The Reading / Listening - Farming - Level 2

The UK government wants to change its farming industry. It has a plan to pay older farmers to retire. It wants younger farmers to replace them. Some older farmers could get up to $140,000 in cash if they retire. The government wants to protect the environment. Older farmers use more traditional methods to farm their land. These are not so environmentally friendly. The UK's farming minister believes younger farmers will use greener methods. He said: "A fresh perspective can make a world of difference." He said older farmers were "standing in the way of change".



The average age of a UK farmer is 59. Around 40 per cent are over 65. The farming minister said: "We need to address the...challenges of helping new [farmers] fulfill their dream of gaining access to land, while also helping an older generation to retire." The plan is popular with veteran farmers. A farmers' group said 75 per cent of its farmers were interested in the plan. Another group welcomed the government's plan. It said: "We want to see a fair transition which allows farmers who are [retiring] to have sufficient time and information to make those life-changing decisions."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Farming - Level 0 Farming - Level 1   or  Farming - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.thepigsite.com/news/2021/05/uk-government-publishes-consultation-on-paying-older-farmers-to-retire
  • https://www.thecattlesite.com/news/56944/uk-farming-groups-respond-to-lump-sum-exit-payment-consultation/
  • https://www.ft.com/content/4d4bbf25-97c4-498d-9772-80c0b165f52e


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. pay older farmers
  2. It wants younger farmers
  3. protect the
  4. These are not so environmentally
  5. younger farmers will use greener
  6. A fresh
  7. make a world of
  8. standing in the way
  1. environment
  2. methods
  3. difference
  4. to replace them
  5. of change
  6. friendly
  7. to retire
  8. perspective

Paragraph 2

  1. The average
  2. Around 40 per cent
  3. We need to address the
  4. helping new farmers fulfill
  5. The plan is popular with
  6. We want to see a fair
  7. have sufficient
  8. life-
  1. challenges
  2. time
  3. transition
  4. changing decisions
  5. their dream
  6. age of a UK farmer
  7. veteran farmers
  8. are over 65

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The UK government wants to change (1) ___________________. It has a plan to pay older farmers to retire. It wants younger farmers (2) ___________________. Some older farmers could get up to $140,000 in cash if they retire. The government (3) ___________________ the environment. Older farmers use more traditional methods to (4) ___________________. These are not so environmentally friendly. The UK's farming minister believes younger farmers will use greener methods. He said: "A (5) ___________________ make a world of difference." He said older farmers were "standing (6) ___________________ of change".

The (7) ___________________ a UK farmer is 59. Around 40 per cent are over 65. The farming minister said: "We (8) ___________________ the...challenges of helping new [farmers] (9) ___________________ of gaining access to land, while also helping an older generation to retire." The (10) ___________________ with veteran farmers. A farmers' group said 75 per cent of its farmers were interested in the plan. Another group welcomed the government's plan. It said: "We want to see a (11) ___________________ allows farmers who are [retiring] to have sufficient time and information to make those (12) ___________________."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

TheUKgovernmentwantstochangeitsfarmingindustry.Ithasaplantop
ayolderfarmerstoretire.Itwantsyoungerfarmerstoreplacethem.Som
eolderfarmerscouldgetupto$140,000incashiftheyretire.Thegovern
mentwantstoprotecttheenvironment.Olderfarmersusemoretraditio
nalmethodstofarmtheirland.Thesearenotsoenvironmentallyfriendly
.TheUK'sfarmingministerbelievesyoungerfarmerswillusegreenerme
thods.Hesaid:"Afreshperspectivecanmakeaworldofdifference."Hes
aidolderfarmerswere"standinginthewayofchange".Theaverageageo
faUKfarmeris59.Around40percentareover65.Thefarmingministersa
id:"Weneedtoaddressthe...challengesofhelpingnew[farmers]fulfillt
heirdreamofgainingaccesstoland,whilealsohelpinganoldergeneratio
ntoretire."Theplanispopularwithveteranfarmers.Afarmers'groupsai
d75percentofitsfarmerswereinterestedintheplan.Anothergroupwelc
omedthegovernment'splan.Itsaid:"Wewanttoseeafairtransitionwhi
challowsfarmerswhoare[retiring]tohavesufficienttimeandinformati
ontomakethoselife-changingdecisions."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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