The Reading / Listening - Burnout - Level 3

Workers around the world have experienced burnout for decades. Burnout is mental exhaustion due to too much stress at work. This problem has now been defined by the WHO as a medical problem. It says people have burnout if they often lack energy or feel exhausted; if they feel very negative about their job; and if they have problems finishing tasks in their job. The WHO says doctors should treat patients for burnout. However, doctors are among the highest-stress professions. They get burnout twice as often as average workers. The number of people with burnout has been increasing at a worrying rate. More and more workers are getting ill because of high levels of stress at work.



Burnout was identified as a problem in 1974 by American psychologist Herbert Freudenberger. Since then, hundreds of studies have tried to explain what it is. Researchers have said it is similar to anxiety or mood disorders, and can come from depression. According to the Mayo Clinic website, burnout can cause serious health problems. These can include insomnia, heart disease, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. The clinic's website gives advice on how to manage burnout. It suggests talking to your boss to change your workload; reaching out to co-workers, family and friends; and trying relaxing activities like tai chi, meditation, going for a walk in the countryside, and yoga.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Burnout - Level 0 Burnout - Level 1   or  Burnout - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.aol.com/article/lifestyle/2019/05/29/burnout-is-now-officially-recognized-as-a-medical-condition-here-are-the-symptoms-you-should-know-about/23736830/
  • https://www.treehugger.com/health/who-officially-recognizes-burnout-symptoms-solutions.html
  • https://www.forbes.com/sites/karlynborysenko/2019/05/29/burnout-is-now-an-officially-diagnosable-condition-heres-what-you-need-to-know-about-it/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. BURNOUT: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about Burnout. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       workers / burnout / stress / WHO / energy / negative / patients / doctors / professions
       problems / psychologist / anxiety / depression / health problems / blood pressure
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. SCHOOLS: Students A strongly believe schools should teach children how to avoid stress and burnout; Students B strongly believe that is not a school's job.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. HEALTH PROBLEMS: What do you know about these health problems? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I Know

What I Want To Know

Burnout

 

 

Insomnia

 

 

High Blood Pressure

 

 

Heart Disease

 

 

Type 1 Diabetes

 

 

Type 2 Diabetes

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. WORKER: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "worker". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. STRESS: Rank these with your partner. Put the most stressful things at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • bosses
  • commuting
  • other people
  • the news
  • English
  • work
  • studying
  • money

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. decade a. Explained the meaning of something.
      2. mental b. The speed at which something moves, happens, or changes.
      3. exhaustion c. A period of ten years.
      4. defined d. A state of being very, very, very tired.
      5. task e. About the mind.
      6. profession f. A job that needs doing.
      7. rate g. A job that needs long training and a formal qualification.

    Paragraph 2

      8. psychologist h. A feeling of worry or nervousness, or about an event with an uncertain outcome.
      9. anxiety i. Not being able to sleep.
      10. insomnia j. Doing something to communicate with others.
      11. blood pressure k. Someone who studies the human mind and its functions.
      12. advice l. Thinking deeply or focusing one's mind for a period of time, in silence as a method of relaxation.
      13. reaching out m. Good ideas and help for someone who needs help.
      14. meditation n. How fast the blood goes around your body.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said workers have been experiencing burnout for centuries.    T / F
  2. The article said burnout is due to too much stress at home.     T / F
  3. Doctors get burnout twice as often as other workers.     T / F
  4. The levels of burnout around the world are decreasing.     T / F
  5. Burnout was first identified by a German psychologist in Berlin.     T / F
  6. Burnout may be more common with people who are depressed.     T / F
  7. A clinic advised people with burnout to talk with their boss.     T / F
  8. The clinic suggested meditating to relieve the effects of burnout.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. experienced
  2. exhaustion
  3. negative
  4. tasks
  5. ill
  6. identified
  7. anxiety
  8. insomnia
  9. manage
  10. relaxing
  1. bad
  2. recognised
  3. sick
  4. worry
  5. sleeplessness
  6. encountered
  7. deal with
  8. duties
  9. calming
  10. overtiredness

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Workers around the world have experienced
  2. mental exhaustion due
  3. they have problems finishing
  4. They get burnout twice as often
  5. workers are getting ill because
  6. hundreds of studies have tried to
  7. high blood
  8. reaching
  9. trying relaxing
  10. going for a walk
  1. as average workers
  2. activities like tai chi
  3. of high levels of stress
  4. pressure
  5. in the countryside
  6. burnout for decades
  7. out to co-workers
  8. tasks in their job
  9. to too much stress
  10. explain what it is

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
tasks
twice
around
stress
treat
lack
rate
due

Workers (1) ____________ the world have experienced burnout for decades. Burnout is mental exhaustion (2) ____________ to too much stress at work. This problem has now been defined by the WHO as a medical problem. It says people have burnout if they often (3) ____________ energy or feel exhausted; if they feel very negative about their job; and if they have problems finishing (4) ____________ in their job. The WHO says doctors should (5) ____________ patients for burnout. However, doctors are among the highest-stress professions. They get burnout (6) ____________ as often as average workers. The number of people with burnout has been increasing at a worrying (7) ____________. More and more workers are getting ill because of high levels of (8) ____________ at work.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
manage
serious
then
going
identified
change
pressure
anxiety

Burnout was (9) ____________ as a problem in 1974 by American psychologist Herbert Freudenberger. Since (10) ____________, hundreds of studies have tried to explain what it is. Researchers have said it is similar to (11) ____________ or mood disorders, and can come from depression. According to the Mayo Clinic website, burnout can cause (12) ____________ health problems. These can include insomnia, heart disease, high blood (13) ____________ and type 2 diabetes. The clinic's website gives advice on how to (14) ____________ burnout. It suggests talking to your boss to (15) ____________ your workload; reaching out to co-workers, family and friends; and trying relaxing activities like tai chi, meditation, (16) ____________ for a walk in the countryside, and yoga.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Workers around the world have experienced burnout ______
     a.  four deck cads
     b.  for deck aids
     c.  ford decays
     d.  for decades
2)  This problem has now been defined by the WHO as ______
     a.  a medicine problem
     b.  a medically problem
     c.  a medical problem
     d.  a medic call problem
3)  They get burnout twice as often as ______
     a.  average workers
     b.  averaged worker
     c.  averages workers
     d.  average worker
4)  The number of people with burnout has been increasing at ______
     a.  a worry in rate
     b.  a worry ring rate
     c.  a worrying rate
     d.  a worry in late
5)  More and more workers are getting ill because of high ______
     a.  levels of stress
     b.  levels off stress
     c.  levels of stressed
     d.  levels of stresses

6)  Researchers have said it is similar to anxiety or ______
     a.  moody disorders
     b.  mood this orders
     c.  mood disorders
     d.  moo disorder
7)  These can include insomnia, heart disease, high ______
     a.  bloody pressure
     b.  blooded pressured
     c.  blood pressure
     d.  blood pressured
8)  The clinic's website gives advice on how ______
     a.  too manage burnt out
     b.  to manage burnout
     c.  to managed burnout
     d.  to manage burnt out
9)  It suggests talking to your boss to change ______
     a.  yours workload
     b.  your work loads
     c.  your works load
     d.  your workload
10)  activities like tai chi, meditation, going for a walk in the countryside, ______
     a.  end yoyo
     b.  and yoyo
     c.  and yoga
     d.  end yoga

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Workers around the world have experienced (1) ___________________. Burnout is mental exhaustion due to too much (2) ___________________. This problem has now been defined by the WHO as a medical problem. It says people have burnout if they (3) ___________________ or feel exhausted; if they feel very negative about their job; and if they have problems (4) ___________________ their job. The WHO says doctors should treat patients for burnout. However, doctors are among the highest-stress professions. They get burnout (5) ___________________ as average workers. The number of people with burnout has been increasing at a worrying rate. More and more workers are getting ill because (6) ___________________ of stress at work.

Burnout was identified as a problem in 1974 by American psychologist Herbert Freudenberger. Since then, (7) ___________________ have tried to explain what it is. Researchers have said it is (8) ___________________ or mood disorders, and can come from depression. According to the Mayo Clinic website, burnout (9) ___________________ health problems. These can include insomnia, heart disease, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. The clinic's website (10) ___________________ how to manage burnout. It suggests talking to your boss to change your workload; reaching out to co-workers, family and friends; (11) ___________________ activities like tai chi, meditation, going (12) ___________________ in the countryside, and yoga.

Comprehension questions

  1. For how long have workers experienced burnout?
  2. What did the WHO say people lack if they have burnout?
  3. What did the WHO say people have problems finishing with burnout?
  4. How much more than average workers do doctors get burnout?
  5. At what kind of rate did the article say burnout is increasing?
  6. When was burnout first identified as a problem?
  7. How many studies have tried to explain what burnout is?
  8. What is the name of the clinic mentioned in the article?
  9. What did a clinic suggest talking to bosses about?
  10. Where did a clinic suggest going for a walk?




Multiple choice quiz

1) For how long have workers experienced burnout?
a) 50 years
b) decades
c) centuries
d) about 20-30 minutes
2) What did the WHO say people lack if they have burnout?
a) motivation
b) medicine
c) blood pressure
d) energy
3) What did the WHO say people have problems finishing with burnout?
a) tasks in their job
b) their dinner
c) conversations
d) books
4) How much more than average workers do doctors get burnout?
a) three times as often
b) a little bit more
c) twice as often
d) not much more
5) At what kind of rate did the article say burnout is increasing?
a) at a very slow rate
b) at a worrying rate
c) a lightning speed
d) like a bullet train

6) When was burnout first identified as a problem?
a) 1974
b) 1964
c) 1954
d) 1944
7) How many studies have tried to explain what burnout is?
a) thousands
b) dozens
c) hundreds
d) several
8) What is the name of the clinic mentioned in the article?
a) Mayo Clinic
b) Ketchup Clinic
c) Tabasco Clinic
d) Tartar Clinic
9) What did a clinic suggest talking to bosses about?
a) workloads
b) resigning
c) overtime
d) longer lunch breaks
10) Where did a clinic suggest going for a walk?
a) along a beach
b) in the garden
c) around the office
d) in the countryside

Role play

Role  A – English
You think English is the most stressful thing in life. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): work, money or the news.

Role  B – Work
You think work is the most stressful thing in life. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): English, money or the news.

Role  C – Money
You think money is the most stressful thing in life. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): work, English or the news.

Role  D – The News
You think the news is the most stressful thing in life. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): work, money or English.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'medical'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'problem'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • 1974
    • hundreds
    • website
    • blood
    • change
    • walk
    • world
    • defined
    • lack
    • tasks
    • among
    • levels




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - WHO says burnout is a medical problem

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'burnout'?
    3. Have you ever experienced burnout?
    4. What makes you stressed?
    5. What do you do to relieve stress?
    6. What do you know about burnout?
    7. How often do you lack energy?
    8. How often do you feel negative?
    9. Why do you think doctors have so much stress?
    10. What should people do about stress at work?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'stress'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Do you have mood disorders?
    5. What do you know about high blood pressure?
    6. How much does speaking to friends help with problems?
    7. What do you think of meditation?
    8. How good is a walk in the countryside?
    9. What do you think of yoga?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Workers around the world have experienced burnout for (1) ____. Burnout is mental exhaustion due to too much stress (2) ____ work. This problem has now been defined by the WHO as a medical problem. It says people have burnout if they often (3) ____ energy or feel exhausted; if they feel very negative about their job; and if they have problems finishing (4) ____ in their job. The WHO says doctors should (5) ____ patients for burnout. However, doctors are among the highest-stress professions. They get burnout twice as often as average workers. The number of people with burnout has been increasing at a (6) ____ rate. More and more workers are getting ill because of high levels of stress at work.

    Burnout was (7) ____ as a problem in 1974 by American psychologist Herbert Freudenberger. Since then, hundreds of studies have tried to explain (8) ____ it is. Researchers have said it is similar to anxiety or mood disorders, and can come from depression. According to the Mayo Clinic website, burnout can cause (9) ____ health problems. These can include insomnia, heart disease, (10) ____ blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. The clinic's website gives advice on how to manage burnout. It suggests talking to your boss to change your workload; (11) ____ out to co-workers, family and friends; and trying relaxing activities like tai chi, meditation, going for a walk (12) ____ the countryside, and yoga.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     decades     (b)     decadence     (c)     decants     (d)     decides    
    2. (a)     on     (b)     in     (c)     at     (d)     of    
    3. (a)     slack     (b)     luck     (c)     lack     (d)     lick     
    4. (a)     chore     (b)     horns     (c)     tusks     (d)     tasks    
    5. (a)     threat     (b)     throat     (c)     treat     (d)     treaty    
    6. (a)     fretting     (b)     worrying     (c)     concern     (d)     bother    
    7. (a)     identity     (b)     identified     (c)     ideal     (d)     idea    
    8. (a)     that     (b)     what     (c)     like     (d)     such    
    9. (a)     series     (b)     serials     (c)     serious     (d)     sires    
    10. (a)     elevate     (b)     increase     (c)     up     (d)     high    
    11. (a)     asking     (b)     finding     (c)     talking     (d)     reaching    
    12. (a)     at     (b)     on     (c)     up     (d)     in

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. experienced burnout for sadecde
    2. Burnout is mental ontuxhiase
    3. efedidn by the WHO
    4. they feel very vaiengte about their job
    5. doctors should treat sttnapei for burnout
    6. twice as often as areaveg workers

    Paragraph 2

    1. eiitidnfde as a problem in 1974
    2. it is similar to ieaxytn
    3. can come from sirsedpone
    4. high blood uressper
    5. type 2 esetadib
    6. trying relaxing ciitiatevs like tai chi

    Put the text back together

    (...)  rate. More and more workers are getting ill because of high levels of stress at work.
    (...)  like tai chi, meditation, going for a walk in the countryside, and yoga.
    (...)  from depression. According to the Mayo Clinic website, burnout can cause serious health problems. These can include
    (...)  to too much stress at work. This problem has now been defined by the WHO as a medical
    (...)  of studies have tried to explain what it is. Researchers have said it is similar to anxiety or mood disorders, and can come
    (...)  Burnout was identified as a problem in 1974 by American psychologist Herbert Freudenberger. Since then, hundreds
    (...)  problem. It says people have burnout if they often lack energy or feel exhausted; if they feel very
    (...)  on how to manage burnout. It suggests talking to your boss to change your workload; reaching
    1  ) Workers around the world have experienced burnout for decades. Burnout is mental exhaustion due
    (...)  as often as average workers. The number of people with burnout has been increasing at a worrying
    (...)  negative about their job; and if they have problems finishing tasks in their job. The WHO says doctors should treat
    (...)  out to co-workers, family and friends; and trying relaxing activities
    (...)  insomnia, heart disease, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. The clinic's website gives advice
    (...)  patients for burnout. However, doctors are among the highest-stress professions. They get burnout twice

    Put the words in the right order

    1. burnout   .   have   the   around   experienced   world   Workers
    2. stress   .   much   exhaustion   Mental   to   too   due
    3. tasks   their   problems   in   have   They   finishing   job   .
    4. at   been   has   a   increasing   worrying   Burnout   rate   .
    5. of   Getting   stress   .   because   ill   levels   high   of
    6. problem   a   1974   .   Burnout   as   identified   in   was
    7. have   Studies   what   to   it   explain   tried   is   .
    8. said   have   anxiety   .   it   is   to   Researchers   similar
    9. your   to   your   Talking   boss   change   workload   .   to
    10. countryside   .   in   a   walk   for   Going   the

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Workers around the world have experienced burnout for decade / decades. Burnout is mental exhaustion due / dew to too much stress at work. This problem has now been defining / defined by the WHO as a medical problem. It says people have burnout if they often lack / luck energy or feel exhausted; if they feel very negative about them / their job; and if they have problems finishing tasks / tusks in their job. The WHO says doctors should treat patients / patents for burnout. However, doctors are among the highest-stress professions. They get burnout twice / double as often as average workers. The number of people with burnout has been increase / increasing at a worrying rate. More and more workers are getting ill because of high levels of stress at / to work.

    Burnout was identity / identified as a problem in 1974 by American psychologist Herbert Freudenberger. Since then, hundreds of study / studies have tried to explain what it is. Researchers have said it is simile / similar to anxiety or mood disorders, and can go / come from depression. According to the Mayo Clinic website, burnout can cause seriously / serious health problems. These can include insomnia, heart disease, high / highly blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. The clinic's website gives advise / advice on how to manage burnout. It suggests / suggestions talking to your boss to change your workload; reaching out / in to co-workers, family and friends; and trying relaxing activities like tai chi, meditation, going at / for a walk in the countryside, and yoga.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    W_r k_r s _r__ n d t h_ w_r l d h_v_ _x p_r__ n c_d b_r n__ t f_r d_c_d_s . B_r n__ t _s m_n t_l _x h__ s t__ n d__ t_ t__ m_c h s t r_s s _t w_r k . T h_s p r_b l_m h_s n_w b__ n d_f_n_d b y t h_ W H O _s _ m_d_c_l p r_b l_m . I t s_y s p__ p l_ h_v_ b_r n__ t _f t h_y _f t_n l_c k _n_r g y _r f__ l _x h__ s t_d ; _f t h_y f__ l v_r y n_g_t_v_ _b__ t t h__ r j_b ; _n d _f t h_y h_v_ p r_b l_m s f_n_s h_n g t_s k s _n t h__ r j_b . T h_ W H O s_y s d_c t_r s s h__ l d t r__ t p_t__ n t s f_r b_r n__ t . H_w_v_r , d_c t_r s _r_ _m_n g t h_ h_g h_s t - s t r_s s p r_f_s s__ n s . T h_y g_t b_r n__ t t w_c_ _s _f t_n _s _v_r_g_ w_r k_r s . T h_ n_m b_r _f p__ p l_ w_t h b_r n__ t h_s b__ n _n c r__ s_n g _t _ w_r r y_n g r_t_. M_r_ _n d m_r_ w_r k_r s _r_ g_t t_n g _l l b_c__ s_ _f h_g h l_v_l s _f s t r_s s _t w_r k .

    B_r n__ t w_s _d_n t_f__ d _s _ p r_b l_m _n 1 9 7 4 b y A m_r_c_n p s y c h_l_g_s t H_r b_r t F r__ d_n b_r g_r . S_n c_ t h_n , h_n d r_d s _f s t_d__ s h_v_ t r__ d t_ _x p l__ n w h_t _t _s . R_s__ r c h_r s h_v_ s__ d _t _s s_m_l_r t_ _n x__ t y _r m__ d d_s_r d_r s , _n d c_n c_m_ f r_m d_p r_s s__ n . A c c_r d_n g t_ t h_ M_y_ C l_n_c w_b s_t_, b_r n__ t c_n c__ s_ s_r___s h__ l t h p r_b l_m s . T h_s_ c_n _n c l_d_ _n s_m n__ , h__ r t d_s__ s_, h_g h b l__ d p r_s s_r_ _n d t y p_ 2 d__ b_t_s . T h_ c l_n_c ' s w_b s_t_ g_v_s _d v_c_ _n h_w t_ m_n_g_ b_r n__ t . I t s_g g_s t s t_l k_n g t_ y__ r b_s s t_ c h_n g_ y__ r w_r k l__ d ; r__ c h_n g __ t t_ c_- w_r k_r s , f_m_l y _n d f r__ n d s ; _n d t r y_n g r_l_x_n g _c t_v_t__ s l_k_ t__ c h_, m_d_t_t__ n , g__ n g f_r _ w_l k _n t h_ c__ n t r y s_d_, _n d y_g_.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    workers around the world have experienced burnout for decades burnout is mental exhaustion due to too much stress at work this problem has now been defined by the who as a medical problem it says people have burnout if they often lack energy or feel exhausted if they feel very negative about their job and if they have problems finishing tasks in their job the who says doctors should treat patients for burnout however doctors are among the higheststress professions they get burnout twice as often as average workers the number of people with burnout has been increasing at a worrying rate more and more workers are getting ill because of high levels of stress at work

    burnout was identified as a problem in 1974 by american psychologist herbert freudenberger since then hundreds of studies have tried to explain what it is researchers have said it is similar to anxiety or mood disorders and can come from depression according to the mayo clinic website burnout can cause serious health problems these can include insomnia heart disease high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes the clinics website gives advice on how to manage burnout it suggests talking to your boss to change your workload reaching out to coworkers family and friends and trying relaxing activities like tai chi meditation going for a walk in the countryside and yoga.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Workersaroundtheworldhaveexperiencedburnoutfordecades.Burno
    utismentalexhaustionduetotoomuchstressatwork.Thisproblemhasn
    owbeendefinedbytheWHOasamedicalproblem.Itsayspeoplehavebu
    rnoutiftheyoftenlackenergyorfeelexhausted;iftheyfeelverynegative
    abouttheirjob;andiftheyhaveproblemsfinishingtasksintheirjob.The
    WHOsaysdoctorsshouldtreatpatientsforburnout.However,doctorsar
    eamongthehighest-stressprofessions.Theygetburnouttwiceasoften
    asaverageworkers.Thenumberofpeoplewithburnouthasbeenincreas
    ingataworryingrate.Moreandmoreworkersaregettingillbecauseofhig
    hlevelsofstressatwork.Burnoutwasidentifiedasaproblemin1974byA
    mericanpsychologistHerbertFreudenberger.Sincethen,hundredsofs
    tudieshavetriedtoexplainwhatitis.Researchershavesaiditissimilarto
    anxietyormooddisorders,andcancomefromdepression.Accordingtot
    heMayoClinicwebsite,burnoutcancauseserioushealthproblems.Thes
    ecanincludeinsomnia,heartdisease,highbloodpressureandtype2dia
    betes.Theclinic'swebsitegivesadviceonhowtomanageburnout.Itsug
    geststalkingtoyourbosstochangeyourworkload;reachingouttoco-wo
    rkers,familyandfriends;andtryingrelaxingactivitiesliketaichi,medita
    tion,goingforawalkinthecountryside,andyoga.

    Free writing

    Write about burnout for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Schools should teach children how to avoid burnout in later life. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. BURNOUT: Make a poster about burnout. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. MEDITATION: Write a magazine article about all companies having meditation sessions during working hours. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on burnout. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to avoid burnout. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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