The Reading / Listening - Self-awareness - Level 5

What do animals think about? Scientists in Hungary explored this question by investigating if dogs have self-awareness. Researchers tried to find out whether canines have a sense of body awareness. A researcher explained: "Self-awareness is a rather poorly investigated area of dog cognition." He added: "Body awareness is a mental capacity to organize someone's action by taking in consideration their own body exists." His test put dogs in situations that would make them aware of their body position. His research is published in the journal "Scientific Reports".



The scientists conducted tests on 54 dogs. A toy was attached to a mat and each dog had to give the toy to its owner. The dog had to understand it would not be able to take the toy to its owner unless it got off the mat first. Many of the dogs understood this and completed the task. The researchers said this showed a sense of body awareness. They wrote that body awareness is, "the ability to hold information about one's own body in mind, as an explicit object, in relation to other objects in the world". They called it a fundamental building block of "self-representation".

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Self-awareness - Level 4 or  Self-awareness - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.inverse.com/science/dog-body-awareness-study
  • https://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/are-dogs-self-aware-scientists-say-there-s-a-good-chance-1.5317364
  • https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/lifestyle/do-dogs-have-self-awareness/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Scientists in Hungary explored
  2. investigating if dogs have
  3. find out whether canines
  4. a rather poorly
  5. a mental
  6. by taking in
  7. make them aware of their
  8. His research is published
  1. consideration
  2. body position
  3. investigated area
  4. in the journal
  5. self-awareness
  6. capacity
  7. this question
  8. have a sense

Paragraph 2

  1. scientists conducted tests
  2. A toy was attached
  3. each dog had to give the
  4. completed
  5. showed a sense of body
  6. hold information about one's
  7. in relation to other objects
  8. a fundamental building
  1. the task
  2. toy to its owner
  3. block
  4. awareness
  5. in the world
  6. on 54 dogs
  7. to a mat
  8. own body

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

What do animals think about? Scientists in Hungary (1) ___________________ by investigating if dogs have self-awareness. Researchers tried to (2) ___________________ canines have a sense of body awareness. A researcher explained: "Self-awareness is (3) ___________________ investigated area of dog cognition." He added: "Body awareness is (4) ___________________ to organize someone's action by taking in consideration their (5) ___________________." His test put dogs in situations that would make them aware of their body position. His research is published (6) ___________________ "Scientific Reports".

The scientists (7) ___________________ 54 dogs. A toy was attached to a mat and each dog had to give the toy to its owner. The dog had to understand it would not be able to take the toy to (8) ___________________ it got off the mat first. Many of the dogs understood this and (9) ___________________. The researchers said this showed a sense of body awareness. They wrote that body awareness is, "the (10) ___________________ information about one's own (11) ___________________, as an explicit object, in relation to other objects in the world". They called it a fundamental (12) ___________________ "self-representation".

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Whatdoanimalsthinkabout?ScientistsinHungaryexploredthisquesti
onbyinvestigatingifdogshaveself-awareness.Researcherstriedtofi
ndoutwhethercanineshaveasenseofbodyawareness.Aresearcherex
plained:"Self-awarenessisaratherpoorlyinvestigatedareaofdogco
gnition."Headded:"Bodyawarenessisamentalcapacitytoorganizeso
meone'sactionbytakinginconsiderationtheirownbodyexists."Histest
putdogsinsituationsthatwouldmakethemawareoftheirbodyposition.
Hisresearchispublishedinthejournal"ScientificReports".Thescientist
sconductedtestson54dogs.Atoywasattachedtoamatandeachdoghad
togivethetoytoitsowner.Thedoghadtounderstanditwouldnotbeab
letotakethetoytoitsownerunlessitgotoffthematfirst.Manyofthedogs
understoodthisandcompletedthetask.Theresearcherssaidthisshowe
dasenseofbodyawareness.Theywrotethatbodyawarenessis,"theabil
itytoholdinformationaboutone'sownbodyinmind,asanexplicitobject,
inrelationtootherobjectsintheworld".Theycalleditafundamentalbuild
ingblockof"self-representation".

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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