The Reading / Listening - Farmers' Protests - Level 6

A huge protest has taken place in India in what could be the largest demonstration in human history. Tens of thousands of farmers descended on the capital New Delhi to voice concerns about new farming legislation. This number is nothing out of the ordinary for a demo. However, history was made when up to 250 million people from a broad cross-section of the subcontinent joined in a 24-hour general strike. The protestors came from all walks of life to show solidarity with the farmers. The scale of the protest forced the government to meet the protesters face-to-face. The numbers made the government change its tactics somewhat, as marches are usually met with a show of force from the police.



India's farmers are up in arms about the enactment of three laws to "reform" the country's agriculture industry. The laws represent a radical upheaval of India's agrarian society. Furious farmers are venting their anger on the streets. They are accusing the government of selling out millions of India's agricultural workers for the benefit of big agri-business. They have set up protest camps around Delhi in what looks like a blockade of the city. A farmers' union representative said: "We will block rail tracks if our demands are not met." He said agriculture was too important for governments to play party politics with. Agriculture Minister Narendra Tomar said he was optimistic about finding a compromise.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Farmers' Protests - Level 4  or  Farmers' Protests - Level 5

Sources
  • https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2020/12/india-farmer-protests-modi.html
  • https://gulfnews.com/opinion/op-eds/why-indias-protesting-farmers-are-right-in-fearing-for-their-livelihoods-1.75807944
  • https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/farmers-protest-govt-asks-unions-to-reconsider-proposals-says-its-open-to-talks/articleshow/79670838.cms


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. PROTESTS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about protests. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       protest / human history / farmers / voice concerns / cross-section / solidarity / force /
       laws / agriculture / upheaval / anger / benefit / blockade / optimistic / compromise
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. AGRICULTURE: Students A strongly believe agriculture is the world's most important industry; Students B strongly believe it isn't. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. FARMING: What do you know about these aspects of farming? What do you want to know? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I Know

What I Want To Know

Tractors

 

 

Seeds

 

 

Pesticides

 

 

Money

 

 

Agri-business

 

 

Lifestyle

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. INDIA: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "India". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. PROTESTS: Rank these with your partner. Put the things that are most important to protest about at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • War
  • Climate change
  • Corruption
  • Food prices
  • Gun rights
  • Racism
  • Equal rights
  • Coronavirus

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. demonstration a. Actions or strategies carefully planned to achieve a specific end.
      2. descended b. A public meeting or march protesting against something or expressing views on a political issue.
      3. voice c. Very unusual.
      4. legislation d. Made an unexpected and typically unwelcome visit to.
      5. out of the ordinary e. Laws, considered collectively.
      6. cross-section f. Express something in words.
      7. tactics g. A typical or representative sample of a larger group, especially of people.

    Paragraph 2

      8. up in arms h. Protesting vigorously about something.
      9. enactment i. An agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions.
      10. radical j. The process of passing legislation.
      11. upheaval k. An act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
      12. venting l. Advocating or based on thorough or complete political or social change.
      13. blockade m. A violent or sudden change or disruption to something.
      14. compromise n. Expressing strong emotions / complaining.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article says hundreds of thousands of people protested in New Delhi. T / F
  2. The article says the demonstration was something out of the ordinary.     T / F
  3. As many as 250 million people went on strike to support farmers.     T / F
  4. The police changed its tactics and met with protestors.     T / F
  5. Indian farmers are angry about four new farming laws.     T / F
  6. Farmers are accusing the government of pandering to agri-business.     T / F
  7. Farmers have set up protest camps around India's capital city.     T / F
  8. India's agriculture minister is not hopeful of moving forward.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. protest
  2. voice
  3. out of the ordinary
  4. cross-section
  5. solidarity
  6. tactics
  7. up in arms
  8. upheaval
  9. blockade
  10. compromise
  1. unusual
  2. agreement
  3. sample
  4. unity
  5. disruption
  6. demonstration
  7. siege
  8. strategy
  9. express
  10. very, very angry

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. A huge protest has taken
  2. This number is nothing out
  3. protestors came from all walks
  4. made the government change its
  5. met with a show of
  6. India's farmers are up
  7. a radical upheaval of
  8. They are accusing the government of selling
  9. a blockade
  10. optimistic about finding
  1. India's agrarian society
  2. force from the police
  3. a compromise
  4. of the ordinary
  5. in arms
  6. place in India
  7. out
  8. of the city
  9. tactics
  10. of life to show solidarity

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
number
tactics
huge
strike
force
broad
descended
walks

A (1) _____________________ protest has taken place in India in what could be the largest demonstration in human history. Tens of thousands of farmers (2) _____________________ on the capital New Delhi to voice concerns about new farming legislation. This (3) _____________________ is nothing out of the ordinary for a demo. However, history was made when up to 250 million people from a (4) _____________________ cross-section of the subcontinent joined in a 24-hour general (5) _____________________. The protestors came from all (6) _____________________ of life to show solidarity with the farmers. The scale of the protest forced the government to meet the protesters face-to-face. The numbers made the government change its (7) _____________________ somewhat, as marches are usually met with a show of (8) _____________________ from the police.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
society
benefit
optimistic
reform
demands
millions
arms
blockade

India's farmers are up in (9) _____________________ about the enactment of three laws to "(10) _____________________" the country's agriculture industry. The laws represent a radical upheaval of India's agrarian (11) _____________________. Furious farmers are venting their anger on the streets. They are accusing the government of selling out (12) _____________________ of India's agricultural workers for the (13) _____________________ of big agri-business. They have set up protest camps around Delhi in what looks like a (14) _____________________ of the city. A farmers' union representative said: "We will block rail tracks if our (15) _____________________ are not met." He said agriculture was too important for governments to play party politics with. Agriculture Minister Narendra Tomar said he was (16) _____________________ about finding a compromise.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Tens of thousands of farmers descended on the capital New Delhi ______
     a.  to voice concerns
     b.  to nasal concerns
     c.  to whisper concerns
     d.  to scream concerns
2)  up to 250 million people from a broad ______
     a.  crossed-section
     b.  crosses-section
     c.  crossly-section
     d.  cross-section
3)  The protestors came from all walks of life ______
     a.  to show solidity
     b.  to show solidarity
     c.  to show solidify
     d.  to show solid rarity
4)  The numbers made the government ______
     a.  change its tack ticks
     b.  change its tactic
     c.  change its tactics
     d.  change its tact ticks
5)  as marches are usually met with a ______
     a.  show of force
     b.  show of farce
     c.  show of fierce
     d.  show of fleece

6)  the enactment of three laws to "reform" the country's ______
     a.  agricultural industry
     b.  agriculture in dust tree
     c.  agriculture in dusty
     d.  agriculture in does tree
7)  The laws represent a radical upheaval of India's ______
     a.  a grain society
     b.  a granary society
     c.  age rare in society
     d.  agrarian society
8)  We will block rail tracks if our demands ______
     a.  are not met
     b.  are not flashed
     c.  are not usurped
     d.  are not abated
9)  He said agriculture was too important for governments to ______
     a.  play parity politics
     b.  play party politics
     c.  play partly politics
     d.  play par tea politics
10)  Agriculture Minister Narendra Tomar said ______
     a.  he was optimism
     b.  he was opt mystic
     c.  he was optimise
     d.  he was optimistic

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A huge protest (1) ____________________ in India in what could be the largest demonstration in human history. Tens of thousands of farmers descended on the capital New Delhi (2) ____________________ about new farming legislation. This number is nothing out of (3) ____________________ a demo. However, history was made when up to 250 million people from a (4) ____________________ of the subcontinent joined in a 24-hour general strike. The protestors came from all (5) ____________________ to show solidarity with the farmers. The scale of the protest forced the government to meet the protesters face-to-face. The numbers made the government change its tactics somewhat, as marches are usually met with a (6) ____________________ from the police.

India's farmers are (7) ____________________ about the enactment of three laws to "reform" the country's agriculture industry. The laws represent a radical upheaval of India's agrarian society. Furious farmers are (8) ____________________ on the streets. They are accusing the government of selling out millions of India's agricultural workers for the benefit of big agri-business. They have (9) ____________________ camps around Delhi in what looks (10) ____________________ of the city. A farmers' union representative said: "We will (11) ____________________ if our demands are not met." He said agriculture was too important for governments to play party politics with. Agriculture Minister Narendra Tomar said he was (12) ____________________ a compromise.

Comprehension questions

  1. How many protestors demonstrated on New Delhi's streets?
  2. What did protestors voice concerns about?
  3. How many people joined a 24-hour general strike?
  4. What did the protests force the government to do?
  5. How are protests usually dealt with by police?
  6. What are furious farmers venting?
  7. What have farmers set up around Delhi?
  8. What will protestors block if their demands are not met?
  9. What did a union official say it was important not to do with agriculture?
  10. What is the agricultural minister optimistic about finding?




Multiple choice quiz

1) How many protestors demonstrated on New Delhi's streets?
a) millions
b) hundreds of thousands
c) tens of thousands
d) dozens and dozens and dozens
2) What did protestors voice concerns about?
a) new farming legislation
b) seed prices
c) global warming
d) big agri-business
3) How many people joined a 24-hour general strike?
a) over 250 million
b) as many as 250 million
c) exactly 250 million
d) around 250,000
4) What did the protests force the government to do?
a) give out free seeds
b) lower the price of rice
c) start an investigation
d) meet protesters face-to-face
5) How are protests usually dealt with by police?
a) gently
b) with batons and riot shields
c) with a show of force
d) with water cannon

6) What are furious farmers venting?
a) their spleens
b) their anger
c) air
d) their tractors
7) What have farmers set up around Delhi?
a) food banks
b) Internet cafes
c) rallying points
d) protest camps
8) What will protestors block if their demands are not met?
a) roads
b) rail tracks
c) food distribution networks
d) legislation
9) What did a union official say it was important not to do with agriculture?
a) mess around with it
b) play party politics
c) reform it
d) send it into the dark ages

10) What is the agricultural minister optimistic about finding?
a) a compromise
b) a new strain of rice
c) financial aid for farmers
d) peace

Role play

Role  A – War
You think war is the most important thing to protest about. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): corruption, equal rights or coronavirus.

Role  B – Corruption
You think corruption is the most important thing to protest about. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): war, equal rights or coronavirus.

Role  C – Equal Rights
You think equal rights is the most important thing to protest about. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): corruption, war or coronavirus.

Role  D – Coronavirus
You think coronavirus is the most important thing to protest about. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): corruption, equal rights or war.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'farmer'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'protest'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • human
    • voice
    • ordinary
    • cross
    • walks
    • scale
    • arms
    • three
    • selling
    • camps
    • rail
    • play




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Farmers' Protests

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'farmer'?
    3. What do you think of the world's largest protest?
    4. What would make you protest in the streets?
    5. What are the most effective forms of protest?
    6. What do you think of protests in your country?
    7. What do you voice concerns about, and why?
    8. How much help do farmers in your country need?
    9. How should governments deal with large-scale protests?
    10. Have protests ever brought change?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'protest'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Have you ever protested about anything?
    5. When was the last time you were up in arms about something?
    6. What do you think a farmer's life is like?
    7. How important is agriculture?
    8. Are big agri-business farms of small farms more important?
    9. Should we all go back to farming to help Earth?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the farmers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A huge protest has taken place in India in what could be the largest demonstration in human history. Tens of thousands of farmers (1) ____ on the capital New Delhi to voice concerns about new farming legislation. This number is nothing (2) ____ of the ordinary for a demo. However, history was (3) ____ when up to 250 million people from a broad cross-(4) ____ of the subcontinent joined in a 24-hour general strike. The protestors came from all walks of life to show solidarity (5) ____ the farmers. The scale of the protest forced the government to meet the protesters face-to-face. The numbers made the government change its tactics (6) ____, as marches are usually met with a show of force from the police.

    India's farmers are up in (7) ____ about the enactment of three laws to "reform" the country's agriculture industry. The laws represent a radical upheaval of India's agrarian society. Furious farmers are (8) ____ their anger on the streets. They are accusing the government (9) ____ selling out millions of India's agricultural workers for the benefit of big agri-business. They have set up protest camps around Delhi in what looks like a blockade (10) ____ the city. A farmers' union representative said: "We will block rail tracks if our demands are not (11) ____." He said agriculture was too important for governments to play party politics with. Agriculture Minister Narendra Tomar said he was optimistic about (12) ____ a compromise.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     decanted     (b)     dissected     (c)     descended     (d)     deranged    
    2. (a)     out     (b)     up     (c)     in     (d)     down    
    3. (a)     made     (b)     done     (c)     past     (d)     wrote    
    4. (a)     section     (b)     sect     (c)     sector     (d)     sectarian    
    5. (a)     on     (b)     at     (c)     of     (d)     with    
    6. (a)     whatever     (b)     what     (c)     so what     (d)     somewhat    
    7. (a)     arms     (b)     legs     (c)     fingers     (d)     heads    
    8. (a)     whooshing     (b)     winding     (c)     puffing     (d)     venting    
    9. (a)     of     (b)     to     (c)     by     (d)     as    
    10. (a)     out     (b)     of     (c)     as     (d)     about    
    11. (a)     talked     (b)     met     (c)     been     (d)     supply    
    12. (a)     finding     (b)     fathoming     (c)     stumbling     (d)     chancing

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. farmers dsnedeced on the capital
    2. voice concerns about new farming teosalgliin
    3. people from a bdaor cross-section
    4. the eobnnutstinc
    5. show aosdlyitri with the farmers
    6. change its tciacst somewhat

    Paragraph 2

    1. the nacementt of three laws
    2. The laws represent a radical hulaaevp
    3. India's inaaragr society
    4. a klocbead of the city
    5. Tomar said he was iopiticmts
    6. finding a morpomcsie

    Put the text back together

    (...)  industry. The laws represent a radical upheaval of India's agrarian society. Furious farmers are venting
    (...)  concerns about new farming legislation. This number is nothing out of the ordinary for a demo. However, history was
    (...)  tracks if our demands are not met." He said agriculture was too important for governments to play party
    (...)  blockade of the city. A farmers' union representative said: "We will block rail
    (...)  politics with. Agriculture Minister Narendra Tomar said he was optimistic about finding a compromise.
    (...)  their anger on the streets. They are accusing the government of selling out millions of India's agricultural workers for the
    (...)  made when up to 250 million people from a broad cross-section of the subcontinent joined
    (...)  benefit of big agri-business. They have set up protest camps around Delhi in what looks like a
    (...)  solidarity with the farmers. The scale of the protest forced the government to meet the protesters
    (...)  in a 24-hour general strike. The protestors came from all walks of life to show
    (...)  history. Tens of thousands of farmers descended on the capital New Delhi to voice
    1  ) A huge protest has taken place in India in what could be the largest demonstration in human
    (...)  India's farmers are up in arms about the enactment of three laws to "reform" the country's agriculture
    (...)  face-to-face. The numbers made the government change its tactics somewhat, as marches are usually met with a show of force from the police.

    Put the words in the right order

    1. taken   A   protest   place   in   has   huge   India   .
    2. of   capital   .   the   Tens   thousands   descended   on
    3. came   walks   The   protestors   all   life   .   of   from
    4. government   the   made   change   its   tactics   .   The   numbers
    5. with   a   from   show   of   force   police   .   Met
    6. are   up   enactment   .   Farmers   the   arms   in   about
    7. upheaval   society   .   of   radical   a   Represent   India's   agrarian
    8. farmers   their   the   streets   .   on   anger   venting   are   Furious
    9. selling   of   accusing   are   They   out   .   government   the
    10. to   Too   politics   .   governments   for   important   play   party

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A huge protest has taken place in India in what could be the largest demonisation / demonstration in human history. Tens of thousands of farmers descended / absconded on the capital New Delhi to nasal / voice concerns about new farming legislation. This number is nothing in / out of the ordinary for a demo. However, history was made / had when up to 250 million people from a broad cross-section of the subcontinent joined in a 24-hour generally / general strike. The protestors came from all runs / walks of life to show solidify / solidarity with the farmers. The scale of the protest forced the government to meet the protesters face-to-face. The numbers made the government change its tactical / tactics somewhat, as marches are usually met with a show / resemble of force from the police.

    India's farmers are up in arms / legs about the enactment of three laws to "reform" the country's agriculture industry. The laws represent a radical upheaval / heave-ho of India's agrarian society. Furious farmers are vaunting / venting their anger on the streets. They are accusing / amusing the government of selling in / out millions of India's agricultural workers for the benefit of big agri-business. They have set / let up protest camps around Delhi in what looks like a debacle / blockade of the city. A farmers' union representative said: "We will block / rail tracks if our demands are not met." He said agriculture was too important for governments to jest / play party politics with. Agriculture Minister Narendra Tomar said he was optimistic to / about finding a compromise.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    _ h_g_ pr_t_st h_s t_k_n pl_c_ _n _nd__ _n wh_t c__ld b_ th_ l_rg_st d_m_nstr_t__n _n h_m_n h_st_ry. T_ns _f th__s_nds _f f_rm_rs d_sc_nd_d _n th_ c_p_t_l N_w D_lh_ t_ v__c_ c_nc_rns _b__t n_w f_rm_ng l_g_sl_t__n. Th_s n_mb_r _s n_th_ng __t _f th_ _rd_n_ry f_r _ d_m_. H_w_v_r, h_st_ry w_s m_d_ wh_n _p t_ 250 m_ll__n p__pl_ fr_m _ br__d cr_ss-s_ct__n _f th_ s_bc_nt_n_nt j__n_d _n _ 24-h__r g_n_r_l str_k_. Th_ pr_t_st_rs c_m_ fr_m _ll w_lks _f l_f_ t_ sh_w s_l_d_r_ty w_th th_ f_rm_rs. Th_ sc_l_ _f th_ pr_t_st f_rc_d th_ g_v_rnm_nt t_ m__t th_ pr_t_st_rs f_c_-t_-f_c_. Th_ n_mb_rs m_d_ th_ g_v_rnm_nt ch_ng_ _ts t_ct_cs s_m_wh_t, _s m_rch_s _r_ _s__lly m_t w_th _ sh_w _f f_rc_ fr_m th_ p_l_c_.

    _nd__'s f_rm_rs _r_ _p _n _rms _b__t th_ _n_ctm_nt _f thr__ l_ws t_ "r_f_rm" th_ c__ntry's _gr_c_lt_r_ _nd_stry. Th_ l_ws r_pr_s_nt _ r_d_c_l _ph__v_l _f _nd__'s _gr_r__n s_c__ty. F_r___s f_rm_rs _r_ v_nt_ng th__r _ng_r _n th_ str__ts. Th_y _r_ _cc_s_ng th_ g_v_rnm_nt _f s_ll_ng __t m_ll__ns _f _nd__'s _gr_c_lt_r_l w_rk_rs f_r th_ b_n_f_t _f b_g _gr_-b_s_n_ss. Th_y h_v_ s_t _p pr_t_st c_mps _r__nd D_lh_ _n wh_t l__ks l_k_ _ bl_ck_d_ _f th_ c_ty. _ f_rm_rs' _n__n r_pr_s_nt_t_v_ s__d: "W_ w_ll bl_ck r__l tr_cks _f __r d_m_nds _r_ n_t m_t." H_ s__d _gr_c_lt_r_ w_s t__ _mp_rt_nt f_r g_v_rnm_nts t_ pl_y p_rty p_l_t_cs w_th. _gr_c_lt_r_ M_n_st_r N_r_ndr_ T_m_r s__d h_ w_s _pt_m_st_c _b__t f_nd_ng _ c_mpr_m_s_.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a huge protest has taken place in india in what could be the largest demonstration in human history tens of thousands of farmers descended on the capital new delhi to voice concerns about new farming legislation this number is nothing out of the ordinary for a demo however history was made when up to 250 million people from a broad crosssection of the subcontinent joined in a 24hour general strike the protestors came from all walks of life to show solidarity with the farmers the scale of the protest forced the government to meet the protesters facetoface the numbers made the government change its tactics somewhat as marches are usually met with a show of force from the police

    indias farmers are up in arms about the enactment of three laws to reform the countrys agriculture industry the laws represent a radical upheaval of indias agrarian society furious farmers are venting their anger on the streets they are accusing the government of selling out millions of indias agricultural workers for the benefit of big agribusiness they have set up protest camps around delhi in what looks like a blockade of the city a farmers union representative said we will block rail tracks if our demands are not met he said agriculture was too important for governments to play party politics with agriculture minister narendra tomar said he was optimistic about finding a compromise

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    AhugeprotesthastakenplaceinIndiainwhatcouldbethelargestdemon
    strationinhumanhistory.Tensofthousandsoffarmersdescendedonth
    ecapitalNewDelhitovoiceconcernsaboutnewfarminglegislation.This
    numberisnothingoutoftheordinaryforademo.However,historywasm
    adewhenupto250millionpeoplefromabroadcross-sectionofthesubc
    ontinentjoinedina24-hourgeneralstrike.Theprotestorscamefromal
    lwalksoflifetoshowsolidaritywiththefarmers.Thescaleoftheprotestfo
    rcedthegovernmenttomeettheprotestersface-to-face.Thenumbe
    rsmadethegovernmentchangeitstacticssomewhat,asmarchesareus
    uallymetwithashowofforcefromthepolice.India'sfarmersareupinarm
    sabouttheenactmentofthreelawsto"reform"thecountry'sagriculturei
    ndustry.ThelawsrepresentaradicalupheavalofIndia'sagrariansociet
    y.Furiousfarmersareventingtheirangeronthestreets.Theyareaccusi
    ngthegovernmentofsellingoutmillionsofIndia'sagriculturalworkersf
    orthebenefitofbigagri-business.Theyhavesetupprotestcampsaroun
    dDelhiinwhatlookslikeablockadeofthecity.Afarmers'unionrepresent
    ativesaid:"Wewillblockrailtracksifourdemandsarenotmet."Hesaidag
    riculturewastooimportantforgovernmentstoplaypartypoliticswith.A
    gricultureMinisterNarendraTomarsaidhewasoptimisticaboutfinding
    acompromise.

    Free writing

    Write about protests for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Farming is the most important industry in any country. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. PROTESTS: Make a poster about protests. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. AGRICULTURE: Write a magazine article about governments giving maximum help to farmers at all times. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on protests. Ask him/her three questions about protests. Give him/her three of your ideas. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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