolism.Thiswassotheycouldsurvivelongerinwinterwithoutfood.
However,humanscouldnotdothislikeabear.Bearscanwakeupafterm
onthsofsleepingandtheirbodywillbethesameasbeforetheywentintoh
ibernation.Thebonesshowedhibernationcausedearlyhumanshealth
problems.ManyofthesewerebecauseofalackofvitaminD,whichweget
fromsunlight.Thismakesourbonesweaker.Thescientistsaid:"Wehav
etoemphasisethathibernationsarenotalwayshealthy."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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