The Reading / Listening - Freshwater - Level 4

Humans are shifting freshwater resources across Earth. This will continue as people move and eat more. Many equatorial regions are drying, while tropical areas are getting wetter. If this continues, many cities could struggle to find enough water in the future. NASA spent 14 years studying freshwater resources. It was part of a mission called GRACE, which stands for Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment.



Jay Famiglietti, a co-author of the research, said: "The study shows that humans have really drastically altered the global water landscape in a very profound way." He warned that: "We see it as a driver of climate change." Professor Famiglietti said that over 40 per cent of the hot areas looked at in the research were drier than twenty years ago. He said this was because of human activity. One reason was too much pumping of groundwater for farming.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Freshwater - Level 5 or  Freshwater - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2018/05/16/humans-are-causing-massive-changes-in-the-location-of-water-all-over-the-earth-nasa-says/
  • https://weather.com/science/environment/news/2018-05-17-nasa-satellites-human-fingerprint-shifts-global-freshwater
  • https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-satellites-reveal-major-shifts-in-global-freshwater


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Humans are shifting
  2. Many equatorial regions
  3. tropical areas are
  4. If this continues, many
  5. find enough water in
  6. NASA spent 14 years
  7. freshwater
  8. It was part of a
  1. cities could struggle
  2. mission called GRACE
  3. are drying
  4. studying
  5. getting wetter
  6. resources
  7. freshwater resources
  8. the future

Paragraph 2

  1. a co-author of
  2. drastically
  3. the global
  4. in a very
  5. We see it as a driver of
  6. over 40 per cent of
  7. this was because
  8. too much pumping
  1. of groundwater
  2. profound way
  3. climate change
  4. altered
  5. of human activity
  6. the research
  7. the hot areas
  8. water landscape

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Humans are shifting freshwater (1) ___________________ Earth. This will continue as people (2) ___________________ more. Many equatorial regions are drying, (3) ___________________ are getting wetter. If this continues, many cities could struggle to find enough water (4) ___________________. NASA spent 14 years studying freshwater resources. It was part (5) ___________________ called GRACE, which stands for Gravity Recovery (6) ___________________.

Jay Famiglietti, a co-author (7) ___________________, said: "The study shows that humans have really (8) ___________________ global water landscape in a (9) ___________________." He warned that: "We see it as a driver (10) ___________________." Professor Famiglietti said that over 40 per cent of (11) ___________________ looked at in the research were drier than twenty years ago. He said this was because of human activity. One (12) ___________________ much pumping of groundwater for farming.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

HumansareshiftingfreshwaterresourcesacrossEarth.Thiswillcontinu
easpeoplemoveandeatmore.Manyequatorialregionsaredrying,while
tropicalareasaregettingwetter.Ifthiscontinues,manycitiescouldstru
ggletofindenoughwaterinthefuture.NASAspent14yearsstudyingfres
hwaterresources.ItwaspartofamissioncalledGRACE,whichstandsfor
GravityRecoveryandClimateExperiment.JayFamiglietti,aco-autho
roftheresearch,said:"Thestudyshowsthathumanshavereallydrastic
allyalteredtheglobalwaterlandscapeinaveryprofoundway."Hewarne
dthat:"Weseeitasadriverofclimatechange."ProfessorFamigliettisaid
thatover40percentofthehotareaslookedatintheresearchweredrierth
antwentyyearsago.Hesaidthiswasbecauseofhumanactivity.Onereas
onwastoomuchpumpingofgroundwaterforfarming.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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