The Reading / Listening - Early Humans - Level 1

Animals keep food and hibernate for the winter. They escape the cold in a hole. Scientists think early humans also did this. They looked at the bones from our ancestors who lived 430,000 years ago. The scientists know a lot about ancient bones. Cuts and other damage on the bones were like those on the bones of animals who hibernate. Early humans hibernated to escape the cold. Winters were much colder hundreds of thousands of years ago.



There is evidence to show that early humans slowed down their metabolism. They could survive longer in winter without food. Humans could not do this like a bear. Bears can wake up after months of sleeping and their body will be the same. The bones showed that hibernating gave early humans health problems. Many of these were because of not getting enough vitamin D from sunlight. This made their bones weaker.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Early Humans - Level 0 Early Humans - Level 2   or  Early Humans - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/dec/20/early-humans-may-have-survived-the-harsh-winters-by-hibernating
  • https://www.sciencealert.com/early-humans-may-have-hibernated-through-long-winters
  • https://sputniknews.com/science/202012201081521644-early-humans-may-have-slept-through-harsh-winters-new-study-finds/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. They escape the cold
  2. They looked at the bones
  3. scientists know a lot about
  4. Cuts and other damage
  5. bones of animals
  6. Early humans hibernated to
  7. Winters were much
  8. hundreds of thousands
  1. escape the cold
  2. in a hole
  3. of years ago
  4. ancient bones
  5. colder
  6. from our ancestors
  7. who hibernate
  8. on the bones

Paragraph 2

  1. There is evidence to
  2. slowed down their
  3. survive longer in winter
  4. Humans could not do this
  5. Bears can wake up after
  6. hibernating gave early humans
  7. not getting enough vitamin D
  8. This made their bones
  1. months of sleeping
  2. show that
  3. weaker
  4. without food
  5. from sunlight
  6. like a bear
  7. metabolism
  8. health problems

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Animals (1) ___________________ hibernate for the winter. They escape the cold (2) ___________________. Scientists think early humans (3) ___________________. They looked at the bones from our ancestors who lived 430,000 years ago. The scientists know (4) ___________________ ancient bones. Cuts and other damage on the bones were (5) ___________________ the bones of animals who hibernate. Early humans hibernated to escape the cold. Winters were much colder (6) ___________________ of years ago.

There is evidence to show (7) ___________________ slowed down their metabolism. They could (8) ___________________ winter without food. Humans could not do this like a bear. Bears can (9) ___________________ months of sleeping and their body will be the same. The bones (10) ___________________ gave early humans health problems. Many of (11) ___________________ of not getting enough vitamin D from sunlight. This (12) ___________________ weaker.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Animalskeepfoodandhibernateforthewinter.Theyescapethecoldinah
ole.Scientiststhinkearlyhumansalsodidthis.Theylookedatthebonesf
romourancestorswholived430,000yearsago.Thescientistsknowalot
aboutancientbones.Cutsandotherdamageontheboneswerelikethose
onthebonesofanimalswhohibernate.Earlyhumanshibernatedtoesca
pethecold.Wintersweremuchcolderhundredsofthousandsofyearsag
o.Thereisevidencetoshowthatearlyhumanssloweddowntheirmetabo
lism.Theycouldsurvivelongerinwinterwithoutfood.Humanscouldnot
dothislikeabear.Bearscanwakeupaftermonthsofsleepingandtheirbo
dywillbethesame.Thebonesshowedthathibernatinggaveearlyhuma
nshealthproblems.Manyofthesewerebecauseofnotgettingenoughvit
aminDfromsunlight.Thismadetheirbonesweaker.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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