The Reading / Listening - Farming - Level 3

The government in the United Kingdom wants to change its farming industry. It wants younger people to enter the profession. It has a new plan to pay older farmers to retire. Some older farmers could get up to $140,000 in cash if they retire. One of the reasons the government wants older farmers to retire is to protect the environment. Older farmers use more traditional methods to farm their land. These methods are not as environmentally friendly as they should be. The UK's farming minister believes younger farmers are more open to "green" methods. He said: "A fresh perspective can make a world of difference." He added that older farmers were "standing in the way of change".



The average age of farmers in the UK is 59. Around 40 per cent of them are above the age of 65. The farming minister said: "We need to address the twin challenges of helping new [farmers] fulfill their dream of gaining access to land, while also helping an older generation to retire with dignity." The scheme is popular with many veteran farmers. A farmers' association said 75 per cent of its farmers were interested in the retirement plan. The UK's National Farmers' Union welcomed the government's plan. It said: "We want to see a fair transition which allows farmers who are considering leaving the industry to have sufficient time and information to make those life-changing decisions."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Farming - Level 0 Farming - Level 1   or  Farming - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.thepigsite.com/news/2021/05/uk-government-publishes-consultation-on-paying-older-farmers-to-retire
  • https://www.thecattlesite.com/news/56944/uk-farming-groups-respond-to-lump-sum-exit-payment-consultation/
  • https://www.ft.com/content/4d4bbf25-97c4-498d-9772-80c0b165f52e


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. FARMS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about farms. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       government / industry / retire / farmers / cash / traditional / environment / green /
       address / challenges / dream / dignity / veteran / transition / time / information
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. FARMING: Students A strongly believe farming is the world's most important industry; Students B strongly believe it isn't. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. KINDS OF FARMING: How important are these kinds of farming? What problems might there be? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Importance

Problems

Rice

 

 

Cattle

 

 

Chicken

 

 

Coffee

 

 

Wheat

 

 

Fish

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. CASH: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "cash". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. FARMERS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things about being a farmer at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Being on the land
  • Growing things
  • Having no boss
  • Beautiful views
  • Animals
  • Driving a tractor
  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Money

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. industry a. A paid occupation, especially one that involves prolonged training and a formal qualification.
      2. profession b. Keep safe from harm or injury.
      3. cash c. A way of looking at something; a viewpoint.
      4. protect d. Money (coins or cash).
      5. traditional e. A particular way of doing something.
      6. method f. Business activity concerned with growing or making things.
      7. perspective g. Something that has been done for a long time.

    Paragraph 2

      8. average h. Do something about a problem.
      9. address i. To get something done that you wanted to do.
      10. fulfill j. Enough.
      11. generation k. The state or quality of being worthy of honor or respect.
      12. dignity l. All of the people born and living at about the same time.
      13. transition m. A number that shows the most normal or usual of something.
      14. sufficient n. The process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The farming industry in the UK wants to change the government.     T / F
  2. All UK farmers will get $140,000 if they retire.     T / F
  3. The UK government said older farmers are less environmentally friendly. T / F
  4. The government said older farmers are standing in the way of change.    T / F
  5. The average age of a farmer in the UK is 40.     T / F
  6. The UK wants to address two issues related to farming.     T / F
  7. The government's plan is popular with many older farmers.     T / F
  8. A farmers' union said farmers don't need time to make decisions.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. change
  2. profession
  3. methods
  4. believes
  5. perspective
  6. address
  7. fulfill
  8. veteran
  9. welcomed
  10. sufficient
  1. enough
  2. thinks
  3. deal with
  4. practices
  5. long-serving
  6. viewpoint
  7. reshape
  8. greeted
  9. business
  10. achieve

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. It wants younger people to enter
  2. protect the
  3. These methods are not as environmentally
  4. A fresh perspective can make a
  5. farmers were standing in the way
  6. The average age of
  7. We need to address the twin
  8. helping an older generation to retire
  9. We want to see a fair
  10. make those life-
  1. farmers in the UK is 59
  2. changing decisions
  3. world of difference
  4. environment
  5. with dignity
  6. the profession
  7. transition
  8. of change
  9. challenges
  10. friendly

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
friendly
profession
protect
way
industry
green
fresh
cash

The government in the United Kingdom wants to change its farming (1) _____________________. It wants younger people to enter the (2) _____________________. It has a new plan to pay older farmers to retire. Some older farmers could get up to $140,000 in (3) _____________________ if they retire. One of the reasons the government wants older farmers to retire is to (4) _____________________ the environment. Older farmers use more traditional methods to farm their land. These methods are not as environmentally (5) _____________________ as they should be. The UK's farming minister believes younger farmers are more open to "(6) _____________________" methods. He said: "A (7) _____________________ perspective can make a world of difference." He added that older farmers were "standing in the (8) _____________________ of change".

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
dream
veteran
decisions
sufficient
address
welcomed
age
popular

The average age of farmers in the UK is 59. Around 40 per cent of them are above the (9) _____________________ of 65. The farming minister said: "We need to (10) _____________________ the twin challenges of helping new [farmers] fulfill their (11) _____________________ of gaining access to land, while also helping an older generation to retire with dignity." The scheme is (12) _____________________ with many (13) _____________________ farmers. A farmers' association said 75 per cent of its farmers were interested in the retirement plan. The UK's National Farmers' Union (14) _____________________ the government's plan. It said: "We want to see a fair transition which allows farmers who are considering leaving the industry to have (15) _____________________ time and information to make those life-changing (16) _____________________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) The government in the United Kingdom wants to change ______
     a.  its farming industrial
     b.  its farm in industry
     c.  its far Ming industry
     d.  its farming industry
2)  It wants younger people to ______
     a.  re-enter the profession
     b.  entry the profession
     c.  entrance the professional
     d.  enter the profession
3)  It has a new plan to pay older ______
     a.  farmers tour tire
     b.  farmers to retry
     c.  farmers too re time
     d.  farmers to retire
4)  Older farmers use more traditional methods to ______
     a.  farm their land
     b.  farming their land
     c.  farm there land
     d.  farm there'll land
5)  He added that older farmers were standing in the ______
     a.  why off change
     b.  way of change
     c.  way of changed
     d.  weigh of changes

6)  Around 40 per cent of them are above the ______
     a.  aged of 65
     b.  old of 65
     c.  wage of 65
     d.  age of 65
7)  The farming minister said: "We need to address ______."
     a.  the twins challenges
     b.  the twin challenges
     c.  the twinned challenges
     d.  that win challenges
8)  while also helping an older generation to ______
     a.  retire with dignify
     b.  retire with dig nifty
     c.  retire with digital
     d.  retire with dignity
9)  want to see a fair transition which allows farmers who are considering ______
     a.  leave in the industry
     b.  leaver the industry
     c.  leaving the industry
     d.  leaf in the industry
10)  have sufficient time and information to make those ______
     a.  life-changing decisions
     b.  live-changing decisions
     c.  rife-changing decisions
     d.  rifle-changing decisions

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The government in the United Kingdom (1) ____________________ its farming industry. It wants younger people to enter the profession. It has a new (2) ____________________ older farmers to retire. Some older farmers could get up to $140,000 in cash if they retire. One of the reasons the government wants older farmers to retire (3) ____________________ the environment. Older farmers use more traditional methods to farm their land. (4) ____________________ not as environmentally friendly as they should be. The UK's farming minister believes younger farmers are more open to "green" methods. He said: "(5) ____________________ can make a world of difference." He added that older farmers were "standing in the (6) ____________________".

The (7) ____________________ farmers in the UK is 59. Around 40 per cent of them are above the age of 65. The farming minister said: "We need to address the (8) ____________________ helping new [farmers] fulfill their dream of gaining access to land, while also helping an older generation to (9) ____________________." The scheme is popular with many veteran farmers. A farmers' association said 75 per cent of its farmers (10) ____________________ the retirement plan. The UK's National Farmers' Union welcomed the government's plan. It said: "We want to see a fair transition which allows farmers (11) ____________________ leaving the industry to have sufficient time and information to make those (12) ____________________."

Comprehension questions

  1. Who does the UK government want to enter the farming profession?
  2. What is one reason the UK government wants older farmers to retire?
  3. What methods does the article say older farmers use?
  4. What does the article say younger farmers are more open to?
  5. What did a farming minister say older farmers are standing in the way of?
  6. What is the average age of a UK farmer?
  7. How many challenges did the farming minister he wants to address?
  8. How many farmers in an association were interested in the plan?
  9. Who does the article say welcomed the government's plan?
  10. What kind of decisions to older farmers need time to make?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Who does the UK government want to enter the farming profession?
a) children
b) younger people
c) big companies
d) politicians
2) What is one reason the UK government wants older farmers to retire?
a) to save money
b) to grow more food
c) to thank them
d) to protect the environment
3) What methods does the article say older farmers use?
a) green methods
b) agricultural methods
c) traditional methods
d) new methods
4) What does the article say younger farmers are more open to?
a) "green" methods
b) making money
c) social distance
d) genetically-modified food

5) What did a farming minister say older farmers are standing in the way of?
a) tractors
b) change
c) crops
d) traffic

6) What is the average age of a UK farmer?
a) 59
b) 65
c) 40
d) 75
7) How many challenges did the farming minister he wants to address?
a) three
b) four
c) two
d) one
8) How many farmers in an association were interested in the plan?
a) 75%
b) 65%
c) 59%
d) 40%
9) Who does the article say welcomed the government's plan?
a) retired farmers
b) young farmers
c) dairy farmers
d) the National Farmers' Union
10) What kinds of decisions do older farmers need time to make?
a) when to plant seeds
b) decisions to rotate crops
c) life-changing decisions
d) what seeds to plant

Role play

Role  A – Growing Things
You think growing things is the best thing about being a farmer. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least attractive of these (and why): being with animals, a healthy lifestyle or money.

Role  B – Being with Animals
You think being with animals is the best thing about being a farmer. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least attractive of these (and why): growing things, a healthy lifestyle or money.

Role  C – Healthy Lifestyle
You think a healthy lifestyle is the best thing about being a farmer. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least attractive of these (and why): being with animals, growing things or money.

Role  D – Money
You think money is the best thing about being a farmer. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least attractive of these (and why): being with animals, a healthy lifestyle or growing things.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'farmer'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'retire'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • change
    • cash
    • reasons
    • more
    • believe
    • way
    • average
    • address
    • older
    • 75
    • fair
    • make




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Farming

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'farm'?
    3. What do you think of farming?
    4. What is the job of a farmer like?
    5. Would you be a good farmer?
    6. How much do farmers protect the environment?
    7. Should we all grow our own food?
    8. What do you think of farms?
    9. How difficult or dangerous is farming?
    10. At what age would you like to retire?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'farmer'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How important is farming?
    5. What kind of farming would you like to do?
    6. What more can farmers do to protect the environment?
    7. Is a job on a farm or in an office best?
    8. What was the last life-changing decision you made?
    9. What advice do you have for farmers?
    10. What questions would you like to ask a farmer?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    The government in the United Kingdom wants to change its farming industry. It wants younger people to (1) ____ the profession. It has a new plan to (2) ____ older farmers to retire. Some older farmers could get up to $140,000 in cash if they retire. One of the (3) ____ the government wants older farmers to retire is to protect the environment. Older farmers use (4) ____ traditional methods to farm their land. These methods are not as environmentally friendly as they should (5) ____. The UK's farming minister believes younger farmers are more open to "green" methods. He said: "A fresh perspective can make a world (6) ____ difference." He added that older farmers were "standing in the way of change".

    The average age of farmers in the UK is 59. Around 40 per cent of them are (7) ____ the age of 65. The farming minister said: "We need to address the twin challenges of helping new [farmers] fulfill their dream of gaining access to land, (8) ____ also helping an older generation to retire (9) ____ dignity." The scheme is popular with many veteran farmers. A farmers' association said 75 per cent of its farmers were interested (10) ____ the retirement plan. The UK's National Farmers' Union welcomed the government's plan. It said: "We want to see a (11) ____ transition which allows farmers who are considering leaving the industry to have sufficient time and information to make (12) ____ life-changing decisions."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     entrant     (b)     entertain     (c)     entrance     (d)     enter    
    2. (a)     salary     (b)     purchase     (c)     sell     (d)     pay    
    3. (a)     raisins     (b)     reasons     (c)     reasoning     (d)     resonance    
    4. (a)     much     (b)     lot     (c)     more     (d)     loads    
    5. (a)     be     (b)     have     (c)     do     (d)     dig    
    6. (a)     of     (b)     to     (c)     on     (d)     by    
    7. (a)     height     (b)     top     (c)     higher     (d)     above    
    8. (a)     while     (b)     whole     (c)     whim     (d)     where    
    9. (a)     on     (b)     with     (c)     at     (d)     by    
    10. (a)     on     (b)     at     (c)     in     (d)     of    
    11. (a)     flair     (b)     fare     (c)     fair     (d)     fear    
    12. (a)     what     (b)     those     (c)     which     (d)     them

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. change its farming nidrutsy
    2. younger people to enter the srfesionpo
    3. ctperot the environment
    4. Older farmers use more atdrlaition methods
    5. The UK's farming mesirnit
    6. A fresh irpscpveete

    Paragraph 2

    1. The vegeaar age of farmers
    2. We need to rsdaesd the twin challenges
    3. their dream of gaining casesc to land
    4. The mecseh is popular
    5. many ranveet farmers
    6. have uisfcteinf time and information

    Put the text back together

    (...)  time and information to make those life-changing decisions."
    1  ) The government in the United Kingdom wants to change its farming industry. It wants younger people to
    (...)  as environmentally friendly as they should be. The UK's farming minister believes younger
    (...)  enter the profession. It has a new plan to pay older farmers to retire. Some older farmers could get
    (...)  up to $140,000 in cash if they retire. One of the reasons the government wants older farmers to retire is to protect
    (...)  of difference." He added that older farmers were "standing in the way of change".
    (...)  veteran farmers. A farmers' association said 75 per cent of its farmers were interested
    (...)  transition which allows farmers who are considering leaving the industry to have sufficient
    (...)  The average age of farmers in the UK is 59. Around 40 per cent of them are above the age
    (...)  of gaining access to land, while also helping an older generation to retire with dignity." The scheme is popular with many
    (...)  in the retirement plan. The UK's National Farmers' Union welcomed the government's plan. It said: "We want to see a fair
    (...)  farmers are more open to "green" methods. He said: "A fresh perspective can make a world
    (...)  of 65. The farming minister said: "We need to address the twin challenges of helping new [farmers] fulfill their dream
    (...)  the environment. Older farmers use more traditional methods to farm their land. These methods are not

    Put the words in the right order

    1. wants   the   people   younger   It   profession   .   enter   to
    2. traditional   use   farm   .   more   to   Older   farmers   methods
    3. methods   .   more   "green"   open   to   are   farmers   Younger
    4. difference   .   Fresh   of   a   world   can   make   perspectives
    5. of   in   standing   change   .   way   were   Farmers   the
    6. to   need   We   challenges   .   the   twin   address
    7. dream   gaining   of   access   to   land   .   their   Fulfill
    8. popular   is   The   farmers   .   scheme   many   with   veteran
    9. a   to   fair   We   want   transition   .   see
    10. are   who   the   considering   leaving   Farmers   industry   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    The government in the United Kingdom wants to change its farming industry / industrial. It wants younger people to / for enter the profession. It has a new plan to pay older farmers to retire. Some older farmers could get up to $140,000 on / in cash if they require / retire. One of the reasons the government wants older farmers to retire is to project / protect the environment. Older farmers use more traditional methods to farm / harm their land. These methods are not as environmentally amicable / friendly as they should be. The UK's farming minister believes younger farmers are more wide / open to "green" methods. He said: "A fresh / flesh perspective can make a world of difference." He added that older farmers were "standing / sitting in the way of change".

    The average old / age of farmers in the UK is 59. Around 40 per cent of them are higher / above the age of 65. The farming minister said: "We need to address the twin / twins challenges of helping new [farmers] fulfill their dream of / to gaining access to land, while also helps / helping an older generation to retire with dignity." The scheme is popular with / at many veteran farmers. A farmers' association said 75 per cent of its farmers were interested in / on the retirement plan. The UK's National Farmers' Union welcomed the government's plant / plan. It said: "We want to see a fair transition which allows farmers who / what are considering leaving the industry to have sufficiently / sufficient time and information to make those life-changing decisions."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Th_  g_v_rnm_nt  _n  th_  _n_t_d  K_ngd_m  w_nts  t_  ch_ng_  _ts  f_rm_ng  _nd_stry.  _t  w_nts  y__ng_r  p__pl_  t_  _nt_r  th_  pr_f_ss__n.  _t  h_s  _  n_w  pl_n  t_  p_y  _ld_r  f_rm_rs  t_  r_t_r_.  S_m_  _ld_r  f_rm_rs  c__ld  g_t  _p  t_  $140,000  _n  c_sh  _f  th_y  r_t_r_.  _n_  _f  th_  r__s_ns  th_  g_v_rnm_nt  w_nts  _ld_r  f_rm_rs  t_  r_t_r_  _s  t_  pr_t_ct  th_  _nv_r_nm_nt.  _ld_r  f_rm_rs  _s_  m_r_  tr_d_t__n_l  m_th_ds  t_  f_rm  th__r  l_nd.  Th_s_  m_th_ds  _r_  n_t  _s  _nv_r_nm_nt_lly  fr__ndly  _s  th_y  sh__ld  b_.  Th_  _K's  f_rm_ng  m_n_st_r  b_l__v_s  y__ng_r  f_rm_rs  _r_  m_r_  _p_n  t_  "gr__n"  m_th_ds.  H_  s__d:  "_  fr_sh  p_rsp_ct_v_  c_n  m_k_  _  w_rld  _f  d_ff_r_nc_."  H_  _dd_d  th_t  _ld_r  f_rm_rs  w_r_  "st_nd_ng  _n  th_  w_y  _f  ch_ng_".

    Th_  _v_r_g_  _g_  _f  f_rm_rs  _n  th_  _K  _s  59.  _r__nd  40  p_r  c_nt  _f  th_m  _r_  _b_v_  th_  _g_  _f  65.  Th_  f_rm_ng  m_n_st_r  s__d:  "W_  n__d  t_  _ddr_ss  th_  tw_n  ch_ll_ng_s  _f  h_lp_ng  n_w  [f_rm_rs]  f_lf_ll  th__r  dr__m  _f  g__n_ng  _cc_ss  t_  l_nd,  wh_l_  _ls_  h_lp_ng  _n  _ld_r  g_n_r_t__n  t_  r_t_r_  w_th  d_gn_ty."  Th_  sch_m_  _s  p_p_l_r  w_th  m_ny  v_t_r_n  f_rm_rs.  _  f_rm_rs'  _ss_c__t__n  s__d  75  p_r  c_nt  _f  _ts  f_rm_rs  w_r_  _nt_r_st_d  _n  th_  r_t_r_m_nt  pl_n.  Th_  _K's  N_t__n_l  F_rm_rs'  _n__n  w_lc_m_d  th_  g_v_rnm_nt's  pl_n.  _t  s__d:  "W_  w_nt  t_  s__  _  f__r  tr_ns_t__n  wh_ch  _ll_ws  f_rm_rs  wh_  _r_  c_ns_d_r_ng  l__v_ng  th_  _nd_stry  t_  h_v_  s_ff_c__nt  t_m_  _nd  _nf_rm_t__n  t_  m_k_  th_s_  l_f_-ch_ng_ng  d_c_s__ns."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    the government in the united kingdom wants to change its farming industry it wants younger people to enter the profession it has a new plan to pay older farmers to retire some older farmers could get up to 140000 in cash if they retire one of the reasons the government wants older farmers to retire is to protect the environment older farmers use more traditional methods to farm their land these methods are not as environmentally friendly as they should be the uks farming minister believes younger farmers are more open to green methods he said a fresh perspective can make a world of difference he added that older farmers were standing in the way of change

    the average age of farmers in the uk is 59 around 40 per cent of them are above the age of 65 the farming minister said we need to address the twin challenges of helping new farmers fulfill their dream of gaining access to land while also helping an older generation to retire with dignity the scheme is popular with many veteran farmers a farmers association said 75 per cent of its farmers were interested in the retirement plan the uks national farmers union welcomed the governments plan it said we want to see a fair transition which allows farmers who are considering leaving the industry to have sufficient time and information to make those lifechanging decisions

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ThegovernmentintheUnitedKingdomwantstochangeitsfarmingindu
    stry.Itwantsyoungerpeopletoentertheprofession.Ithasanewplantop
    ayolderfarmerstoretire.Someolderfarmerscouldgetupto$140,000in
    cashiftheyretire.Oneofthereasonsthegovernmentwantsolderfarmer
    storetireistoprotecttheenvironment.Olderfarmersusemoretradition
    almethodstofarmtheirland.Thesemethodsarenotasenvironmentally
    friendlyastheyshouldbe.TheUK'sfarmingministerbelievesyoungerfa
    rmersaremoreopento"green"methods.Hesaid:"Afreshperspectivec
    anmakeaworldofdifference."Headdedthatolderfarmerswere"standi
    nginthewayofchange".TheaverageageoffarmersintheUKis59.Aroun
    d40percentofthemareabovetheageof65.Thefarmingministersaid:"
    Weneedtoaddressthetwinchallengesofhelpingnew[farmers]fulfillth
    eirdreamofgainingaccesstoland,whilealsohelpinganoldergeneration
    toretirewithdignity."Theschemeispopularwithmanyveteranfarmers.
    Afarmers'associationsaid75percentofitsfarmerswereinterestedinth
    eretirementplan.TheUK'sNationalFarmers'Unionwelcomedthegover
    nment'splan.Itsaid:"Wewanttoseeafairtransitionwhichallowsfarmer
    swhoareconsideringleavingtheindustrytohavesufficienttimeandinfo
    rmationtomakethoselife-changingdecisions."

    Free writing

    Write about farming for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    We should only buy vegetables frown using green farming methods. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. FARMING: Make a poster about farming. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. GREEN: Write a magazine article about requiring all farming to be very, very green. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on farming. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on farming. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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