The Reading / Listening - Self-Cleaning Plastic - Level 6

A revolutionary new plastic could help to prevent bacteria and superbugs causing disease and illness. Scientists have developed a new kind of transparent, plastic wonder-wrap. They say it will drastically cut incidences of microbe transfer in hospitals, restaurants, kitchens, bathrooms and other places where bugs lie in wait. The plastic was created by researchers from McMaster University in Canada. They say their material can repel all forms of bacteria, including superbugs like MRSA. The material is like a conventional transparent wrap used to cover food. It can be shrink-wrapped to protect places that attract bacteria, like worktops, door handles, taps, hospital equipment and food containers.



The researchers said the inspiration for their new material came from the lotus plant. They attempted to replicate the method in which the leaves of this plant repelled water. Drops of water either sit on the surface of the leaves or bounce off. Researcher Leyla Soleymani wanted to apply that process to the new plastic. She said: "We're structurally tuning that plastic. This material gives us something that can be applied to all kinds of things." Another researcher, Tohid Didar, said: "We can see this technology being used in all kinds of institutional and domestic settings. As the world confronts the crisis of anti-microbial resistance, we hope it will become an important part of the anti-bacterial toolbox."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Self-Cleaning Plastic - Level 4  or  Self-Cleaning Plastic - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/self-cleaning-plastic-bacteria-repellent-mrsa-nhs-a9245811.html
  • https://news.sky.com/story/self-cleaning-surface-that-repels-superbugs-could-be-used-in-kitchens-and-hospitals-11885900
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2019/12/13/health/superbug-repelling-surface-intl-scli-scn/index.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. PLASTIC: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about plastic. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       revolutionary / plastic / bacteria / superbugs / illness / restaurant / wrap / hospital /
       inspiration / lotus plant / water / bounce / technology / domestic / crisis / toolbox
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. SUPERBUGS: Students A strongly believe scientists will protect us against all superbugs; Students B strongly believe this is impossible.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. MATERIALS: How useful are these materials? What would life be like without them? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How Useful?

What Would Life Be Like Without Them?

Plastic

 

 

Glass

 

 

Rubber

 

 

Cotton

 

 

Wood

 

 

Concrete

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. BACTERIA: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "bacteria". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. DIRTY: Rank these with your partner. Put the dirtiest things at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • door handles
  • toilet seat
  • computer keyboard
  • chopping board
  • taps
  • fridge door
  • shopping cart
  • coins

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. revolutionary a. Drive or force away an attack or attacker.
      2. transparent b. Become or make smaller in size or amount.
      3. drastically c. Involving or causing a complete or dramatic change.
      4. incidence d. Of a material or article that allows light to pass through so that objects behind can be seen; see-through.
      5. repel e. The happening, rate, or frequency of a disease, crime, or something else undesirable.
      6. conventional f. Based on or in accordance with what is generally done or believed.
      7. shrink g. In a way that is likely to have a strong or far-reaching effect.

    Paragraph 2

      8. inspiration h. About governments, organizations, schools, etc.
      9. replicate i. Brought or put into operation or practical use.
      10. surface j. Move quickly up, back, or away from a surface after hitting it.
      11. bounce k. The process of being mentally stimulated to do or feel something.
      12. applied l. The ability not to be affected by something, especially badly.
      13. institutional m. Make an exact copy of; reproduce.
      14. resistance n. The outside part or uppermost layer of something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A new plastic could 'Revolution' could prevent the spread of bacteria.     T / F
  2. The new plastic is a see-through wrap.     T / F
  3. Scientists say the new plastic will considerably cut microbe transfer.     T / F
  4. The plastic is shrink-wrapped to cover things.     T / F
  5. The inspiration for the plastic came from the lotus plant.     T / F
  6. A researcher said the plastic can be applied to all kinds of things.     T / F
  7. Researchers say the plastic will only be used in hospitals.     T / F
  8. The article says we should cover toolboxes with the new plastic.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. revolutionary
  2. transparent
  3. incidences
  4. repel
  5. equipment
  6. inspiration
  7. replicate
  8. process
  9. domestic
  10. important
  1. motivation
  2. fight off
  3. key
  4. cutting-edge
  5. copy
  6. apparatus
  7. household
  8. see-through
  9. procedure
  10. occurrences

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. a new kind of transparent, plastic
  2. other places where bugs
  3. a conventional transparent wrap
  4. It can be shrink-
  5. hospital
  6. inspiration for their new material came
  7. They attempted to replicate
  8. Drops
  9. As the world confronts
  10. an important part of the anti-
  1. the method
  2. bacterial toolbox
  3. equipment
  4. the crisis
  5. wonder-wrap
  6. used to cover food
  7. of water
  8. from the lotus plant
  9. wrapped
  10. lie in wait

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
transparent
shrink
lie
taps
prevent
wrap
incidences
repel

A revolutionary new plastic could help to (1) ____________ bacteria and superbugs causing disease and illness. Scientists have developed a new kind of (2) ____________, plastic wonder-wrap. They say it will drastically cut (3) ____________ of microbe transfer in hospitals, restaurants, kitchens, bathrooms and other places where bugs (4) ____________ in wait. The plastic was created by researchers from McMaster University in Canada. They say their material can (5) ____________ all forms of bacteria, including superbugs like MRSA. The material is like a conventional transparent (6) ____________ used to cover food. It can be (7) ____________ -wrapped to protect places that attract bacteria, like worktops, door handles, (8) ____________, hospital equipment and food containers.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
surface
toolbox
replicate
applied
inspiration
crisis
process
institutional

The researchers said the (9) ____________ for their new material came from the lotus plant. They attempted to (10) ____________ the method in which the leaves of this plant repelled water. Drops of water either sit on the (11) ____________ of the leaves or bounce off. Researcher Leyla Soleymani wanted to apply that (12) ____________ to the new plastic. She said: "We're structurally tuning that plastic. This material gives us something that can be (13) ____________ to all kinds of things." Another researcher, Tohid Didar, said: "We can see this technology being used in all kinds of (14) ____________ and domestic settings. As the world confronts the (15) ____________ of anti-microbial resistance, we hope it will become an important part of the anti-bacterial (16) ____________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  A revolutionary new plastic could help to ______
     a.  prevention bacteria
     b.  prevented bacteria
     c.  prevents bacteria
     d.  prevent bacteria
2)  Scientists have developed a new kind of transparent, ______
     a.  plastic wonder-wrap
     b.  plastic wander-wrap
     c.  plastic winder-wrap
     d.  plastic one-dough-wrap
3)  hospitals, restaurants, kitchens, bathrooms and other places where ______
     a.  bugs lie in wait
     b.  bugs lay in wait
     c.  bugs lice in wait
     d.  bugs like in wait
4)  a conventional transparent wrap used to cover food. It can ______
     a.  be shrank-wrapped
     b.  be shrunk-wrapped
     c.  be shrink-wrapped
     d.  be stink-wrapped
5)  worktops, door handles, taps, hospital equipment ______
     a.  and food trainers
     b.  and food retainers
     c.  and food maintainers
     d.  and food containers

6)  The researchers said the inspiration for their new material came from ______
     a.  the low tusk plant
     b.  the lotus plant
     c.  the radius plant
     d.  the rote as plant
7)  replicate the method in which the leaves of this ______
     a.  plant repelled water
     b.  plant impaled water
     c.  plant pealed water
     d.  plant reaped water
8)  Drops of water either sit on the surface of the leaves ______
     a.  or bounce in
     b.  or bounce on
     c.  or bounce off
     d.  or bounce up
9)  This material gives us something that can be applied to all ______
     a.  kind of things
     b.  kinds of things
     c.  kinds of thing
     d.  kind of thing
10)  we hope it will become an important part of the ______
     a.  anti-bacterial lunch box
     b.  anti-bacterial cardboard box
     c.  anti-bacterial fool box
     d.  anti-bacterial toolbox

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A revolutionary new plastic could help (1) ___________________ and superbugs causing disease and illness. Scientists have developed a new kind of transparent, (2) ___________________. They say it will drastically cut incidences of (3) ___________________ hospitals, restaurants, kitchens, bathrooms and other places where (4) ___________________ wait. The plastic was created by researchers from McMaster University in Canada. They say their material can (5) ___________________ of bacteria, including superbugs like MRSA. The material is like a conventional transparent wrap used to cover food. It can (6) ___________________ protect places that attract bacteria, like worktops, door handles, taps, hospital equipment and food containers.

The researchers said (7) ___________________ their new material came from the lotus plant. They attempted to (8) ___________________ in which the leaves of this plant repelled water. Drops of water either sit on the surface of the leaves (9) ___________________. Researcher Leyla Soleymani wanted to apply that process to the new plastic. She said: "We're (10) ___________________ plastic. This material gives us something that can be applied to all kinds of things." Another researcher, Tohid Didar, said: "We can see this technology being used in all kinds of (11) ___________________ settings. As the world confronts the crisis of anti-microbial resistance, we hope it will become an important part of the (12) ___________________."

Comprehension questions

  1. What two things did the article say the plastic could prevent?
  2. How opaque is the revolutionary new plastic?
  3. By how much did the article say the plastic would cut microbe transfer?
  4. What happens to the plastic before it covers things?
  5. What kind of equipment did the article say the plastic could cover?
  6. What was the inspiration for the plastic?
  7. What did the article say happens to water that doesn't sit on leaves?
  8. What kind of tuning is a researcher doing to the plastic?
  9. What did a researcher say the world is confronting?
  10. What did a researcher say the plastic will be an important part of?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What two things did the article say the plastic could prevent?
a) pandemics and epidemics
b) bacteria and superbugs
c) colds and influenza
d) headaches and migraines
2)  How opaque is the revolutionary new plastic?
a) not at all see-through
b) not very see-through
c) slightly see-through
d) transparent
3) By how much did the article say the plastic would cut microbe transfer?
a) drastically
b) a little
c) totally
d) marginally
4) What happens to the plastic before it covers things?
a) it is sprayed with water
b) it is covered in glue
c) it is shrunk
d) it is folded
5) What kind of equipment did the article say the plastic could cover?
a) computer equipment
b) hospital equipment
c) kitchen equipment
d) sports equipment

6) What was the inspiration for the plastic?
a) the lotus plant
b) the sunflower
c) the rose
d) bamboo
7) What did the article say happens to water that doesn't sit on leaves?
a) it mixes with air
b) it evaporates
c) it bounces off
d) it enters the leaf
8) What kind of tuning is a researcher doing to the plastic?
a) structural tuning
b) fine tuning
c) rough tuning
d) musical tuning
9) What did a researcher say the world is confronting?
a) an anti-microbe resistance
b) an epidemic
c) a pandemic
d) a lack of penicillin
10) What did a researcher say the plastic will be an important part of?
a) restaurant hygiene
b) medicine
c) school life
d) an anti-bacterial toolbox

Role play

Role  A – Door Handles
You think door handles are the dirtiest things. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as dirty. Also, tell the others which are the cleanest of these (and why): shopping carts, toilet seats or computer keyboards.

Role  B – Shopping Cart
You think shopping carts are the dirtiest things. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as dirty. Also, tell the others which are the cleanest of these (and why): door handles, toilet seats or computer keyboards.

Role  C – Toilet Seat
You think toilet seats are the dirtiest things. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as dirty. Also, tell the others which are the cleanest of these (and why): shopping carts, door handles or computer keyboards.

Role  D – Computer Keyboard
You think computer keyboards are the dirtiest things. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as dirty. Also, tell the others which are the cleanest of these (and why): shopping carts, toilet seats or door handles.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'plastic'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'bacteria'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • help
    • wonder
    • transfer
    • repel
    • cover
    • equipment
    • lotus
    • leaves
    • tuning
    • see
    • crisis
    • toolbox




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Self-Cleaning Plastic

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'plastic'?
    3. What do you think of plastic?
    4. What is revolutionary about the new plastic?
    5. How much do you worry about bacteria and superbugs?
    6. How useful is plastic wrap?
    7. What effect might the new plastic have on our lives?
    8. How clean are the places in your house?
    9. Will you be using this new plastic?
    10. In what other ways could we protect against bacteria?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'bacteria'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you know about plastic?
    5. Can we live without plastic?
    6. What do you know about lotus plants?
    7. What inspiration could scientists get from other flowers?
    8. Will scientists ever protect us from superbugs?
    9. What should be in your anti-bacterial toolbox?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A revolutionary new plastic could help to (1) ____ bacteria and superbugs causing disease and illness. Scientists have developed a new kind of transparent, plastic (2) ____-wrap. They say it will drastically cut incidences of microbe transfer in hospitals, restaurants, kitchens, bathrooms and other places where bugs (3) ____ in wait. The plastic was created by researchers from McMaster University in Canada. They say their material can (4) ____ all forms of bacteria, including superbugs like MRSA. The material is like a conventional transparent wrap used to (5) ____ food. It can be shrink-wrapped to protect places that attract bacteria, like worktops, door handles, (6) ____, hospital equipment and food containers.

    The researchers said the (7) ____ for their new material came from the lotus plant. They attempted to replicate the method in which the leaves of this plant repelled water. Drops of water either sit on the surface of the leaves or bounce (8) ____. Researcher Leyla Soleymani wanted to apply that process to the new plastic. She said: "We're structurally (9) ____ that plastic. This material gives us something that can be applied (10) ____ all kinds of things." Another researcher, Tohid Didar, said: "We can see this technology being used in all kinds of institutional and domestic (11) ____. As the world confronts the crisis of anti-microbial resistance, we hope it will become an important part of the anti-bacterial (12) ____."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     project     (b)     prevent     (c)     produce     (d)     proponent    
    2. (a)     wander     (b)     wonder     (c)     windier     (d)     wounded    
    3. (a)     lay     (b)     lee     (c)     ley     (d)     lie    
    4. (a)     label     (b)     repel     (c)     rebel     (d)     level    
    5. (a)     cook     (b)     recipe     (c)     reduce     (d)     cover    
    6. (a)     tips     (b)     tops     (c)     taps     (d)     topes    
    7. (a)     inspiration     (b)     perspiration     (c)     aspiration     (d)     irritation    
    8. (a)     on     (b)     up     (c)     off     (d)     down    
    9. (a)     booming     (b)     looming     (c)     fuming     (d)     tuning    
    10. (a)     to     (b)     of     (c)     at     (d)     up    
    11. (a)     settings     (b)     titles     (c)     conduction     (d)     advocates    
    12. (a)     toolbox     (b)     gift box     (c)     lunch box     (d)     money box

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. A ovatlynuoreri new plastic
    2. npasettarnr, plastic wonder-wrap
    3. it will adaiyrlltsc cut incidences
    4. microbe sfetarnr in hospitals
    5. repel all forms of atcierba
    6. hospital eenitpumq

    Paragraph 2

    1. the ionisaitrpn for their new material
    2. attempted to paetceril the method
    3. the leaves of this plant reeeldpl water
    4. We're yusuctrraltl tuning that plastic
    5. all kinds of nilsatinoutit and domestic settings
    6. the crisis of anti-microbial atcserinse

    Put the text back together

    (...)  The researchers said the inspiration for their new material came from the lotus
    (...)  plant. They attempted to replicate the method in which the leaves of this plant repelled water. Drops of
    (...)  repel all forms of bacteria, including superbugs like MRSA. The material is like a conventional
    (...)  applied to all kinds of things." Another researcher, Tohid Didar, said: "We can see this technology being used in all kinds
    (...)  transparent wrap used to cover food. It can be shrink-wrapped to protect places that attract bacteria,
    (...)  like worktops, door handles, taps, hospital equipment and food containers.
    1  ) A revolutionary new plastic could help to prevent bacteria and superbugs causing disease
    (...)  places where bugs lie in wait. The plastic was created by researchers from McMaster University in Canada. They say their material can
    (...)  and illness. Scientists have developed a new kind of transparent, plastic wonder-wrap. They say it will drastically
    (...)  of institutional and domestic settings. As the world confronts the crisis of anti-
    (...)  to the new plastic. She said: "We're structurally tuning that plastic. This material gives us something that can be
    (...)  water either sit on the surface of the leaves or bounce off. Researcher Leyla Soleymani wanted to apply that process
    (...)  cut incidences of microbe transfer in hospitals, restaurants, kitchens, bathrooms and other
    (...)  microbial resistance, we hope it will become an important part of the anti-bacterial toolbox."

    Put the words in the right order

    1. plastic   new   prevent   could   bacteria   .   help   to   Revolutionary
    2. wonder-wrap   .   new   kind   plastic   A   of   transparent,
    3. cut   will   incidences   It   drastically   microbe   of   transfer   .
    4. material   of   repel   can   all   bacteria   .   forms   Their
    5. can   It   be   shrink-wrapped   to   places   .   protect
    6. from   the   lotus   material   plant   .   Their   came   new
    7. leaves   or   Sit   of   surface   the   bounce   on   off   .
    8. all   Something   that   kinds   .   applied   can   to   be
    9. world   The   of   the   resistance   .   confronts   anti-microbial   crisis
    10. anti-bacterial   toolbox   .   important   An   the   part   of

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A revolutionary new plastic could help to prevent / protect bacteria and superbugs causing disease and illness. Scientists have developed a new kind of transparency / transparent, plastic wonder-wrap. They say it will drastically cut coincidences / incidences of microbe transfer in hospitals, restaurants, kitchens, bathrooms and another / other places where bugs lay / lie in wait. The plastic was created by researchers from McMaster University in Canada. They say their material can repeal / repel all forms of bacteria, including superbugs like MRSA. The materialism / material is like a conventional transparent wrap / rapper used to cover food. It can be shrink-wrapped to protect places that attract / deflect bacteria, like worktops, door handles, tops / taps, hospital equipment and food containers.

    The researchers said the inspiration / perspiration for their new material came from the lotus plant. They attempted to replicate / implicate the method in which the leaves of this pliant / plant repelled water. Drops of water either sit on the surface of the leaves or trounce / bounce off. Researcher Leyla Soleymani wanted to apply / reply that process to the new plastic. She said: "We're structured / structurally tuning that plastic. This material gives us something that can be applied to all kinds of things." Another researcher, Tohid Didar, said: "We can see / look this technology being used in all kinds of institutional and domicile / domestic settings. As the world confronts the crisis / crisscrosses of anti-microbial resistance, we hope it will become an important part of the anti-bacterial snack box / toolbox."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A r_v_l_t__ n_r y n_w p l_s t_c c__ l d h_l p t_ p r_v_n t b_c t_r__ _n d s_p_r b_g s c__ s_n g d_s__ s_ _n d _l l n_s s . S c__ n t_s t s h_v_ d_v_l_p_d _ n_w k_n d _f t r_n s p_r_n t , p l_s t_c w_n d_r - w r_p . T h_y s_y _t w_l l d r_s t_c_l l y c_t _n c_d_n c_s _f m_c r_b_ t r_n s f_r _n h_s p_t_l s , r_s t__ r_n t s , k_t c h_n s , b_t h r__ m s _n d _t h_r p l_c_s w h_r_ b_g s l__ _n w__ t . T h_ p l_s t_c w_s c r__ t_d b y r_s__ r c h_r s f r_m M c M_s t_r U n_v_r s_t y _n C_n_d_. T h_y s_y t h__ r m_t_r__ l c_n r_p_l _l l f_r m s _f b_c t_r__ , _n c l_d_n g s_p_r b_g s l_k_ M R S A . T h_ m_t_r__ l _s l_k_ _ c_n v_n t__ n_l t r_n s p_r_n t w r_p _s_d t_ c_v_r f__ d . I t c_n b_ s h r_n k - w r_p p_d t_ p r_t_c t p l_c_s t h_t _t t r_c t b_c t_r__ , l_k_ w_r k t_p s , d__ r h_n d l_s , t_p s , h_s p_t_l _q__ p m_n t _n d f__ d c_n t__ n_r s .

    T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s s__ d t h_ _n s p_r_t__ n f_r t h__ r n_w m_t_r__ l c_m_ f r_m t h_ l_t_s p l_n t . T h_y _t t_m p t_d t_ r_p l_c_t_ t h_ m_t h_d _n w h_c h t h_ l__ v_s _f t h_s p l_n t r_p_l l_d w_t_r . D r_p s _f w_t_r __ t h_r s_t _n t h_ s_r f_c_ _f t h_ l__ v_s _r b__ n c_ _f f . R_s__ r c h_r L_y l_ S_l_y m_n_ w_n t_d t_ _p p l y t h_t p r_c_s s t_ t h_ n_w p l_s t_c . S h_ s__ d : " W_' r_ s t r_c t_r_l l y t_n_n g t h_t p l_s t_c . T h_s m_t_r__ l g_v_s _s s_m_t h_n g t h_t c_n b_ _p p l__ d t_ _l l k_n d s _f t h_n g s . " A n_t h_r r_s__ r c h_r , T_h_d D_d_r , s__ d : " W_ c_n s__ t h_s t_c h n_l_g y b__ n g _s_d _n _l l k_n d s _f _n s t_t_t__ n_l _n d d_m_s t_c s_t t_n g s . A s t h_ w_r l d c_n f r_n t s t h_ c r_s_s _f _n t_- m_c r_b__ l r_s_s t_n c_, w_ h_p_ _t w_l l b_c_m_ _n _m p_r t_n t p_r t _f t h_ _n t_- b_c t_r__ l t__ l b_x . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a revolutionary new plastic could help to prevent bacteria and superbugs causing disease and illness scientists have developed a new kind of transparent plastic wonderwrap they say it will drastically cut incidences of microbe transfer in hospitals restaurants kitchens bathrooms and other places where bugs lie in wait the plastic was created by researchers from mcmaster university in canada they say their material can repel all forms of bacteria including superbugs like mrsa the material is like a conventional transparent wrap used to cover food it can be shrinkwrapped to protect places that attract bacteria like worktops door handles taps hospital equipment and food containers

    the researchers said the inspiration for their new material came from the lotus plant they attempted to replicate the method in which the leaves of this plant repelled water drops of water either sit on the surface of the leaves or bounce off researcher leyla soleymani wanted to apply that process to the new plastic she said were structurally tuning that plastic this material gives us something that can be applied to all kinds of things another researcher tohid didar said we can see this technology being used in all kinds of institutional and domestic settings as the world confronts the crisis of antimicrobial resistance we hope it will become an important part of the antibacterial toolbox"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Arevolutionarynewplasticcouldhelptopreventbacteriaandsuperbugs
    causingdiseaseandillness.Scientistshavedevelopedanewkindoftran
    sparent,plasticwonder-wrap.Theysayitwilldrasticallycutincidenceso
    fmicrobetransferinhospitals,restaurants,kitchens,bathroomsandot
    herplaceswherebugslieinwait.Theplasticwascreatedbyresearchersfr
    omMcMasterUniversityinCanada.Theysaytheirmaterialcanrepelallfo
    rmsofbacteria,includingsuperbugslikeMRSA.Thematerialislikeacon
    ventionaltransparentwrapusedtocoverfood.Itcanbeshrink-wrappe
    dtoprotectplacesthatattractbacteria,likeworktops,doorhandles,taps
    ,hospitalequipmentandfoodcontainers.Theresearcherssaidtheinspir
    ationfortheirnewmaterialcamefromthelotusplant.Theyattemptedto
    replicatethemethodinwhichtheleavesofthisplantrepelledwater.Drop
    sofwatereithersitonthesurfaceoftheleavesorbounceoff.ResearcherL
    eylaSoleymaniwantedtoapplythatprocesstothenewplastic.Shesaid:
    "We'restructurallytuningthatplastic.Thismaterialgivesussomethingt
    hatcanbeappliedtoallkindsofthings."Anotherresearcher,TohidDidar,
    said:"Wecanseethistechnologybeingusedinallkindsofinstitutionalan
    ddomesticsettings.Astheworldconfrontsthecrisisofanti-microbialres
    istance,wehopeitwillbecomeanimportantpartoftheanti-bacterialtoo
    lbox."

    Free writing

    Write about self-cleaning plastic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Scientists will win the fight against bacteria and superbugs. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. PLASTIC: Make a poster about plastic. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. NO PLASTIC: Write a magazine article about replacing all plastic. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on plastic. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on what we could use instead of plastic. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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