The Reading / Listening - Isolation - Level 6

Could you survive for a few days without your smartphone or without being connected to the Internet? How about living in a cave with no mod cons for 40 days? Fifteen people did just that. They took part in a project called Deep Time to see how they would react to and cope with being totally disconnected from the modern world. Scientists from the Human Adaption Institute led the $1.9-million project. They wanted to understand how people would adapt to drastic changes in living conditions. They put the volunteers in a cave for nearly six weeks. There was no sunlight and the cave dwellers had no contact with the outside world. They had to rely on their body clock to know when to wake up, go to sleep and eat.



Most of the volunteers said they enjoyed the experience of total isolation. Two-thirds expressed a desire to remain underground a while longer in order to finish projects they had started. Deep Time's director Christian Clot said the experience would, "test humans' ability to adapt to the loss of their frame of reference for time and space". He said: "Our future as humans on this planet will evolve. We must learn to better understand how our brains are capable of finding new solutions, whatever the situation." One striking observation is that participants lost their sense of time. Mr Clot said: "In our heads, we had walked into the cave 30 days ago". One team member estimated the time underground to be 23 days.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Isolation - Level 4  or  Isolation - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.abc.net.au/news/2021-04-25/deep-time-experiment-sees-people-spend-40-days-in-cave/100093966
  • https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20210424-french-volunteers-leave-cave-after-40-day-endurance-trial
  • https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/25/deep-time-team-ends-40-days-underground-in-french-cave


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. ISOLATION: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about isolation. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       survive / smartphone / cave / project / cope / modern world / contact / volunteers /
       isolation / desire / underground / experience / loss / brain / observation / sense
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. UNPLUG: Students A strongly believe we should all unplug from the modern world for a few days; Students B strongly believe the opposite. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ISOLATED: What are the good and bad things of living in these isolated places? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Good Things

Bad Things

A cave

 

 

The desert

 

 

The jungle

 

 

A desert island

 

 

A mountaintop

 

 

Antarctica

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. INTERNET: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "Internet". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. THINGS I'D MISS: Rank these with your partner. Put the things you'd most if you sent time in isolation at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Smartphone
  • TV
  • Fast food
  • Tea or coffee
  • Music
  • Shopping
  • Friends
  • News

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. mod cons a. Deal effectively with something difficult.
      2. react b. A person or animal that lives in or at a specified place.
      3. cope c. The machines and devices of a well-equipped modern house that create an easier way of life.
      4. institute d. Act in response to something; respond in a particular way.
      5. drastic e. An organization having a particular purpose, especially for science, education, or a specific profession.
      6. dweller
      
f. Likely to have a strong or far-reaching effect; radical and extreme.
      7. rely on g. Depend or count on someone or something.

    Paragraph 2

      8. expressed h. Attracting attention by reason of being unusual, extreme, or prominent.
      9. desire i. Conveyed a thought or feeling in words or by gestures and conduct.
      10. adapt j. Develop gradually, especially from a simple to a more complex form.
      11. evolve k. The action or process of looking at something or someone carefully or in order to gain information.
      12. striking l. A strong feeling of wanting to have something or wishing for something to happen.
      13. observation m. Roughly calculated or judged the value, number, quantity, or extent of.
      14. estimated n. Make something suitable for a new use or purpose; modify.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article says we could all survive without a smartphone.     T / F
  2. Forty people lived in a cave for 40 days.     T / F
  3. The research project cost $19 million.     T / F
  4. Volunteers had to rely on their body clock in the cave.     T / F
  5. Two-thirds of the volunteers enjoyed the cave experience.     T / F
  6. The research director said we need to find solutions to situations.     T / F
  7. The participants in the research lost their sense of time.     T / F
  8. One team member left the cave after 23 days.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. survive
  2. took part
  3. react
  4. drastic
  5. rely
  6. enjoyed
  7. adapt
  8. solutions
  9. striking
  10. estimated
  1. change
  2. extreme
  3. depend
  4. judged
  5. make it
  6. answers
  7. participated
  8. obvious
  9. behave
  10. loved

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. survive for a few days without
  2. see how they would
  3. how people would adapt
  4. cave
  5. They had to rely
  6. enjoyed the experience
  7. Two-thirds expressed a desire
  8. their frame of reference
  9. our brains are capable of
  10. participants lost their sense of
  1. dwellers
  2. time
  3. on their body clock
  4. of total isolation
  5. to drastic changes
  6. for time and space
  7. your smartphone
  8. finding new solutions
  9. react to and cope
  10. to remain underground

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
cope
sunlight
connected
clock
just
outside
survive
drastic

Could you (1) _____________________ for a few days without your smartphone or without being (2) _____________________ to the Internet? How about living in a cave with no mod cons for 40 days? Fifteen people did (3) _____________________ that. They took part in a project called Deep Time to see how they would react to and (4) _____________________ with being totally disconnected from the modern world. Scientists from the Human Adaption Institute led the $1.9-million project. They wanted to understand how people would adapt to (5) _____________________ changes in living conditions. They put the volunteers in a cave for nearly six weeks. There was no (6) _____________________ and the cave dwellers had no contact with the (7) _____________________ world. They had to rely on their body (8) _____________________ to know when to wake up, go to sleep and eat.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
adapt
evolve
estimated
isolation
situation
frame
sense
desire

Most of the volunteers said they enjoyed the experience of total (9) _____________________. Two-thirds expressed a (10) _____________________ to remain underground a while longer in order to finish projects they had started. Deep Time's director Christian Clot said the experience would, "test humans' ability to (11) _____________________ to the loss of their (12) _____________________ of reference for time and space". He said: "Our future as humans on this planet will (13) _____________________. We must learn to better understand how our brains are capable of finding new solutions, whatever the (14) _____________________." One striking observation is that participants lost their (15) _____________________ of time. Mr Clot said: "In our heads, we had walked into the cave 30 days ago". One team member (16) _____________________ the time underground to be 23 days.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  survive for a few days without your smartphone or ______
     a.  without being connect it
     b.  without being connected
     c.  without being connect shun
     d.  without being connection
2)  How about living in a cave with ______
     a.  nomad cons
     b.  no mod cons
     c.  gnome odd cons
     d.  known odd cons
3)  They took part in a project called Deep Time to see how ______
     a.  they would reactive
     b.  they would reacts
     c.  they would reacted
     d.  they would react
4)  They wanted to understand how people would adapt ______
     a.  to drastic changes
     b.  to drastically changes
     c.  toad rustic changes
     d.  toed rancid changes
5)  with the outside world. They had to rely on ______
     a.  their body cloak
     b.  their body clack
     c.  their body click
     d.  their body clock

6)  Most of the volunteers said they enjoyed the experience ______
     a.  of totality isolation
     b.  of totalled isolation
     c.  of total isolation
     d.  of totals isolation
7)  Two-thirds expressed a desire to ______
     a.  rim main underground
     b.  rename underground
     c.  ream mane underground
     d.  remain underground
8)  Christian Clot said the experience would, "test humans' ______
     a.  ability to adept
     b.  ability to adopt
     c.  ability to adapt
     d.  ability to add opt
9)  Our future as humans on this ______
     a.  planet will involve
     b.  planet will revolve
     c.  planet will solve
     d.  planet will evolve
10)  One striking observation is that participants lost their ______
     a.  cents of time
     b.  sent of time
     c.  sense of time
     d.  Zen of time

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Could you survive for (1) ____________________ without your smartphone or without being connected to the Internet? How about living in a cave with no mod cons for 40 days? Fifteen people (2) ____________________. They took part in a project called Deep Time to see how they (3) ____________________ and cope with being totally disconnected from the modern world. Scientists from the Human Adaption Institute led the $1.9-million project. They wanted to understand how people would adapt to (4) ____________________ living conditions. They put the volunteers in a cave for nearly six weeks. There was no sunlight and (5) ____________________ had no contact with the outside world. They had to (6) ____________________ body clock to know when to wake up, go to sleep and eat.

Most of the volunteers said they enjoyed the experience (7) ____________________. Two-thirds expressed a desire to remain underground (8) ____________________ in order to finish projects they had started. Deep Time's director Christian Clot said the experience would, "test humans' ability to adapt to the loss of their (9) ____________________ for time and space". He said: "Our future as humans on this planet will evolve. We must learn to better understand how our brains (10) ____________________ finding new solutions, whatever the situation." One striking observation is that participants lost their (11) ____________________. Mr Clot said: "In our heads, we had walked into the cave 30 days ago". One team member (12) ____________________ underground to be 23 days.

Comprehension questions

  1. What do people in the cave have to live without for 40 days?
  2. What is the name of the project in the article?
  3. How much did the research project cost?
  4. What did the cave dwellers have no contact with?
  5. What did the cave dwellers have to rely on to know when to eat?
  6. What proportion of the volunteers enjoyed the cave experience?
  7. What did many participants want to finish?
  8. What did the research director say humans would do?
  9. What did the director say we needed to find?
  10. What did the participants lose their sense of?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What do people in the cave have to live without for 40 days?
a) fast food
b) mod cons
c) shopping
d) You Tube
2) What is the name of the project in the article?
a) Deep Cave
b) Cave Time
c) Time Deep
d) Deep Time
3) How much did the research project cost?
a) $1.8 million
b) $1.7 million
c) $1.9 million
d) $1.6 million
4) What did the cave dwellers have no contact with?
a) the outside world
b) animals
c) researchers
d) each other
5) What did the cave dwellers have to rely on to know when to eat?
a) their stomach
b) their body clock
c) the sound of the wind
d) each other

6) What proportion of the volunteers enjoyed the cave experience?
a) two-thirds
b) three-quarters
c) two-fifths
d) seven-tenths
7) What did many participants want to finish?
a) the cave experience
b) lunch
c) projects
d) napping
8) What did the research director say humans would do?
a) evolve
b) live in caves
c) die out
d) more research
9) What did the director say we needed to find?
a) more caves
b) more time
c) each other
d) solutions
10) What did the participants lose their sense of?
a) each other
b) taste
c) time
d) smell

Role play

Role  A – Smartphones
You think smartphones is the thing you'd miss most if you spent time in isolation. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things are not so miss-able. Also, tell the others which is the least miss-able of these (and why): fast food, music or news.

Role  B – Fast Food
You think fast food is the thing you'd miss most if you spent time in isolation. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things are not so miss-able. Also, tell the others which is the least miss-able of these (and why): smartphones, music or news.

Role  C – Music
You think music is the thing you'd miss most if you spent time in isolation. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things are not so miss-able. Also, tell the others which is the least miss-able of these (and why): fast food, smartphones or news.

Role  D – News
You think news is the thing you'd miss most if you spent time in isolation. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things are not so miss-able. Also, tell the others which is the least miss-able of these (and why): fast food, music or smartphones.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'isolation'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'cave'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • survive
    • cave
    • project
    • modern world
    • changes
    • body clock
    • volunteers
    • underground
    • loss
    • humans
    • planet
    • time




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Isolation

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'isolation'?
    3. Would you like to have taken part in this experiment?
    4. What do you think of caves?
    5. Could you survive for a few days without your smartphone?
    6. Could you live in a dark cave for 40 days?
    7. How would you cope with being disconnected from the world?
    8. What does your body clock tell you?
    9. What would you do in a cave for 40 days?
    10. What would you miss about having no contact with the outside world?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'cave'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How would you deal with total isolation?
    5. How might our future on this planet change?
    6. How good are you at finding new solutions?
    7. What happens when you lose your sense of time?
    8. How sociable are you?
    9. To what degree is technology isolating people?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the participants?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Could you (1) ____ for a few days without your smartphone or without being connected to the Internet? How about living in a cave with no (2) ____ cons for 40 days? Fifteen people did just that. They took part in a project called Deep Time to see how they would react to and cope (3) ____ being totally disconnected from the modern world. Scientists from the Human Adaption Institute led the $1.9-million project. They wanted to understand how people would (4) ____ to drastic changes in living conditions. They put the volunteers in a cave for nearly six weeks. There was no sunlight and the cave (5) ____ had no contact with the outside world. They had to rely on their body (6) ____ to know when to wake up, go to sleep and eat.

    Most of the volunteers said they enjoyed the experience of (7) ____ isolation. Two-thirds expressed a desire to remain underground a (8) ____ longer in order to finish projects they had started. Deep Time's director Christian Clot said the experience would, "test humans' ability to adapt to the loss of their frame (9) ____ reference for time and space". He said: "Our future as humans on this planet will (10) ____. We must learn to better understand how our brains are capable of finding new solutions, whatever the situation." One striking observation is that participants lost their (11) ____ of time. Mr Clot said: "In our heads, we had walked into the cave 30 days ago". One team member estimated the time underground to (12) ____ 23 days.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     survive     (b)     survivor     (c)     survives     (d)     survival    
    2. (a)     odd     (b)     nod     (c)     mod     (d)     pod    
    3. (a)     of     (b)     at     (c)     on     (d)     with    
    4. (a)     adept     (b)     adapt     (c)     inept     (d)     crept    
    5. (a)     cavers     (b)     stalactites     (c)     stalagmites     (d)     dwellers    
    6. (a)     watch     (b)     timepiece     (c)     clock     (d)     clock face    
    7. (a)     totality     (b)     total     (c)     totals     (d)     totally    
    8. (a)     while     (b)     whilst     (c)     whiling     (d)     whiled    
    9. (a)     of     (b)     to     (c)     at     (d)     up    
    10. (a)     revolve     (b)     involve     (c)     evolve     (d)     solve    
    11. (a)     era     (b)     clock     (c)     tardy     (d)     sense    
    12. (a)     give     (b)     be     (c)     have     (d)     do

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. vrvseui for a few days
    2. nodccntee to the Internet
    3. ecart to and cope with
    4. the Human pdAontia Institute
    5. aisrdct changes in living conditions
    6. They put the oursevnelt in a cave

    Paragraph 2

    1. Two-thirds drssepeex a desire to remain
    2. their frame of reerfneec
    3. finding new sloounsti
    4. One gtikrins observation
    5. rtiapnpitasc lost their sense of time
    6. One team member eettasidm the time

    Put the text back together

    (...)  called Deep Time to see how they would react to and cope with being totally disconnected from the modern
    (...)  brains are capable of finding new solutions, whatever the situation." One striking
    (...)  about living in a cave with no mod cons for 40 days? Fifteen people did just that. They took part in a project
    (...)  understand how people would adapt to drastic changes in living conditions. They put the volunteers in a cave
    (...)  for nearly six weeks. There was no sunlight and the cave dwellers had no contact with
    (...)  observation is that participants lost their sense of time. Mr Clot said: "In our heads, we had walked
    (...)  the outside world. They had to rely on their body clock to know when to wake up, go to sleep and eat.
    (...)  desire to remain underground a while longer in order to finish projects they had started. Deep Time's director Christian Clot said the
    (...)  and space". He said: "Our future as humans on this planet will evolve. We must learn to better understand how our
    (...)  experience would, "test humans' ability to adapt to the loss of their frame of reference for time
    (...)  world. Scientists from the Human Adaption Institute led the $1.9-million project. They wanted to
    1  ) Could you survive for a few days without your smartphone or without being connected to the Internet? How
    (...)  into the cave 30 days ago". One team member estimated the time underground to be 23 days.
    (...)  Most of the volunteers said they enjoyed the experience of total isolation. Two-thirds expressed a

    Put the words in the right order

    1. a   days   for   Survive   without   your   smartphone   .   few
    2. no   mod   in   cave   with   a   cons   .   Living
    3. with   being   disconnected   from   Cope   the   modern   world   .
    4. changes   .   to   would   people   adapt   Understand   drastic   how
    5. had   to   on   rely   their   clock   .   body   They
    6. of   enjoyed   total   isolation   .   experience   They   the
    7. desire   to   expressed   remain   a   underground   .   Two-thirds
    8. humans'   to   to   loss   .   Test   ability   the   adapt
    9. how   better   our   Learn   brains   .   to   understand
    10. estimated   member   team   time   One   underground   .   the

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Could you survive / survival for a few days without your smartphone or without being connected / connecting to the Internet? How about living in a cave with no mod cons / coins for 40 days? Fifteen people did just what / that. They took part in a project called Deep Time to see how they would react to and cope with being total / totally disconnected from the modern world. Scientists from the Human Adaption Institute led the $1.9-million project. They wanted to understand how people would adept / adapt to drastic changes in living conditions. They put the volunteers on / in a cave for nearly six weeks. There was no sunlight and the cave dwellers had no contact / contract with the outside world. They had to relay / rely on their body clock / watch to know when to wake up, go to sleep and eat.

    Most of the volunteers said they employed / enjoyed the experience of total isolation. Two-thirds expressed a desire to remnant / remain underground a while longer in / on order to finish projects they had started. Deep Time's director Christian Clot said the experience would, "test humans' ability for / to adapt to the loss of their frame of / to reference for time and space". He said: "Our future as humans on this planet will revolve / evolve. We must learn to better understand how our brains are capable of funding / finding new solutions, whatever the situation." One striving / striking observation is that participants lost their sense on / of time. Mr Clot said: "In our heads, we had walked into the cave 30 days ago". One team member estimated the time underground to be / been 23 days.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    C__ld  y__  s_rv_v_  f_r  _  f_w  d_ys  w_th__t  y__r  sm_rtph_n_  _r  w_th__t  b__ng  c_nn_ct_d  t_  th_  _nt_rn_t?  H_w  _b__t  l_v_ng  _n  _  c_v_  w_th  n_  m_d  c_ns  f_r  40  d_ys?  F_ft__n  p__pl_  d_d  j_st  th_t.  Th_y  t__k  p_rt  _n  _  pr_j_ct  c_ll_d  D__p  T_m_  t_  s__  h_w  th_y  w__ld  r__ct  t_  _nd  c_p_  w_th  b__ng  t_t_lly  d_sc_nn_ct_d  fr_m  th_  m_d_rn  w_rld.  Sc__nt_sts  fr_m  th_  H_m_n  _d_pt__n  _nst_t_t_  l__d  th_  $1.9-m_ll__n  pr_j_ct.  Th_y  w_nt_d  t_  _nd_rst_nd  h_w  p__pl_  w__ld  _d_pt  t_  dr_st_c  ch_ng_s  _n  l_v_ng  c_nd_t__ns.  Th_y  p_t  th_  v_l_nt__rs  _n  _  c_v_  f_r  n__rly  s_x  w__ks.  Th_r_  w_s  n_  s_nl_ght  _nd  th_  c_v_  dw_ll_rs  h_d  n_  c_nt_ct  w_th  th_  __ts_d_  w_rld.  Th_y  h_d  t_  r_ly  _n  th__r  b_dy  cl_ck  t_  kn_w  wh_n  t_  w_k_  _p,  g_  t_  sl__p  _nd  __t.

    M_st  _f  th_  v_l_nt__rs  s__d  th_y  _nj_y_d  th_  _xp_r__nc_  _f  t_t_l  _s_l_t__n.  Tw_-th_rds  _xpr_ss_d  _  d_s_r_  t_  r_m__n  _nd_rgr__nd  _  wh_l_  l_ng_r  _n  _rd_r  t_  f_n_sh  pr_j_cts  th_y  h_d  st_rt_d.  D__p  T_m_'s  d_r_ct_r  Chr_st__n  Cl_t  s__d  th_  _xp_r__nc_  w__ld,  "t_st  h_m_ns'  _b_l_ty  t_  _d_pt  t_  th_  l_ss  _f  th__r  fr_m_  _f  r_f_r_nc_  f_r  t_m_  _nd  sp_c_".  H_  s__d:  "__r  f_t_r_  _s  h_m_ns  _n  th_s  pl_n_t  w_ll  _v_lv_.  W_  m_st  l__rn  t_  b_tt_r  _nd_rst_nd  h_w  __r  br__ns  _r_  c_p_bl_  _f  f_nd_ng  n_w  s_l_t__ns,  wh_t_v_r  th_  s_t__t__n."  _n_  str_k_ng  _bs_rv_t__n  _s  th_t  p_rt_c_p_nts  l_st  th__r  s_ns_  _f  t_m_.  Mr  Cl_t  s__d:  "_n  __r  h__ds,  w_  h_d  w_lk_d  _nt_  th_  c_v_  30  d_ys  _g_".  _n_  t__m  m_mb_r  _st_m_t_d  th_  t_m_  _nd_rgr__nd  t_  b_  23  d_ys.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    could you survive for a few days without your smartphone or without being connected to the internet how about living in a cave with no mod cons for 40 days fifteen people did just that they took part in a project called deep time to see how they would react to and cope with being totally disconnected from the modern world scientists from the human adaption institute led the 19million project they wanted to understand how people would adapt to drastic changes in living conditions they put the volunteers in a cave for nearly six weeks there was no sunlight and the cave dwellers had no contact with the outside world they had to rely on their body clock to know when to wake up go to sleep and eat

    most of the volunteers said they enjoyed the experience of total isolation twothirds expressed a desire to remain underground a while longer in order to finish projects they had started deep times director christian clot said the experience would test humans ability to adapt to the loss of their frame of reference for time and space he said our future as humans on this planet will evolve we must learn to better understand how our brains are capable of finding new solutions whatever the situation one striking observation is that participants lost their sense of time mr clot said in our heads we had walked into the cave 30 days ago one team member estimated the time underground to be 23 days.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Couldyousurviveforafewdayswithoutyoursmartphoneorwithoutbein
    gconnectedtotheInternet?Howaboutlivinginacavewithnomodconsfo
    r40days?Fifteenpeopledidjustthat.TheytookpartinaprojectcalledDe
    epTimetoseehowtheywouldreacttoandcopewithbeingtotallydisconn
    ectedfromthemodernworld.ScientistsfromtheHumanAdaptionInstit
    uteleadthe$1.9-millionproject.Theywantedtounderstandhowpe
    oplewouldadapttodrasticchangesinlivingconditions.Theyputthevolu
    nteersinacavefornearlysixweeks.Therewasnosunlightandthecaved
    wellershadnocontactwiththeoutsideworld.Theyhadtorelyontheirbod
    yclocktoknowwhentowakeup,gotosleepandeat.Mostofthevolunteer
    ssaidtheyenjoyedtheexperienceoftotalisolation.Two-thirdsexpres
    sedadesiretoremainundergroundawhilelongerinordertofinishprojec
    tstheyhadstarted.DeepTime'sdirectorChristianClotsaidtheexperien
    cewould,"testhumans'abilitytoadapttothelossoftheirframeofreferen
    cefortimeandspace".Hesaid:"Ourfutureashumansonthisplanetwille
    volve.Wemustlearntobetterunderstandhowourbrainsarecapableoffi
    ndingnewsolutions,whateverthesituation."Onestrikingobservationi
    sthatparticipantslosttheirsenseoftime.MrClotsaid:"Inourheads,weh
    adwalkedintothecave30daysago".Oneteammemberestimatedtheti
    meundergroundtobe23days.

    Free writing

    Write about isolation for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    We should all switch off from the modern world from time to time. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. ISOLATION: Make a poster about isolation. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. UNPLUG: Write a magazine article about everyone unplugging from the modern world for a few days a week. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on isolation. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on it. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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