The Reading / Listening - To-do Lists - Level 3

Scientists have an idea that could help us get to sleep faster. All you need is a pen and paper. The scientists are from Baylor University in Texas, USA. They did research into how we can fall asleep more quickly. They found that writing a to-do list helps people get to sleep faster. Doctor Michael K. Scullin was the lead researcher of the study. He said to-do lists make us relax because we don't need to worry about the things we have to do. He said that if we write down the things we need to do, we can forget about them, so we become calmer. He added: "We live in a 24/7 culture in which our to-do lists seem to be constantly growing and causing us to worry about unfinished tasks at bedtime."



The researchers looked at the sleeping patterns of 57 male and female university students aged between 18 and 30. Half of them had to write down a to-do list five minutes before they slept. They had to turn the lights out by 10:30pm and could not have access to technology. The researchers found that the participants who wrote to-do lists fell asleep an average of 9 minutes faster than those who didn't. They also found that the students who wrote really detailed lists fell asleep faster than students who wrote simple, general lists. The USA's National Sleep Foundation said that around 40 per cent of American adults have difficulty falling asleep at least a few times each month.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    To-do Lists - Level 0 To-do Lists - Level 1   or  To-do Lists - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.aol.com/article/lifestyle/2018/01/13/writing-a-to-do-list-may-help-you-sleep-faster-study-says/23332682/
  • https://psychcentral.com/news/2018/01/13/writing-a-to-do-list-may-help-you-fall-asleep/131170.html
  • https://www.livescience.com/61422-journal-writing-sleep-better.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. TO-DO LISTS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about to-do lists. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       scientists / sleep / pen / paper / writing / a to-do list / researcher / study / culture /
       sleeping patterns / university / five minutes / technology / average / 9 minutes / few
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. WRITING: Students A strongly believe it is better to write a to-do list than type one; Students B strongly believe typing a to-do list is better.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. LISTS: How useful are these lists? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Good things

Bad things

To-do lists

 

 

Bucket lists

 

 

Best-of lists

 

 

Shopping lists

 

 

Vocabulary lists

 

 

Wish lists

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. PEN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "pen". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. SLEEP: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things to help you sleep at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • listen to music
  • read a book
  • take a hot bath
  • totally dark room
  • write a to-do list
  • count sheep
  • drink hot milk
  • study English

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. scientists a. Showing more feelings of being relaxed and not getting angry.
      2. idea b. The studying of materials and sources to find out facts and make new conclusions.
      3. research c. A thought or plan for possible future action.
      4. lead d. Small jobs and things you have to do.
      5. calmer e. A person who is studying or knows a lot about physics, biology, chemistry, etc.
      6. constantly f. Top; most important.
      7. tasks g. Happening all the time over a period of time.

    Paragraph 2

      8. patterns h. The right to do something or go somewhere.
      9. male i. Normal or typical.
      10. female j. People who take part in or join in with something.
      11. access k. Men or boys.
      12. participants l. Having or showing many facts.
      13. average m. Regular actions or situations that happen again and again.
      14. detailed n. Women or girls.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Scientists say a pen and paper could help you sleep more quickly.     T / F
  2. The scientists say writing a to-do list can help you relax.     T / F
  3. The researchers say we will soon be living in a 24/7 culture.     T / F
  4. The researchers say we worry in bed about things we haven't done.     T / F
  5. There were 570 participants in the sleeping research.     T / F
  6. Half of the participants could use their mobile phone in bed.     T / F
  7. People who wrote a to-do list fell asleep around 9 minutes quicker.     T / F
  8. Over half of Americans have problems sleeping a few times a month.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. idea
  2. found
  3. relax
  4. worry
  5. constantly
  6. half
  7. access of
  8. detailed
  9. simple
  10. difficulty
  1. use of
  2. get stressed
  3. easy
  4. theory
  5. complete
  6. problems
  7. discovered
  8. always
  9. 50 per cent
  10. unwind

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Scientists have an idea that could
  2. He said to-do lists make us
  3. We live in a 24/7
  4. our to-do lists seem to be constantly
  5. worry about unfinished
  6. sleeping
  7. They had to turn the lights out
  8. an average of
  9. students who wrote really
  10. at least a few times
  1. detailed lists
  2. tasks
  3. patterns
  4. 9 minutes faster
  5. help us get to sleep
  6. each month
  7. growing
  8. relax
  9. culture
  10. by 10:30pm

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
research
them
study
bedtime
idea
seem
faster
things

Scientists have an (1) ____________ that could help us get to sleep faster. All you need is a pen and paper. The scientists are from Baylor University in Texas, USA. They did (2) ____________ into how we can fall asleep more quickly. They found that writing a to-do list helps people get to sleep (3) ____________. Doctor Michael K. Scullin was the lead researcher of the (4) ____________. He said to-do lists make us relax because we don't need to worry about the (5) ____________ we have to do. He said that if we write down the things we need to do, we can forget about (6) ____________, so we become calmer. He added: "We live in a 24/7 culture in which our to-do lists (7) ____________ to be constantly growing and causing us to worry about unfinished tasks at (8) ____________."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
before
around
lights
average
each
patterns
detailed
access

The researchers looked at the sleeping (9) ____________ of 57 male and female university students aged between 18 and 30. Half of them had to write down a to-do list five minutes (10) ____________ they slept. They had to turn the (11) ____________ out by 10:30pm and could not have (12) ____________ to technology. The researchers found that the participants who wrote to-do lists fell asleep an (13) ____________ of 9 minutes faster than those who didn't. They also found that the students who wrote really (14) ____________ lists fell asleep faster than students who wrote simple, general lists. The USA's National Sleep Foundation said that (15) ____________ 40 per cent of American adults have difficulty falling asleep at least a few times (16) ____________ month.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Scientists have an idea that could help us get ______
     a.  to sleep fasts
     b.  to sleepy faster
     c.  too sleepy fastest
     d.  to sleep faster
2)  They did research into how we can fall asleep ______
     a.  more quick
     b.  more quicker
     c.  more quickly
     d.  more quickest
3)  to-do lists make us relax because we don't need to worry about the things we ______
     a.  have to done
     b.  have to does
     c.  have to doing
     d.  have to do
4)  write down the things we need to do, we can forget about them, so we ______
     a.  became calmer
     b.  become calmest
     c.  become calmer
     d.  became calmest
5)  constantly growing and causing us to worry about unfinished ______
     a.  tasks at bedtime
     b.  tusks at bedtime
     c.  tucks at bedtime
     d.  ticks at bedtime

6)  the sleeping patterns of 57 male and female university students ______ 18 and 30
     a.  aging between
     b.  raged between
     c.  gauged between
     d.  aged between
7)  Half of them had to write down a to-do list five minutes ______
     a.  before they slept
     b.  before there slept
     c.  before them slept
     d.  before these slept
8)  They had to turn the lights out by 10:30pm and could not ______ technology
     a.  have excess to
     b.  have access to
     c.  have accepts to
     d.  have recess to
9) really detailed lists fell asleep faster than students who wrote simple, ______
     a.  generals lists
     b.  general all lists
     c.  generally lists
     d.  general lists
10)  around 40% of American adults have difficulty falling asleep at least _____ each month
     a.  a flu times
     b.  a flue times
     c.  a few times
     d.  a phew times

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have (1) ___________________ could help us get to sleep faster. All you need is a (2) ___________________. The scientists are from Baylor University in Texas, USA. They did research into how we can fall asleep more quickly. They found that writing a to-do list (3) ___________________ to sleep faster. Doctor Michael K. Scullin was the lead researcher of the study. He said to-do lists (4) ___________________ because we don't need to worry about the things we have to do. He said that if we write down the things we need to do, we can (5) ___________________, so we become calmer. He added: "We live in a 24/7 culture in which our to-do lists seem to be constantly growing and causing (6) ___________________ about unfinished tasks at bedtime."

The researchers looked at (7) ___________________ of 57 male and female university students aged between 18 and 30. Half of them had to write down a to-do list five minutes (8) ___________________. They had to turn the lights out by 10:30pm and could (9) ___________________ to technology. The researchers found that the participants who wrote to-do lists fell asleep (10) ___________________ 9 minutes faster than those who didn't. They also found that the students (11) ___________________ detailed lists fell asleep faster than students who wrote simple, general lists. The USA's National Sleep Foundation said that around 40 per cent of American adults have difficulty falling asleep at least (12) ___________________ each month.

Comprehension questions

  1. What two things did scientists say you needed to fall sleep quickly?
  2. Which state in the USA did the research come from?
  3. What does writing to-do lists help us do?
  4. What kind of culture did a researcher say we live in?
  5. What did a researcher say we worry about at bedtime?
  6. How many people took part in the research?
  7. What time did the test participants have to sleep by?
  8. On average, how much faster did those who wrote to-do lists fall asleep?
  9. What kind of lists helped people sleep even faster?
  10. How many US adults have difficulty falling asleep a few times a month?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What two things did scientists say you needed to fall sleep quickly?
a) a clock and a book
b) pen and paper
c) curtains and a warm blanket
d) ear plugs and eye mask
2)  Which state in the USA did the research come from?
a) New York
b) Arizona
c) South Dakota
d) Texas
3) What does writing to-do lists help us do?
a) relax
b) do more
c) think
d) improve our handwriting
4) What kind of culture did a researcher say we live in?
a) a 7/11 culture
b) a nine-to-five culture
c) a 24/7 culture
d) a rich culture
5) What did a researcher say we worry about at bedtime?
a) not waking up on time
b) unfinished task
c) monsters
d) money

6) How many people took part in the research?
a) 57
b) 75
c) 570
d) 750
7) What time did the test participants have to sleep by?
a) 11:30pm
b) 9:30pm
c) 10:30pm
d) 12:30am
8) On average, how much faster did those who wrote to-do lists fall asleep?
a) 9 minutes
b) 8 minutes
c) 10 minutes
d) an hour
9) What kind of lists helped people sleep even faster?
a) detailed lists
b) shopping lists
c) bucket lists
d) wish lists
10) How many US adults have difficulty falling asleep a few times a month?
a) exactly 40%
b) just over 40%
c) just less than 40%
d) about 40%

Role play

Role  A – Writing a To-Do List
You think writing a to-do list is the best way to fall asleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): counting sheep, studying English or taking a hot bath.

Role  B – Counting Sheep
You think counting sheep is the best way to fall asleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): writing a to-do list, studying English or taking a hot bath.

Role  C – Studying English
You think studying English is the best way to fall asleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): counting sheep, writing a to-do list or taking a hot bath.

Role  D – Taking a Hot Bath
You think taking a hot bath is the best way to fall asleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why):  counting sheep, studying English or writing a to-do list.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'list'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'sleep'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • patterns
    • 30
    • lights
    • 9
    • really
    • difficulty idea
    • helps
    • relax
    • forget
    • 24
    • tasks




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Writing a to-do list may help you sleep faster

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'sleep'?
    3. Do you have difficulty getting to sleep?
    4. What kinds of lists do you write?
    5. Is it better to write lists on paper or on a smartphone?
    6. What do you do to help you sleep?
    7. How useful are to-do lists?
    8. Are you good at doing the things you need to do?
    9. What do you think of living in a 24/7 culture?
    10. Do you get stressed about having too many things to do?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'list'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What things are currently on your to-do list?
    5. What is your sleeping pattern like?
    6. What kinds of things keep you awake at night?
    7. Would you life be different if you fell asleep 9 minutes earlier?
    8. What things are on your bucket list?
    9. What things are usually on your shopping list?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists have an idea that could help us get to sleep faster. All you (1) ____ is a pen and paper. The scientists are from Baylor University in Texas, USA. They did research (2) ____ how we can fall asleep more quickly. They found that writing a to-do list helps people get to sleep faster. Doctor Michael K. Scullin was the (3) ____ researcher of the study. He said to-do lists make us relax because we don't need to worry (4) ____ the things we have to do. He said that if we write down the things we need to do, we can forget about them, so we become calmer. He added: "We live in a 24/7 (5) ____ in which our to-do lists seem to be constantly growing and causing us to worry about unfinished (6) ____ at bedtime."

    The researchers looked at the sleeping (7) ____ of 57 male and female university students aged between 18 and 30. Half of them had to write down a to-do list five minutes before they slept. They had to turn the lights (8) ____ by 10:30pm and could not have access to technology. The researchers found that the participants who wrote to-do lists fell asleep an (9) ____ of 9 minutes faster than those who didn't. They also found that the students who wrote (10) ____ detailed lists fell asleep faster than students who wrote simple, (11) ____ lists. The USA's National Sleep Foundation said that around 40 per cent of American adults have difficulty falling asleep at least a (12) ____ times each month.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     need     (b)     needy     (c)     needing     (d)     needless    
    2. (a)     to     (b)     in     (c)     into     (d)     of    
    3. (a)     iron     (b)     lead     (c)     led     (d)     follow    
    4. (a)     on     (b)     by     (c)     of     (d)     about    
    5. (a)     couture     (b)     cult     (c)     culture     (d)     cultivate    
    6. (a)     tusks     (b)     tasks     (c)     takes     (d)     tastes    
    7. (a)     motifs     (b)     patterns     (c)     designs     (d)     decorations    
    8. (a)     in     (b)     out     (c)     over     (d)     up    
    9. (a)     amateurish     (b)     ordinary     (c)     average     (d)     overall    
    10. (a)     reality     (b)     real     (c)     realize     (d)     really    
    11. (a)     generate     (b)     generally     (c)     generalize     (d)     general    
    12. (a)     many     (b)     numerous     (c)     several     (d)     few

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. The sientsitsc are from Baylor University
    2. the lead hrrrcseaee of the study
    3. we become relacm
    4. We live in a 24/7 tueurlc
    5. canlotsnyt growing
    6. unfinished stksa at bedtime

    Paragraph 2

    1. sleeping prntates
    2. unsiitvrye students
    3. have seacsc to technology
    4. the tppacrtsniai who wrote to-do lists
    5. an aareegv of 9 minutes
    6. simple, elngare lists

    Put the text back together

    (   )  lead researcher of the study. He said to-do lists make us relax because we don't need to worry about the
    (   )  about them, so we become calmer. He added: "We live in a 24/7 culture in which our to-do lists seem to be constantly
    (   )  quickly. They found that writing a to-do list helps people get to sleep faster. Doctor Michael K. Scullin was the
    (   )  of American adults have difficulty falling asleep at least a few times each month.
    (   )  things we have to do. He said that if we write down the things we need to do, we can forget
    (   )  from Baylor University in Texas, USA. They did research into how we can fall asleep more
    (   )  out by 10:30pm and could not have access to technology. The researchers found that the participants who wrote
    1  ) Scientists have an idea that could help us get to sleep faster. All you need is a pen and paper. The scientists are
    (   )  18 and 30. Half of them had to write down a to-do list five minutes before they slept. They had to turn the lights
    (   )  to-do lists fell asleep an average of 9 minutes faster than those who didn't. They also found
    (   )  growing and causing us to worry about unfinished tasks at bedtime."
    (   )  The researchers looked at the sleeping patterns of 57 male and female university students aged between
    (   )  that the students who wrote really detailed lists fell asleep faster than students
    (   )  who wrote simple, general lists. The USA's National Sleep Foundation said that around 40 per cent

    Put the words in the right order

    1. an   idea   have   help   could   that   Scientists   us   .
    2. fall   into   quickly   .   can   we   Research   asleep   how
    3. about   to   worry   things   .   We   don't   need   the
    4. Our   lists   constantly   growing   .   be   seem   to-do   to
    5. about   us   tasks   .   to   Causing   unfinished   worry
    6. The   the   at   sleeping   patterns   .   looked   researchers
    7. had   10:30pm   .   lights   by   turn   They   to   the   out
    8. 9   minutes   an   of   average   asleep   Fell   faster   .
    9. fell   wrote   detailed   faster   .   lists   who   Students   asleep
    10. difficulty   of   40%   Around   have   falling   adults   asleep   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists have an idea what / that could help us get to sleep faster. All you need / needed is a pen and paper. The scientists are from Baylor University in Texas, USA. They did research into how we can fall / falling asleep more quickly. They found that written / writing a to-do list helps people get to sleep / slept faster. Doctor Michael K. Scullin was the lead research / researcher of the study. He said to-do lists make us / them relax because we don't need to worry about / of the things we have to do. He said that if we write down the things we need to do, we can forget about them, so we become calmer. He added: "We live on / in a 24/7 culture in which our to-do lists seem to be constantly growing and causing us to worry / worried about unfinished tasks at bedtime."
    The researchers looked at the sleeping patterned / patterns of 57 male and female university students aged / ages between 18 and 30. Half of us / them had to write down a to-do list five minutes after / before they slept. They had to turn the lights out by 10:30pm and could not have excess / access to technology. The researchers found that the participates / participants who wrote to-do lists fell asleep / sleep an average of 9 minutes faster than those who didn't. They also found that the students who wrote real / really detailed lists fell asleep faster than students who wrote simple / simply, general lists. The USA's National Sleep Foundation said that around 40 per cent of American adults have difficulty falling asleep at least / last a few times each month.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    S c _ _ n t _ s t s   h _ v _   _ n   _ d _ _   t h _ t   c _ _ l d   h _ l p   _ s   g _ t   t _   s l _ _ p   f _ s t _ r .   A l l   y _ _   n _ _ d   _ s   _   p _ n   _ n d   p _ p _ r .   T h _   s c _ _ n t _ s t s   _ r _   f r _ m   B _ y l _ r   U n _ v _ r s _ t y   _ n   T _ x _ s ,   U S A .   T h _ y   d _ d   r _ s _ _ r c h   _ n t _   h _ w   w _   c _ n   f _ l l   _ s l _ _ p   m _ r _   q _ _ c k l y .   T h _ y   f _ _ n d   t h _ t   w r _ t _ n g   _   t _ - d _   l _ s t   h _ l p s   p _ _ p l _   g _ t   t _   s l _ _ p   f _ s t _ r .   D _ c t _ r   M _ c h _ _ l   K .   S c _ l l _ n   w _ s   t h _   l _ _ d   r _ s _ _ r c h _ r   _ f   t h _   s t _ d y .   H _   s _ _ d   t _ - d _   l _ s t s   m _ k _   _ s   r _ l _ x   b _ c _ _ s _   w _   d _ n ' t   n _ _ d   t _   w _ r r y   _ b _ _ t   t h _   t h _ n g s   w _   h _ v _   t _   d _ .   H _   s _ _ d   t h _ t   _ f   w _   w r _ t _   d _ w n   t h _   t h _ n g s   w _   n _ _ d   t _   d _ ,   w _   c _ n   f _ r g _ t   _ b _ _ t   t h _ m ,   s _   w _   b _ c _ m _   c _ l m _ r .   H _   _ d d _ d :   " W _   l _ v _   _ n   _   2 4 / 7   c _ l t _ r _   _ n   w h _ c h   _ _ r   t _ - d _   l _ s t s   s _ _ m   t _   b _   c _ n s t _ n t l y   g r _ w _ n g   _ n d   c _ _ s _ n g   _ s   t _   w _ r r y   _ b _ _ t   _ n f _ n _ s h _ d   t _ s k s   _ t   b _ d t _ m _ . "
    T h _   r _ s _ _ r c h _ r s   l _ _ k _ d   _ t   t h _   s l _ _ p _ n g   p _ t t _ r n s   _ f   5 7   m _ l _   _ n d   f _ m _ l _   _ n _ v _ r s _ t y   s t _ d _ n t s   _ g _ d   b _ t w _ _ n   1 8   _ n d   3 0 .   H _ l f   _ f   t h _ m   h _ d   t _   w r _ t _   d _ w n   _   t _ - d _   l _ s t   f _ v _   m _ n _ t _ s   b _ f _ r _   t h _ y   s l _ p t .   T h _ y   h _ d   t _   t _ r n   t h _   l _ g h t s   _ _ t   b y   1 0 : 3 0 p m   _ n d   c _ _ l d   n _ t   h _ v _   _ c c _ s s   t _   t _ c h n _ l _ g y .   T h _   r _ s _ _ r c h _ r s   f _ _ n d   t h _ t   t h _   p _ r t _ c _ p _ n t s   w h _   w r _ t _   t _ - d _   l _ s t s   f _ l l   _ s l _ _ p   _ n   _ v _ r _ g _   _ f   9   m _ n _ t _ s   f _ s t _ r   t h _ n   t h _ s _   w h _   d _ d n ' t .   T h _ y   _ l s _   f _ _ n d   t h _ t   t h _   s t _ d _ n t s   w h _   w r _ t _   r _ _ l l y   d _ t _ _ l _ d   l _ s t s   f _ l l   _ s l _ _ p   f _ s t _ r   t h _ n   s t _ d _ n t s   w h _   w r _ t _   s _ m p l _ ,   g _ n _ r _ l   l _ s t s .   T h _   U S A ' s   N _ t _ _ n _ l   S l _ _ p   F _ _ n d _ t _ _ n   s _ _ d   t h _ t   _ r _ _ n d   4 0   p _ r   c _ n t   _ f   A m _ r _ c _ n   _ d _ l t s   h _ v _   d _ f f _ c _ l t y   f _ l l _ n g   _ s l _ _ p   _ t   l _ _ s t   _   f _ w   t _ m _ s   _ _ c h   m _ n t h .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists have an idea that could help us get to sleep faster all you need is a pen and paper the scientists are from baylor university in texas usa they did research into how we can fall asleep more quickly they found that writing a todo list helps people get to sleep faster doctor michael k scullin was the lead researcher of the study he said todo lists make us relax because we dont need to worry about the things we have to do he said that if we write down the things we need to do we can forget about them so we become calmer he added we live in a 247 culture in which our todo lists seem to be constantly growing and causing us to worry about unfinished tasks at bedtime
    the researchers looked at the sleeping patterns of 57 male and female university students aged between 18 and 30 half of them had to write down a todo list five minutes before they slept they had to turn the lights out by 1030pm and could not have access to technology the researchers found that the participants who wrote todo lists fell asleep an average of 9 minutes faster than those who didnt they also found that the students who wrote really detailed lists fell asleep faster than students who wrote simple general lists the usas national sleep foundation said that around 40 per cent of american adults have difficulty falling asleep at least a few times each month.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Scientistshaveanideathatcouldhelpusgettosleepfaster.Allyouneedis
    apenandpaper.ThescientistsarefromBaylorUniversityinTexas,USA.
    Theydidresearchintohowwecanfallasleepmorequickly.Theyfoundth
    atwritingato-dolisthelpspeoplegettosleepfaster.DoctorMichaelK.
    Scullinwastheleadresearcherofthestudy.Hesaidto-dolistsmakeusr
    elaxbecausewedon'tneedtoworryaboutthethingswehavetodo.Hesai
    dthatifwewritedownthethingsweneedtodo,wecanforgetaboutthem,
    sowebecomecalmer.Headded:"Weliveina24/7cultureinwhichourto-
    dolistsseemtobeconstantlygrowingandcausingustoworryaboutunfin
    ishedtasksatbedtime."Theresearcherslookedatthesleepingpatterns
    of57maleandfemaleuniversitystudentsagedbetween18and30.Halfo
    fthemhadtowritedownato-dolistfiveminutesbeforetheyslept.Theyh
    adtoturnthelightsoutby10:30pmandcouldnothaveaccesstotechnolo
    gy.Theresearchersfoundthattheparticipantswhowroteto-dolistsfe
    llasleepanaverageof9minutesfasterthanthosewhodidn't.Theyalsofo
    undthatthestudentswhowrotereallydetailedlistsfellasleepfasterthan
    studentswhowrotesimple,generallists.TheUSA'sNationalSleepFoun
    dationsaidthataround40percentofAmericanadultshavedifficultyfalli
    ngasleepatleastafewtimeseachmonth.

    Free writing

    Write about to-do list for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    It is better to write to-do lists on paper, rather than on smartphones. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. TO-DO LISTS: Make a poster about to-do lists. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. BETTER SLEEP: Write a magazine article about writing to-do lists on paper rather than typing them in mobile phones. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on to-do lists. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on to-do lists. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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