The Reading / Listening - Litter - Level 6

A theme park in France has established a novel and environmentally-friendly way of keeping its grounds free of litter. It has selected and trained six "intelligent" rooks to pick up rubbish and keep the park clean. Rooks are members of the crow family and are up to 47cm in length. The clever birds will be put to work at the Puy du Fou theme park in the west of France. They have been trained to pick up cigarette ends, paper and other things people throw on the ground. The birds pick up the litter and deposit it into a special trash can, which then delivers some bird feed as a reward. The more litter the birds put in the trash can, the more food they get.



The head of the theme park, Nicolas de Villiers, explained the rationale of using the crows to the AFP news agency. He said there were several reasons for deploying the crows. He said: "The goal is not just to clean up, because the visitors are generally careful to keep things clean, but also to demonstrate that nature itself can teach us to take care of the environment." Crows are highly sociable and intelligent birds. Some biologists say they are as smart as a seven-year-old child. Mr De Villiers said: "In an affectionate, supportive atmosphere, they like to communicate with humans and establish a relationship through play." The crows are speedy workers and can fill a bucket with rubbish in less than 45 minutes.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Litter - Level 4  or  Litter - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-45155818
  • https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/08/11/french-park-trains-clever-crows-pick-litter/
  • https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/crows-trained-pick-up-cigarette-13066533


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. LITTER: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about litter. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       theme park / environmentally friendly / litter / intelligent / clever / reward / trash /
       rationale / news agency / reasons / visitors / intelligent / biologists / atmosphere
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. FINE: Students A strongly believe people who drop litter should get big fines; Students B strongly believe they shouldn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ENVIRONMENTAL HELP: How can we use these animals to help us take care of the environment? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How can they help?

How useful are they?

Dogs

 

 

Ants

 

 

Horses

 

 

Dolphins

 

 

Elephants

 

 

Goats

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. RUBBISH: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "rubbish". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. TRASH: Rank these with your partner. Put the worst kinds of trash at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • sweet wrappers
  • chewing gum
  • plastic bags
  • car tyres
  • straws
  • cigarette ends
  • plastic bottles
  • cola cans

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. established a. Something special you get in return for doing something well.
      2. novel b. Set up or started an organization, system, or set of rules on a firm or permanent basis.
      3. grounds c. Put or set down something or someone in a specific place.
      4. selected d. New or unusual in an interesting way.
      5. deposit e. Carefully choose as being the best or most suitable.
      6. delivers f. An area of land used for a specified purpose.
      7. reward g. Brings and hands something over.

    Paragraph 2

      8. rationale h. A set of reasons or a logical basis for a course of action or a particular belief.
      9. several i. Providing encouragement or emotional help.
      10. deploying j. More than two but not many.
      11. demonstrate k. Readily feeling or showing fondness or tenderness.
      12. sociable l. Bringing into effective action; utilize.
      13. affectionate m. Clearly shows the existence or truth of something.
      14. supportive n. Willing to talk and engage in activities with other people; friendly.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. There is a new novel about crows cleaning a theme park in France.     T / F
  2. A theme park trained six crows to pick up litter in its grounds.     T / F
  3. The birds have been trained to pick up cigarette ends.     T / F
  4. The crows get food in return for collecting litter.     T / F
  5. The theme park boss gave seven reasons for using the crows.     T / F
  6. Some biologists say crows are as intelligent as 10-year-old children.     T / F
  7. The theme park boss said crows like communicating with humans.     T / F
  8. The crows filled 45 buckets with rubbish in less than an hour.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. established
  2. free
  3. selected
  4. trained
  5. deposit
  6. head
  7. rationale
  8. deploying
  9. affectionate
  10. speedy
  1. instructed
  2. using
  3. place
  4. logic
  5. fast
  6. clear
  7. loving
  8. set up
  9. boss
  10. chose

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. keeping its grounds
  2. pick up rubbish and keep
  3. They have been trained to pick
  4. delivers some bird feed
  5. The more litter the birds put
  6. The head
  7. de Villiers, explained
  8. He said there were several
  9. In an affectionate, supportive
  10. fill a bucket with rubbish in
  1. reasons
  2. of the theme park
  3. in the trash can
  4. the rationale
  5. the park clean
  6. atmosphere
  7. free of litter
  8. less than 45 minutes
  9. as a reward
  10. up cigarette ends

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
members
trained
get
novel
put
delivers
grounds
pick

A theme park in France has established a (1) ____________ and environmentally-friendly way of keeping its (2) ____________ free of litter. It has selected and trained six "intelligent" rooks to pick up rubbish and keep the park clean. Rooks are (3) ____________ of the crow family and are up to 47cm in length. The clever birds will be (4) ____________ to work at the Puy du Fou theme park in the west of France. They have been (5) ____________ to pick up cigarette ends, paper and other things people throw on the ground. The birds (6) ____________ up the litter and deposit it into a special trash can, which then (7) ____________ some bird feed as a reward. The more litter the birds put in the trash can, the more food they (8) ____________.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
generally
biologists
bucket
rationale
establish
care
several
supportive

The head of the theme park, Nicolas de Villiers, explained the (9) ____________ of using the crows to the AFP news agency. He said there were (10) ____________ reasons for deploying the crows. He said: "The goal is not just to clean up, because the visitors are (11) ____________ careful to keep things clean, but also to demonstrate that nature itself can teach us to take (12) ____________ of the environment." Crows are highly sociable and intelligent birds. Some (13) ____________ say they are as smart as a seven-year-old child. Mr De Villiers said: "In an affectionate, (14) ____________ atmosphere, they like to communicate with humans and (15) ____________ a relationship through play." The crows are speedy workers and can fill a (16) ____________ with rubbish in less than 45 minutes.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  a novel and environmentally-friendly way of keeping its grounds ______
     a.  freeze of litter
     b.  free of litter
     c.  freed of litter
     d.  frees of litter
2)  It has selected and trained six "intelligent" rooks to ______
     a.  picks up rubbish
     b.  picked up rubbish
     c.  pickle up rubbish
     d.  pick up rubbish
3)  Rooks are members of the crow family and are up to ______
     a.  47cm in length
     b.  47cm on length
     c.  47cm of length
     d.  47cm sin length
4) trained to pick up cigarette ends, paper and other things people ______ ground
     a.  thrown on the
     b.  through on the
     c.  thru on the
     d.  throw on the
5)  The more litter the birds put in the trash can, the more ______
     a.  food thy get
     b.  food they gets
     c.  food they get
     d.  food then gets

6)  The head of the theme park, Nicolas de Villiers, explained the ______ the crows
     a.  rationale of using
     b.  rational of using
     c.  ration ale of using
     d.  ration all of using
7)  He said there were several reasons for ______
     a.  deploy in the crows
     b.  deploying the crowns
     c.  deploying the crows
     d.  deep ploy in the crows
8)  demonstrate that nature itself can teach us to take ______ environment
     a.  cares off the
     b.  cared of the
     c.  care off the
     d.  care of the
9)  In an affectionate, supportive atmosphere, they like to communicate ______
     a.  within humans
     b.  with humane
     c.  wither humans
     d.  with humans
10)  The crows are speedy workers and can fill a ______
     a.  bucketed with rubbish
     b.  bucket with rubbished
     c.  buckets with rubbish
     d.  bucket with rubbish

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A theme park in France (1) ___________________ novel and environmentally-friendly way of keeping its grounds free of litter. It has selected (2) ___________________ "intelligent" rooks to pick up rubbish and keep the park clean. Rooks (3) ___________________ the crow family and are up to 47cm in length. The clever birds will be put to work at the Puy du Fou theme park in the west of France. They (4) ___________________ to pick up cigarette ends, paper and other things people throw on the ground. The birds pick up the litter (5) ___________________ into a special trash can, which then delivers some bird feed as a reward. The more litter the birds put in the trash can, the (6) ___________________ get.

The head of the theme park, Nicolas de Villiers, (7) ___________________ of using the crows to the AFP news agency. He said there were several reasons for (8) ___________________. He said: "The goal is not just to clean up, because the visitors are generally careful to (9) ___________________, but also to demonstrate that nature itself can teach us to take care of the environment." Crows (10) ___________________ and intelligent birds. Some biologists say they are as smart as a seven-year-old child. Mr De Villiers said: "In an affectionate, supportive atmosphere, they like to communicate (11) ___________________ establish a relationship through play." The crows are speedy workers and can fill a (12) ___________________ in less than 45 minutes.

Comprehension questions

  1. What is the theme park keeping free of litter?
  2. How many crows will be working on the theme park?
  3. How long can rooks grow to be?
  4. Where do the crows put the litter?
  5. What do the crows get as a reward for collecting litter?
  6. How many reasons did the theme park boss give for using the crows?
  7. What can nature teach us to take care of?
  8. Who did some biologists say crows were as intelligent as?
  9. Who did the theme park boss say crows liked to communicate with?
  10. How long did it take the crows to fill up a bucket?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What is the theme park keeping free of litter?
a) the flower beds
b) the ticket office
c) its rides
d) its grounds
2) How many crows will be working on the theme park?
a) 5
b) 6
c) 7
d) 8
3) How long can rooks grow to be?
a) 45cm
b) 52cm
c) 47cm
d) 42cm
4) Where do the crows put the litter?
a) in trash cans
b) in a hole in the ground
c) in the trees
d) in their nest
5) What do the crows get as a reward for collecting litter?
a) water
b) nests
c) food
d) jelly

6) How many reasons did the theme park boss give for using the crows?
a) seven
b) several
c) seventy
d) seventeen
7) What can nature teach us to take care of?
a) crows
b) each other
c) theme parks
d) the environment
8) Who did some biologists say crows were as intelligent as?
a) seven-year-old children
b) dolphins
c) Einstein
d) lawyers
9) Who did the theme park boss say crows liked to communicate with?
a) theme park visitors
b) birds
c) humans
d) other crows

10) How long did it take the crows to fill up a bucket?
a) around 45 minutes
b) less than 45 minutes
c) exactly 45 minutes
d) just over 45 minutes

Role play

Role  A – Straws
You think straws are the worst kinds of trash. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the easiest of these to deal with (and why): plastic bottles, cola cans or car tyres.

Role  B – Plastic Bottles
You think plastic bottles are the worst kinds of trash. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the easiest of these to deal with (and why): straws, cola cans or car tyres.

Role  C – Cola Cans
You think cola cans are the worst kinds of trash. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the easiest of these to deal with (and why): plastic bottles, straws or car tyres.

Role  D – Car Tyres
You think car tyres are the worst kinds of trash. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the easiest of these to deal with (and why): plastic bottles, cola cans or straws.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'theme'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'park'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • using
    • several
    • goal
    • teach
    • seven
    • speedy
    • novel
    • six
    • 47
    • ends
    • paper
    • reward




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - French theme park uses crows to pick up litter

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'litter'?
    3. How bad is the litter problem in your town?
    4. What do you think of litter?
    5. How do you feel when you see litter?
    6. What do you think of people who drop litter?
    7. What do you think of using crows to pick up litter?
    8. What other creatures could help clean up the towns?
    9. Should there be big fines for dropping litter?
    10. Is it worse to drop litter in towns or in the countryside?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'crow'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Should crows be trained and used in towns?
    5. What can animals teach us about the environment?
    6. How can we educate people to not drop litter?
    7. Should humans be rewarded for picking up litter?
    8. Would you tell someone to pick up the litter they dropped?
    9. What damage does litter cause?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the theme park boss?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A theme park in France has (1) ____ a novel and environmentally-friendly way of keeping its grounds free of litter. It has selected and trained six "intelligent" rooks to (2) ____ up rubbish and keep the park clean. Rooks are (3) ____ of the crow family and are up to 47cm in length. The clever birds will be (4) ____ to work at the Puy du Fou theme park in the west of France. They have been trained to pick up cigarette ends, paper and other things people throw on the ground. The birds pick up the litter and (5) ____ it into a special trash can, which then delivers some bird feed as a (6) ____. The more litter the birds put in the trash can, the more food they get.

    The head of the theme park, Nicolas de Villiers, explained the (7) ____ of using the crows to the AFP news agency. He said there were several reasons for deploying the crows. He said: "The goal is not (8) ____ to clean up, because the visitors are generally careful to keep things clean, but also to demonstrate that nature (9) ____ can teach us to take care (10) ____ the environment." Crows are highly sociable and intelligent birds. Some biologists say they are as smart as a seven-year-old child. Mr De Villiers said: "In an affectionate, (11) ____ atmosphere, they like to communicate with humans and establish a relationship (12) ____ play." The crows are speedy workers and can fill a bucket with rubbish in less than 45 minutes.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     established     (b)     establish     (c)     establishing     (d)     establishes    
    2. (a)     track     (b)     rack     (c)     pick     (d)     suck    
    3. (a)     party     (b)     species     (c)     members     (d)     elements    
    4. (a)     give     (b)     done     (c)     have     (d)     put    
    5. (a)     rescind     (b)     withdraw     (c)     deposit     (d)     cough    
    6. (a)     trophy     (b)     reward     (c)     victory     (d)     nice    
    7. (a)     logic     (b)     code     (c)     rationale     (d)     answer    
    8. (a)     must     (b)     just     (c)     gust     (d)     lust    
    9. (a)     that     (b)     so     (c)     itself     (d)     what    
    10. (a)     from     (b)     for     (c)     form     (d)     of    
    11. (a)     support     (b)     supports     (c)     suppose     (d)     supportive    
    12. (a)     trough     (b)     thorough     (c)     though     (d)     through

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. dsaibetshle a novel
    2. tcseeeld and trained
    3. up to 47cm in ltenhg
    4. pick up the litter and dpiesot it
    5. vielrdes some bird feed
    6. as a rweard

    Paragraph 2

    1. explained the oitalerna
    2. there were eeaslvr reasons
    3. nmtrtdasoee that nature itself can teach us
    4. Some losboitigs say they are
    5. an aatnteefcifo, supportive atmosphere
    6. eblstsaih a relationship

    Put the text back together

    (...)  affectionate, supportive atmosphere, they like to communicate with humans and establish a relationship through
    (...)  play." The crows are speedy workers and can fill a bucket with rubbish in less than 45 minutes.
    (...)  intelligent birds. Some biologists say they are as smart as a seven-year-old child. Mr De Villiers said: "In an
    (...)  up cigarette ends, paper and other things people throw on the ground. The birds pick up
    (...)  agency. He said there were several reasons for deploying the crows. He said: "The goal is not
    (...)  clean. Rooks are members of the crow family and are up to 47cm in length. The clever
    1  ) A theme park in France has established a novel and environmentally-friendly way of keeping its grounds free
    (...)  that nature itself can teach us to take care of the environment." Crows are highly sociable and
    (...)  birds will be put to work at the Puy du Fou theme park in the west of France. They have been trained to pick
    (...)  of litter. It has selected and trained six "intelligent" rooks to pick up rubbish and keep the park
    (...)  the litter and deposit it into a special trash can, which then delivers some bird feed as
    (...)  a reward. The more litter the birds put in the trash can, the more food they get.
    (...)  just to clean up, because the visitors are generally careful to keep things clean, but also to demonstrate
    (...)  The head of the theme park, Nicolas de Villiers, explained the rationale of using the crows to the AFP news

    Put the words in the right order

    1. clean   .   and   park   Pick   the   keep   rubbish   up
    2. to   The   clever   will   put   be   birds   work   .
    3. on   people   things   the   Other   ground   .   throw
    4. as   a   bird   some   reward   .   feed   Delivers
    5. put   birds   can   .   trash   the   Litter   in   the
    6. rationale   the   Explained   the   using   crows   .   of
    7. were   for   There   reasons   the   crows   .   deploying   several
    8. can   nature   that   us   .   Demonstrate   teach   itself
    9. are   they   say   biologists   smart   .   Some   as
    10. less   minutes   .   45   Fill   a   bucket   than   in

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A theme park in France has established a book / novel and environmentally-friendly way of keeping its grounds freely / free of litter. It has selected and trained six "intelligent" rooks to / for pick up rubbish and keep the park clean. Rooks are members of the crow family and are as / up to 47cm in length. The clever birds will be put / putting to work at the Puy du Fou theme park in / on the west of France. They have been trained to / for pick up cigarette ends, paper and other things people throw on / in the ground. The birds pick up the litter and deposits / deposit it into a special trash can, which then delivers some bird feed as the / a reward. The more litter the birds put in the trash can, the more food they get.

    The head of the theme park, Nicolas de Villiers, explained the rational / rationale of using the crows to the AFP news agency. He said there were several reasoning / reasons for deploying the crows. He said: "The goal is not just / justly to clean up, because the visitors are generally / general careful to keep things clean, but also to demonstrative / demonstrate that nature itself can teach us / them to take care of the environment." Crows are highly sociable and intelligence / intelligent birds. Some biologists say they are as smart / smartly as a seven-year-old child. Mr De Villiers said: "In an affectionate, supportive atmosphere, they like to communicate with humans and establish a relationship though / through play." The crows are speedy workers and can fill a bucket with rubbish in / on less than 45 minutes.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A t h_m_ p_r k _n F r_n c_ h_s _s t_b l_s h_d _ n_v_l _n d _n v_r_n m_n t_l l y - f r__ n d l y w_y _f k__ p_n g _t s g r__ n d s f r__ _f l_t t_r . I t h_s s_l_c t_d _n d t r__ n_d s_x "_n t_l l_g_n t " r__ k s t_ p_c k _p r_b b_s h _n d k__ p t h_ p_r k c l__ n . R__ k s _r_ m_m b_r s _f t h_ c r_w f_m_l y _n d _r_ _p t_ 4 7 c m _n l_n g t h . T h_ c l_v_r b_r d s w_l l b_ p_t t_ w_r k _t t h_ P_y d_ F__ t h_m_ p_r k _n t h_ w_s t _f F r_n c_. T h_y h_v_ b__ n t r__ n_d t_ p_c k _p c_g_r_t t_ _n d s , p_p_r _n d _t h_r t h_n g s p__ p l_ t h r_w _n t h_ g r__ n d . T h_ b_r d s p_c k _p t h_ l_t t_r _n d d_p_s_t _t _n t_ _ s p_c__ l t r_s h c_n , w h_c h t h_n d_l_v_r s s_m_ b_r d f__ d _s _ r_w_r d . T h_ m_r_ l_t t_r t h_ b_r d s p_t _n t h_ t r_s h c_n , t h_ m_r_ f__ d t h_y g_t .

    T h_ h__ d _f t h_ t h_m_ p_r k , N_c_l_s d_ V_l l__ r s , _x p l__ n_d t h_ r_t__ n_l_ _f _s_n g t h_ c r_w s t_ t h_ A F P n_w s _g_n c y . H_ s__ d t h_r_ w_r_ s_v_r_l r__ s_n s f_r d_p l_y_n g t h_ c r_w s . H_ s__ d : " T h_ g__ l _s n_t j_s t t_ c l__ n _p , b_c__ s_ t h_ v_s_t_r s _r_ g_n_r_l l y c_r_f_l t_ k__ p t h_n g s c l__ n , b_t _l s_ t_ d_m_n s t r_t_ t h_t n_t_r_ _t s_l f c_n t__ c h _s t_ t_k_ c_r_ _f t h_ _n v_r_n m_n t . " C r_w s _r_ h_g h l y s_c__ b l_ _n d _n t_l l_g_n t b_r d s . S_m_ b__ l_g_s t s s_y t h_y _r_ _s s m_r t _s _ s_v_n - y__ r -_l d c h_l d . M r D_ V_l l__ r s s__ d : " I n _n _f f_c t__ n_t_, s_p p_r t_v_ _t m_s p h_r_, t h_y l_k_ t_ c_m m_n_c_t_ w_t h h_m_n s _n d _s t_b l_s h _ r_l_t__ n s h_p t h r__ g h p l_y . " T h_ c r_w s _r_ s p__ d y w_r k_r s _n d c_n f_l l _ b_c k_t w_t h r_b b_s h _n l_s s t h_n 4 5 m_n_t_s .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a theme park in france has established a novel and environmentally friendly way of keeping its grounds free of litter it has selected and trained six intelligent rooks to pick up rubbish and keep the park clean rooks are members of the crow family and are up to 47cm in length the clever birds will be put to work at the puy du fou theme park in the west of france they have been trained to pick up cigarette ends paper and other things people throw on the ground the birds pick up the litter and deposit it into a special trash can which then delivers some bird feed as a reward the more litter the birds put in the trash can the more food they get

    the head of the theme park nicolas de villiers explained the rationale of using the crows to the afp news agency he said there were several reasons for deploying the crows he said the goal is not just to clean up because the visitors are generally careful to keep things clean but also to demonstrate that nature itself can teach us to take care of the environment crows are highly sociable and intelligent birds some biologists say they are as smart as a seven year old child mr de villiers said in an affectionate supportive atmosphere they like to communicate with humans and establish a relationship through play the crows are speedy workers and can fill a bucket with rubbish in less than 45 minutes.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    AthemeparkinFrancehasestablishedanovelandenvironmentally-fri
    endlywayofkeepingitsgroundsfreeoflitter.Ithasselectedandtrainedsi
    x"intelligent"rookstopickuprubbishandkeeptheparkclean.Rooksare
    membersofthecrowfamilyandareupto47cminlength.Thecleverbirds
    willbeputtoworkatthePuyduFouthemeparkinthewestofFrance.They
    havebeentrainedtopickupcigaretteends,paperandotherthingspeopl
    ethrowontheground.Thebirdspickupthelitteranddeposititintoaspeci
    altrashcan,whichthendeliverssomebirdfeedasareward.Themorelitte
    rthebirdsputinthetrashcan,themorefoodtheyget.Theheadofthethe
    mepark,NicolasdeVilliers,explainedtherationaleofusingthecrowstot
    heAFPnewsagency.Hesaidtherewereseveralreasonsfordeployingthe
    crows.Hesaid:"Thegoalisnotjusttocleanup,becausethevisitorsarege
    nerallycarefultokeepthingsclean,butalsotodemonstratethatnatureit
    selfcanteachustotakecareoftheenvironment."Crowsarehighlysociab
    leandintelligentbirds.Somebiologistssaytheyareassmartasaseven-
    year-oldchild.MrDeVillierssaid:"Inanaffectionate,supportiveatmos
    phere,theyliketocommunicatewithhumansandestablisharelationshi
    pthroughplay."Thecrowsarespeedyworkersandcanfillabucketwithru
    bbishinlessthan45minutes.

    Free writing

    Write about litter for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    The litter problem will only get worse, not better. Do you agree? How can we reduce litter?

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. LITTER: Make a poster about litter. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. INTELLIGENT ANIMALS: Write a magazine article about using animals and birds to help clean up our environment. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on litter. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can reduce the amount of litter around us. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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