The Reading / Listening - Working Hours - Level 6

The World Health Organization (WHO) and International Labour Organization have issued a stark warning about the danger of overworking. They said working long hours is causing the premature death of hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. The two organizations analysed the link between loss of life and working long hours. Their findings were sobering. Around three-quarters of a million workers die early after suffering strokes and heart attacks as a result of working over 55 hours a week. Most of these deaths were in people aged 60 to 70 who had worked at least 55 hours between the ages of 45 and 74. The researchers discovered that men accounted for 72 per cent of the deaths.

The WHO study revealed that people who work at least 55 hours a week have a 42 per cent increased risk of stroke, and a 19 per cent increased chance of heart disease. Researchers analysed data from workforces in 154 countries. They looked at data collected from 1970 to 2018. The WHO Director-General said: "No job is worth the risk of stroke or heart disease. Governments, employers and workers need to work together to agree on limits to protect the health of workers." The WHO said over nine per cent of workers overwork. It warned that the situation is worsening, saying: "The pandemic is accelerating developments that could feed the trend towards increased working time."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Working Hours - Level 4  or  Working Hours - Level 5

Sources
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2021/05/17/success/who-long-hours-intl-scli-wellness/index.html
  • https://www.cnet.com/health/working-too-much-can-kill-you-who-study-finds/
  • https://news.sky.com/story/covid-19-long-working-hours-killing-745-000-people-a-year-who-study-finds-12308976


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)





Warm-ups

1. WORKING HOURS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about working hours. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       WHO / labour / overworking / premature / link / loss of life / million / workers / men /
       risk / stroke / heart disease / governments / limits / pandemic / developments / time
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. 35-HOUR WEEK: Students A strongly believe there should be a maximum of a 35-hour working week; Students B strongly believe otherwise. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. STRESS AT WORK: How can these things cause stress at work? What can we do to reduce this? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Stress

Reducing Stress

Overtime

 

 

Bad Bosses

 

 

Customers

 

 

Work space

 

 

Colleagues

 

 

Job duties

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. WORK: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "work". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. STRESSFUL JOBS: Rank these with your partner. Put the most stressful jobs at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Teacher
  • Soldier
  • CEO
  • Actor
  • Cashier
  • Soccer coach
  • Police officer
  • Miner

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

       1. stark a. A sudden disabling attack or loss of consciousness caused by an interruption in the flow of blood to the brain.
       2. premature b. Happening or done before the usual or proper time; too early.
       3. analysed c. A relationship between two things or situations, especially where one thing affects the other.
       4. link d. Severe or unpleasant.
       5. suffering e. Supplied or made up a specified amount or proportion.
       6. stroke f. Examined in detail for purposes of explanation and interpretation.
       7. accounted for g. The state of feeling pain, distress, or hardship.

    Paragraph 2

      8. revealed h. A point or level beyond which something does not or may not extend or pass.
      9. workforce i. Sufficiently good, enjoyable, or successful to repay any effort, trouble, or expense.
      10. worth j. Increasing in amount or extent.
      11. limit k. Made previously unknown or secret information known to others.
      12. pandemic l. The people engaged in or available for work, either in a country or area or in a particular company or industry.
      13. accelerating m. A general direction in which something is developing or changing.
      14. trend n. Of a disease that is over a whole country or the world.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The International Health Organization issued a stark warning.     T / F
  2. The WHO said working long hours caused the early death of millions.     T / F
  3. The WHO looked at the link between the loss of hours and a long life.     T / F
  4. Over 70% of the deaths caused by working long hours were men.     T / F
  5. Working over 55 hours a week carries a 19% increased risk of a stroke.   T / F
  6. Researchers looked at data from workforces in 154 countries.     T / F
  7. The WHO said the working week should be limited to 35 hours.     T / F
  8. COVID-19 is making this situation worse.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. issued
  2. stark
  3. premature
  4. findings
  5. accounted for
  6. revealed
  7. risk
  8. agree
  9. protect
  10. trend
  1. grim
  2. possibility
  3. made up
  4. shift
  5. early
  6. safeguard
  7. released
  8. disclosed
  9. concur
  10. conclusions

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. a stark warning about
  2. causing the premature
  3. the link between loss of
  4. heart attacks as a
  5. men accounted
  6. a 19 per cent increased
  7. No job is
  8. workers need to work
  9. The pandemic is
  10. feed the trend towards
  1. chance of heart disease
  2. result of working over 55 hours
  3. accelerating developments
  4. the danger of overworking
  5. together to agree on limits
  6. life and working long hours
  7. increased working time
  8. for 72 per cent of the deaths
  9. worth the risk of stroke
  10. death of hundreds of thousands

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
loss
accounted
premature
strokes
stark
deaths
sobering
result

The World Health Organization (WHO) and International Labour Organization have issued a (1) _____________________ warning about the danger of overworking. They said working long hours is causing the (2) _____________________ death of hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. The two organizations analysed the link between (3) _____________________ of life and working long hours. Their findings were (4) _____________________. Around three-quarters of a million workers die early after suffering (5) _____________________ and heart attacks as a (6) _____________________ of working over 55 hours a week. Most of these (7) _____________________ were in people aged 60 to 70 who had worked at least 55 hours between the ages of 45 and 74. The researchers discovered that men (8) _____________________ for 72 per cent of the deaths.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
limits
risk
overwork
trend
revealed
worth
pandemic
workforces

The WHO study (9) _____________________ that people who work at least 55 hours a week have a 42 per cent increased (10) _____________________ of stroke, and a 19 per cent increased chance of heart disease. Researchers analysed data from (11) _____________________ in 154 countries. They looked at data collected from 1970 to 2018. The WHO Director-General said: "No job is (12) _____________________ the risk of stroke or heart disease. Governments, employers and workers need to work together to agree on (13) _____________________ to protect the health of workers." The WHO said over nine per cent of workers (14) _____________________. It warned that the situation is worsening, saying: "The (15) _____________________ is accelerating developments that could feed the (16) _____________________ towards increased working time."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  and International Labour Organization have issued ______
     a.  a strike warning
     b.  a stuck warning
     c.  a star warning
     d.  a stark warning
2)  They said working long hours is causing ______
     a.  the premature death
     b.  the prematurely death
     c.  the premature dead
     d.  the premature dearth
3)  The two organizations analysed the link between ______
     a.  lots of life
     b.  lost of life
     c.  loss of life
     d.  lose of life
4) of a million workers die early after suffering strokes and heart attacks ______
     a.  was a result
     b.  as a result
     c.  has a result
     d.  'twas a result
5)  The researchers discovered that men accounted for 72 per cent ______
     a.  of them deaths
     b.  of there deaths
     c.  of the deaths
     d.  of thy deaths

6) that people who work at least 55 hours a week have a 42 per cent ______
     a.  increased risqué
     b.  increased risk
     c.  increased risky
     d.  increased risked
7)  chance of heart disease. Researchers analysed data from ______ countries
     a.  work farces in 154
     b.  walk forces in 154
     c.  wake focus in 154
     d.  workforces in 154
8)  The WHO Director-General said no job is ______
     a.  verse the risk
     b.  worth the risk
     c.  worse the risk
     d.  verve the risk
9)  The WHO said over nine per cent of workers overwork. It warned that the ______
     a.  situation is worsen in
     b.  situation is worse  than in
     c.  situation is worthier in
     d.  situation is worsening
10)  The pandemic is accelerating developments that could ______
     a.  feed the trend
     b.  feed the trendy
     c.  feed the tread
     d.  feed that rend

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The World Health Organization (WHO) and International Labour Organization have (1) ____________________ warning about the danger of overworking. They said working long hours is causing (2) ____________________ of hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. The two organizations analysed the link between (3) ____________________ and working long hours. Their findings were sobering. Around three-quarters of a million workers die early after (4) ____________________ heart attacks as a result of working over 55 hours a week. Most of these (5) ____________________ people aged 60 to 70 who had worked at least 55 hours between the ages of 45 and 74. The researchers discovered (6) ____________________ for 72 per cent of the deaths.

The WHO study (7) ____________________ who work at least 55 hours a week have a 42 per cent increased risk of stroke, and a 19 per cent increased (8) ____________________ disease. Researchers analysed data from workforces in 154 countries. They looked at data collected from 1970 to 2018. The WHO Director-General said: "No job is (9) ____________________ of stroke or heart disease. Governments, employers and workers need to work together to (10) ____________________ to protect the health of workers." The WHO said over nine per cent of workers overwork. It warned that the (11) ____________________, saying: "The pandemic is accelerating developments that could (12) ____________________ towards increased working time."

Comprehension questions

  1. What kind of warning does the article say the WHO issued?
  2. What does the article call the WHO's findings?
  3. What two things did the WHO say people die from?
  4. When did 60- to 70-year-olds work more than 55 hours a week?
  5. What percentage of the reported deaths were in men?
  6. What do people who overwork have a 19% increased risk of?
  7. In what date range did the WHO look at workforce data?
  8. What did the WHO say governments and workers have to agree on?
  9. How many workers did the WHO say overwork?
  10. What did the WHO say is fuelling a trend towards longer working hours?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What kind of warning does the article say the WHO issued?
a) a serious warning
b) a stark warning
c) a dire warning
d) a final warning
2)  What does the article call the WHO's findings?
a) worrying
b) disturbing
c) dubious
d) sobering
3) What two things did the WHO say people die from?
a) heart attacks and strokes
b) heart attacks and smoking
c) smoking an strokes
d) strokes and cancer
4) When did 60- to 70-year-olds work more than 55 hours a week?
a) when they were aged 45 to 60
b) when they were aged 40 to 74
c) when they were aged 45 to 74
d) when they were aged 40 to 60
5) What percentage of the reported deaths were in men?
a) 70%
b) 72%
c) 64%
d) 74%

6) What do people who overwork have a 19% increased risk of
a) heart disease
b) stroke
c) overworking
d) data collection
7) In what date range did the WHO look at workforce data?
a) 1917 to 2018
b) 1977 to 2018
c) 1970 to 2018
d) 1900 to 2018
8) What did the WHO say governments and workers have to agree on?
a) limits
b) healthcare
c) break times
d) overtime pay
9) How many workers did the WHO say overwork?
a) over 9%
b) over 19%
c) over 0.9%
d) over 99%
10) What did the WHO say is fuelling a trend towards longer working hours?
a) greedy companies
b) bad bosses
c) globalization
d) the pandemic

Role play

Role  A – Teacher
You think a teacher is the most stressful job. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their jobs aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): a CEO, a soccer coach or a miner.

Role  B – CEO
You think a CEO is the most stressful job. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their jobs aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): a teacher, a soccer coach or a miner.

Role  C – Soccer Coach
You think a soccer coach is the most stressful job. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their jobs aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): a CEO, a teacher or a miner.

Role  D – Miner
You think a miner is the most stressful job. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their jobs aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): a CEO, a soccer coach or a teacher.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'hundred'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'thousand'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • stark
    • premature
    • loss
    • early
    • least
    • accounted
    • least
    • data
    • worth
    • need
    • nine
    • feed

    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Working Hours

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'work'?
    3. How many hours a week do you work?
    4. Should there be a limit on the number of hours people work?
    5. How dangerous is overworking?
    6. Have you ever overworked?
    7. Why do some people work such long hours?
    8. What do you think of working 55 hours a week?
    9. Who do you know that works long hours?
    10. Should companies be fined if their workers overwork?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'hours'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How would you feel if you worked 55 hours a week?
    5. What happens to someone's health when they work too hard?
    6. Do you think there should be a 4-day week?
    7. How has the pandemic affected working conditions?
    8. Would it be better for people to work from home?
    9. What advice do you have for people who overwork?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________

    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    The World Health Organization (WHO) and International Labour Organization have issued a (1) ____ warning about the danger of overworking. They said working long hours is causing the (2) ____ death of hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. The two organizations analysed the link between (3) ____ of life and working long hours. Their findings were (4) ____. Around three-quarters of a million workers die early after suffering strokes and heart attacks as a (5) ____ of working over 55 hours a week. Most of these deaths were in people aged 60 to 70 who had worked at least 55 hours between the ages of 45 and 74. The researchers discovered that men accounted (6) ____ 72 per cent of the deaths.

    The WHO study (7) ____ that people who work at least 55 hours a week have a 42 per cent increased risk of stroke, and a 19 per cent increased chance of heart disease. Researchers analysed data from (8) ____ in 154 countries. They looked at data collected from 1970 to 2018. The WHO Director-General said: "No job is (9) ____ the risk of stroke or heart disease. Governments, employers and workers need to work together to agree (10) ____ limits to protect the health of workers." The WHO said over nine per cent of workers overwork. It warned that the situation is (11) ____, saying: "The pandemic is accelerating developments that could (12) ____ the trend towards increased working time."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     spark     (b)     snark     (c)     stark     (d)     shark    
    2. (a)     premature     (b)     mature     (c)     matured     (d)     maturity    
    3. (a)     gloss     (b)     loss     (c)     floss     (d)     lost    
    4. (a)     clearheaded     (b)     hung over     (c)     drunken     (d)     sobering    
    5. (a)     solution     (b)     reason     (c)     result     (d)     motive    
    6. (a)     as     (b)     for     (c)     on     (d)     to    
    7. (a)     revealed     (b)     unravelled     (c)     revelled     (d)     rebelled    
    8. (a)     workarounds     (b)     works     (c)     workings     (d)     workforces    
    9. (a)     value     (b)     assess     (c)     worth     (d)     against    
    10. (a)     up     (b)     as     (c)     of     (d)     on    
    11. (a)     joining     (b)     worsening     (c)     behavioural     (d)     narrating    
    12. (a)     feed     (b)     fish     (c)     hook     (d)     worm

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. issued a trask warning
    2. causing the meturearp death of hundreds
    3. The two organizations aelynsda the link
    4. Their findings were groenbsi
    5. after suffering osrtkes and heart attacks
    6. men anucoectd for 72 per cent

    Paragraph 2

    1. The WHO study evdalere that
    2. eowscokrfr in 154 countries
    3. No job is trohw the risk
    4. work together to agree on istlmi
    5. the situation is nrnwgioes
    6. itagacelcren developments

    Put the text back together

    (...)  death of hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. The two organizations analysed the link between loss
    (...)  the risk of stroke or heart disease. Governments, employers and workers need to work
    1  )  The World Health Organization (WHO) and International Labour Organization have issued a stark
    (...)  in people aged 60 to 70 who had worked at least 55 hours between the ages of 45 and 74. The
    (...)  overwork. It warned that the situation is worsening, saying: "The pandemic is accelerating
    (...)  The WHO study revealed that people who work at least 55 hours a week have a 42 per cent increased
    (...)  risk of stroke, and a 19 per cent increased chance of heart disease. Researchers analysed data from
    (...)  warning about the danger of overworking. They said working long hours is causing the premature
    (...)  early after suffering strokes and heart attacks as a result of working over 55 hours a week. Most of these deaths were
    (...)  together to agree on limits to protect the health of workers." The WHO said over nine per cent of workers
    (...)  workforces in 154 countries. They looked at data collected from 1970 to 2018. The WHO Director-General said: "No job is worth
    (...)  of life and working long hours. Their findings were sobering. Around three-quarters of a million workers die
    (...)  developments that could feed the trend towards increased working time."
    (...)  researchers discovered that men accounted for 72 per cent of the deaths.

    Put the words in the right order

    1. A   about   overworking   .   the   stark   danger   of   warning
    2. the   premature   Causing   of   death   hundreds   of   thousands   .
    3. suffering   workers   of   die   strokes   .   early   after   Millions
    4. result   of   a   attacks   Heart   overworking   .   as
    5. accounted   72%   over   deaths   .   of   Men   the   for
    6. at   55 hours   People   who   work   week   .   least   a
    7. the   strokes   .   risk   No   of   is   job   worth
    8. limits   .   to   work   agree   to   need   Workers   on
    9. is   the   situation   warned   that   worsening   .   It
    10. the   trend   working   increased   towards   Feed   time   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    The World Health Organization (WHO) and International Labour Organization have issued a strike / stark warning about the danger for / of overworking. They said working long hours is causing / caused the premature death of hundreds of thousands to / of people worldwide. The two organization / organizations analysed the link between loss of life and working long / length hours. Their findings were sobering. Around three-quarters of a million workers die early after suffering / suffer strokes and heart attacks as a result of working over 55 hours a week / weekly. Most of these deaths were in people aged 60 to 70 who had worked at last / least 55 hours between the ages of 45 and 74. The researchers discovered that men accounted of / for 72 per cent of the deaths.

    The WHO study / studious revealed that people who work at least 55 hours a week have a 42 per cent increased risky / risk of stroke, and a 19 per cent increased chance / chances of heart disease. Researchers analysed data from workforces in / on 154 countries. They looked at data collected from 1970 to 2018. The WHO Director-General said: "No job is value / worth the risk of stroke or heart disease / diseased. Governments, employers and workers need to work together to agree on limits to / for protect the health of workers." The WHO said over nine per cent of workers overwork. It warned / warning that the situation is worsening, said / saying: "The pandemic is accelerating developments that could feed the trend towards / forwards increased working time."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Th_  W_rld  H__lth  _rg_n_z_t__n  (WH_)  _nd  _nt_rn_t__n_l  L_b__r  _rg_n_z_t__n  h_v_  _ss__d  _  st_rk  w_rn_ng  _b__t  th_  d_ng_r  _f  _v_rw_rk_ng.  Th_y  s__d  w_rk_ng  l_ng  h__rs  _s  c__s_ng  th_  pr_m_t_r_  d__th  _f  h_ndr_ds  _f  th__s_nds  _f  p__pl_  w_rldw_d_.  Th_  tw_  _rg_n_z_t__ns  _n_lys_d  th_  l_nk  b_tw__n  l_ss  _f  l_f_  _nd  w_rk_ng  l_ng  h__rs.  Th__r  f_nd_ngs  w_r_  s_b_r_ng.  _r__nd  thr__-q__rt_rs  _f  _  m_ll__n  w_rk_rs  d__  __rly  _ft_r  s_ff_r_ng  str_k_s  _nd  h__rt  _tt_cks  _s  _  r_s_lt  _f  w_rk_ng  _v_r  55  h__rs  _  w__k.  M_st  _f  th_s_  d__ths  w_r_  _n  p__pl_  _g_d  60  t_  70  wh_  h_d  w_rk_d  _t  l__st  55  h__rs  b_tw__n  th_  _g_s  _f  45  _nd  74.  Th_  r_s__rch_rs  d_sc_v_r_d  th_t  m_n  _cc__nt_d  f_r  72  p_r  c_nt  _f  th_  d__ths.

    Th_  WH_  st_dy  r_v__l_d  th_t  p__pl_  wh_  w_rk  _t  l__st  55  h__rs  _  w__k  h_v_  _  42  p_r  c_nt  _ncr__s_d  r_sk  _f  str_k_,  _nd  _  19  p_r  c_nt  _ncr__s_d  ch_nc_  _f  h__rt  d_s__s_.  R_s__rch_rs  _n_lys_d  d_t_  fr_m  w_rkf_rc_s  _n  154  c__ntr__s.  Th_y  l__k_d  _t  d_t_  c_ll_ct_d  fr_m  1970  t_  2018.  Th_  WH_  D_r_ct_r-G_n_r_l  s__d:  "N_  j_b  _s  w_rth  th_  r_sk  _f  str_k_  _r  h__rt  d_s__s_.  G_v_rnm_nts,  _mpl_y_rs  _nd  w_rk_rs  n__d  t_  w_rk  t_g_th_r  t_  _gr__  _n  l_m_ts  t_  pr_t_ct  th_  h__lth  _f  w_rk_rs."  Th_  WH_  s__d  _v_r  n_n_  p_r  c_nt  _f  w_rk_rs  _v_rw_rk.  _t  w_rn_d  th_t  th_  s_t__t__n  _s  w_rs_n_ng,  s_y_ng:  "Th_  p_nd_m_c  _s  _cc_l_r_t_ng  d_v_l_pm_nts  th_t  c__ld  f__d  th_  tr_nd  t_w_rds  _ncr__s_d  w_rk_ng  t_m_."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    the world health organization who and international labour organization have issued a stark warning about the danger of overworking they said working long hours is causing the premature death of hundreds of thousands of people worldwide the two organizations analysed the link between loss of life and working long hours their findings were sobering around threequarters of a million workers die early after suffering strokes and heart attacks as a result of working over 55 hours a week most of these deaths were in people aged 60 to 70 who had worked at least 55 hours between the ages of 45 and 74 the researchers discovered that men accounted for 72 per cent of the deaths

    the who study revealed that people who work at least 55 hours a week have a 42 per cent increased risk of stroke and a 19 per cent increased chance of heart disease researchers analysed data from workforces in 154 countries they looked at data collected from 1970 to 2018 the who directorgeneral said no job is worth the risk of stroke or heart disease governments employers and workers need to work together to agree on limits to protect the health of workers the who said over nine per cent of workers overwork it warned that the situation is worsening saying the pandemic is accelerating developments that could feed the trend towards increased working time

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    TheWorldHealthOrganization(WHO)andInternationalLabourOrgani
    zationhaveissuedastarkwarningaboutthedangerofoverworking.The
    ysaidworkinglonghoursiscausingtheprematuredeathofhundredsoft
    housandsofpeopleworldwide.Thetwoorganizationsanalysedthelinkb
    etweenlossoflifeandworkinglonghours.Theirfindingsweresobering.
    Aroundthree-quartersofamillionworkersdieearlyaftersufferingstro
    kesandheartattacksasaresultofworkingover55hoursaweek.Mostoft
    hesedeathswereinpeopleaged60to70whohadworkedatleast55hours
    betweentheagesof45and74.Theresearchersdiscoveredthatmenacc
    ountedfor72percentofthedeaths.TheWHOstudyrevealedthatpeople
    whoworkatleast55hoursaweekhavea42percentincreasedriskofstrok
    e,anda19percentincreasedchanceofheartdisease.Researchersanaly
    seddatafromworkforcesin154countries.Theylookedatdatacollectedf
    rom1970to2018.TheWHODirector-Generalsaid:"Nojobisworthther
    iskofstrokeorheartdisease.Governments,employersandworkersnee
    dtoworktogethertoagreeonlimitstoprotectthehealthofworkers."The
    WHOsaidoverninepercentofworkersoverwork.Itwarnedthatthesitua
    tionisworsening,saying:"Thepandemicisacceleratingdevelopmentst
    hatcouldfeedthetrendtowardsincreasedworkingtime."

    Free writing

    Write about working hours for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    There should be a limit of 35 hours on everyone's working week. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. WORKING HOURS: Make a poster about working hours. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. 35-HOUR LIMIT: Write a magazine article about putting a 35-hour limit on weekly working hours. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on working hours. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on overworking. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.





    A Few Additional Activities for Students

    Ask your students what they have read, seen or heard about this news in their own language. Students are likely to / may have have encountered this news in their L1 and therefore bring a background knowledge to the classroom.

    Get students to role play different characters from this news story.

    Ask students to keep track of this news and revisit it to discuss in your next class.

    Ask students to male predictions of how this news might develop in the next few days or weeks, and then revisit and discuss in a future class.

    Ask students to write a follow-up story to this news.

    Students role play a journalist and someone who witnessed or was a part of this news. Perhaps they could make a video of the interview.

    Ask students to keep a news journal in English and add this story to their thoughts.

    Also...

    Buy my 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers eBook. It has hundreds of ideas, activity templates, reproducible activities for:

    • News
    • Warm ups
    • Pre-reading / Post-reading
    • Using headlines
    • Working with words
    • While-reading / While-listening
    • Moving from text to speech
    • Post-reading / Post-listening
    • Discussions
    • Using opinions
    • Plans
    • Language
    • Using lists
    • Using quotes
    • Task-based activities
    • Role plays
    • Using the central characters in the article
    • Using themes from the news
    • Homework

    Buy my book

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    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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